# All Questions

**1**

vote

**0**answers

24 views

### definition of “immersion” of schemes (without open or closed)

On Prop. 1.7 (a) on page 5 of Milne's Etale Cohomology book states:
Any immersion is quasi-finite.
A google search turned up definitions for "open immersion" and "closed immersion", never just ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### Number of matrices with given Smith normal form

Denote with $\mathcal{M}$ the set of $(m \times n)$-matrices with integer coefficients bounded by some $K$. Given a matrix $B \in \mathcal{M}$ that is in Smith normal form, is anything known about the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Vanishing natural transformation and strong generator

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety (over the field of complex numbers). Let $T$ be strong generator of $D^b(X)$ : this means that every object in $D^b(X)$ can be obtained in a given finite number ...

**41**

votes

**6**answers

6k views

### Why might André Weil have named Carl Ludwig Siegel the greatest mathematician of the 20th century?

According to Steven Krantz's Mathematical Apocrypha (pg. 186):
As was custom, Weil often attended tea
at [Princeton] University . Graduate
student Steven Weintrab one day went
about the room ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

186 views

### May integration spoil real-analyticity?

Is there an example of a function $f:(a,b)\times(c,d)\to\mathbb{R}$, which is real analytic and bounded in its domain, integrable in the second variable, and such that the function
$$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

61 views

### The structure map of topological K-theory

This may be a silly question but I don't know the answer.
I know the construction of (equivariant) K-spectrum $KU_G$ and the periodicity of (equivariant) K-theory. But I don't know its structure maps ...

**20**

votes

**4**answers

922 views

### Why should we care about “higher infinities” outside of set theory?

Let's say you are a prospective mathematician with some addled ideas about cardinality.
If you assumed that the natural numbers were finite, you'd quickly vanish in a puff of logic. :)
If you ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Can this equation have an explicit solution?

Given $n > 0$, $0 \leq i \leq n$ is an integer, $D = diag(d_1, \dots, d_n)$ is
positive definite, $e_i$ is the $i$th column of a $n \times n$ identity matrix, $u \in R^n$ such that $B = D + u * ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

252 views

### Bateman-Horn, continued even further

As before, consider the "singular series", which shows up in the Bateman-Horn conjecture: for an irreducible polynomial $f,$ this is equal to
$$
s(f) = \prod_p \frac{1-\frac{n_f(p)}p}{1-\frac1p},
$$
...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Prove $R$ is a finite ring [on hold]

Suppose that $R$ is a ring and $D(R)$ is the set of all elements $x\in R$ such that there exist $b,c\neq 0$ with $xb=cx=0$. Prove that if $1<|D(R)|<\infty$ then $|R|<\infty$. ($|S|<\infty$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Reference for holder estimate on parabolic equation with neumann boundary condition

I saw a type of holder estimate in Friedman's book: partial differential equations of parabolic type(page 200 3.24) as following:
Suppose we have a uniformly parabolic equation with holder ...

**25**

votes

**3**answers

456 views

### The coupon collector's earworm

I thank Nicolas Dupont for the following question
(and for permission to disseminate it further):
I have a playlist with, say, $N$ pieces of music.
While using the shuffle option (each such ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

161 views

### For a 3-manifold $Y$, when does $Y\times S^{1}$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?

Let $Y$ be an orientable, smooth 3-manifold and let $X=Y\times S^{1}$. My question is that: when does $X$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?
An obvious case is when $Y$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### Calculations about the normal bundle of embedding of symmetric products

Suppose $C^{(d)}$ is the $d$-th symmetric product of a curve, embed it in $C^{(d+s)}$ by $E\to E+sP_0$ where $P_0$ is a fixed point. The normal bundle of this embedding is denoted by $N$.
Suppose ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

40 views

### Basic question about discrete minimal surfaces

Let $P$ be a convex polygon with $n > 3$ vertices $v_1, \ldots, v_n \in \mathbb{R}^2$, let $x$ be a point in the interior of $P$, and let $u$ be a function with prescribed values at the vertices of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### Improper integral $\int_0^1 \frac{\exp(ctx)}{\sqrt{(\exp(bt)-1)(1-\exp(atx))-(1-\exp(at))(\exp(btx)-1)}} dx$ with $-a$ and $b$ positive

Is the following function real analytic in $t>0$:
$$F(t)=\int_0^1\frac{\exp(ctx)}{\sqrt{(\exp(bt)-1)(1-\exp(atx))-(1-\exp(at))(\exp(btx)-1)}} dx,$$
where $-a$ and $b$ are positive, and $c\not=a$?
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

82 views

### Automorphism group of the affine groups AGL(n,q), ASL(n,q)

I have a question. The automorphism group of the linear groups $GL(n,q)$, the group of linear transformations of $V = \mathbb{F}_q^n$, and $SL(n,q)$, the subgroup of $GL(n,q)$ consisting of elements ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

13 views

### Choosing the weights of a Voronoi diagram — is this function always the gradient of another function?

This question is related to the earlier question Weighted area of a Voronoi cell . As in that question, let $X = \{ x_1,\dots,x_n\} $ denote a set of $n$ points in the unit square $S = ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Is an irreducible ideal in $R$ also irreducible in $R[x]$?

Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian ring and $I\subset R$ an ideal that is irreducible in the sense that if $I = J_1 \cap J_2$, then $I=J_1$ or $I=J_2$. Is (the ideal generated by) $I$ irreducible in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

10 views

### Dimension of the set of the polynomial growth harmonic function on the hyperbolic plane

We consider the hyperbolic plane and the harmonic function there. Pick any point $p$. Let $H_n, n \in\mathbb N$ be the set of the harmonic functions $f$ such that $|f(x)|\leq c d(x,p)^n$.
What is the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Commuting diagram, algebraic cycles and K-theory

What is the easiest way to see the veracity of the following commutative diagram?$$\require{AMScd}
\begin{CD}
K(X) \otimes K(Y) @>\text{ch}(-) \otimes \text{ch}(-)>> A(X, \mathbb{Q}) \otimes ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Learning the exponents in a sum of two modular roots of unity

$\newcommand{\Z}{\mathbb{Z}}$
Suppose that $n$ is a large and known integer (say, with 100 digits) and that you are given access to a function
$$f(x) = x^a + x^b$$
with unknown exponents $a,b \in ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

183 views

### Trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function are simple

The trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function are located on $-2\mathbb N^*$ and they are simple. It is not difficult to see that, but the proof I have in mind is using the fact that ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### $Ext$-algebra generated by $Hom$ and $Ext^1$ as $A_\infty$-algebra?

In [Keller: A-infinity algebras in representation theory, Proposition 1(b)], Keller states that for an associative algebra the $Ext$-algebra of the simples is generated by $Ext^1(S,S)$ as an ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Convergence of Fixed-Point Iteration of a dependent map

Suppose that we have two mappings $T_1(\cdot): Y \mapsto Y$ and $T_2(\cdot,\cdot) : X \times Y \mapsto X$ where both $X$ and $Y$ are compact and convex subsets of the same Euclidean space. Furthermore ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### Does $\mathbb Z \times \mathbb Z$ mod the obvious $\mathbb Z$ action have more structure than just a set?

$\mathbb Z$ acts on the lattice $\mathbb Z \times \mathbb Z$ by adding an element to itself n times.
I am studying some function arising from symplectic geometry which happens in my case to be ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### Rank of the Jacobian of a family of hyperelliptic curves of genus 2

Assume tha $C$ be the hyperelliptic curve $y^2 = (x-a_1)\cdots (x-a_5)$ of genus $g=2$ and $a_i \in \mathbb{Z}$ and we know that the integers $a_i$ has the form $a_i= d_1^2 - d_i^2$ for some positive ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Tangent space of Hilbert scheme

We have the following theorem:
Let $X$ be a projective scheme over an algebraically closed field $k$, and $Y \subset X$ a closed subscheme with Hilbert polynomial $P$. Then$$T_{[Y]}\text{Hilb}_P (X) ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

218 views

### Brouwer's theorem for the Cauchy reals

Brouwer famously proved, using principles motivated by intuitionistic choice sequences, that every function $\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ is continuous. In Sheaves in geometry and logic (section VI.9), ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Which sequential colimits commute with pullbacks in the category of topological spaces?

This question was asked on math.stackexchange.com without a reaction.
Given diagrams of topological spaces
$$X_0\rightarrow X_1\rightarrow\ldots$$
$$Y_0\rightarrow Y_1\rightarrow\ldots$$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

21 views

### Avoiding the range of a bivariate integer function or Diophantine function

I have a bivariate integer function $f(x,y)=5+23x+7y+30xy$ where $x,y \geq 0$ and are integers. The lattice points of this function, or its range contain a large number of values. I'm trying to see if ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

184 views

### degeneration of reductive group

If $A$ is a mixed characteristic complete DVR (I'm only actually interested in $\mathbf{Z}_p$) and $G/A$ is a closed subgroup scheme of $GL(n)$ whose generic fibre is connected reductive and split, is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### How do mathematicians find the underlying idea? [on hold]

While reading through the lecture notes here (http://www.math.ucla.edu/~tao/resource/general/131ah.1.03w/week2.pdf , page 22, last paragraph), I came across the following " Thus there must be some ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

294 views

### Preservation of $\diamondsuit$ by ccc forcings of size $\leq \omega_1$ [closed]

This is essentially exercise H8 (p.248) of Kunen's Set Theory: An Introduction to Independence Proofs (old edition), or exercise IV.7.58 (p.307) of Kunen's Set Theory (new edition).
Suppose $P$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### On the search for an explicit form of a particular integral

