0
votes
0answers
6 views

Set of Special Unitary Matrices that are dense in SU(4) and obey certain relations

I'm trying to find a finite set of 4x4 Unitary matricies $\{U_1,U_2,\ldots U_N\}$ such that the matrices are dense in SU(4), and obey the relations: $[U_i, U_j] = 0$ for $|i-j|>1$ ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Differential characters, Chern-Simons forms, and differential cohomology

I've read through the classic Chern-Simons paper where they introduce the Chern-Simons forms. These are differential forms whose exterior derivative gives you the characteristic forms for any given ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Grothendieck, A Place to Begin

I'm finishing up an undergrad degree in mathematics and am beginning to think about areas of research. I know that the work of Grothendieck is considered the cornerstone of modern algebraic geometry, ...
-4
votes
0answers
29 views

calculus integral with logs [on hold]

Why the solution of this integral $\displaystyle \int \frac{dx}{15-3x}$ is... $-\frac{1}{3} \ln \mid15-3x\mid$. I can't understand where $-\frac{1}{3}$ comes from, if the integral has not been ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Direct axiomatization of ordinal and cardinal numbers

Again, this question is related (**) to a previous one: in standard books on basic set theory, after stating the axioms of ZFC, ordinal numbers are introduced early on. Afterwards cardinals appear: ...
-3
votes
0answers
23 views

How to calculate how much more wins to get a certain winrate? [on hold]

I have two values, wins and total games played. To calculate the win rate I use the normal «formula»: wins/totalGamesPlayed*100; But let's say I have 21 wins ...
-4
votes
0answers
28 views

Maple: In Matrices A x B = C, how do I find matrix A given B and C [on hold]

I have matrix A, B, and C which are all 8x8 matrices in Maple. in the equation A x B = C, when B and C are known, how do I find matrix A? I know how to do it by hand, but I don't know the maple ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

research articles in topology/geometry [on hold]

There is a saying "Do you read the masters?" I want to read some basic papers in Topology/geometry... I can not clearly state what is basic as of now... My back ground includes course in ...
-3
votes
0answers
24 views

Arrange numbers? [on hold]

hello the question i would like to ask is very difficult as english is not my native language so here it goes...I need a program or exel chart that arrange numbers in a group in order to get the ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Perturbating the boundary of a helicoid

I prepare a long helix (with many periods) as the boundary of a long helicoid. I unavoidably made some mistake and the helix is not perfect, some perturbation or even defect is happening somewhere. ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Lie Symmetries of the Bessel Differential Equation

The Bessel differential equation has an arbitrary looking form, but a lot is known about it. $$ x^2 \frac{d^2 y}{dx^2} + x \frac{dy}{dx} + (x^2 - n^2)y = 0 $$ Is there a way to derive the Bessel ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Sampling efficiently conditioned on linear constraints modulo both $\mathbb{F}_p$ and $\mathbb{F}_2$

Given a prime $p$ and positive integer $t \ll \log p$ (say $t = \sqrt{\log p}$), is there an algorithm that is polynomial time in $\log p$ to sample uniform $X, Y \in \mathbb{F}_p$ conditioned on the ...
6
votes
0answers
107 views

Does $|A+A|$ concentrate near its mean?

Fix $N$ to be a large prime. Let $A \subset \mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z}$ be a random subset defined by $\mathbb{P}(a \in A) = p$, where $p = N^{-2/3 + \epsilon}$ for some fixed $\epsilon > 0$. My ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Classifying Low Dimensional Solutions of the Yang--Baxter Equation

What is the present situation with classifying solutions of the Yang--Baxter equation in low dimensions? To make my question more specific, have all solutions for dimension $2$ and $3$ been ...
-1
votes
0answers
47 views

A question about Kähler Einstein metric

Let $X$, and $Y$ are Kähler manifolds and $f:X\to Y$ is birational and let on $(Y,\omega)$ we have $\text{Ric}(\omega)=-\omega$, then Kähler Einstein metric on $X$ can be of which form? can we say it ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Common Point of Intersection of n-dimensional ellipsoids [on hold]

Suppose we have two ellipses in 2-dimensions centered at the origin. It is easy to visualize that (unless one is contained in the other) they will have 4 points of intersection. Can we say that in ...
-4
votes
0answers
28 views

A set containing more than half elements of a group [on hold]

