# All Questions

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

15 views

### How to verify a vector has a steady gradual increase mathematically?

I rank the values inside my vector then look to verify the values have a gradual but steady increase. Ideally if I had 10 numbers the smallest would occur first and the second smallest would rank ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

201 views

### Painting $n$ balls from $2n$ balls red, and guessing which ball is red, game

The game
Lucy has $2n$ distinct white colored balls numbered $1$ through $2n$. Lucy picks $n$ different balls in any way Lucy likes, and paint them red. Lucy then giftwrap all the balls so that it is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

15 views

### Galois group of equation

Let the equation $5x^6-12x^5-12x^4+204x^3+81x^2-792x+414=0$
The Galois group of $P(x)=5x^6-12x^5-12x^4+204x^3+81x^2-792x+414$ have solvable to be or not?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### What is the difference between the moduli space of curves and the moduli space of orbi-curves?

I feel that I should already know the answer to this, but it never sits quite right in my head. Let's look at something relatively concrete.
One way you can look at the moduli of hyperelliptic curves ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

9 views

### Hyperbolicity of Deligne-Mumford stacks

Let $X$ be a smooth finite type separated connected Deligne-Mumford stack over $\mathbb C$ (with trivial generic stabilizer if necessary).
This question is about "hyperbolicity" and it is motivated ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Does every smooth, projective morphism to $\mathbb{C}P^1$ admit a section?

Possibly this has already been asked, but it came up again in this question of Daniel Litt. Does every smooth, projective morphism $f:Y\to \mathbb{C}P^1$ admit a section, i.e., a morphism ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### On the superior of generalized Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process

Let us consider a generalized O-U process $X_t \in L^2[0, 1]$ defined by the following spde:
$dX_t = \frac{1}{2}\partial_x^2X_t + dW_t, $
$\partial_x X_t(0) = \partial_x X_t(1) = 0, $
$X_0 = 0, $
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### Universality with respect to quotients

Is there an infinite cardinal $\kappa$ for which the following statement (S) true?
(S) : There is a topology $\tau_\kappa$ on $\kappa$ such that for all topological spaces $(X,\tau)$ with $|X|\leq ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Conjecture Reference Request

If Second Hardy-Littlewood Conjecture is true then we can claim that $\pi(x)-\pi(y)\leq \pi(x-y)$. Thus the conjecture gives an upper bound for the number of primes between $x$ and $y$. I have found ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Is there any algorithm to decide whether a series with integral coefficiens is a algebraic function?

Given a series with integral coefficiens as following:
$$F(x)=\sum_0^i a_i x^i,\text{where }a_i\in \mathbb{N}\bigcup 0 $$$$\text{and there is a computable function $\psi$ such that } \forall i ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

23 views

### Identification of Hilbert space with dual follows from another identification?

Let $X$ be a Hilbert space with inner product $(\cdot,\cdot)_X$, and let $Y$ be another Hilbert space with inner product $(\cdot,\cdot)_Y$. Suppose there is a bijective continuous linear operator $F:X ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

45 views

### Coloring algorithm maximising color difference between neighbors

Consider a graph and a set of ordered colors ${\cal C} = \{1,2,\cdots,C\}$. I want to color each node $i$ with a color $c_i\in{\cal C}$ so as to maximize the minimum color difference between two ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

154 views

### All solutions to a set of integral equations

I would like a better understanding of the set of pairs $(f_1,f_2)$ of functions $[0,1] \times [0,1] \to [0,1]$ which satisfy the following conditions:
For all $y \in [0,1]$, $f_1(x,y) \geq ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Is holomorphic 2-form on Moduli of Higgs bundle in Biswas' paper is non-degenerate

In Biswas' paper, Geometry of moduli of Higgs bundles, he defined a holomorphic 2-form on moduli of stable Higgs bundles, using Kodaira-Spencer map and Petersson-Weil metric.
I want to know whether ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### A question on the Euclidean domain $\mathbb{Z}[\omega]$

Let $\omega=\frac{-1+i\sqrt{3}}{2}=e^{\frac{2 \pi i}{3}}$ be a complex cube root of unity, and $\mathbb{Z}[\omega]$ the Euclidean domain. In view of that $\int_0^\infty e^{ix} ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Existence of minimizer in Sobolev space $H^{1,2}(\Omega)$ [on hold]

I am looking at a functional $$\frac{\int_{\partial \Omega} u^2 \mathrm{dx}}{ \left(\int_{\Omega} u^q \mathrm{dx} \right)^{2/q} }$$
And i want to know if the minimizer exists in the space ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

117 views

### A metric associated with a continuous surjective map $f:X\to Y$

Assume that $f:(X,d_{1})\to (Y,d_{2})$ is a continuous surjective map between compact metric spaces. We define another
metric $d_{f}$ on $Y$ With $$ d_{f}(a,b)=Hd(f^{-1}(x), f^{-1}(y))$$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### A linear category with objects of infinite length but which is otherwise finite?

