There are zillions of articles and books on this topic, for more and more general families of operators, where usually you can choose a specific trade-off between regularity of solutions, variability of domains of the operators, and smoothness of the dependence on time.
In the "variationaL" setting you consider, you can equivalently it is probably most efficient to introduce a weak formulation based on a family of quadratic forms.
In this case, there is a classical theory by Lions (see e.g. Chapt. 3 of Equations Differentielles Opérationelles et Problèmes aux Limites, Springer 1961), which essentially says that if the family of forms is equi-continuous and equi-coercive, and the dependence on time is merely measurable, then you have well-posedness (in a certain weak sense) of your equation (1) (even if you add an inhomogeneous term in the equation), as well as boundedness. Also Chapt. 4 of Tanabe's Equations of Evolutions (Pitman 1979) is a good reference.