0
votes
0answers
67 views

Guessing degrees [on hold]

Supposing we have a polynomial $f(x)\in\Bbb Z[x]$, given $t\in[1,\mathsf{deg}(f)]\cap\Bbb N_{}$ is it possible to guess deterministically or probabilistically (with one or two-sided error) if there is ...
-2
votes
1answer
80 views

Are limits computable?

This question is about the Turing computability of the $\epsilon-N$ definition of a limit of an infinite sequence $S$. First, a proposition: There cannot exist a Turing Machine $M$ which, given a ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Can the Laplace operator be represented as a sum of second order derivational operators

Assume that $M$ is a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. The natural Laplace operator associated to the metric is denoted by $\Delta$. Are there $n$ vector fields $X_{1},X_{2}, \ldots, X_{n}$ ...
-1
votes
0answers
41 views

Is it possible to classify the indecomposable representations wild quiver $\mathbb{F_2}$ using infinite sets of parameters?

I have read several other questions about wild representation type but may I ask..what actually can be done and what have been done (such as partial results) about classifying indecomposable ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Can hypercompletion be an essential localization?

The subcategory of hypercomplete objects in an ∞-topos is a left-exact-reflective subcategory by the remarks after 6.5.2.8 of Higher topos theory. Can it ever happen that this subcategory is ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Probability of substring given string production probabilities

I originally posted this question on the Math StackExchange, but have not received answers there and thought it might be more appropriate to post it here. Let $\Sigma$ be an alphabet and let $y = x_1 ...
27
votes
5answers
6k views

Computing the Galois group of a polynomial

Does there exist an algorithm which computes the Galois group of a polynomial $p(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$? Feel free to interpret this question in any reasonable manner. For example, if the degree of ...
10
votes
0answers
70 views

Rearrangements that never change the value of a sum

I posted this question on math.stackexchange.com and so far the only answer posted (also mentioned in the comments under the question) shows that one of my rash initial guesses about the bottom-line ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

understanding the proof of gauss lemma [on hold]

I was reading the Gauss Lemma from the do carmos Rienmannian geometry book which says that Let $p \in M$ and let $v \in T_pM$ such that $\exp _p v$ is defined Let $w\in T_pM$ is identified with ...
5
votes
2answers
198 views

Derivative in terms of finite differences

Consider expanding the differentiation operator in terms of the forward difference operator as $f' = \log(1 + \Delta)f = \displaystyle \sum_{n = 1}^{\infty} \frac{(-1)^{n + 1}\Delta^n f}{n}$. For some ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Average Multivariate Gaussian

Suppose we have a (possibly infinite) collection k-variate gaussian distributions $\{(\mathcal{N}(\mu_{\lambda}, \Sigma_{\lambda}))\}$ ($\lambda$ is just a label), and for each distribution $\mu \in ...
12
votes
3answers
519 views

Generalization's of Greene's Theorem for the Robinson-Schensted correspondence

One important property of the Robinson-Schensted correspondence (RS) is that the longest increasing subsequence of the permutation $\sigma$ is $\lambda_1$, the first entry of the shape ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Solving over-determined system of polynomials

I am trying to solve the following over determined system of polynomials \begin{align} & p_1(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n)=0, \\ & p_2(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n)=0, \\ & \vdots \\ & p_m(x_1,x_2, ...
5
votes
0answers
38 views

A Collatz-like question about permutations

An answer to this question would provide an explicit counterexample to this question, but otherwise I don't know if it is interesting. Consider all permutations $\pi$ on the natural numbers such that ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Commutator subgroups as normal supplmements

The following question has been asked about a week ago on MathUnderflow (no answers). Let $F$ be a free group and let $N$ be a normal subgroup of $F$ such that \begin{equation*} \tag{*} F = [F,F] ...
11
votes
1answer
294 views

On the global structure of the Gromov-Hausdorff metric space

This is a purely idle question, which emerged during a conversation with a friend about what is (not) known about the space of compact metric spaces. I originally asked this question at ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Dense Hopf $*$-subalgebra of compact quantum groups and cancellation laws

Recall the notion of the compact quantum group, in the sense of Woronowicz: it is a pair $(A,\Delta)$ where $A$ is a unital $C^*$-algebra and $\Delta:A \to A \otimes_{\min} A$ is a unital ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Number of representations as sums of squares in rings of integers of number fields

Let $K$ be some number field, $\mathcal O_K$ denote its ring of integers, and let $n$ be a positive integer. Take $\alpha \in \mathcal O_K$, and consider the quantity $r_{n,K}(\alpha)$, which denotes ...
4
votes
0answers
33 views

Brownian motion, exists $c < \infty$?

