# complete or open Kähler manifold and simply connected

A complete or open Káhler manifold with positive definite Ricci tensor is simply connected? is there any counterexample?

Let $S\subset \mathbb{P}^1$ denote a finite subset consisting of $n\geq 2$ points. The Fubini-Study metric on $\mathbb{P}^1$ induces a Kahler metric on $X= \mathbb{P}^1\backslash S$ with a positive-definite Ricci tensor. $X$ is open and Kahler, but $\pi_1(X, *)$ is free on $n-1$ generators. Maybe you want to take the manifold to be complete and non-compact? As you probably know, it is a theorem of Kobayashi that a compact Kahler manifold with positive definite Ricci tensor is simply connected.

• Dear Kevin, Thanks for your nice comment. Would you please explain with more details on your counterexample?
– user21574
Jul 8, 2012 at 11:39
• Do you know the answer to the question if the metric is assumed to be complete (and of course the manifold is noncompact)? Jul 8, 2012 at 13:06
• Dear YangMills. No, if you have any idea please write it
– user21574
Jul 8, 2012 at 13:13
• @Haskell The Fubini-Study metric is well-known to be Kahler with positive-definite Ricci tensor. These properties are local and so are preserved if we restrict to an open subset, e.g. $\mathbb{P}^1$ minus $n\geq 2$ points. This last space is biholomorphic to $\mathbb{C}$ minus $n-1$ points, which has the homotopy type of the wedge of $n-1$ circles. From this it follows that $\pi_1$ is free on $n-1$ generators. Jul 8, 2012 at 16:34
• @YangMills I can't think of any, at the moment. A quick Google search didn't turn up much either... Jul 8, 2012 at 16:35