8
votes
2answers
584 views

How to transform matrix to this form by unitary transformation?

Without loss of gernerality, we can only consider $n$-dimensional diagonal matrix $M$ whose elements are all nonnegative, i.e. $$M=\operatorname{diag}(m_1,m_2,\cdots,m_n)\ (m_i \geq 0).$$ Then is ...
8
votes
2answers
363 views

What was the Question that led Euler to his Investigations on Polyhedra?

The question that led Euler to his investigations on graphs is the well-known question related to the seven bridges of Königsberg, and that story is a must in every introduction to graph theory. ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Metrizable Coalgebras

A Coalgebra $C$ is called metrizable if there is a base $B$ for $C$(as a vector space) and a metric $d:B \times B \to \mathbb{R}$ on $B$ such that the linear extension $\tilde{d}: C\otimes C ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

l-functions of calabi-yau varieties

This question might not be suitable for MO since i know nothing about Calabi-yau varieties aside the fact that they are used in string theory to compactify additional dimensions, but still, it makes ...
7
votes
1answer
80 views

Properties to have matrices that commute in $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$, $A,B \in G$ whose eigenvalues are thus in the unit circle. Assume that the eigenvalues ​​of $A$ are included in a circle arc of ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Idempotent fractional ideals of a noetherian domain

Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian domain, $K$ its fraction field, and $J$ a fractional ideal (i.e. a finitely generated sub-$R$-module of $K$) such that $J^2=J$. Is it true that $J=0$ or $J=R$? If ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Parabolic bundles on elliptic curves

as a warm up for his thesis I would like a student of mine to read something on parabolic bundles. He is reading the famous Atiyah paper on vector bundles on elliptic curves, so I think it would be ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Convex interaction energy

Does anybody know examples of absolutely continuous probability measures $\mu_0,\mu_1$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ with finite 2nd moments such that $$ \frac{d^2}{dt^2}\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^n\times ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

TSP: Approximation Ratio of the Double Tree Heuristic after Diagonals have been Removed

In their article "Double-Tree Approximations for the Metric TSP: Is the Best One Good Enough?", Vladimir Deineko and Alexander Tiskin derive a lower bound for the approximation ratio of the ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Generalization of notion of convexity

I am searching for the correct term for the following, if it exists. A set $X\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is called $r$-convex if for any two points $x_1, x_2\in X$ such that there exists an arc of radius ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Theorem with an example

i have this theorem in the paper they gives an example: but here $H_1$ is not satisfied ! How to correct it please?
1
vote
0answers
190 views
+100

Topological razors (ball-like spaces)

Introduction Many admire the Euclidean space, and I am not an exception. I will try to catch the topological roundness of the $n$-ball in its greatest generality. I call the resulting axiomatized ...
-2
votes
0answers
49 views

Prove that (AxB)∩(CxD)=(A∩C)x(B∩D) [on hold]

Prove that $(A\times B)\cap (C\times D) = (A\cap C)\times (B\cap D)$ where $\times$ represents the Cartesian product.
18
votes
2answers
335 views

Trapping a convex body by a finite set of points

In $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $K$ be a convex body and $T$ a finite set of points disjoint from the interior of $K$. Say that $T$ traps $K$ if there is no continuous motion of $K$ carrying $K$ arbitrarily ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

What algebras does the hidden subgroup problem for finite abelian groups apply to?

Shor's algorithm is said to solve the hidden subgroup problem for finite Abelian groups, of which factoring and the discrete logarithm problem for integers belong to. Apparently the HSP for finite ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

How to show non-existence of elements in the intersection of two ideals?

Given l, k any two natural numbers, define $I_1 =\langle y^{l+2k}, (x+y)^{3l+2k} \rangle: x^{l+2k} + \langle y^{2l+3k}, (x+y)^{3l} \rangle: x^{l+2k}; $ $I_2 = \langle x^{l+k} \rangle.$ I want to ...
6
votes
1answer
106 views

Entropy for Haar measure on $O(n)$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. A measure $\mu$ is the right-Haar measure on $G$ if for every $g\in G$ and $E\subseteq G$ Borel set $\mu(Eg)=\mu(E)$. It is known that every locally compact group ...
15
votes
4answers
829 views

When is the time evolution of a Hamiltonian system described by the geodesic flow on a Riemannian manifold?

