# All Questions

**8**

votes

**2**answers

584 views

### How to transform matrix to this form by unitary transformation?

Without loss of gernerality, we can only consider $n$-dimensional diagonal matrix $M$ whose elements are all nonnegative, i.e.
$$M=\operatorname{diag}(m_1,m_2,\cdots,m_n)\ (m_i \geq 0).$$
Then is ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

363 views

### What was the Question that led Euler to his Investigations on Polyhedra?

The question that led Euler to his investigations on graphs is the well-known question related to the seven bridges of Königsberg, and that story is a must in every introduction to graph theory.
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

24 views

### Metrizable Coalgebras

A Coalgebra $C$ is called metrizable if there is a base $B$ for $C$(as a vector
space) and a metric $d:B \times B \to \mathbb{R}$ on $B$ such that the linear extension $\tilde{d}: C\otimes C ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

85 views

### l-functions of calabi-yau varieties

This question might not be suitable for MO since i know nothing about Calabi-yau varieties aside the fact that they are used in string theory to compactify additional dimensions, but still, it makes ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Properties to have matrices that commute in $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$, $A,B \in G$ whose eigenvalues are thus in the unit circle.
Assume that the eigenvalues of $A$ are included in a circle arc of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

18 views

### Idempotent fractional ideals of a noetherian domain

Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian domain, $K$ its fraction field, and $J$ a fractional ideal (i.e. a finitely generated sub-$R$-module of $K$) such that $J^2=J$. Is it true that $J=0$ or $J=R$? If ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Parabolic bundles on elliptic curves

as a warm up for his thesis I would like a student of mine to read something on parabolic bundles. He is reading the famous Atiyah paper on vector bundles on elliptic curves, so I think it would be ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

10 views

### Convex interaction energy

Does anybody know examples of absolutely continuous probability measures $\mu_0,\mu_1$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ with finite 2nd moments such that
$$
\frac{d^2}{dt^2}\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^n\times ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

6 views

### TSP: Approximation Ratio of the Double Tree Heuristic after Diagonals have been Removed

In their article "Double-Tree Approximations for the Metric TSP: Is the Best One Good Enough?", Vladimir Deineko and Alexander Tiskin derive a lower bound for the approximation ratio of the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Generalization of notion of convexity

I am searching for the correct term for the following, if it exists.
A set $X\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is called $r$-convex if for any two points $x_1, x_2\in X$ such that there exists an arc of radius ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Theorem with an example

i have this theorem
in the paper they gives an example:
but here $H_1$ is not satisfied !
How to correct it please?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

190 views

+100

### Topological razors (ball-like spaces)

Introduction
Many admire the Euclidean space, and I am not an exception. I will try to catch the topological roundness of the $n$-ball in its greatest generality. I call the resulting axiomatized ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Prove that (AxB)∩(CxD)=(A∩C)x(B∩D) [on hold]

Prove that $(A\times B)\cap (C\times D) = (A\cap C)\times (B\cap D)$
where $\times$ represents the Cartesian product.

**18**

votes

**2**answers

335 views

### Trapping a convex body by a finite set of points

In $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $K$ be a convex body and $T$ a finite set of points disjoint from the interior of $K$. Say that $T$ traps $K$ if there is no continuous motion of $K$ carrying $K$ arbitrarily ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

18 views

### What algebras does the hidden subgroup problem for finite abelian groups apply to?

Shor's algorithm is said to solve the hidden subgroup problem for finite Abelian groups, of which factoring and the discrete logarithm problem for integers belong to. Apparently the HSP for finite ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

54 views

### How to show non-existence of elements in the intersection of two ideals?

Given l, k any two natural numbers, define
$I_1 =\langle y^{l+2k}, (x+y)^{3l+2k} \rangle: x^{l+2k} + \langle y^{2l+3k}, (x+y)^{3l} \rangle: x^{l+2k}; $
$I_2 = \langle x^{l+k} \rangle.$
I want to ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Entropy for Haar measure on $O(n)$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. A measure $\mu$ is the right-Haar measure on $G$ if for every $g\in G$ and $E\subseteq G$ Borel set $\mu(Eg)=\mu(E)$. It is known that every locally compact group ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

829 views

### When is the time evolution of a Hamiltonian system described by the geodesic flow on a Riemannian manifold?

Here is my precise question. Let $M, \omega$ be a symplectic manifold and let $H: M \to \mathbb{R}$ be any smooth function. The symplectic form gives rise to an isomorphism between the tangent ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Why is proving $C^{\infty}$ regularity of sub Riemannian geodesics so hard?

