# Upper bound concerning Snell envelope

Consider, on a filtred probability space $\left (\Omega, \mathcal F, \mathbb F , \mathbb P \right )$ where $\mathbb F = \left(\mathcal F_ t \right )_ {t\geq 0}$ is filtration satisfying the usuual conditions, a non-negative continuous process $X = \left (X_t \right)_ {t\geq 0}$ satisfying $\mathbb {E}\left[ \bar X \right ]< \infty$ (where $\bar X =\sup _{0\leq t \leq T} X_t$) and its Snell envelope

$$\hat{X}_\theta = \underset{\tau \in \mathcal T_{\theta,T} } {\text{ess sup}} \ \mathbb {E} \left[ X_\tau |\mathcal F_\theta \right]$$

where $\mathcal T_{\theta, T} := \{ \tau \quad \mathbb F -\text{stopping time}: \tau \in [0, T] \quad \text{and} \quad \tau \geq \theta \quad \mathbb P -\text{a.s.} \}$ and $T \in \mathbb R_+$ is a deterministic constant.

I'd like to understand how justify the following inequality:

$$\mathbb E \left [ \sup_{0\leq t\leq T} \hat X_t \right] \leq \mathbb E \left [ \sup_{0\leq t\leq T} \bar X_t \right]$$

where $\bar X_t = \mathbb E \left [ \bar X | \mathcal F_t\right]$

Suplementary question Justify the following inequality: $$\mathbb E \left [ \sup_{0\leq t\leq T} \hat X_t^p \right] \leq \mathbb E \left [ \sup_{0\leq t\leq T} \mathbb E \left [ \bar X ^p| \mathcal F_t\right] ^p\right]$$

## 1 Answer

I think it is just a sequence of much stronger inequalities that goes as follows. All the inequalities below are $\Bbb P$-a.s.

1. Let $\tau\in \mathcal T_{t,T}$ be an arbitrary stopping time, then $$(X_\tau)(\omega) = (X_{\tau(\omega)})(\omega)\leq \sup_{t\leq s\leq T} X_s(\omega)\tag{1}$$ since $\Bbb P(\tau\in [0,T]) = 1$.

2. As the latter term in the RHS of $(1)$ is smaller or equal to $\bar X$, we obtain $X_\tau\leq \bar X$ for all $\tau\in \mathcal T_{t,T}$ and thus $\Bbb E[X_\tau|\mathcal F_t]\leq\Bbb E[\bar X|\mathcal F_t]$.

3. As a result, we have that $\operatorname{esssup}\limits_{\tau\in \mathcal T_{t,T}}\;\Bbb E[X_\tau|\mathcal F_t]\leq \Bbb E[\bar X|\mathcal F_t]$ which in your notation is $\hat X_t\leq \bar X_t$.

4. Applying to $\hat X_t\leq \bar X_t$ $\Bbb P$-a.s. first $\sup_{0\leq t\leq T}$ and then expectation shall make it.

P.S. I have not dealt with esssup over stopping times for a while, so I hope step $3$ is correct - but better if you double-check it.

• It's perfect! Thank you very much for your help. – Paul Feb 14 '13 at 14:18
• @Ilya: Could you please check the suplementary question I've just added in the text, please? – Paul Feb 14 '13 at 14:47
• @Paul: are you sure you have to take $p$ power in the RHS two times? Or you are just asking the question in the math.stackexchange version? – Ilya Feb 14 '13 at 16:37
• @Ilya: Inside the article I was reading, it's writen exactelly like that with p power taken two times. Nonetheless, I'm afraid it's a mistake. But, it's a published article so it's difficult to take this conclusion. Obvioslly, by experience most of time when we think there is a mistake in article writen by good researchers,actually there are something we misunderstood. So I assume this posture of humility – Paul Feb 14 '13 at 17:01
• @Paul: I'm not sure whether it's true. Let $X\equiv \frac 12$ and let $p = 2$, then LHS is $\frac14$ and RHS is $\frac1{16}$, so your philosophy does not apply at least in such case. – Ilya Feb 14 '13 at 17:36