Here is my precise question. Let $M, \omega$ be a symplectic manifold and let $H: M \to \mathbb{R}$ be any smooth function. The symplectic form gives rise to an isomorphism between the tangent ...
4
votes
1answer
181 views

Why is proving $C^{\infty}$ regularity of sub Riemannian geodesics so hard?

In Montgomery's A Tour of Subriemannian Geometries, Their Geodesics and Applications, problem 10.1 in Chapter 10 asks "Is every minimizing geodesic smooth ?". Can someone explain what are the major ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Quick question about conjugate equivalence bimodules and inner products

let $A$ and $B$ be $W^{*}$-algebras, let $X$ be an $A-B$-equivalence bimodule (according to the definition given in "Morita equivalence for $C^*$-algebras and $W^*$-algebras" by Rieffel, ...
-1
votes
1answer
62 views

Clique factorization

I'm reading about Clique factorization in wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibbs_random_field#Clique_factorization but I'm unable to understand this: What is $X_C$ here? Ok I understood ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Diameter of $n$-unit-vector closed scribble

Suppose one creates a random, closed, likely self-crossing polygon from $n$ unit-length vectors arranged head-to-tail, randomly oriented except for the requirement that their sum is zero (so the ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Bound for the Frattini subgroup of a $p$-group

Assume that $G$ is a finite $p$-group, $p$ odd, with a non-trivial elementary abelian Frattini subgroup. Then both $\Phi(G)$ and $G/ \Phi(G)$ are vector spaces over $\mathbb{F}_p$. Is it possible to ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Geometric Intuition of $P^+$ in Modular Tensor Categories

I'm currently reading through Bakalov and Kirillov's "Lectures on Tensor Categories and Modular Functors," and I am having some difficulty understanding the definition of $p^\pm$ given on page 49. ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Characterization(?) of coersive(?) elements in the special linear group

Take your favorite matrix norm $\|\bullet\|$ (my favorite is the Frobenius norm $\|A\| = \sqrt{\operatorname{tr} A A^t}$). Now consider the set $S_x$ of matrices $A,$ such that $\|A\| < x$ and ...
7
votes
1answer
118 views

What is the Essential Reason that allows a PTAS for the EUCLIDEAN TSP?

Questions: Is there some understanding of the reason, why the euclidean TSP allows a PTAS, whereas the metric TSP in general does not and, is the PTAS stable under sufficiently small perturbation ...
0
votes
1answer
277 views

Does there exist a countable partition of [0,1] by disjoint closed subsets? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why are the integers with the cofinite topology not path-connected? As in the title, is it possible to find closed, disjoint subsets $C_n$ of $[0,1]$ such that $[0,1] = ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Reference request: has this semilinear version of Navier Stokes been studied?

I have noticed that the Navier Stokes equations can be written as a semilinear symmetric first order system $$ u_t+A_1u_{x_1}+A_2u_{x_2}+A_3u_{x_3} = f(u) $$ for a 9 by 1 vector $u$ containing the ...
4
votes
1answer
278 views

Topological Problems Solved by Lattice Duality

It is well known the success of lattice dualities (as Pontryagin duality for abelian groups, Stone duality for Boolean algebras and Priestley duality for distributive lattices) to solve algebraic ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

submatrix of a given size with maximum frobenius norm

Let $I\subset \{1,2,\ldots,n\}$, and let $|I|$ denote its cardinality. Now given a Hermitian matrix $\mathbf{A}\in\mathbf{C}^{n\times n}$. I am interested in finding the subset $I$ that maximizes the ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Where are there defined objects between gerbes and bundle gerbes?

Consider a special kind of/something like a gerbe where there is first given local trivialization data with equivalence over 2-fold overlaps but not isomorphism. Does this exist in the literature?
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Subgradient of Minimum Eigenvalue

Consider three $N \times N$ Hermitian matrices $A_0$, $A_1$, $A_2$. Consider the function \begin{align} f(t_1,t_2)=\lambda_{\text{min}}(A_0+t_1A_1+t_2A_2) \end{align} where $\lambda_{\text{min}}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Transition probabilities in coupled CTMCs

I know that for a CTMC, the probability of transition from time $0$ to $t$ is given by $P(t)=e^{Q(t)t}$. I have a system of $N$ interdependent CTMCs evolving simultaneously. Each of the $N$ CTMCs can ...
2
votes
1answer
379 views

On quantities with no very small odd prime factors; a response to Wlodzimierz Holsztynski

In response to a comment posted under Powers of $2$ and the products of initial odd primes , I shall raise some questions about quantities near $O_n= P_{n+1}/2$, the product of the first $n$ odd ...
6
votes
1answer
584 views

Is compass and straight edge geometry complete?