I wish to prove the exercise which states that for a set $A$ containing more than half elements of a group $G$, every element of $G$ is a product of two elements of $A$. My attempt: By Lagrange ...
-2
votes
0answers
19 views

AQA A Level Normal Distribution [on hold]

The question goes like: A wholesaler decides to grade such oranges by weight. He decided that the smallest 30% should be graded as small, largest 20% as large and in between as medium. The ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

The fibration map $Diff(M) \rightarrow Emb(N,M)$

Let $M$ be a non-compact manifold, equipped with a (closed?) submanifold $N\subset M$. The action of $Diff(M)$ on the set of embeddings $N\hookrightarrow M$ induces a map $$ Diff(M) \rightarrow ...
3
votes
0answers
26 views

When do powers and ends in functor categories act pointwise?

$\newcommand{\C}{\mathcal C}\newcommand{\I}{\mathcal I}\newcommand{\D}{\mathcal D}\newcommand{\J}{\mathcal J}$Let $(\C, \otimes, I, \multimap)$ be a complete closed monoidal category and $\I$ a small ...
-4
votes
0answers
21 views

Trouble with an assignment [on hold]

Can anyone please be kind enough to help me with this. On one shelf there are 5 hardcover books and 6 paperbacks and on the other shelf there are 7 hardcover and 4 paperback. From the first shelf ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Markov Modulated Markov Chain

Consider a discrete time Markov chain $X_t$ on some finite state space $\mathcal{S}$ with transition matrix $P$. Now consider a process $Y_t$ also on $\mathcal{S}$, which conditioned on $X_{t}=s$ ...
4
votes
0answers
74 views

Moduli space of complex Tori

Is there any explicit computation for the Weil-Petersson metric on moduli space of Tori of complex dimension n?
12
votes
0answers
139 views

How big are the prime factors of $2^kp - 1$?

I have already asked this question here. No answers despite the bounty (which has now ended) Let $p$ be a prime number, $p > 3$. Does there always exist $k \in \mathbb N_{\ge 1}$ such that the ...
4
votes
0answers
75 views

Fibers of a morphism

Let $X,Y,Z$ be projective varieties, and let $f:X\rightarrow Y$, $g:X\rightarrow Z$ be dominant morphisms. Assume that all the fibers of $g$ have the same dimension. If there exists a point $z_0\in ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Least ordinal not embedded in a total order

If $(E,<)$ is a linear order, let $s(E,<)$ denote the least ordinal which doesn't embed in $(E,<)$. I am trying to prove the following: If $(M,+,.,0,1)$ is a model of open induction, (or ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

Stochastic Covering Number of a Convex Set

Consider a convex set, say $S = [0,1]^d$. Let $X_1, X_2,\ldots,X_n, \ldots$ be i.i.d. random variables that are uniformly distributed on $S$. Denote the Euclidean ball centered at $x \in \mathbb{R}^2$ ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Weyl-type inequality for non-Hermitian matrices?

What is the weakest known condition under which a Weyl-type eigenvalue perturbation inequality holds? Does some analogue hold for normal matrices, for example?
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Inequality for coefficient of ergodicity

Let $Α$, $B$, $C$ stochastic matrices and $τ(Α)= \max(A^T(e^i - e^j) )$, coefficient of ergodicity. We know that $τ(ΑΒ)\le τ(Α)τ(Β)$. Is true that $τ(ΑΒC)\le τ(ΑC)$ if $B$ has positive digonal ...
4
votes
0answers
36 views

Some questions on the nodal geometry of Dirac operators

Let me begin by quoting a well-known result of Christian Baer (see here). The result goes as follows: Theorem (Baer): Consider a connected $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold with Dirac bundle $S$ ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Symplectic manifolds with dense group of periods

Let $ (M, \omega) $ be a symplectic manifold. The de Rham class of $\omega$ induces a homomorphism $[\omega]: H_2(M) \to \mathbb{R}$, whose image $\Gamma_{\omega} \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ is called the ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

How do we prove that a specific kernel is positive definite (case of logarithm)? [on hold]

I have a problem proving that some specific kernels are positive definite. In general, I can find the answer quickly enough but here I have a specific case involving a logartihm : $K : ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

The derivatives of Riemann xi function [migrated]

What are the first few values of derivatives of Riemann xi function at zero? Is there any general formula for calculating the nth derivative of the riemann zeta function at zero? What happens to the ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

clustering permutations by shared subsequences [on hold]

I have a question, stimulated by some biology, about comparing sets of permutations. The problem Let's think of genes on a bacterial chromosome as beads on a string - atomic, unique objects, with ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

How many times does a simple symmetric random walk of length n return to the origin?

