1
vote
0answers
14 views

local rings with finite type maximal ideal

Let $A$ be a local ring with a maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$ finitely generated (not principal). Is there a sufficient condition for $A$ to be noetherian?
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Non-closability of an operator

Let $a$ be a positive continuous function nowhere differentiable on $[0,1]$. The operator $T$ in $H:=L^2(0,1)\oplus L^2(0,1)$ defined by $$T(u_1,u_2) := (u_1' + au_2',0)$$ on $\textrm{Dom} \,T := ...
-2
votes
0answers
14 views

Stochastic matrix with orthogonal eigenvectors

I stumbled across an odd fact while thinking about Markov chains, and I have an odd proof for it. Claim: Let $P$ be the transition matrix of a finite irreducible aperiodic Markov chain, and assume ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Root of positive function in Fourier algebra

Let $G$ be a locally compact group, let $A(G)$ be the Fourier algebra of $G$. We think of $A(G)$ as a subalgebra of $C_0(G)$. Question 1: Let $f\in A(G)$ be a function that is pointwise positive. ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Is every connected reductive group over a local field already defined over a global field?

Let $K$ be a local field, e.g. $\mathbb{Q}_p$ or $\mathbb{F}_p((t))$. Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over $K$. Is it true that $G$ is already defined over a global field? More precisely, does ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Sections of inverse image sheaf of sheaf of sections of vector bundle

Let $\eta \colon Y \to Z$ be holomorphic map between complex manifolds, $E$ holomorphic vector bundle over $Z$, $\eta ^\ast E$ its pullback over $Y$, ${\cal O}_E$ sheaf of sections of $E$, and ...
-1
votes
0answers
27 views

Largest subsequence with average $\geq \delta$ [on hold]

I found a solution in Largest subarray with average $\geq$ k. However, I fail to understand the algorithm correctly. Let us consider the following sequence: 12, -10, 10, -10, 12, -9 Let us pick ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Density of smooth functions in Sobolev space, respecting nonnegative traces

I am looking for a reference for the following result (if it is true): Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain. Let $\Gamma_0\subset\partial\Omega$ be sufficiently regular. Let ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Reducedness of scheme theoretic fibers of toric morphisms

Let's consider $X=X(\Delta_X)$ and $Y=Y(\Delta_Y)$ two complete $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial toric varieties over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, and let $f:X\to Y$ be a flat toric ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Extending and contracting an ideal by a faithfully flat homomorphism

Let $ B $ be a faithfully flat $ A $-algebra. Let $ I \subset A $ an ideal. Shows that $ IB \cap A = I $. This is the second item of Exercise 2.6, Chapter 1, of the Qing Liu's book Algebraic Geometry ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

Largeness, generic, random points

As presented in Oxtoby's book ( http://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-1-4615-9964-7 ), there are two notions of largeness for subspace $Y$ of a given space $X$: Topology: $X$ is a topological ...
3
votes
0answers
17 views

Support of a Measure with Characteristic Functional Continuous in $L_p$, $1\leq p <2$?

Let $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$ be the space of smooth and rapidly decaying functions and $\mathcal{S}'(\mathbb{R})$ its dual, the space of tempered distributions. Let $\mu$ be a probability measure ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

Fermat's Theorem on p = a^2 + b^2 [migrated]

I have read that Fermat predicted that for an odd prime $p$, $p = a^2 + b^2$ iff $p = 1$ mod 4. I heard that such a criterion could be possible for a given integer $n$ like $p = a^2 + n b^2$ ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Constructing pointwise-or independent binary matrices

Let $M$ be an $m \times n$ matrix such that every $M_{ij} \in \{0,1\}$. We say that $M$ is `$\lor$-irreducible' if (i) no row is a pointwise-or of other rows, and (ii) no column is a pointwise-or of ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Proof for this expression for Dottie number

Neither Wolfram's mathworld nor Wikipedia mentions any series or integral expanion for the cosine's fixed point. Therefore I am asking for a proof for this integral representation of Dottie number: ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Trigonometric multiple integral identity

How this alleged multiple integral identity can be proved? $$\int\limits_{-\infty }^{\infty }ds_{1}\int\limits_{-\infty}^{s_{1}}ds_{2}\cdots \int\limits_{-\infty }^{s_{2n-1}}ds_{2n}\;\cos { ...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

Function and its Gradient with Prescribed Norms

I'm not sure if the following question is too elementary for Mathoverflow. I'm sorry if it is the case. Question: Let $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and let $1\leqslant p<\infty$. Let $\alpha,\beta>0$. ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Fixed point property for the projectivization of manifold of fixed rank matrices