Euclid's first three postulates are the basis of compass and straight edge constructions which are as complex as arithmetic. The constructions themselves may be expressed as a formula with each of ...
4
votes
5answers
267 views

procedure-based (as opposed to definition-based) concepts

Euler's work on divergent series was guided by computational procedures, rather than any definition of the "value" of such a series. E.g., he was happy to have half a dozen procedures that indicated ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Sufficient conditions for equality of measures related to harmonic functions

In Axler's book "Harmonic function theory" on this link http://www.latp.univ-mrs.fr/~chaabi/ARTICLES%20IMPORTANTS/Autres%20articles%20interessant/Livres/Harmonic%20Function%20theory.pdf on page 112 ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Integral representation of the resolvent of a semigroup

Let $T(t)$ be a $C_{0}$-semigroup with the generator $A$. Now, does the so called integral representation of the resolvent $$ (\lambda - A)^{-1} = \int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-t\lambda}T(t) dt $$ hold for ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

A question about uniformly bounded semigroups

Let $A$ be an unbounded linear operator of domain $D(A)$ defined on a Banach space $X$. Suppose that $A$ generates a $C_0$-semigroup $T(t)$ which is uniformly bounded. I would like to know if there ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Initial ideal of k-th power of an ideal

Hi, Let $I$ be an ideal in a polynomial ring $S = k[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$, where $k$ is an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. Fix a term order on $S$ (e.g. a lexicographic order) and ...
4
votes
2answers
124 views

When distance nonincreasing map is an isometry

Let $f: M \to M$ be a distance nonincreasing map between a closed Riemannian manifold $M$ and $f$ is homotopic to the idendity map. Is it then $f$ an isometry?
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Characteristic subgroups of the limit group

Let $\{ G_i \}_{i=1}^\infty$ be a direct spectrum of groups with respect to embeddings $\varphi_i:G_i \mapsto G_{i+1}$, $i \in \mathbb{N}$, and let $G$ be the limit group of this spectrum. Suppose ...
3
votes
1answer
764 views

Invariance of dynamical system under a transformation

I have come across an interesting property of a dynamical system, being transformed by a map, but i haven't been able to figure out why this is happening (for quite some time now actually). Any help ...
10
votes
0answers
210 views

What is the best lower bound for 3-sunflowers?

A collection of $t$ sets $A_i$ is called a t-sunflower if $A_i \cap A_j = Z $ for all $i \neq j$ for some fixed $Z$. A well-known conjecture of Erdos and Rado says that in any $k$-uniform family of ...
11
votes
2answers
255 views

Subgroups of $SL_3(\mathbb{Z})$ that are finitely generated, Zariski-dense, infinite index, and torsion-free

My question stems from Misha's answer of a MathOverflow question. Misha supplied the following question in his answer: Open question: Does there exist a finitely generated Zariski-dense ...
-2
votes
0answers
54 views

Example of flasque but non-soft sheaves?

Does anyone have an interesting examples of a flasque but not soft $\mathscr{O}_X$-module over a ringed space? Of course with X being non-paracompact.
15
votes
4answers
365 views
+100

Is the diameter of a centrally symmetric convex body realized by a pair of antipodal points?

Let $S \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be the boundary of a centrally symmetric convex body and provide $S$ with the geodesic metric given by its embedding in Euclidean space (i.e., the distance between two ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Fundamental theorem of calculus for iterated stochastic integrals

I'm trying to find the rate (or a bound for it) with which an iterated integral of the type $$\int_{-h}^0 \int_{-h}^{t} A_s d B_s A_t d B_t$$ converges to zero (in probability/distribution) for $h ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Error of Discrete Fourier Transform on Finite Domain (vs. Continuous FT) in terms of Sobolev order

My question is about quantifying the error that occurs by approximating the continuous Fourier transform on a finite domain by using a discretised version with resolution $N$ for a function of a given ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

From the representation category of a Lie group and the representation on a homogeneous space, can we reconstruct the stabiliser subgroup reps?

Given a Lie group $G$ and a transitive action $- \triangleright - : G \times X \to X$ on a homogeneous space, we can recover the stabiliser subgroup $H_x$ of a point $x \in X$. It is the subgroup of ...

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