# All Questions

**0**

votes

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6 views

### What algebras does the hidden subgroup problem for finite abelian groups apply to?

Shor's algorithm is said to solve the hidden subgroup problem for finite Abelian groups, of which factoring and the discrete logarithm problem for integers belong to. Apparently the HSP for finite ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

12 views

### Quick question about conjugate equivalence bimodules and inner products

let $A$ and $B$ be $W^{*}$-algebras, let $X$ be an $A-B$-equivalence bimodule (according to the definition given in "Morita equivalence for $C^*$-algebras and $W^*$-algebras" by Rieffel, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

36 views

### Diameter of $n$-unit-vector closed scribble

Suppose one creates a random, closed, likely self-crossing polygon
from $n$ unit-length vectors arranged head-to-tail,
randomly oriented except for the requirement
that their sum is zero (so the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

43 views

### Bound for the Frattini subgroup of a $p$-group

Assume that $G$ is a finite $p$-group, $p$ odd, with a non-trivial elementary abelian Frattini subgroup. Then both $\Phi(G)$ and $G/ \Phi(G)$ are vector spaces over $\mathbb{F}_p$. Is it possible to ...

**0**

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**0**answers

24 views

### Reference request: has this semilinear version of Navier Stokes been studied?

I have noticed that the
Navier Stokes equations can be written as a semilinear symmetric first
order system
$$
u_t+A_1u_{x_1}+A_2u_{x_2}+A_3u_{x_3} = f(u)
$$
for a 9 by 1 vector $u$ containing the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

58 views

### l-functions of calabi-yau varieties

This question might not be suitable for MO since i know nothing about Calabi-yau varieties aside the fact that they are used in string theory to compactify additional dimensions, but still, it makes ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### Entropy for Haar measure on $O(n)$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. A measure $\mu$ is the right-Haar measure on $G$ if for every $g\in G$ and $E\subseteq G$ Borel set $\mu(Eg)=\mu(E)$. It is known that every locally compact group ...

**-2**

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**0**answers

42 views

### Example of flasque but non-soft sheaves?

Does anyone have an interesting examples of a flasque but not soft $\mathscr{O}_X$-module over a ringed space? Of course with X being non-paracompact.

**1**

vote

**0**answers

46 views

### How to show non-existence of elements in the intersection of two ideals?

Given l, k any two natural numbers, define
$I_1 =\langle y^{l+2k}, (x+y)^{3l+2k} \rangle: x^{l+2k} + \langle y^{2l+3k}, (x+y)^{3l} \rangle: x^{l+2k}; $
$I_2 = \langle x^{l+k} \rangle.$
I want to ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Characteristic subgroups of the limit group

Let $\{ G_i \}_{i=1}^\infty$ be a direct spectrum of groups with respect to embeddings $\varphi_i:G_i \mapsto G_{i+1}$, $i \in \mathbb{N}$, and let $G$ be the limit group of this spectrum. Suppose ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

344 views

### Algebraic Closure of a Ring is Not a Ring?

I'm trying to motivate the notion of integrality in a ring extension. It seems that the following would be a good motivation, because it would show that the notion of algebraic elements over a ring is ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

113 views

### When distance nonincreasing map is an isometry

Let $f: M \to M$ be a distance nonincreasing map between a closed Riemannian manifold $M$
and $f$ is homotopic to the idendity map. Is it then $f$ an isometry?

**8**

votes

**2**answers

297 views

### What was the Question that led Euler to his Investigations on Polyhedra?

The question that led Euler to his investigations on graphs is the well-known question related to the seven bridges of Königsberg, and that story is a must in every introduction to graph theory.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### Chain homotopy of non-abelian category

How can one define the chain homotopy in non-abelian category? (The category I have in mind is the category of chain complexes of monoids.)

**3**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Quotienting $SU(3)$ by $U(1)$?

As is well-known, if we quotient $SU(2)$ by the action of $U_1$, embedded in the diagonal as $(e^{i \theta}, e^{-i \theta})$, we get the $2$-sphere. As is also well-known, if we quotient $SU(3)$ on ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Product of Positive Intever Divisors of 6^16 equals 6^k [on hold]

Product of Positive Intever Divisors of 6^16 equals 6^k
How would I find K?
Don't give me the answer, just how to get it
Thanks

**1**

vote

**0**answers

56 views

### Possibilities for dimensions of $\mathfrak{m}^i/\mathfrak{m}^{i+1}$ for a local ring

Let $R$ be a local commutative ring with maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$, and denote by $k$ the residue field $R/\mathfrak{m}$. Then we can look at the sequence of $k$-vectorspaces
$$R/\mathfrak{m}, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### Absolute continuity reflected in Fourier coefficients?

