Hendrik Lenstra and others worked out the mathematics behind Escher's "Print Gallery" print, and filled in the hole in the center. Their website is here. Since then many people have used the same technique on photographs, a google search shows many examples. What I haven't seen, and would be an excellent exhibit, is a real-time video implementation of this.
Perhaps a good setup would involve a video camera pointed at a picture frame. The inside of the frame would be green or blue, so that green/blue screen technology could be used to detect the inside of the frame and distinguish it from objects or people overlapping it. The rest of the calculations are not mathematically difficult, but it would need a fast processor to get it to be real time.