Suppose $B_t$ is a standard Brownian motion. Does there exist $c < \infty$ such that with probability one$$\limsup_{t \to \infty} {{B_t}\over{\sqrt{t \log t}}} \le c?$$I need to know whether or not ...
7
votes
3answers
560 views

A fibrant-objects structure on Top

(Sorry for the crossposting, but I'm really interested in this question). One can define (Paragraph 1.5, page 10) a fibrant-object structure on a suitable cartesian closed category of topological ...
-2
votes
0answers
80 views

Every totally disconnected space is Hausdorff space [on hold]

I saw in a websit the following theorem, without any proof, is this theorem true Blockquote Theorem:Every totally disconnected space is Hausdorff space. It was in ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Symplectic geometry and stability of orbits

I am looking for a theorem (read it once, but forgot about it and would now like to find a reference with proof): In symplectic geometry (at least for some particular subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$), there ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Clifford semigroups!

I am trying to prove that if a maximal group image G(S) of a Clifford semigroup S, is abelian-by-finite does the Clifford semigroup S is abelian-by- finte? I am assuming that S is an E-unitary ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Is there a general theory for the structure of the (semi)group generated by morphisms of an affine space $F_p^3$?

Consider an affine space $\mathbb{F}_p^3$, and assume we have a handful of morphisms $f_i : \mathbb{F}_p^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{F}_p^3$ given by $$f_i(x, y, z) =(P_i(x, y, z), Q_i(x, y, z), R_i(x, y, ...
11
votes
1answer
392 views

Is the class of additive groups of rings axiomatizable?

I know that it is impossible to axiomatize the multiplicative structures of rings, called $R$-semigroups. Is anything known about the first-order axiomatizability of the class of abelian groups which ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Small open sets around a point intersecting pieces of orbits

Let $T$ be an ergodic rotation on a compact Abelian group. Can one always find a point $x_0$ and a decreasing sequence of open sets $O_n \searrow \{x_0\}$ such that for every $n$ there exists $K \geq ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

Why would we a priori expect $V(I)$ to satisfy axioms to define the closed sets for a topology on $\text{Proj}(S)$?

Reposted from math.stackexchange here. The topological space $\text{Proj}(S)$ has the underlying set$$\text{Proj}(S) = \{\mathfrak{p} \text{ a homogeneous prime such that }S_+ \not\subseteq ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

Distributing points evenly on a sphere

I am looking for an algorithm to put $n$-points on a sphere, so that the minimum distance between any two points is as large as possible. I have found some related questions on stackoverflow but ...
5
votes
2answers
525 views

How is differential geometry used in immediate industrial applications and what are some source to know about it?

Intuitively it might be clear that differential geometry is a very applicable subject in engineering and industry. I'd like to know how some industries/companies use differential geometry. I'd guess ...
-2
votes
0answers
27 views

Arithmetic data in an elliptic curve over a field $\mathbb K$

Note: In this context, $E(K)$ denotes an elliptic curve $E$ over a number field $K$, and $L(E,s)$ denotes the Hasse-Weil L-function (also called zeta function). Is the rank of the abelian group ...
3
votes
2answers
59 views

Inscribed parallelotope in a $d$-simplex

The problem setup is simple: Given a $d$-simplex $\Delta_d:=\{(x_1,\cdots,x_d):x_i\geq 0,\sum_i x_i\leq 1\}$, can we construct a finite sequence of parallelotope $A_i$ so that $\Delta_d=\cup_{i=1}^N ...
5
votes
0answers
156 views
+100

Proof of a Fourier pair with Bessel functions?

How can we prove that the Fourier transform of the function $$ f(x) = \begin{cases} (a^2-x^2)^{c/2} BesselJ[c,b\sqrt{a^2-x^2}] & \text{for }x^2 < a^2\\ 0 & \text{otherwise} \end{cases} $$ ...
6
votes
1answer
323 views

Is there a $q$-L'Hospital's Rule?

