18
votes
1answer
359 views

Making $\mathbb{Q}$-cohomology integral

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety (say, smooth and projective) over $\mathbb{C}$, and fix $$\alpha\in H^i(X^{\text{an}}, \mathbb{Q})$$ with $i>0$. Does there always exist a variety $Y$ and a ...
6
votes
2answers
131 views

Painting $n$ balls from $2n$ balls red, and guessing which ball is red, game

The game Lucy has $2n$ distinct white colored balls numbered $1$ through $2n$. She picks $n$ different balls in any way she likes, and paint them red. She then giftwrap all the balls so that it is ...
9
votes
13answers
1k views

Obscure Names in Mathematics [on hold]

I recently stumbled over the "Happy Ending Problem" (cf e.g. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Happy_Ending_problem), which made we wonder, if there are other conjectures, theorems or problems, whose names ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Is the parallelogram rule an axiom or a theorem in euclidean geometry? [on hold]

I am aware of the proof of the rule in inner product spaces. Excluding the geometry of Descartes, is it possible to prove parallelogram rule or is it an axiom?
3
votes
0answers
27 views

Is a group uniquely determined by the sets {ab,ba} for each pair of elements a and b?

This is a cross-posted question, originally active here on math.stackexchange. For a given group $G=(S,\cdot)$ with underlying set $S$, consider the function $$ F_G:S\times ...
7
votes
2answers
412 views

Decomposition of an integral operator into a composition

I've been musing about the following question for a while now. Given an integral operator $G$ defined by $$ (Gf)(x) = \int_0^1 G(x,u) f(u)\,du $$ Is it possible to decompose this into two separate ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Poisson approximation of random sub-graphs

I add the edges of $G(n)$ the complete graph on $n$ vertices one by one, at random and without replacement, and denote by $G(n,m)$ the resulting Erdos Renyi random graph process. At step $m$ in the ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

lower bound of a trace quadratic form

i want to find a lower bound on the following expression: $tr(AXA^T)$ in terms of $tr(X)$ where A is real $n\times n$ matrix and $X>0$ is positive symmetric. It seems that the following bound is ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Help in finding distribution of the following function of random variable

Let $X_1$ and $X_2$ be independent complex Gaussian random variables, $$X_1 \sim \mathcal{CN}(0,\sigma)$$ $$X_2 \sim \mathcal{CN}(0,\sigma)$$ If $X= aX_1 + bX_2$ where $a,b$ are constants then the ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Is there any algorithm to decide whether a series with integral coefficiens is a algebraic function?

Given a series with integral coefficiens as following: $$F(x)=\sum_0^i a_i x^i,\text{where }a_i\in \mathbb{N}\bigcup 0 $$$$\text{and there is a computable function $\psi$ such that } \forall i ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Are sums of 0-1 Pareto efficient vectors Pareto efficient?

Does there exist an $m \times n$ matrix $A$ and a vector $x \in \mathbb{R}^m$ such that: The entries of $A$ are $\in \{0, 1\}$. For all pairs of columns $u, v$ of $A$ the entries of $u - v$ are ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Are there examples of families of objects which are canonically isomorphic, but where diagrams of canonical isomorphisms don't commute?

Specifically, are there "nice" (ie, not too obscure or contrived) examples of families of objects, where say for each objects $A,B,C$ in the family, the canonical isomorphism from $A\rightarrow C$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Does $\mathsf{fReR}_0$ prove the existence of the cartesian product of two sets

$\mathsf{fReR}_0$ is a set-theoretical system whose axioms consist of: (1) Axiom of extensionality: $\forall z\in x\ (z\in y)\wedge\forall z\in y\ (z\in x)\rightarrow x=y$ (2) Axiom of empty set: ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Characterizing the real analytic Eisenstein series

Consider the classical real analytic Eisenstein series $$ E(z,s)=\left(\pi^{-s}\Gamma(s)\frac{1}{2}\right)\sum_{(m,n)\neq(0,0)}\frac{y^s}{|mz+n|^{2s}}, $$ where $z=x+iy$. We think of $E(z,s)$ as a ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Equations over $\mathbb{Z}[[T]]$ vs. equations over $\mathbb{Z}_p$

This question might be deemed totally unanswerable, unless there is an obvious counterexample. Answers to either effect would be welcome. Question. Let $X$ be a finite-type scheme over ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

u-Invariants of p-adic function fields

In his Paper "Fields of u-invariant 9" Oleg Izhboldin points out that for a algebraic closed, finitely generated field $k$ we have $u(k)= 2^{cd(k)}$. In particular we have ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Cohomological dimension of transcendental p-adic extensions

