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# What literature is known about MacMahon's generalized sum-of-divisors function?

MacMahon in the paper Divisors of Numbers and their Continuations in the Theory of Partitions defines several generalized notions of the sum-of-divisors function; for example, if we write $a_{n,k}$ for the sum $$\sum s_1 \cdots s_k$$ where this sum is taken over all ways of writing $n = s_1m_1 + \cdots s_km_k$ with $m_1 < \cdots < m_k$ (note the asymmetry in $s_k, m_k$), he then studies the generating functions $$A_k(q) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty a_{n,k}q^n$$ for fixed $k$, as well as a number of other variants. Note that for $k=1$, this is nothing but the generating function for the ordinary sum-of-divisors function.

These functions (Specifically, from his paper, the functions $A_k$ and $C_k$) have arisen in my research and I would like to know what literature there is on them. In particular, I would like to know if there are any well-known identities that hold between them. MacMahon himself lists the identity $$A_2(q) = \tfrac{1}{8}\sum_{n=1}^\infty\big(\sigma_3(n) - (2n-1)\sigma_1(n)\big)q^n$$ as well as similar ones for $A_3$ and $A_4$, but the identities that I am looking for are more in line with an attempt to write these as quasi-modular forms, if possible. For example, it turns out that the following is true: $$A_2(q) = \tfrac{1}{10}\Big(3A_1(q)^2 + A_1(q) - q\frac{d}{dq}A_1(q)\Big)$$ and I conjecture that you can always write $A_k(q)$ (and similarly $C_k(q)$) recursively in terms of previous such functions.

So my question is: What literature is there on these functions? Is the relation above a well known one?