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# When are some products of gamma functions algebraic numbers?

I want to know when certain expressions of the form

${\Gamma(r_1/m) \Gamma(r_2/m) \ldots \Gamma(r_j/m) \over \Gamma(s_1/m) \Gamma(s_2/m) \ldots \Gamma(s_j/m)}$

are algebraic numbers. These ratios of Γ functions occur in the asymptotic enumeration of certain classes of restricted partitions, but I don't think this is relevant. Also, In the partition problems I'm interested in, it's natural to have $r_1 + \ldots + r_j = s_1 + \ldots + s_j$ but this isn't necessary. This seems to happen with some frequency. For example,a note of Albert Nijenhuis (arXiv:0907.1689) shows that $\Gamma(1/14) \Gamma(9/14) \Gamma(11/14) = 4\pi^{3/2}$; the techniques of the same paper show that $\Gamma(3/14) \Gamma(5/14) \Gamma(13/14) = 2\pi^{3/2}$, so the quotient is in fact 2! Similarly, we can get the identity

${\Gamma(1/8) \Gamma(5/8) \Gamma(6/8) \over \Gamma(2/8) \Gamma(3/8) \Gamma(7/8)} = \sqrt{2}$

by applying the duplication formula

$\Gamma(z) \Gamma(z+1/2) = 2^{1-2z} \sqrt{\pi} \Gamma(2z)$

to the first two factors in the numerator and the last two in the denominator. In trying to prove other identities of this type, the duplication formula, its generalization to the "multiplication formula"

$\Gamma(z) \Gamma(z+1/k) \cdots \Gamma(z+(k-1)/k) = (2\pi)^{(k-1)/2} k^{1/2-kz} \Gamma(kz)$

and the reflection formula

$Γ(z) Γ(1-z) = \pi \csc \pi z$

are the most obvious tools. So this seems to be a problem in combinatorial number theory; given an expression of the form in the first displayed equation, when can we use the multiplication and reflection formulas to reduce it to a rational power of some integer times a product of trig functions of rational multiples of π?