A couple of years ago, I saw a talk by Keith Devlin around his book The unfinished game. In his talk, the three revolutions were (and excuse me as I butcher this a little bit, this is from memory)
- numbering systems
- measurements (Galileo)
- probability theory
So where's calculus and algebra and geometry? The argument was that these three have entered everyone's life to stay. Everyone uses numbers daily, measures things (temperature, speed), and talks about probabilities (chances of rain and so on).
Of course, that doesn't mean that people do any of this well, are aware of the intricacies involved, or, for probabilities, have a good intuition. But the point is that these revolutions now completely permeate everyday life (unlike calculus!) to the extent that it is very difficult to imagine what went on in people's minds before these inventions came on the scene. (If you've ever tried to do euclidean geometry by requiring that numbers can only be described as proportions of physical magnitudes, you know what I mean.)
The thought-provoking part of course is that the first two items don't seem to belong at all in the same order of mathematics as probability.