This use seems in line -- although perhaps not identical -- with the following dictionary definitions of the worddefinition:
Factual information, especially information organized for analysis or used to reason or make decisions.
Computer Science Numerical or other information represented in a form suitable for processing by computer.
Values derived from scientific experiments.
It is often used in mathematics in the way you have identified above. Namely, when defining a mathematical structure, it gives the reader a heads up as to the fact that that the structure is "multi-sorted" and involves more than one object. In more formal language, one might say "tuple", e.g.,
"A topological group is a triple $(G,m,\tau)$, where G is a set, $m: G \times G \rightarrow G$ is a binary operation, and $\tau$ is a family of subsets of $G$, such that...."
One could also have said "A topological group is given by the data G,m,$\tau$..."