What is the group of outer automorphisms of $SL_n(\mathbb{Z})$. I wanted to understand semidirect products of the form $SL_n(\mathbb{Z})\rtimes_\varphi \mathbb{Z}$ and its isomorphism type depends only on $[\varphi]\in Out(SL_n(\mathbb{Z})$. There is always the conjugate inverse, which is clearly not an inner automorphism, as it doesn't preserve the minimal polynomial of the matrix (at least for $n\ge 3$). Are there any outer other outer automorphisms ?