Fix a ground field $k$. By a linear category I will mean an Abelian category which is compatibly enriched over $k$-vector spaces. A linear category is called finite if it satisfies the following four ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Characterize the category of rings

(Sub)categories of many well-studied mathematical objects have been characterized purely in terms of their morphisms. Some (famous) examples:
Sets and functions, due to Lawvere.
Modules over some ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Does $\mathsf{fReR}_0$ prove the existence of the cartesian product of two sets

$\mathsf{fReR}_0$ is the set-theoretical system whose axioms consist of:
(1) Axiom of extensionality: $\forall z\in x\ (z\in y)\wedge\forall z\in y\ (z\in x)\rightarrow x=y$
(2) Axiom of empty set: ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

63 views

### a question about minimal non-abelian groups

Let $G$ be a minimal non-abelian group with cyclic Sylow $p$-subgroup $P$ and normal Sylow $q$-subgroup $Q$ , see [ Huppert, Endlich Gruppen I, Aufgaben III, 5.14].
My quesion is, if there is another ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

90 views

### Are sums of 0-1 Pareto efficient vectors Pareto efficient?

Does there exist an $m \times n$ matrix $A$ and a vector $x \in \mathbb{R}^m$ such that:
The entries of $A$ are $\in \{0, 1\}$.
For all pairs of columns $u, v$ of $A$ the entries of $u - v$ are ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

14 views

### Computing row-sum scaled unsigned Stirling nos. of the 1st kind

As the title suggests, I would like to compute probability vectors with elements proportional to (unsigned) Stirling numbers of the first kind by row. For easy reference, here is the Wiki page.
For ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### Is a group uniquely determined by the sets {ab,ba} for each pair of elements a and b?

This is a cross-posted question, originally active here on math.stackexchange.
For a given group $G=(S,\cdot)$ with underlying set $S$, consider the function
$$
F_G:S\times ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

12 views

### Semigroup nilpotents and compostional inversion

The integer coefficients of a general partition formula for the compositional inverse of a function are a refined version of the coefficients of the generating series for the number of nilpotents in a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Probability that a sum of intependent random variables hits a point

Let $X_1,\ldots,X_n$ be independent random elements of a normed space $X$. Suppose that $\sup_{x\in X}\mathbb{P}(X_i=x)=p_i$. What is the best known upper bound for
$$\sup_{x\in X} ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

146 views

### Are there examples of families of objects which are canonically isomorphic, but where diagrams of canonical isomorphisms don't commute?

Specifically, are there "nice" (ie, not too obscure or contrived) examples of families of objects, where say for each objects $A,B,C$ in the family, the canonical isomorphism from $A\rightarrow C$ is ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

477 views

### Making $\mathbb{Q}$-cohomology integral

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety (say, smooth and projective) over $\mathbb{C}$, and fix $$\alpha\in H^i(X^{\text{an}}, \mathbb{Q})$$
with $i>0$.
Does there always exist a variety $Y$ and a ...

**10**

votes

**12**answers

1k views

### Obscure Names in Mathematics [on hold]

I recently stumbled over the "Happy Ending Problem" (cf e.g. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Happy_Ending_problem), which made we wonder, if there are other conjectures, theorems or problems, whose names ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Is the parallelogram rule an axiom or a theorem in euclidean geometry? [on hold]

I am aware of the proof of the rule in inner product spaces. Excluding the geometry of Descartes, is it possible to prove parallelogram rule or is it an axiom?

**7**

votes

**2**answers

420 views

### Decomposition of an integral operator into a composition

I've been musing about the following question for a while now. Given an integral operator $G$ defined by
$$ (Gf)(x) = \int_0^1 G(x,u) f(u)\,du $$
Is it possible to decompose this into two separate ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Poisson approximation of random sub-graphs

I add the edges of $G(n)$ the complete graph on $n$ vertices one by one, at random and without replacement, and denote by $G(n,m)$ the resulting Erdos Renyi random graph process. At step $m$ in the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

23 views

### lower bound of a trace quadratic form

i want to find a lower bound on the following expression:
$tr(AXA^T)$ in terms of $tr(X)$
where A is real $n\times n$ matrix and $X>0$ is positive symmetric. It seems that the following bound is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

