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In any sequence $a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_{mn+1}$ of $mn+1$ distinct integers, there must exist either an increasing subsequence of length $m+1$ or a decreasing subsequence of length $n+1$ (or both).
The "sophisticated" proof of this fact is that any Young tableau with $mn+1$ boxes must either have more than $m$ columns or more than $n$ rows, and so the result follows because the number of columns/rows corresponds to the length of the longest increasing/decreasing subsequence of the corresponding permutation under the Robinson--Schensted correspondence.