Backgammon is a game of skill and chance.
The doubling cube emphasizes absolute evaluations as opposed to relative evaluations, although it makes some some equities not exist, as the relevant series diverge.
Several areas of backgammon, from determining the appropriate doubling strategy to analyzing the race, are well-approximated by random walks with absorbing barriers.
The analysis of backgammon positions and strategies frequently involves Monte Carlo analysis, variance reduction techniques, and statistics.
Backgammon has been a success for artificial intelligence since neural networks have been able to learn to play at or above the level of the best human players from self-play.