In Montgomery's A Tour of Subriemannian Geometries, Their Geodesics and Applications, problem 10.1 in Chapter 10 asks "Is every minimizing geodesic smooth ?".
Can someone explain what are the major ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

17 views

### Quick question about conjugate equivalence bimodules and inner products

let $A$ and $B$ be $W^{*}$-algebras, let $X$ be an $A-B$-equivalence bimodule (according to the definition given in "Morita equivalence for $C^*$-algebras and $W^*$-algebras" by Rieffel, ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

62 views

### Clique factorization

I'm reading about Clique factorization in wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibbs_random_field#Clique_factorization
but I'm unable to understand this:
What is $X_C$ here? Ok I understood ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Diameter of $n$-unit-vector closed scribble

Suppose one creates a random, closed, likely self-crossing polygon
from $n$ unit-length vectors arranged head-to-tail,
randomly oriented except for the requirement
that their sum is zero (so the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

68 views

### Bound for the Frattini subgroup of a $p$-group

Assume that $G$ is a finite $p$-group, $p$ odd, with a non-trivial elementary abelian Frattini subgroup. Then both $\Phi(G)$ and $G/ \Phi(G)$ are vector spaces over $\mathbb{F}_p$. Is it possible to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Geometric Intuition of $P^+$ in Modular Tensor Categories

I'm currently reading through Bakalov and Kirillov's "Lectures on Tensor Categories and Modular Functors," and I am having some difficulty understanding the definition of $p^\pm$ given on page 49. ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Characterization(?) of coersive(?) elements in the special linear group

Take your favorite matrix norm $\|\bullet\|$ (my favorite is the Frobenius norm $\|A\| = \sqrt{\operatorname{tr} A A^t}$). Now consider the set $S_x$ of matrices $A,$ such that
$\|A\| < x$ and ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### What is the Essential Reason that allows a PTAS for the EUCLIDEAN TSP?

Questions:
Is there some understanding of the reason, why the euclidean TSP allows a PTAS, whereas the metric TSP in general does not and, is the PTAS stable under sufficiently small perturbation ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Does there exist a countable partition of [0,1] by disjoint closed subsets? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
Why are the integers with the cofinite topology not path-connected?
As in the title, is it possible to find closed, disjoint subsets $C_n$ of $[0,1]$ such that $[0,1] = ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

41 views

### Reference request: has this semilinear version of Navier Stokes been studied?

I have noticed that the
Navier Stokes equations can be written as a semilinear symmetric first
order system
$$
u_t+A_1u_{x_1}+A_2u_{x_2}+A_3u_{x_3} = f(u)
$$
for a 9 by 1 vector $u$ containing the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

278 views

### Topological Problems Solved by Lattice Duality

It is well known the success of lattice dualities (as Pontryagin duality for abelian groups, Stone duality for Boolean algebras and Priestley duality for distributive lattices) to solve algebraic ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

54 views

### submatrix of a given size with maximum frobenius norm

Let $I\subset \{1,2,\ldots,n\}$, and let $|I|$ denote its cardinality. Now given a Hermitian matrix $\mathbf{A}\in\mathbf{C}^{n\times n}$. I am interested in finding the subset $I$ that maximizes the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Where are there defined objects between gerbes and bundle gerbes?

Consider a special kind of/something like a gerbe where there is first given local trivialization data with equivalence over 2-fold overlaps but not isomorphism.
Does this exist in the literature?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

108 views

### Subgradient of Minimum Eigenvalue

Consider three $N \times N$ Hermitian matrices $A_0$, $A_1$, $A_2$. Consider the function
\begin{align}
f(t_1,t_2)=\lambda_{\text{min}}(A_0+t_1A_1+t_2A_2)
\end{align}
where $\lambda_{\text{min}}$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Transition probabilities in coupled CTMCs

I know that for a CTMC, the probability of transition from time $0$ to $t$ is given by $P(t)=e^{Q(t)t}$. I have a system of $N$ interdependent CTMCs evolving simultaneously. Each of the $N$ CTMCs can ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

379 views

### On quantities with no very small odd prime factors; a response to Wlodzimierz Holsztynski

In response to a comment posted under
Powers of $2$ and the products of initial odd primes , I shall raise some questions about quantities near $O_n= P_{n+1}/2$, the product of the first $n$ odd ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

584 views

### Is compass and straight edge geometry complete?

Euclid's first three postulates are the basis of compass and straight edge constructions which are as complex as arithmetic.
The constructions themselves may be expressed as a formula with each of ...

