0
votes
0answers
3 views

Which algorithm is most efficient for a specific QP problem

I have a QP problem of the following kind: $\min_{\alpha\in\mathbb{R}^n}\frac{1}{2}\alpha^T M \alpha - p^T\alpha$ s.t. $l\leq \alpha \leq u$ The matrix $M$ is symmetric and positive definite and of ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Does there exist an Affinization or Projectivization process for Varieties?

Let us consider the classical isomorphism of real manifolds between $S^2$ and ${\mathbb CP}^1$. First strange thing we have here is that both are varieties, but $S^2$ is an affine and ${\mathbb CP}^1$ ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Find a subset such that its sum is divided by n

It is said that the following proposition is true. $\forall S \subset \mathbb{Z}, |S| = 2n-1.\ \exists A \subset S, |A| = n$ which satisfies $$ n \ | \ \sum_{a \in A}a. $$ Could someone gives a ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Why do we study symplectic geometry?

What is the motivation behind studying smooth manifolds with non-degenerate closed two-forms? I am trying to learn the subject and find it hard to find motivation. Is there a reason that ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Which varieties are flat degenerations of projective space?

Let $V$ be a vector space over a field with discrete valuation and let $R$ be its ring of integers. Which varieties can be reached as the special fiber of a flat degeneration over $R$, when the ...
-4
votes
0answers
10 views

Good estimates on the truncation of the exponential series. [on hold]

What are the good (analytic) upper bounds we have on the series $\sum_{k=D}^\infty \frac{a^k}{k!}$ in terms of $a$ and $D$?
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Monodromy theorem of degeneration of smooth projective varieties to non-reduced central fiber

Given a family $\pi: \mathcal{X}\rightarrow\Delta$ smooth away from $0\in\Delta$, Where $\mathcal{X}$ is a smooth complex manifold, $\Delta$ is a small disk, the general fiber of $\pi$ is smooth ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Norm vs A-norm in non-Archimedean Functional Analysis

Let $K =(K,| \cdot |)$ be a non-Archimedean valued field. Let $E$ be a $K$-vector space. A norm on $E$ is a map $||\cdot||:E\to[0,\infty)$ such that: $||x||=0$ if and only if $x=0$, $||\lambda ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Looking for examples of large hyperbolic two-generator knots or 3-manifolds

We say a knot $K$ in $S^3$ is small if its exterior contains no closed properly embedded incompressible surfaces and we say $K$ is large otherwise. Does anyone know of an example of a large ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Is there a bijection $f: N \times N \rightarrow U \subset N$ with $f(x,y)+f(u,v)=f(x+u,y+v)$ and $f(x,y) \cdot f(u,v)=f(x \cdot u, y \cdot v)$?

Is there a subset of natural numbers that has the same additive and multiplicative structure as the set of ordered pairs of natural numbers under the classical operations of addition and ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Spectral theory of $\frac{\partial ^2}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial ^2}{\partial y^2}$ and $4 \frac{\partial ^2}{\partial z\partial \bar{z}}$ [on hold]

Since $\mathbb R^2 \simeq \mathbb C$ and $\frac{\partial ^2}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial ^2}{\partial y^2} =4 \frac{\partial ^2}{\partial z\partial \bar{z}}$, I like to know is that the spectral ...
-3
votes
0answers
18 views

How to make Markov Chain model from sequence of data using MATLAB? [on hold]

I have a sequence and from that I have to make Markov Chain Model in MATLAB. Markov Chain model considers only 1-step transition probabilities i.e. probability distribution of next state depends only ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

what is the universal cover of GL(2,R)?

In the theory of Bridgeland stability conditions one has an action of the universal cover $G'$ of $G = GL^+(2,\mathbb R)$. What is G'? I know there is concrete description in terms of pairs ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Canonical model on Kontsevich's moduli space

Motivation: Work of Eisenbud, Harris, and Mumford shows that $M_g$ is of general type when $g≥24$. What about Kontsevich's moduli space? Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective Calabi-Yau manifold, ...
5
votes
2answers
235 views

Can the topological algebra of analytic functions be endowed with a norm that defines the natural topology?

