0
votes
0answers
2 views

A constrained positive polynomial

Is there an example of a polynomial $Q(x)\in\Bbb Z_{\geq0}[x]$ with $Q(0)=1$ so that $Q(x)=Q_m(x)Q_+(x)$ where $Q_+(x)\in\Bbb Z_{\geq0}[x]$, $Q_1(x)\in\Bbb Z[x]$ so that $Q_m(x)$ has at least $1$ ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

References about identities of Gauss sum

I am reading the paper. In the end of page 10, there are the following identities of Gauss sum. \begin{align} & h(b) h(a+b) = q^b h(b) h(a), \\ & h(b) g(a+b) = q^b h(b) g(a), \\ & g(a+b) ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

growth series of groups

As I know, in the literature there are formulas for groth series of direct product, free product and free product with amalgamation and graph product of groups. Is there any formula that gives groth ...
5
votes
1answer
163 views

Are these inequalities for primes equivalent?

Let $p_n$ be the $n$th prime, let $L$ consist of the primes satisfying $p_{n+2} - 2p_{n+1} + p_{n} > 0$, and let $Q$ consist of the primes satisfying $p_{n+1}^2 < p_{n}p_{n+2}.$ Is $L=Q$? ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Higher-dimensional category theory on objects

I would like to know if there exists a satisfying generalization of higher-dimensional category theory on objects, that doesn't forget the inner structure of objects. Usually, what people do is to ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

compute standard basis in local rings

Let$>'$ be the order in $k[t,x_1,\cdots,x_n]$ as follows: Each semigroup order > on monomial in the $x_i$ extends to a semigroup order >' on monomial in $t,x_1,\cdots,x_n$ in the following way. We ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

First integrals

Given a vector field $X\in\mathcal{X}(\Omega)$, a first integral of $X$ is a differentiable mapping $f: \Omega \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}$ such that : $\sum_{0}^{n}X_{i}(x)\frac{\partial f}{\partial ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Convergence of measures to an absolutely continuous measure

Suppose that $\{\mu_n\}$ is a sequence of Borel probability measures on a compact metric space $X$ and suppose that $\{\mu_n\}$ converges weakly to a Borel probability measure $\mu$ on $X$. If $\mu$ ...
15
votes
1answer
255 views

Differential Topology over $\mathbb{Q}$

I have a specific question in mind, but it requires some explanation and context before it can be formally stated. To summarize it in a sentence, this is it: Are every two rational manifolds of the ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Correspondence between real forms and real structures on complex Lie groups

I asked this in MSE, but without success, so I hope, it will be suitable here. E.B.Vinberg and A.L.Onishchik in their book give the following two definitions. For a complex Lie group $G$ its real ...
33
votes
6answers
3k views

Does “compact iff projections are closed” require some form of choice?

There are many equivalent ways of defining the notion of compact space, but some require some kind of choice principle to prove their equivalence. For example, a classical result is that for $X$ to be ...
4
votes
0answers
29 views

Determinant of some covariance matrix (Gaussian kernel process)

Let $x_1,\dots,x_p$ be $p$ points in $\mathbb{R}^n$ ($n\geq 2$) with $x_1=0$. Consider the symmetric matrix $M(x)=(m_{ij}(x))_{1\leq i,j\leq p}$ where $m_{ij}(x) = \exp(-\frac{1}{2}\Vert x_i - ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Writing a function as a sum of functions of bounded diameter

This problem is distilled from one arising in a study of complex random variables, but I've removed as much baggage as I can without (I hope) making it trivial. Fix $D>0$. A function $f:\mathbb ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Primitive elements in a free group

Let $F$ be a free group of rank $\aleph_0$ and let $H$ be a subgroup for which there exists some $a \in F$ such that $\langle H \cup \{a\} \rangle = F$. Must there be some free basis $B$ for $F$ and a ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

For $k>3$ does there exist an odd prime $q_k$ such that $p_k=2^kq_k+1$ is prime and $p_k$ divides $a_k=\dfrac{3^{2^{k-1}}+1}{2}$?

Question: For $k>3$ does there exist an odd prime $q_k$ such that $p_k=2^kq_k+1$ is prime and $p_k$ divides $a_k=\dfrac{3^{2^{k-1}}+1}{2}$?\ If $k=3$ the answer is Yes because for $q_3=5$ we ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Does the Riemann-Christoffel curvature determine the connection?

I am looking for the integrability condition of the following system of pde: ...
4
votes
1answer
35 views

Does $Add(\kappa,1)^L$ ever collapse cardinals?