**4**

votes

**5**answers

267 views

### procedure-based (as opposed to definition-based) concepts

Euler's work on divergent series was guided by computational procedures, rather than any definition of the "value" of such a series. E.g., he was happy to have half a dozen procedures that indicated ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Sufficient conditions for equality of measures related to harmonic functions

In Axler's book "Harmonic function theory" on this link http://www.latp.univ-mrs.fr/~chaabi/ARTICLES%20IMPORTANTS/Autres%20articles%20interessant/Livres/Harmonic%20Function%20theory.pdf on page 112 ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

54 views

### Integral representation of the resolvent of a semigroup

Let $T(t)$ be a $C_{0}$-semigroup with the generator $A$. Now, does the so called integral representation of the resolvent
$$
(\lambda - A)^{-1} = \int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-t\lambda}T(t) dt
$$
hold for ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

66 views

### A question about uniformly bounded semigroups

Let $A$ be an unbounded linear operator of domain $D(A)$ defined on a Banach space $X$. Suppose that $A$ generates a $C_0$-semigroup $T(t)$ which is uniformly bounded. I would like to know if there ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Initial ideal of k-th power of an ideal

Hi,
Let $I$ be an ideal in a polynomial ring $S = k[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$, where $k$ is an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. Fix a term order on
$S$ (e.g. a lexicographic order) and ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

124 views

### When distance nonincreasing map is an isometry

Let $f: M \to M$ be a distance nonincreasing map between a closed Riemannian manifold $M$
and $f$ is homotopic to the idendity map. Is it then $f$ an isometry?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Characteristic subgroups of the limit group

Let $\{ G_i \}_{i=1}^\infty$ be a direct spectrum of groups with respect to embeddings $\varphi_i:G_i \mapsto G_{i+1}$, $i \in \mathbb{N}$, and let $G$ be the limit group of this spectrum. Suppose ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

764 views

### Invariance of dynamical system under a transformation

I have come across an interesting property of a dynamical system, being transformed by a map, but i haven't been able to figure out why this is happening (for quite some time now actually). Any help ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

210 views

### What is the best lower bound for 3-sunflowers?

A collection of $t$ sets $A_i$ is called a t-sunflower if $A_i \cap A_j = Z $ for all $i \neq j$ for some fixed $Z$. A well-known conjecture of Erdos and Rado says that in any $k$-uniform family of ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

255 views

### Subgroups of $SL_3(\mathbb{Z})$ that are finitely generated, Zariski-dense, infinite index, and torsion-free

My question stems from Misha's answer of a MathOverflow question. Misha supplied the following question in his answer:
Open question: Does there exist a finitely generated Zariski-dense ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Example of flasque but non-soft sheaves?

Does anyone have an interesting examples of a flasque but not soft $\mathscr{O}_X$-module over a ringed space? Of course with X being non-paracompact.

**15**

votes

**4**answers

365 views

+100

### Is the diameter of a centrally symmetric convex body realized by a pair of antipodal points?

Let $S \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be the boundary of a centrally symmetric convex body and provide $S$ with the geodesic metric given by its embedding in Euclidean space (i.e., the distance between two ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

56 views

### Fundamental theorem of calculus for iterated stochastic integrals

I'm trying to find the rate (or a bound for it) with which an iterated integral of the type
$$\int_{-h}^0 \int_{-h}^{t} A_s d B_s A_t d B_t$$
converges to zero (in probability/distribution) for $h ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

47 views

### Error of Discrete Fourier Transform on Finite Domain (vs. Continuous FT) in terms of Sobolev order

My question is about quantifying the error that occurs by approximating the continuous Fourier transform on a finite domain by using a discretised version with resolution $N$ for a function of a given ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

25 views

### From the representation category of a Lie group and the representation on a homogeneous space, can we reconstruct the stabiliser subgroup reps?

Given a Lie group $G$ and a transitive action $- \triangleright - : G \times X \to X$ on a homogeneous space, we can recover the stabiliser subgroup $H_x$ of a point $x \in X$. It is the subgroup of ...