Post Closed as "not a real question" by Andres Caicedo, Felipe Voloch, Charles Siegel, darij grinberg, Zev Chonoles

# What's the difference between 2 and 3?

Here are two classical results which depend on whether a parameter is 2 or 3:

• It is possible to bisect an arbitrary angle with ruler and compass, but impossible to trisect it.

• While there are infinitely many Pythagorean triples, i.e. integer solutions to $x^2+y^2=z^2$, there are no non-trivial integer solutions to $x^3+y^3=z^3$.

There are several other instances where the dividing line seems to be between 2 and 3:

• A 2-regular tree is countable, a 3-regular tree is uncountable.

• 2SAT is solvable in polynomial time, 3SAT is NP-complete.

• A random walk on $\mathbf Z^2$ is recurrent, while a random walk on $\mathbf Z^3$ is transient.

What other examples can you think of?