In general, we know that adding a subset to a regular cardinal $\kappa$ can collapse cardinals. If, for example, there is $\gamma < \kappa$ with $2^\gamma >\kappa$, then $Add(\kappa,1)$ will ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

topology of setwise convergence of measures

It is well known that if $X$ is, say, compact and metric, then the set of probability measures on the Borel subsets of $X$ endowed with the usual topology of weak convergence of measures has as a ...
3
votes
1answer
233 views

Quasi-stationary distribution for a death process

In the paper, Survival in a quasi-death process by van Doorn and Pollett, the quasi-stationary distribution of a transient CTMC is discussed and QSD for a simple death process is derived. Consider a ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

Representing one diagonal of Pascal's triangle using special sums coming from a different diagonal

Let $m, n$ be any fixed natural numbers. Is it true that infinitely many elements of the sequence $\left(\begin{array}{c} m+k \\ m \\ \end{array}\right)_{k=1,2,3,...}$ ( as well as of the sequence ...
15
votes
1answer
467 views

Is every degree 1 self-map a homotopy equivalence?

In a rather obscure article, I found (without proof) the following statement: If $M$ is a closed orientable manifold, every degree $1$ map $f: M \rightarrow M$ is a homotopy equivalence. Is this ...
5
votes
2answers
198 views

The Borel construction of equivariant cobordism

In $K$ theory, the Borel construction of equivariant cohomology is somehow not the right one. The $G$-equivaraint $K$ theory of a point should be the representation ring of $G$, but $K(BG)$ is this ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

On various “extension closures” and “orthogonals” in triangulated categories

A vague form of my question is the following one: for a class of objects $D$ of a triangulated category $C$ we consider the class $E$ of objects that satisfy $Mor_{C}(d,e)=\{0\}\ \forall d\in D$; ...
6
votes
2answers
150 views

What methods do we have to understand the spectrum of matrices with restricted entries?

Consider questions of the form (or the "most probable value of" version of these questions rather than the "largest possible"), What is the largest possible spectral radius of a $n \times n$ matrix ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Is g( ) rational if it looks that way on a large rational subset?

Let $F$ be any infinite field, $U\subset F^n$ be an open, dense (in Zariski topology) subset, $x_1,x_2,…,x_n$ be an algebraic independent system of variables over $F$ , $f,f_1,f_2,…,f_n \in ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

A question and a conjecture on $USp(N)$ group

$USp(N)$ with $N$ an even integer is defined as the group of unitary matrices $M$ that satisfy $M^TJM=J$, where $M^T$ is the transpose of $M$ and $J$ is the anti-symmetric $N$-by-$N$ matrix ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Model structure on non-negative differential graded algebras with homological grading

I was wondering if there exists a model structure on the category of non-negative differential graded algebras with homological grading. To be more precise: Let $Ch_{k}$ the model category of ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Induction and nonstandard halting times of standard machines

For a nonstandard model of enough arithmetic - say, $\mathcal{N}\models I\Sigma_1$ - we can define the set of halting times of standard machines relative to $\mathcal{N}$: ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Sobolev embedding on warped product

Consider the warped product $X = M \times \mathbb{R}$, with the metric $g = dr^2 + \varphi(r) g_M$, where $M$ is a compact manifold. Consider the Sobolev space $H^1(X)$ and let $H^1_{rad}(X)$ denote ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Real slices of Minkowski space, using a complex quadratic form

Ordinary Minkowski space is $\mathbb{R}^{3,1}:=(\mathbb{R}^4,\phi)$ where $\phi:\mathbb{R}^4\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is a quadratic form of signature $(3,1)$. Lying within this is a hyperboloid model ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Maximum entropy to fit Johnson distribution by moments [migrated]

I am trying to fit a johnson SU distribution to my data with the first 4 moments. To identify the most suitable set of johnson parameters I am trying to maximize the entropy function. However, I see ...
-3
votes
0answers
61 views

Fun math puzzle [on hold]

Have had this math puzzle that I have been unable to solve for a while. Each leter is a number between 1-9. No letter uses the same number twice (aka if B is 3 D can't be 3 also). The ? mark ...
-2
votes
0answers
46 views

Some hint or reference about this problem? [on hold]

Let f be a real increasing function. Then there exists a function g such that $\frac{dx_t^y}{dt}=g(x_t^y)$ $x_0^y=y$ $x_1^y=f(y)$.
6
votes
0answers
47 views

K-groups of a permutative category - are they finite?