Imagine $\mu$ and $\nu$ are two Borel probabilty measures in the interval $[0,1]$.
We say that $\mu$ is absolutely continuous with respect to $\nu$, if for every measurable set $A$ such that ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### Multiplicity of Minimum Eigenvalue of a Convex Combination of Hermitian matrices?

Let $A_1,\dots,A_L$ be $N\times N$ hermitian matrices. Consider the problem
\begin{align}
\lambda^{\star}=\max_{}&\lambda_{min}\left(\sum_{i=1}^{L}r_iA_i\right) \\
&r_i\geq ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

19 views

### identifiability of a linear regression [on hold]

If we have a generative model $X_2=X_1a_1+\varepsilon$ where $\varepsilon \sim \mathcal{N}(0,\sigma_2^2)$
do we have $X_1=X_2a_2+\varepsilon '$ where $\varepsilon \sim \mathcal{N}(0,\sigma_1^2)$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Fundamental theorem of calculus for iterated stochastic integrals

I'm trying to find the rate (or a bound for it) with which an iterated integral of the type
$$\int_{-h}^0 \int_{-h}^{t} A_s d B_s A_t d B_t$$
converges to zero (in probability/distribution) for $h ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Rational Hodge Theory

I am currently learning about the formality result for Kaehler manifolds proved in DGMS. Their result uses some basic Hodge theory, and so only gives formality over $\mathbf{R}$. Later, however, ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### What is the Essential Reason that allows a PTAS for the EUCLIDEAN TSP?

Questions:
Is there some understanding of the reason, why the euclidean TSP allows a PTAS, whereas the metric TSP in general does not and, is the PTAS stable under sufficiently small perturbation ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Generalization of notion of convexity

I am searching for the correct term for the following, if it exists.
A set $X\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is called $r$-convex if for any two points $x_1, x_2\in X$ such that there exists an arc of radius ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

57 views

### Clique factorization

I'm reading about Clique factorization in wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibbs_random_field#Clique_factorization
but I'm unable to understand this:
What is $X_C$ here? Ok I understood ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

45 views

### introduction books for Dynamic systems of discrete Schrodinger operator for beginner

In this semester, I study in a class of dynamic system. recently the French professor turn to the dynamic system of discrete operator. I find it is difficult to find a book in English. (I have found ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### Motivation for the Preprojective Algebra

Let $Q=(Q_0,Q_1)$ be a quiver and $k$ a field. We construct a new quiver $\bar{Q}$ in the following way. Let the vertices of $\bar{Q}$ be the same as the vertices of $Q$, and let the arrows of ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Boolean function resulting in ith bit value? [on hold]

Let's say f:{0,1}^n -> {0,1} is a boolean function. And let's say this function depends only on the ith bit. Namely, it results exactly as the ith bit value of the given input. Is this a valid boolean ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Properties of the time integral of Wiener process

Let $W_t$ be a Wiener process and consider the time integral
$$ X_T:= \int_0^T W_t dt $$
It is often mentionend in literature that $X_T$ is a Gaussian
with mean 0 and variance $T^3/6$.
I am ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Need a Proof -Unbounded function on any open set [on hold]

Lets define f(x)= {if x=m/n then f(x)=n,if x=irrational then f(x)=0}.
Such f(x) is unbounded on any (a,b) .
Can't understand the proof.Can somebody write detailed proof?
Thanks.

**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### The Jordan-Brouwer Separation Theorem for Manifold

I have read the paper The Jordan-Brouwer Seperation Theorem written by Wolfgang Schmaltz. The main result in paper is below
Any compact, connected hypersurface $X$ in $\mathbb R^n$ will divide ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

612 views

### I would like to have a counter example that Peano's theorem does not apply to spaces with infinite dimension

Does Peano's theorem apply to spaces with infinite dimension? Or is there a counterexample?
Here, Peano's theorem is:
Let $E$ be a space with finite dimension. Consider a point $(t_0,x_0) \in \Re ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Asymptotics and combinatorics

Wright's expansion of
$$
(1-z)^b\exp[A/(1-z)^c], \text{for } A > 0, 0<c<1\tag{1}
$$
is, in the words of the late, great Mark Kac "well known to those that know it well".
(See, for example, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### Geometric Intuition of $P^+$ in Modular Tensor Categories