Consider the simple symmetric random walk on the integers starting from the origin of length $n$. More precisely, I will denote an $n$ step random walk $w$ as $$ w:= \omega_0 \omega_1 \ldots ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Context Free Languages closed under Kleene Star? [on hold]

I'm looking at the proof for the closure property of CFL under kleene star and I'm having a little trouble understand what it means. From what I saw this is the proof: ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Inverses of probability generating functions: positivity of derivatives

Let $\mathcal{G}$ be the set of probability generating functions of random variables taking positive integer values, considered as functions on $[0,1]$. So $G\in\mathcal{G}$ can be written ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Special random variables and monotone class theorem

I am currently reading a proof where the $\pi-\lambda$ Lemma and the monotone class theorem are applied to show a certain property for bounded random variables. The author of the book always shows the ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

extending local systems on a neighbourhood

Let $Y$ an affine finite type scheme over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $S$ be a closed subscheme of $Y$ and $Y'$ the henselization of $Y$ along $S$. If we have a $\mathbb{Z}_{\ell}$ local ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

moduli space of curves under prescribed tangency conditons

We consider an irreducible component of the Hilbert Scheme of curves in $\mathbb P^2$. Denote it as $\mathcal D.$ We fix a line $L$ and a point $A\in L.$ Denote $\mathcal D_0$ as the subscheme of ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Factoring a multiset into a product of two multisets

Given a multiset $S$ of $mn$ numbers, how hard is to find multisets $A$ and $B$, of $m$ and $n$ numbers respectively, such that $$ S = \{ xy \mid x\in A, y\in B \}~~~~\text{(multiset sense)}, $$ or ...
21
votes
3answers
1k views

What is a foliation and why should I care?

The title says everything but while it is a little bit provocative let me elaborate a bit about my question. First time when I met the foliation it was just an isolated example in the differential ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Direct image for crystals?

If we get a morphism $f : X \to Y$ of schemes over $k$, how should I define the direct image functor $$ f_* : Crys(X) \to Crys(Y)? $$ By a crystal I mean a quasi-coherent sheaf $M$ on $X$ with a ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

Ref request: If the natural density (relative to the primes) exists, then the Dirichlet density also exists, and the two are equal

On p. 76 of the 1996 edition of Serre's A Course in Arithmetic, one reads the following (inline) remark: One can prove that, if $A$ has natural density $k$, the analytic density of $A$ exists and ...
9
votes
1answer
141 views

Nonseparable Hilbert spaces

Being nonseparable Banach space is in fact nothing special: one meets the first examples in the standard functional analysis course, when one learns about $\ell^p$ or $L^p[0,1]$ spaces-these spaces ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

A Künneth-Theorem version for relative singular cohomology

I'm not an expert in algebraic topology, but sometimes I need some results from this area, for example tools to determine singular cohomology groups of product spaces. The Künneth-Theorem which I ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Connected sum of two “same” Kleins bottles [migrated]

If I have two surfaces of Klein's bottle, K, given by edge words [a b- a- b-] and [a- b a b] what space do I get when I identify same edges. In other words, i have two same Klein's bottles that are ...
5
votes
3answers
157 views

Numerical invariants for a graph or its complement that are bounded by some constant

I'm looking for numerical graph invariants that are bounded by a constant either for a graph $G$ or its complement $\bar{G}$. (The complement graph $\bar{G}$ has the same set of vertices as $G$ but ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Equivalence of first order quasilinear PDE to linear PDE [migrated]

Given a system of nonlinear PDE of the special form: $\sum_{i=1}^n A_i(x, \phi) - \frac{\partial \phi_j}{\partial x_i} = B_j(x,\phi) $ $(1)$ with $(j=1,...,m)$ and $x \in R^n,\phi \in R^m$. If we ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Properties of bipartite graphs

For a connected bipartite graph $G$ are the two following properties equivalent: 1)Every minimal cycle in $G$ has length 4, that is every cycle of length strictly greater than 4 can be divided in ...

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