What are the recent and new applications of Mathematics ? If yes, what are they in other Sciences ?
I am not speaking about standard applications everybody is talking about when we usually speak
Let me try to be more precise about the use of Mathematics (e.g. question:
The typical example I have in mind does not come from Mathematics but rather from strictly answer the question (first it is an application of Theoretical Physics to condensed matter, and then I am not giving the required details): it seems that some 2d quantum field theories which had a priori no physical meaning were successfully used to understand properties of graphene . (I apologize think this was really unexpected: 2d conformal field theory was considered as a toy model to approach the understanding of more relevant field theories in case it would have been already askedhigher dimension).
v2: I hope this version is better than the previous one.