Let $M$ be the manifold of all matrices in $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ with fixed rank $0<k<n$. The projectivization of $M$ is denoted by $PM$. Does $PM$ satisfy fixed point property?
-1
votes
0answers
33 views

$\mathbb{Z}_{2}$ -equivariant vector bundles over manifold of rank-$k$ matrices

Edit: I remove the trivial part of the first version, according to comment of Alex Degtyarev Let $M$ be the manifold of all matrices in $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ with fixed rank $0<k<n$. There is ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Manifold with corners

Iam looking at the following situation of a manifold $Z$ with corners. More specifically a product of a smooth manifold X with a standard $k$-simplex $\Delta^k$. I wish to study certain formulas for ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Volume of randomly changing sphere follows beta distribution

We are given $X,X_1,\ldots,X_N$ independent and identically distributed $k$-dimensional vectors. For a given query point $X_q\in\mathbb{R}^k$ assume without loss of generality that $X_1,\ldots,X_m$ ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

A modified notion of ranks

Given $M\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ of rank $r$. Denote $p^{\Bbb Z_{\geq0}}$ to be collection of finite non-negative powers of prime $p$. Denote $\mathscr{P}_r[M,p]=\{P\in\{0,p^{\Bbb ...
-1
votes
0answers
8 views

Partition of function into pieces for interpolation needs [migrated]

I've got some experimental data obtained from my mate's research. There are two sets of (x,y) points for each curve. He asked me to interpolate function values between this points, so for each curve I ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Weak topology on a pre-Hilbert Space

Since there was essentially no answers on my previous question, I will ask a partial case of it, which is very easy to state. Let $\left(X,\left<\cdot,\cdot\right>\right)$ be an inner product ...
-2
votes
0answers
20 views

Is Markov Chain Sampled at stopping times a Markov chain? [on hold]

Given a Markov hain $\{X_n\}$ and $T_n$ be an increasing sequence of stopping times, is $\{X_{T_n}\}$ Markov chain ?
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Boundedness of a singular integral operator on $L^p(\mathbb{R})$, $1<p<\infty$

My singular integral operator is defined by \begin{align} Sf(x)=-\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f(t-x) \frac{dt}{2\sinh\frac{\pi}{2}t}, \end{align} that is, a convolution $-\frac{1 }{2\sinh\frac{\pi}2x}\ast ...
5
votes
0answers
88 views

A reference for $\mathbb{A}^1_R$ being a coarse moduli space of the stack of elliptic curves

Let $R$ be a ring and let $\mathcal{M}_{1, R}$ be the algebraic $R$-stack of elliptic curves (over $R$-schemes as bases). One knows that the coarse moduli space of $\mathcal{M}_{1, R}$ is supposed to ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Hadamard product and matrix inverse [on hold]

Is there any relation between normal matrix inverse and the Hadamard product? Suppose we have a matrix $ M $ and its eigen/singular value decomposition. Can we say anything about the inverse of $ N = ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

Experimentation with partial Euler products

Richard Mathar $[1]\& [2]$ shows that \begin{align} &\zeta_{2}(s)\equiv\prod_{\Omega(n)=2}^{}\left(\dfrac{1}{1 - n^{s}}\right)^{-1}=\exp \left(\sum _{k=1}^n \frac{P(k s)^2+P(2 k s)}{2 ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Relation between intersection multiplicities

Consider $(f_1,\dots,f_n), (g_1,\dots,g_n)\in \mathbb{C}[z_1,\dots,z_n]\ $ such that: i) $\{f_1=\dots=f_n=0\}= \{g_1=\dots=g_n=0\}=\{0\}\in \mathbb{C}^n\ $ and ii) $f_1g_1+\dots+f_ng_n\equiv0$. ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Central limit theorem with degenerate covariance matrix

Are there known generalisations of the central limit theorem for several random variables when the covariance matrix is degenerate? The usual proof of CLT based on characteristic functions (see e.g. ...
-3
votes
0answers
42 views

Circle packing II I need the solution/answer to this [on hold]

Let R(a, b, c) be the maximum area covered by three non-overlapping circles inside a triangle with edge lengths a, b and c. Let S(n) be the average value of R(a, b, c) over all integer triplets (a, ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

a question about Brooks' Theorem for $\Delta =4$

From Brooks' Theorem, we know that if a graph $G$ satisfies that $\Delta (G)=4$ and there is no $5$-clique in $G$, then $\chi (G)\leq 4$. And it is easy to find a counterexample to the following: ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Optimization over symmetric polynomials

Consider the following constraint satisfaction problem: Let $\alpha_1 , \ldots, \alpha_k \in \mathbb{R}$ be given as well as an error parameter $\epsilon$. Find $p_1, \ldots, p_n$ such that (i) $0 ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Fixed area, largest mass — is there a name?

