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I don't know how helpful this is for anybody, especially students, but for finite subgroups $G$ of $\mathbb C^*$ you can first observe that every element has modulus $1$, so is on the unit circle and has rational argument, and then choose the element $z$ of least non-zero argument. Then, given $y\in G$, rotate clockwise by dividing by powers of $z$ until the argument lies below that of $z$; this shows that $y$ is a power of $z$.