2 Found the relevant reference for the question and added it.

Edit: Erdős got three things wrong. First of all, it wasn't Faudree, Shelp, and Rousseau, it was Faudree, Shelp, and Burr. Second, it wasn't "recently", it was in the future (with respect to the quote you provide)! Third, they didn't prove that $(R(n+1,n)-R(n,n))/n \to \infty$, but only that $R(n+1,n)-R(n,n) \geq 2n-3$.

The relevant paper is On the difference between consecutive Ramsey Numbers, published in 1989. The proof is not long. On a (somewhat cursory) search I wasn't able to find any papers citing this one that address the same question, so it seems likely that this bound is still the best known.