The group $S_3\wr ({\mathbb Z}_2 \times {\mathbb Z}_2 \times {\mathbb Z}_2)$ where $S_3$ is the symmetric group with 6 elements, ${\mathbb Z}_2$ is the group with 2 elements, $\wr$ is the wreath product.
The fact that it does not have a center is proved by inspection. The fact that it needs at least 3 generators follows from the fact that ${\mathbb Z}_2^3$ is its quotient. There are lots of similar examples of course.
Update. In general , if you take any centerless group $G$ and any group $H$ that needs at least 3 generators, then the wreath product $G\wr H$ has both properties (is centerless and needs at least 3 generators). Another way to construct examples is (as Derek Holt comment below shows) to take any centerless finite group $G$ with nontrivial abelianization and take $G\times G\times G$.
The group $S_3\wr ({\mathbb Z}_2 \times {\mathbb Z}_2 \times {\mathbb Z}_2)$ where $S_3$ is the symmetric group with 6 elements, ${\mathbb Z}_2$ is the group with 2 elements, $\wr$ is the wreath product.
The fact that it does not have a center is proved by inspection. The fact that it needs at least 3 generators follows from the fact that ${\mathbb Z}_2^3$ is its quotient. There are lots of similar examples of course.