The symmetric algebra of an object exists in every cocomplete $\otimes$-category. For the category of sets $\mathrm{Sym}(X)$ is the set of multi-subsets of $X$.

The usual definition of the exterior power works in every cocomplete linear $\otimes$-category in which $2$ is invertible. But what about the non-linear case? Are there also "exterior powers" in $\otimes$-categories which are not linear? Of course the usual definition using alternating maps does not work. But isn't it striking that for the cartesian category of sets there is a quite natural candidate, namely the power set? Here are some analogies (here $P(X)$ denotes the power set of $X$ if $X$ is finite; in general it is the set of all finite subsets of $X$; $P_n(X)$ is the set of all subsets of $X$ with $n$ elements):

$P(X) = \coprod_n P_n(X)$ and $\Lambda(M) = \oplus_n \Lambda^n(M)$

$P(X \sqcup Y) = P(X) \times P(Y)$ and $\Lambda(M \oplus N) = \Lambda(M) \otimes \Lambda(N)$

It follows the "categorified Vandermonde identity":

$P_n(X \sqcup Y) = \coprod_{p+q=n} P_q(X) \times P_q(Y)$ and $\Lambda^n(M \oplus N) = \oplus_{p+q=n} \Lambda^p(M) \otimes \Lambda^q(N)$

$(P(X),\cup)$ is a commutative monoid and $(\Lambda(M),\wedge)$ is a graded-commutative algebra, i.e. commutative monoid object in the tensor category of graded modules equipped with twisted symmetry.

If $M$ is free with (ordered) basis $X$, then $\Lambda(M)$ is free with basis $P(X)$, and $\Lambda^n(M)$ is free with basis $P_n(X)$. In particular, $\dim \Lambda^n(M)=\dim P_n(X)$.

If $T$ is a commutative monoid, then homomorphisms $P(X) \to T$ correspond to maps $f : X \to T$ with $f(x)^2=f(x)$, and if $A$ is a graded-commutative algebra, then homomorphisms $\Lambda(M) \to A$ correspond to homomorphisms of modules $f : M \to A_1$ with $f(x)^2=0$ or rather $f(x)f(y)+f(y)f(x)=0$ in the context of $\otimes$-categories (so these conditions are not the same, but both use $f(x)^2$).

Therefore I would like to ask: Is there a notion of exterior algebra for certain cocomplete $\otimes$-categories, including categories of modules and the category of sets? In the latter case, do we get the power set?

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