Right, so in my research in complex analysis I was puzzled by this question which may have a simple approachable answer that eludes me, but I am truly itching to find out and in need of it so I am ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

More generalized RSA construction

Is there a way to construct RSA type cryptosystem over general number rings? Can Number Field Sieve technique be applied here?
-5
votes
0answers
72 views

When and why did this happen: ${1,2,3} \neq {1,3,2}$? [on hold]

Formerly, there was a clear distinction between $(1,2,3)$ and $\{1,2,3\}$, and only the former indicated order. Now, in Mathematica and elsewhere, $\{1,2,3\} \neq \{1,3,2\}$. Also, a sequence was ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Determine existence of matroid with some barrier given

Let $E$ be a finite ground set. Let $\mathcal{L}$ (as lower barrier) and $\mathcal{U}$ (upper) be subsets of $2^E$. How can we determine whether there is some matroid $\mathcal{M}=(E,\mathcal{I})$ ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Notation to denote substitution of vector elements [duplicate]

I'm looking for notation to denote vector substitution and elimination of elements. This is possible using set notation, but I am looking for shorthand notation that is perhaps already in use. ...
-3
votes
0answers
44 views

Does it make sense to compare sets (polytopes) with different dimensions? [on hold]

In the context of integer programming, I am considering 3 different linear models for a given problem. The goal is to determine which formulation is the tightest, that is, the one whose polytope is ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

A question related to the semisimplification of a Weil-Deligne representation

I have been trying to find the answer to this question, I think it must not be hard but I don't get it. I have a Weil-Deligne representation ($\rho,N$) of the Weil group $W$ of $Q_p$, that is $\rho$ ...
-6
votes
0answers
29 views

Anyone else here believe entangled particles create mini wormholes? [on hold]

The properties of their interactions are a little too similar to ignore. Entangled objects ability to align regardless of distance. Their ability to align seemingly even before the other is viewed. ...
4
votes
0answers
134 views

Deligne's theorem on the characterisation of Tannakian categories

I am trying to understand the proof of the Theorem 7.1 from Catégories Tannakiennes by Pierre Deligne https://publications.ias.edu/sites/default/files/60_categoriestanna.pdf. Essentially, it is ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Shortest path in a weighted graph with coloured edges

I have a weighted undirected graph with $N$ veritces and $M$ edges with 10 different colours in the whole graph. Each time I pass edges of different colour I have to pay additional fee equal to $K$. ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Does a homotopy sphere that bounds a highly connected manifold also bound a parallelizable manifold?

Suppose that the homotopy sphere $\Sigma^{n}$ can be realized as the boundary of a smooth $(n+1)$-dimensional cobordism that is $(n-1)/2$-connected for $n$ odd (respectively, $(n-2)/2$-connected for ...
3
votes
2answers
157 views

Equivalence of different cohomology groups

Let $X$ be a topological space (may be assumed to be locally compact). Let $A$ be either a field or $\mathbb{Z}$. One can consider various cohomology groups: (1) singular cohomology ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

Two notions of bundle of C* algebras

One can find in the literature two notions of $C^*$-algebra over a topological space $X$. The first is as the data of an open surjection $ \pi: B \rightarrow X$ together with the structure of a ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

The decay rate of the spectrum of the Gaussian kernel on compact manifolds

It seems that the $k^{th}$ largest eigenvalue of the intergral operator induced on $S^n$ by the Gaussian kernel, $e^{-\frac{\vert \vec{x} - \vec{y} \vert _2^2}{2\sigma^2}}$ decays as $k^{-k}$. This is ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Equivalence classes on an ordered Bratteli diagram

Let $S$ be the adic transformation preserving a probability measure $\mu$ on the set $\Gamma$ of infinite paths of a $\mathbb{N}$-graded ordered Bratteli graph. For every $n \geq 0$ define the ...
10
votes
1answer
242 views

Banach-Mazur distance between the cube and the octahedron

The Banach-Mazur distance $d(X, Y)$ between two normed spaces $X, Y$ of the same dimension is defined as $d(X, Y) = \log\inf \|T\| \cdot \|T^{-1}\|$, where the $T:X \to Y$ is a linear and invertible ...
5
votes
0answers
32 views

Which graphs embedded in surfaces have symmetries acting transitively on vertex-edge flags?

A vertex-edge flag in a graph is a vertex together with an edge incident to that vertex. Given a graph $\Gamma$ embedded in a compact oriented surface $S$, when does the group of homeomorphisms of ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Lower bound for the $C^*$-unitisation norm?

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra without unit. Its unitisation $A^+$ carries the $C^*$-norm $$\|(a,\lambda)\|_{A^+} = \sup \{\|ax+\lambda x\|_A \;\big|\; \|x\|_A = 1 \},$$ which is the operator norm of ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Sections of a linear system splitting as a product of degree one polynomials

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a hypersurface of degree $d$ and with multiplicities $m_1,...,m_k$ at $p_1,...,p_k\in\mathbb{P}^n$ general points. Let $S\subseteq |\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^n}(d)|$ be ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Regularity of a Dirichlet form

I have a question about Dirichlet form. Let $\Omega$ be an Euclidean domain of $\mathbb{R}^{N}$ and $X=\bar{\Omega}$. The measure $m$ on the Borel $\sigma$ algebra $\mathcal{B}(X)$ is given by ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

