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# Eigenfunctions restricted on a closed geodesics

Consider the flat torus $T^2=\frac{\mathbb{R}^2}{l_1\mathbb{Z}\oplus l_2\mathbb{Z}}$. It is easy to see that the eigenvalues of the Laplacian on torus, $-\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}-\frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2}$, are $\lambda_{m_1,m_2}=(2\pi)^2(\frac{m_1^2}{l_1^2}+\frac{m_2^2}{l_2^2})$ with the associated eigenfunction $$f_{(m_1,m_2)}(x,y)=e^{2\pi i(\frac{m_1}{l_1}x+\frac{m_2}{l_2}y)}.$$ where $m_1,m_2\in \mathbb{Z}$. Furthermore, The closed geodesics of $T^2$ parametrized by the arc length, are $$\gamma_{(n_1,n_2)}(t)=\frac{1}{l}(n_1l_1t,n_2l_2t)$$ where $n_1,n_2\in \mathbb{Z}$ and $l=\sqrt{n_1^2l_1^2+n_2^2l_2^2}$. A simple computation shows that an eigenfunction, say $f_{(m_1,m_2)}$, restricted on a closed geodesicsgeodesic, $\gamma_{(n_1,n_2)}$, gives
$$f_{(m_1,m_2)}\circ \gamma_{(n_1,n_2)}(t)=e^{2\pi i(\frac{m_1n_1+m_2n_2}{l})t}$$ Which is an eigenfunction on the circle $\mathbb{R}/l\mathbb{Z}$ with the eigenvalue $\tilde{\lambda}=\left( \frac{2\pi}{l}(m_1n_1+m_2n_2)\right)^2$.

Now my question is: Is this true in the general cases? More precisely;

Let $\gamma:[0,l]\to M$ be a closed geodesics on the Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ which is parametrized by the arc length. If $f\in C^\infty(M)$ is an eigenfunction for the Laplacian on $M$, i.e. $$\Delta(f)=\lambda f$$ Then

Question 1) Is $f\circ \gamma$ an eigenfunction on the circle $S^1=\mathbb{R}/l\mathbb{Z}$? Or, Is it in the form of $$f\circ \gamma(t)=c e^{2\pi i \tilde{\lambda}t}.$$

Question 2) If so, how does $\tilde{\lambda}$ depend on $\gamma$ and $\lambda$?

Thanks.

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# Eigenfunctions restricted on a closed geodesics

Consider the flat torus $T^2=\frac{\mathbb{R}^2}{l_1\mathbb{Z}\oplus l_2\mathbb{Z}}$. It is easy to see that the eigenvalues of the Laplacian on torus, $-\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}-\frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2}$, are $\lambda_{m_1,m_2}=(2\pi)^2(\frac{m_1^2}{l_1^2}+\frac{m_2^2}{l_2^2})$ with the associated eigenfunction $$f_{(m_1,m_2)}(x,y)=e^{2\pi i(\frac{m_1}{l_1}x+\frac{m_2}{l_2}y)}.$$ where $m_1,m_2\in \mathbb{Z}$. Furthermore, The closed geodesics of $T^2$ parametrized by the arc length, are $$\gamma_{(n_1,n_2)}(t)=\frac{1}{l}(n_1l_1t,n_2l_2t)$$ where $n_1,n_2\in \mathbb{Z}$ and $l=\sqrt{n_1^2l_1^2+n_2^2l_2^2}$. A simple computation shows that an eigenfunction, say $f_{(m_1,m_2)}$, restricted on a closed geodesics, $\gamma_{(n_1,n_2)}$, gives
$$f_{(m_1,m_2)}\circ \gamma_{(n_1,n_2)}(t)=e^{2\pi i(\frac{m_1n_1+m_2n_2}{l})t}$$ Which is an eigenfunction on the circle $\mathbb{R}/l\mathbb{Z}$ with the eigenvalue $\tilde{\lambda}=\left( \frac{2\pi}{l}(m_1n_1+m_2n_2)\right)^2$.

Now my question is: Is this true in the general cases? More precisely;

Let $\gamma:[0,l]\to M$ be a closed geodesics on the Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ which is parametrized by the arc length. If $f\in C^\infty(M)$ is an eigenfunction for the Laplacian on $M$, i.e. $$\Delta(f)=\lambda f$$ Then

Question 1) Is $f\circ \gamma$ an eigenfunction on the circle $S^1=\mathbb{R}/l\mathbb{Z}$? Or, Is it in the form of $$f\circ \gamma(t)=c e^{2\pi i \tilde{\lambda}t}.$$

Question 2) If so, how does $\tilde{\lambda}$ depend on $\gamma$ and $\lambda$?

Thanks.