Let $\binom{n}{j}_q$ be a $q$-binomial coefficient and $(x;q)_n = (1-x)(1-qx)\cdots(1-q^{n-1}x).$ Consider the sum $$f(n,m,r,k)= \sum\limits_{j = 0}^{2n} {( - 1)}^{ j}q^{mj^2+rj} ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Solutions to system of polynomial equations over finite fields

If $P_1$, $P_2$, ..., $P_m$ are $n$-variate homogeneous polynomials of degree d over a finite field $F_q$, where $q$ is much larger than $d$, but much smaller than $n$, then do we know good lower ...
38
votes
11answers
4k views

Compelling evidence that two basepoints are better than one

This question is inspired by an answer of Tim Porter. Ronnie Brown pioneered a framework for homotopy theory in which one may consider multiple basepoints. These ideas are accessibly presented in his ...
8
votes
1answer
382 views

Which finite groups have no irreducible representations other than characters?

A classical result states that all the irreducible representations of a finite group over $\mathbb{C}$ are characters if and only if $G$ is abelian. I would like to know what happens if we consider a ...
16
votes
1answer
602 views

What were the main ideas and gaps in Miyaoka's attempted proof (1988) of Fermat's Last Theorem?

Out of sheer curiosity I have been reading Stewert and Tall's "Algebraic Number Theory and Fermat's Last Theorem" (2001). As it contains various bits of history, I found out to my own shame that I was ...
2
votes
1answer
324 views

A particularly “natural” algebraic structure with three commutative, pairwise-distributive operations

EDIT: As mentioned in my answer below, I was mistaken in thinking Dirichlet convolution distributes over ordinary convolution. I'm leaving this question here for reference. I keep stumbling on the ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

How to determine whether the following sum is nonzero for a given multivariate polynomial?

My research field is combinatorics. I am not very good at Algebra. So I want to ask for a given real multivariate polynomial $f(x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n)$, is there any algebraic method to compute whether ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Matrix from a homomorphism of simply connected groups

Let $H$ be a simple algebraic group of type $\mathbf{G}_2$ over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\rho$ be the standard 7-dimensional complex representation $$ \rho\colon H=\mathbf{G}_2\to \mathrm{SO}_7.$$ We ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Generalization of a theorem of Steinberg

Steinberg has a beautiful theorem counting $F$-stable maximal tori in a reductive group. Here's the version of the result that you can find as Theorem 3.4.1 of Carter's Finite groups of Lie type: ...
-4
votes
0answers
32 views

Non standerd Algebraic topology3 [on hold]

. A space X is n-connected if π k (X, x 0 ) ∼ = ∗ for all k ≤ n and all x 0 ∈ X.
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Infimum of Gaussian process

Consider a Gaussian Process $g\sim GP(\mu,k)$ with mean zero $\mu\equiv0$ and continues covariance $k(t_1,t_2)=k(|t_1-t_2|)$ defined on the interval $A=[0,T]$. I'd like to make no assumptions about ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

s-arc transitivity and the Moore bound

Given a vertex $x$ of a graph, call the subgraph induced by all vertices of distance $\le n$ from $x$ the $n$-neighbourhood of $x$, denoted $N_n(x)$. Let $G$ be a regular graph of diameter $n+1$. For ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Semisimple monoidal category with duals

We say that an abelian category is semisimple if every object is a semisimple object, which is to say, a direct sum of finitely many simple objects. Let $({\cal C},\otimes,*)$ be a semisimple ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

An elliptic curve trivial over any extension unramified outside 7 and infinity?

Is there an elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $E(K)$ is trivial for every finite extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ with discriminant a power of $7$ ?
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Does a topological hypercover always have free degeneracies?

This question arises when I am reading Dugger and Isaksen's "Hypercovers in topology". According to Definition 4.1 in that paper, A hypercover of a space $X$ is an augmented simplicial space $U_*\to ...
-1
votes
0answers
30 views

Spectral radius of principal submatrices for the case of hermitian matrix

A principal submatrix of a matrix $\mathbf{A}\in\mathbb{C}^{N\times N}$ is any submatrix from $\mathbf{A}$ for which the same rows and columns have been eliminated. Assume $\mathbf{A}$ is hermitian, ...
103
votes
46answers
31k views

Ways to prove the fundamental theorem of algebra

This seems to be a favorite question everywhere, including Princeton quals. How many ways are there? Please give a new way in each answer, and if possible give reference. I start by giving two: ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Distance minimization and submodular functions

I have a question about square distance minimization and submodular functions. Suppose I have a random variable $X = (X_1,...,X_n)$ over $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $x$ be a realization of this random ...

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