32 views

### Help in finding distribution of the following function of random variable

Let $X_1$ and $X_2$ be independent complex Gaussian random variables, $$X_1 \sim \mathcal{CN}(0,\sigma)$$
$$X_2 \sim \mathcal{CN}(0,\sigma)$$
If $X= aX_1 + bX_2$ where $a,b$ are constants then the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Characterizing the real analytic Eisenstein series

Consider the classical real analytic Eisenstein series
$$
E(z,s)=\left(\pi^{-s}\Gamma(s)\frac{1}{2}\right)\sum_{(m,n)\neq(0,0)}\frac{y^s}{|mz+n|^{2s}},
$$
where $z=x+iy$. We think of $E(z,s)$ as a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

82 views

### Equations over $\mathbb{Z}[[T]]$ vs. equations over $\mathbb{Z}_p$

This question might be deemed totally unanswerable, unless there is an obvious counterexample. Answers to either effect would be welcome.
Question. Let $X$ be a finite-type scheme over ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### u-Invariants of p-adic function fields

In his Paper "Fields of u-invariant 9" Oleg Izhboldin points out that for a algebraic closed, finitely generated field $k$ we have $u(k)= 2^{cd(k)}$. In particular we have
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

22 views

### Cohomological dimension of transcendental p-adic extensions

Let $k = \mathbb{Q}_p$ for any prime $p$ and set
$L = k(t_1,..,t_n)$.
The u-invariant of a field $u(k)$ is defined by $u(k):=\{ max (\mathrm{rank}(q)) $ | $ q $ is anisotropic over $k\}$.
It is ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### On the ratio of Gilbreath sequences

Definitions: let $n \in \mathbb{N}_{>0} \cup \{ \infty \}$ and let $E_n$ be the set of sequences $(d_i)_{i=1}^n$ such that $d_1=1$, $d_i$ is an even integer (for $i > 1$) and $0<d_i \le i$. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### Beurling density and interpolation

Let $\Lambda=\{\lambda_n\}_1^\infty$ a set of points on the real line. We denote by $\bar{n}(r)$ the largest number of points in any interval $[x,x+r]$, $r>0$. Define the upper uniform density ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Weinstein's local classification of Lagrangian foliations

In the paper "Symplectic manifolds and their Lagrangian submanifolds", Weinstein showed that locally all the Lagrangian foliations are symplectomorhic to the fiber foliation of a cotangent bundle.
I ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

53 views

### Nagakami behavoir

Is the sum of square Nagakami random variables Erlang distributed?
What is the distribution of euclidean norm of complex Nagakami?
Cheers!

**2**

votes

**2**answers

106 views

+100

### Projection formula for smooth representations of locally profinite groups

Let $G$ be a locally profinite (i.e., locally compact, Hausdorff, and totally disconnected) topological group, $H \le G$ a closed subgroup, $(\pi, V)$ a smooth representation of $G$, and $(\sigma, W)$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

237 views

### A metric on $S^{2}$ [on hold]

Let $p:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration $p(z,w)= (\parallel z\parallel^{2}-\parallel w\parallel^{2},\;2z\bar{w})$.
Define a metric on $S^{2}$ as follows:
$$d(x,y)=Hd(p^{-1}(x), ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Zero-mean assumptions concerning r.d.'s when reading graduate-level probability texts

I'm reading through T. Taos book on random matrices (to be found here), and it is frequent to make without-loss-of-generality certain reductions when proving theorems as for example Hoeffdings ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### An easy proof that S(n) does not embed into A(n+1)?

Rotman's book An Introduction to the Theory of Groups (Fourth Edition) asks, on page 22, Exercise 2.8, to show that S(n) cannot be embedded in A(n+1), where S(n) = the symmetric group on n elements, ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### How can I have a copy of this old paper by Frobenius?

How can I have a copy of this old paper and a translation of it?
Frobenius, G. (1902). Uber primitive Gruppen des Grades n und der Klasse n - 1. S. B. Akad. Berlin 1902, 455-459.

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### What is induction to n^(n-1) >= n! for n=9,10 [on hold]

Can somebody help me? How do I prove n^(n-1) >= n! for n=9,10..... by induction?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

160 views

### Can (how) one distinguish germs of continuous functions by a countable set of params?

Continuous functions can be distinguished by their values at say rational points of [0 1].
Germs of analytic functions can be distinguished by derivatives at a point.
So in both cases we see ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Dimension of Hilbert scheme?

I have a subvariety $V \subset X$, and I want to compute the dimension of the connected component of $\textrm{Hilb}(X)$ containing $[V]$.
I can give explicit deformations of $V$ showing that the ...