Let $f$ be integrable over the interval $(0, 1)$, and
$$I_n = \int_0^{1} x^n f(x) \, \mathrm{d}x.$$
Suppose $f(x) = f(1-x)$; we can then show that
$$I_n = \sum_{k=0}^{n} \binom{n}{k} (-1)^k \, ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Finding combinatorial models / statistics

In many cases in combinatorics and especially algebraic combinatorics with some representation theory, the main problem is about finding the correct statistic on a mathematical object.
For example, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### Number of linearly bisected subsets in finite vector space $F_2^n$

We consider the $n$-dimenstional finite vector space $\mathbb{F}_2^{n}$ over the finite field of two elements. For a subset $A\subseteq \mathbb{F}_2^{n}$ of even size $|A|=2m$ and a linear form ...

**93**

votes

**16**answers

22k views

### Mathematical software wish list

Like many other mathematicians I use mathematical software like SAGE, GAP, Polymake, and of course $\LaTeX$ extensively. When I chat with colleagues about such software tools, very often someone has ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Why do the model structures on dg-algebras and on dg-categories are not compatible?

First we talk about dg-algebras. According to this n-lab page, we write $dgAlg$ for the category of cochain dg-algebras in non-negative degree over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$. Write ...

**51**

votes

**39**answers

6k views

### Important formulas in Combinatorics

Motivation:
The poster for the conference celebrating Noga Alon's 60th birthday, fifteen formulas describing some of Alon's work are presented. (See this post, for the poster, and cash prizes offered ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

24 views

### Bounding Expected Value of a piecewise function [on hold]

Let X and Y to be two independent random variables with known pdfs. Get a bound for the expected value of the following expression in terms of $E[X]$, $E[Y]$, VAR[X] and VAR[Y]:
\begin{equation}
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### What are the restrictions in the ramification behavior of a Galois extension of number fields imposed by the Galois group of the extension?

Studying class field theory, I have come across the following Proposition:
Proposition. Let $K/E$ be an extension of number fields so that there is no nontrivial unramified subextension $F/E$ with ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

21 views

### Changing the sign in the definition of the cocommutator of a coboundary Lie bialgebra

A Lie bialgebra is a Lie algebra additionally equipped with a 1-cocycle $\delta: {\mathfrak g}\to \Lambda^2 {\mathfrak g}$ that satisfies the co-Jacobi identity. Non-trivial Lie bialgebras can be ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### coproduct of the homology of iterated loop space on spheres

Let $\Omega^{n+1}S^{n+1}$ be the base-pointed $(n+1)$-iterated loop space on the $(n+1)$-sphere. In the paper The homology of $\mathcal{C}_{n+1}$-spaces, $n\geq 0$, F. Cohen, Lecture notes in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### homology coalgebra of iterated loop space of spheres

In the paper On the homology of configuration spaces, Section 4.1, a basis for the graded vector space $H_*(\Omega^m S^m;\mathbb{Z}_2)$ is given as
$$
u_0, u_1, Q_I u_0, Q_I u_1
$$
where $0,1$ denote ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Understanding Segal's definition of conformal field theory

I have a fundamental problem in understanding Segal's definition of a conformal field theory:
On the one hand his monoidal CFT-functor is a formalization of the fact that, physically, the integrand ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### Sum of two parts of a continuous stochastic process

Let $X$ be a centered continuous stochastic process which is square integrable on $[0,2]\times \Omega$ and the basis of $L^2(0,2)$ is $\{e_i\}$. By using Karhunen-Leove Theorem one can write for all ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

46 views

### A compact Alexandrov space with curvature bounded below has curvature bouneded above?

For a compact Riemannian manifold, Since the curvature tensor is continuous, we know that the sectional curvature is bounded, i.e. bounded above and below. Now let $M$ be a compact Alexandrov space ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

248 views

### Quantum Hamiltonian for an Inverse Cube Force Law

If you have a nonrelativistic quantum particle in $\mathbb{R}^3$ in an attractive inverse cube force, its Hamiltonian is
$$ H = -\nabla^2 - \frac{c}{r^2} $$
where I'm keeping things simple by ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### Asymptotic $\int_M \mathrm{exp}[\mathbf{e}\left(n -\frac{t}{2\pi i}\right)] \left( 1 + \frac{5}{6} \mathbf{e}^2 \right)^{1/2} $ on quintic Calabi-Yau

Let $M = \{ G(x) = 0 \} \subseteq \mathbb{P}^4$ be a quintic Calabi-Yau and $\mathbf{e} \in H^2(M, \mathbb{Z})$ such that $\int_M \mathbf{e}^3 = 5$. Then as $t \gg 1$:
$$
\int_M
e^{n \mathbf{e}}
...