What does the σ in σ-algebra stand for?
I was tutoring someone in analysis and realized I have no idea where this notation comes from (or analogous terms: σ-additive, σ-ring, etc). I would like to know why the letter σ was chosen. I can't think of anything relevant that starts with "S" in either English or French. My German is nearly nonexistent, but I didn't see an explanation while trying to read the German wikipedia page.
Bonus points if you can tell me who introduced this notation and when.
(By the way, I really don't like this notation very much. I think it would be much more reasonable if we just wrote "$\aleph_1$-algebra" instead. Or better yet, replaced "algebra" with a less overloaded word. But I might change my mind, if it turns out there is a good explanation for the σ!)