This is, for $x \ge 0$, a special case of the modified Bessel function of the first kind. Have a look here: http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ModifiedBesselFunctionoftheFirstKind.html $$\sum_{n = 0}^{\infty} \frac{x^{n}}{(n!)^{2}} = \mathrm{I}_0 \left(2 \sqrt{x}\right)$$
This is, for $x \ge 0$, a special case of the modified Bessel function of the first kind. Have a look here: http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ModifiedBesselFunctionoftheFirstKind.html