A finiteness property for semi-simple algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over a field $K$, I am considering a question about whether there exists a finite set of semi-simple $K$-subgroups, say $H_1,...,H_r$, such that for any ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Modified Jacobi’s theta function

Be $t\in\mathbb{R}_0^+$. Jacobi’s theta function is $$\Theta(t):=\sum\limits_{k=-\infty}^{+\infty} e^{-\pi k^2 t}$$ with $$\Theta(\frac{1}{t})=\sqrt{t}\Theta(t)$$ Therefore $$\sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty ...
2
votes
0answers
445 views

Is this group given presentation isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}_2$, and why? [migrated]

We have the group $G = \langle a, \,b \; | \; a^2b^2ab^{-1}, \, a^3b^4a^{-2}b^{-3}\rangle$. Obviously $G/G' = \mathbb{Z}_2$. Is it true that $G = \mathbb{Z}_2$ or equivalently that $G'=1$? It is ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Weak formulation of a nonlinear problem with test functions in a dense subspace of $H_0^1$

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^{d=3}$ is a bounded and Lipschitz domain. Let $u\in H_g^1(\Omega)$ satisfy the weak formulation $$a(u,v)+\int\limits_{\Omega}{f(u)vdx}=0,\,\forall v\in H_0^1(\Omega)\cap ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Injectivity/Surjectivity of $F_A :=\frac{d}{dt} +A(t) :H^1 (\mathbb{R},\mathbb{R}^m )\to L^2 (\mathbb{R},\mathbb{R}^m )$

I am looking for a reference to the following problem: Given a hyperbolic (no purely imaginary eigenvalues), continuous path of matrices $A(t)$ in $\mathbb{R}$ with hyperolic limits at $\pm \infty $. ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Complexity of counting the number of ways that a special rule coloring can occur in a simple graph

Given a set of vertices with a set of edges that can are yet to be "applied". Say an edge can be colored red if when it is applied, it connects an empty vertex to a full vertex. Else it is colored ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

leray schauder fixed point and schauder fixed point

I have seen these 2 fixed point theorem and I think the condition of Leray Schauder fixed point theorem is very strong and we require to consider the fixed point of $u=\sigma Tu$ $\forall \sigma ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Probability that one normal (uncorrelated) variable is greater than another if the latter is positive [on hold]

Assume that $X\sim N(0,\sigma_x^2)$, $Y\sim N(0,\sigma_y^2)$ and $X$ and $Y$ are uncorrelated. Can we solve analytically for $\mathbb P(X>Y |Y>0)$?
1
vote
2answers
79 views

Invertibility of all left multiplication maps in non-unital rings

Suppose that $R$ is a ring, not necessarily commutative nor associative. Assume that for every non-zero $a \in R$, the left multiplication map $$ \lambda_a \colon R \to R \colon x \mapsto ax $$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Non-regular languages fulfilling the Pumping Lemma

Some non-regular languages don't yield to the Pumping Lemma ($L_1=a^nb^mc^m$ should work). But now consider the set of non-regular languages L only over the alphabet {a}. (Like $L_2=a^{n^2}$ or ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Number of linearly independent subsets in arbitrary set

Consider $n$-dimensional vector space $\mathbb{F}_p^n$ over finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ and a function $a: \mathbb{F}_p^n\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$. Let $$ F(a) = \sum_{\substack{S\subset \mathbb{F}_p^n ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Weil's Haar measure construction from below

Weil's construction of a Haar measure on a locally compact group rests on approximating a function from above by sums of translates of another function. I would need to know something similar for an ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Topology with no direct lower neighbor

Given any poset $(P,\leq)$ and $x, y\in P$ we set $[x,y] = \{p\in P: x\leq p \leq y\}$. For any set $X$, let $\text{Top}(X)$ denote the set of topologies on $X$. The set $\text{Top}(X)$ is a complete ...
5
votes
1answer
144 views

Arbitrarily many primes in a Fibonacci-type sequence

It is conjectured that the standard Fibonacci sequence contains infinitely many primes. While this is perhaps too difficult, I am wondering about the following simpler version: Question. For any $K$, ...
-4
votes
0answers
43 views

How to prove this complex inequality? [on hold]

Let $Z\in C,n\ge 2$,and show this complex inequality $$|z^n-1|^2\le |z-1|^2\left(1+|z|^2+\dfrac{2}{n-1}\Re{(z)}\right|^{n-1}$$ for $n=2$the inequality os equivalent to $$|z^2-1|^2\le ...
8
votes
3answers
264 views

References for Yang-Mills Theory

We are looking to run a working seminar about the Yang-Mills story. We hope that our seminars is of interest to analysts (working with curvatures and Ricci flows on Riemannian manifolds), the ...

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