Let $\mathcal C$ be a permutative category, that is a symmetrical monoidal category with strict associativity. One can then define the $K$-groups of $\mathcal C$, for $n >0$ by $$K_n(\mathcal C) = ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Explicitly describing the region of the plane “outward of” a simple, open, oriented, cubic curve $c:(0,1)\to\mathbb{R}^2$

Some Context: I'm working with some data given in the form of Bezier curves. I need to sort these (partially ordered) Bezier curves by "outwardness" (described below) and have come across an ...
7
votes
1answer
126 views

Which domain maximizes the energy of the Lebesgue measure?

This could be asked in more generality, but let me stick to a concrete case. Usually one considers a fixed domain $E \subset \mathbb{C}$ and attaches to it the equilibrium probability measure ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Complete solution set of a Convolutional Equation?

Here is a problem that am I stuck and I appreciate any help. In essence, I am trying to show that the only solutions for the described problem are the ones provided below. Best.. Setup: In what ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

interpolation between Bochner spaces

If there a reference for the following interpolation result \begin{equation} L^2(I;W^{2,p}(\Omega)) \cap H^1(I;L^p(\Omega)) \hookrightarrow H^\delta(I;W^{2(1-\delta),p}(\Omega)) \end{equation} for ...
5
votes
0answers
82 views

Alexander duality for non-manifolds

Let $X$ be a CW complex and $A$ a subcomplex. I will assume that both are compact, and that $X$ is $n$-dimensional. Furthermore, assume that the local homology of $X$ is that of a manifold in a ...
-5
votes
0answers
32 views

I cannot solve this question! HELP [on hold]

Imagine a 100 storey building. You want to find the highest floor from which an iphone, when dropped, will not break. If an iphone is dropped and does not break, it can be used again with no adverse ...
4
votes
0answers
92 views

is there a moduli of stable infinity categories?

I know there exists a moduli (pre-)stack parameterizing (connected) triangulated dg-categories (ie the points of this moduli are not objects of a fixed dg-category, but rather dg-categories ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Defining relations of mapping class group for genus 2 closed surface

We know that mapping class group (MCG) $\Gamma_1$ for genus 1 closed surface is generated by two elements: $U$ of order 6 and $S$ of order 4. There is a defining relation that totally fixed the MCG ...
7
votes
1answer
188 views

Verifying that $\epsilon^!$ is indeed the right adjoint of $\epsilon_*$ in the context of algebraic stacks

The question is about the last paragraph of Remark 12.4.3 in the book on algebraic stacks by Laumon and Moret-Bailly. Let $S$ be a (quasi-separated) scheme and let $\mathscr{X}$ be an algebraic stack ...
9
votes
1answer
133 views

Searching for $C^*$ [on hold]

I am trying to search on MathSciNet for articles which contains $C^*$ in their title (as in $C^*$-algebras) however I can't figure out how to get MathSciNet not to interpret the '*' as a stand in for ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Non-trivial summand in End(\rho)

Given a finite group representation $\rho:G\to GL_n(\mathbb C)$ one knows that the trivial representation $\mathbb 1$ is contained in $End(\rho)$. Let $\rho'$ be the other summand, i.e., $\rho'$ is ...
9
votes
2answers
427 views

Can any finite lattice be realized as an intermediate subgroups lattice?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup. Let $\mathcal{L}(H \subset G )$ be the lattice of all the intermediate subgroups between $H$ and $G$. Question: Can any finite lattice be realized as ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Conformal map and Jordan curve

Here is my question : Suppose you have a simple (analytic) closed curve $\gamma$ in an open simply connected domain $\Omega \neq \mathbb{C}$. Does there exist a conformal bijection $f : \Omega ...
19
votes
18answers
4k views

Examples of conjectures that were widely believed to be true but later proved false

It seems to me that almost all conjectures (hypotheses) that were widely believed by mathematicians to be true were proved true later, if they ever got proved. Are there any notable exceptions?
5
votes
0answers
37 views

Prime divisors of the norm of the first coefficient of an elliptic newform at width-1 cusps.

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve of conductor $N$ and let $f$ be its newform. Suppose $p \geq 5$ is a prime such that $p^2 \mid N$. We assume $f$ is $p$-minimal, which is equivalent to that the ...
8
votes
1answer
181 views

Determinant of a checkerboard Hankel matrix with Catalan numbers

My goal is to compute \begin{equation} I = \det \left(\mathbf{I} + \mathbf{A}\right) \end{equation} where $\mathbf{A}$ is a $n \times n$ checkerboard matrix filled with Catalan numbers: $$ \left\{ ...

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