It is known that all metric compact ANR have the homotopy type of finite CW complexes. Which spaces are homotopy equivalent or finitely dominated by CW complexes of finite type?
Let $X$ be a space, which we may as well assume connected. If $X$ is an ANR, then Milnor gives that $X$ is homotopy equivalent to a countable CWcomplex $X'$. The question of when $X'$ is homotopy equivalent to a complex of finite type is addressed in Theorem A of
Wall, C. T. C. Finiteness conditions for CWcomplexes. Ann. of Math. (2) 81 1965 56–69.
and discussed further in
Wall, C. T. C. Finiteness conditions for CW complexes. II. Proc. Roy. Soc. Ser. A 295 1966 129–139.
Note the necessary condition that $\pi_1(X')$ be finitely presented. I suspect there are more modern references building on Wall's work, but I couldn't find any.

$\begingroup$ Bestvina and Brady famously demonstrated the necessity of the finitely presented hypothesis. They constructed a group of type FP_2 which is not finitely presented. $\endgroup$ – HJRW Oct 11 '12 at 10:31

$\begingroup$ (Or have I got this mixed up with the D(2) problem, which is still open? Anyway, the BestvinaBrady paper is a good modern reference.) $\endgroup$ – HJRW Oct 11 '12 at 10:41