Let $k = \mathbb{Q}_p$ for any prime $p$ and set $L = k(t_1,..,t_n)$. The u-invariant of a field $u(k)$ is defined by $u(k):=\{ max (\mathrm{rank}(q)) $ | $ q $ is anisotropic over $k\}$. It is ...
6
votes
0answers
133 views

On the ratio of Gilbreath sequences

Definitions: let $n \in \mathbb{N}_{>0} \cup \{ \infty \}$ and let $E_n$ be the set of sequences $(d_i)_{i=1}^n$ such that $d_1=1$, $d_i$ is an even integer (for $i > 1$) and $0<d_i \le i$. ...
2
votes
1answer
266 views

Beurling density and interpolation

Let $\Lambda=\{\lambda_n\}_1^\infty$ a set of points on the real line. We denote by $\bar{n}(r)$ the largest number of points in any interval $[x,x+r]$, $r>0$. Define the upper uniform density ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

A metric associated with a continuous surjective map $f:X\to Y$

Assume that $f:(X,d_{1})\to (Y,d_{2})$ is a continuous surjective map between compact metric spaces. We define another metric $d_{f}$ on $Y$ With $$ d_{f}(a,b)=Hd(f^{-1}(x), f^{-1}(y))$$ ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Weinstein's local classification of Lagrangian foliations

In the paper "Symplectic manifolds and their Lagrangian submanifolds", Weinstein showed that locally all the Lagrangian foliations are symplectomorhic to the fiber foliation of a cotangent bundle. I ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Nagakami behavoir

Is the sum of square Nagakami random variables Erlang distributed? What is the distribution of euclidean norm of complex Nagakami? Cheers!
2
votes
2answers
99 views
+100

Projection formula for smooth representations of locally profinite groups

Let $G$ be a locally profinite (i.e., locally compact, Hausdorff, and totally disconnected) topological group, $H \le G$ a closed subgroup, $(\pi, V)$ a smooth representation of $G$, and $(\sigma, W)$ ...
2
votes
0answers
231 views

A metric on $S^{2}$ [on hold]

Let $p:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration $p(z,w)= (\parallel z\parallel^{2}-\parallel w\parallel^{2},\;2z\bar{w})$. Define a metric on $S^{2}$ as follows: $$d(x,y)=Hd(p^{-1}(x), ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Zero-mean assumptions concerning r.d.'s when reading graduate-level probability texts

I'm reading through T. Taos book on random matrices (to be found here), and it is frequent to make without-loss-of-generality certain reductions when proving theorems as for example Hoeffdings ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

An easy proof that S(n) does not embed into A(n+1)?

Rotman's book An Introduction to the Theory of Groups (Fourth Edition) asks, on page 22, Exercise 2.8, to show that S(n) cannot be embedded in A(n+1), where S(n) = the symmetric group on n elements, ...
8
votes
1answer
984 views

How can I have a copy of this old paper by Frobenius?

How can I have a copy of this old paper and a translation of it? Frobenius, G. (1902). Uber primitive Gruppen des Grades n und der Klasse n - 1. S. B. Akad. Berlin 1902, 455-459.
-5
votes
0answers
43 views

What is induction to n^(n-1) >= n! for n=9,10 [on hold]

Can somebody help me? How do I prove n^(n-1) >= n! for n=9,10..... by induction?
1
vote
1answer
146 views

Can (how) one distinguish germs of continuous functions by a countable set of params?

Continuous functions can be distinguished by their values at say rational points of [0 1]. Germs of analytic functions can be distinguished by derivatives at a point. So in both cases we see ...
5
votes
1answer
207 views

Dimension of Hilbert scheme?

I have a subvariety $V \subset X$, and I want to compute the dimension of the connected component of $\textrm{Hilb}(X)$ containing $[V]$. I can give explicit deformations of $V$ showing that the ...
2
votes
1answer
526 views

Efficient algorithms to determine the roots of: $p(x) = r^x $ in the finite field $GF(q)$, where $r$ a primitive root of the field

I need to make sure that no efficient (i.e., polynomial time) algorithm exists for the following problem: Exponentiating Polynomial Root Problem (EPRP) Let $p(x)$ be a polynomial with $\deg(p) \geq ...
5
votes
1answer
209 views

Parity of primes [duplicate]

While working on a completely different (combinatorial) problem, I ran a simple program to calculate the parity of the first ~50000 primes (number of 1s in their binary representation modulo 2). The ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

A homological criterion for collapsibility?

