If $A$ is a Sidon set in $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$ and $|A|=m$ then $A-A$ has $m^2+m+1$ members including $0.$ For $\lambda$ co-prime to $n$, $B=\lambda A$ is also a Sidon set and $B-B=\lambda(A-A).$ For ease I'll assume that $n$ is prime. We do have $B-B=A-A$ in the case that $A-A=\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}.$ As noted, there are examples for $n=7,13,31$ (The smallest primes $n$ of the required form.) For $n=7,$ the example is unique up to translation and reflection, but this is not so for $n=13,31.$ Curiously, it seems possible (based on several small examples) that the converse is true, perhaps the differences do determine $A$ up to reflection translation and dialation. I am going to ask that as a new question.

**LATER** It turns out that, for $u \ge 5$, The sets $$A=\{0, 1, u-1, 2u, 2u+2, 3u+2\}$$ $$ B=\{0, 1, u+3, 2u+1,2u+3, 3u+2 \}$$ are Sidon sets in $\mathbb{Z}$ with $A-A=B-B.$ So they certainly enjoy the same property in $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$ when $n \ge 6u+5$ (and maybe for some smaller $n$.) For $u=5$ this works $n \ge 36$ and the sets are not related by translations , reflection and dilation. It does also work for $n=31$ and $n=35$ but in those cases they are related.

`$\lambda \in \{1,2,4\}$`

returns the original set,`$\lambda \in \{3,5,6\}$`

returns its reflection. Is there a bigger example? $\endgroup$ – Will Sawin Dec 12 '12 at 4:50