Counting is a special case I think: the number of ways of doing nothing is always 1, because you do exactly that, nothing. The number of ways of doing something impossible is 0, because you can't do it. That's why we have: $$\binom{n}{0}=1 \quad \text{but} \quad \binom{n}{n+1}=0.$$ So I don't think your partition example or the cell phone example are really about vacuous truth the same way the Minneapolis example is. Though if pressed I'm not sure how I would formulate precisely how to make the distinction.