I'm currently reading through Bakalov and Kirillov's "Lectures on Tensor Categories and Modular Functors," and I am having some difficulty understanding the definition of $p^\pm$ given on page 49. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### $C^1$ stability conjecture on non-compact manifolds

In the study of dynamical systems, the link between structural stability and Smale's Axiom A has been explored by many authors. One of the important outcomes of this endeavor was the proof of $C^1$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

49 views

### Length inequalities in trees and CAT(0) spaces

I have a family of possibly related questions. Let me start with an elementary one:
Question 1. Fix an integer $n$. For which collections of real numbers $a_{ij}$, $i, j = 1, \dots, n$, is it true ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Dimension of a set detected by a homology class

A colleague asked me a topology question which comes down to this: Suppose that $M$ is a smooth $n$-manifold, and $C\subset M$ is a closed set such that $H_{n-p}(M-C)\to H_{n-p}(M)$ is not surjective. ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Jacobian change of basis matrix for different dimensions

I am considering a real Lie group $G$ acting transitively on an open set $U$ in a real Euclidean space of lower dimension. Given a smooth, compactly supported function $f: U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Lifting Abelian Varieties to p-adic fields

Assume I have an abelian variety $A$ over a finite field $k$ of characteristic $p$. Work of Norman and Oort (1980) says I can lift $A$ to an abelian variety $\mathscr{A}$ over some characteristic ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

244 views

### Subgroups of $SL_3(\mathbb{Z})$ that are finitely generated, Zariski-dense, infinite index, and torsion-free

My question stems from Misha's answer of a MathOverflow question. Misha supplied the following question in his answer:
Open question: Does there exist a finitely generated Zariski-dense ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

203 views

### What is the best lower bound for 3-sunflowers?

A collection of $t$ sets $A_i$ is called a t-sunflower if $A_i \cap A_j = Z $ for all $i \neq j$ for some fixed $Z$. A well-known conjecture of Erdos and Rado says that in any $k$-uniform family of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### $\Omega$ and $B$ as adjoints between symmetric monoidal $(\infty,n)$- and $(\infty,n-1)$-categories

Given a symmetric monoidal $(\infty,n)$-category $\mathcal{D}$, one obtains a symmetric monoidal $(\infty,n-1)$-category $\Omega \mathcal{D}$ by taking $\Omega \mathcal{D}= ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Intersection theory on M_{g,n}

Is there a paper\book that lists the top intersections of Hodge classes and tautological classes on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ for small $g$ and $k$, e.g. $g=2,3$ and $k=0,1,2$ ?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

78 views

### Could one recover the relative K-theory from the quotient derived category?

Let $A\to B$ be a full embedding of exact categories that induces an embedding $D^b(A)\to D^b(B)$. My question is: what can one say about the relation of the homotopy cofibre $K(A)\to K(B)$ (the ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Veronese surface [on hold]

I have a question(Hartshorne ,page 13,exercise 13):
If Y be the image of the 2-uple embedding(described in exercise 12) of P^2 in P^5.
and if Z(a subset of Y) is a closed curve(variety of dim 1) show ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### About the convergence rate for an approximation to the heat kernel

Let $G(t,x)$ be the heat kernel
$$
G(t,x)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi t}}e^{-\frac{x^2}{2t}}, \quad t>0, \:x\in\mathbb{R}.
$$
Here is one approximation to $G(t,x)$:
$$
G_\epsilon(t,x)=e^{-t/\epsilon} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

63 views

### Characterizing and counting boolean functions with all influences 1/2

Is there a characterization of boolean functions $f:\{-1,1\}^n \longrightarrow \{-1,1\}$,
so that $\mathbf{Inf_i}[f]=\frac{1} {2}$, for all $1\leq i\leq n$? Is it known how many such functions there ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

7 views

### Trigonometric substitution [migrated]

Been out of touch with trigonometry for some time now. Need help proving this expression.
Sin2x/2 = 1/2(1-Cosx)
Any help will be appreciated. Thanks.

**1**

vote

**1**answer

104 views

### Bott formula for projective bundles

For a projective space one has Bott formula to compute $h^q(ℙ^n,Ω^p(k))$, where $Ω^p(k)$ is the k-twisted sheaf of sections in the p-th power of the cotangent bundle of $ℙ^n$. I am wondering if there ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Existence of a certain subset of natural numbers equidistributed modulo $m$ for every $m$

I was talking to a friend and the following set $S$ came up.
Let $f$ be some real valued function tending to infinity.
Let $S$ be a subset of natural numbers such that $|S \cap [1,N]| = N^{\delta}+ ...