On page 256 of Kirby and Siebenmann one finds the following lemma (its proof an "elementary exercise", so they only give a hint): Taking $A$ to be a point and iterating this collapsing lemma, this ...
4
votes
1answer
243 views

Strong Law of Large Numbers for arrays of partly dependent random variables

Suppose $X_1$, $X_2$ are two independent real-valued random variables. Let $F$ be a continuous (unbounded) function from $\mathbb{R^2}$ to $\mathbb{R}$. Assume that the necessary measurability and ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Use of Indiscernibles in Model Theory

Hi, what is the main use of Indiscernibles in model theory? reading through Chang and Keisler's Model Theory it seems that the main motivation for Indicernibles is for getting many non isomorphic ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Question on the partial differential equations in complex space

As is known most of the theory now developed for partial differential equations is in the real space, especially function space like Sobolev space, BMO space, $L^p$ space, etc. However is there some ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

What are the minimal degrees of the real and imaginary part of an algebraic complex number? [on hold]

Let $z=a+bi\in\mathbb C$ with $b\ne0$ be an algebraic complex number of minimal degree $n$. It is obvious that $a=\dfrac {z+\bar{z}}2$ and $b=\dfrac {z-\bar{z}}{2i}$ are also algebraic. For $n=3$, it ...
7
votes
2answers
682 views

Modular congruences related to sums of Catalan numbers

I am curious if somebody can be helpful concerning the following experimental observation: There exist two rational sequences $\alpha_0,\alpha_1,\dots$ and $\beta_0,\beta_1,\dots$, both with values ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Various definitions of the Bruhat decomposition of the affine Grassmannian

Let $G$ be a connected, simply connected, complex, semi-simple group with affine Grassmannian $\mathcal Gr \cong G(\mathbb C[t,t^{-1}])/G(\mathbb C[t])$. Fix a choice of maximal torus $T \subset G$ ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Chances for a cosine polynomial to be positive at a point

Let $k_1,\ldots,k_n$ be distinct integers. Let $s_n(t)=\cos (k_1t)+\cdots+\cos (k_nt)$ be a trigonometric sum. Consider any interval $I\subset [-\pi,\pi)$ of length $\delta=\delta(n)$. Let $\,U$ be a ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a standard notation for binary relations in category theory?

In set theory, I learned that a binary relation is simply a subset of a Cartesian product. Moving on to category theory, it seems that this definition is not enough. Just as a function is no longer ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Spectral sequence and HOM functor

I work with the category $A-{\rm Mod}$ of left modules over a unital ring $A$, but I could ask the same question for any abelian category with enough projectives. Let $M$ and $N$ be two $A$-modules ...
4
votes
4answers
446 views

Consecutive Integer Squared Square

Is it possible to construct a squared square out of consecutive integer squares? Be it 1,2,3,...n or k,k+1,k+2,...n.
8
votes
2answers
327 views
+50

Separating points in the plane II

Let A be a set of $2m$ points on the plane so that no open set of diameter $2$ has more than m of them. Define $A+A+...+A$ ($k$ times) to be the multiset of $k$-sums from $A$. That is, we consider all ...
-7
votes
0answers
82 views

An alternative Generalization of The Riemann Zeta Function [on hold]

If we consider the Riemann Zeta Function as follows $$\zeta(s)=\underset{n=1}{\overset{\infty}{\sum}}\cfrac{1}{n^{s}}=\cfrac{1}{1^{s}}+\cfrac{1}{2^{s}}+\cfrac{1}{3^{s}}+\cdots.$$ could we generalize ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Number of graphs with n vertices and k edges up to isomorphy [duplicate]

Is there a way to figure out the number of individual graphs with n vertices and k edges up to isomorphy? I'm particularly looking at graphs with: n = 25, k = 50 n = 50, k = 170 n = 100, k = 700
1
vote
3answers
373 views

What is the extra property of this sheaf?

I have a particular mathematical structure, and I think it would be enlightening to try to place it in a categorical context. The ...
7
votes
1answer
333 views

What is the decomposition group at $p$ in the Galois group unramified outside $\ell?$

Let $p\ne\ell$ be two prime numbers, and let $K_{\ell}$ be the maximal extension of $\mathbb Q$ ramified only at $\ell$ and $\infty$ (i.e. it is the fixed subfield of $\overline{\mathbb Q}$ by all the ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Rate of convergence in narrow convergence

Does anyone help me in the following question? I have a sequence of probability measures $\mu_n$ and know that $\mu_n$ converges narrowly to a probability measure $\mu$. Is there any way to estimate ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Bounding a function pointwise from bound on the expectation [migrated]

Suppose we have a Lipschitz continuous positive function with bounded expectation Eg < a. What can be said about the point-wise bound ?

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