Let $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and let $s_k(x)$ denote the sum of the $k$ largest entries of $x$. The function $s_k(x)$ is well-known to be convex and is often used in optimization, such as ...
9
votes
2answers
353 views

What other books are like these?

A certain class of books is defined as follows: (1) the book was kept for years in a cafe or mathematics library; (2) the primary contents are research problems and comments, handwritten by resident ...
-2
votes
0answers
73 views

Reference Request for Finite Axiom Of Choice [on hold]

I am looking for a book that would contain the kind of proofs that were given in the answers to this question: Finite axiom of choice: how do you prove it from just ZF? because I want to quote them in ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Combinatorial support set in CRT

Is there a function $g(s)$ such that if there is a set of numbers $\{r_i\}_{i=1}^m$ such that $r_i\bmod p_j\in\{0,1\}$ at every prime in $\{p_j\}_{j=1}^n$ such that $2^t\bmod p_j\neq1$ at every ...
-1
votes
0answers
15 views

which graph srtuctures can help you calculate the pair-wise shortest paths efficiently? [on hold]

Is BFS structure good enough for this task? Any comments would be greatly appreciated.
8
votes
0answers
83 views

Maximizing the number of semistandard Young tableaux

Is anything known about the following question? Given a positive integer $p$ and a real number $0<\alpha<1$, what partition $\lambda$ whose parts sum to $\alpha p^2$ (asymptotically) and whose ...
-4
votes
0answers
64 views

Advanced, pure and applied [on hold]

A clown is riding a single wheel cycle along a highwire from point A to point B. These two points are the same height, however as the clown cycles the highwire decreases in height to a minimum point ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Periodic configurations for elementary cellular automata

Let $L$ be an elementary cellular automaton. Then $L$ acts on $\{0,1\}^{\mathbb{Z}}$. We say that a configuration $w\in\{0,1\}^{\mathbb{Z}}$ is periodic if $L^{(n)}(w)=w$ for some $n\in\mathbb{N}$. ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

Balancing real numbers in one dimension

Given numbers $0 \leq d_i \leq 1$ for $i=1,\ldots,m$, it is easy to see that you can always find signs $\varepsilon_i \in \{-1,1\}$ such that the partial sums $\sum_{i=1}^k \varepsilon_i d_i/2$, for ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

If $E(K)=E(L)$ for an elliptic curve $E$ and an algebraic extension $L/K$, what can we say about $Sel(E/K), Sel(E/L), L/K$?

More generally, when $E(K_m)$ is stable as $m$ increases for an extension equence $K_0<K_1<K_2<\cdots<K_m<\cdots$ ? In the case, is $\mathrm{Sel}(E/K_m)$ stable as $m\rightarrow ...
-1
votes
2answers
187 views

Serre's Theorem for Coherent Sheaves

I recently heard a discussion about a certain of Serre which reconstructs the category of coherent sheaves of a variety $V$ as the category of modules over the homogeneous space of $V$ modulo modules ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Applications of finite presentation of lie algebra

If you know a finite presentation of say a certain Poisson algebra (finite presentation as a Lie algebra), in what ways might this be useful? Does this allow you to extract information that would ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Invariant subalgebra and dual torus for symmetric group

Given permutation module with three generators and corresponding Galois action of symmetric group $\mathfrak S_3$ I am interested in computing corresponding dual torus $T$ (which should be of ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Are isometric homorphisms of C* algebras *-homorphisms

Here is my precise question: Let $A$ and $B$ be two $C^*$ algebras. Let $f: A \rightarrow B$ a morphism of algebras which is isometric (on its image). Is $f$ necessary a $*$-homomorphism ? It sounds ...
0
votes
2answers
127 views

Global section of very ample line bundles and its value on stalks

Let $X$ be a projective scheme and $\mathcal{L}$ be a very ample line bundle on $X$ with respect to some projective embedding $X \hookrightarrow \mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{C}}$ (for some $n$). Given any ...
11
votes
1answer
126 views

Completed and uncompleted operations for Morava $E$-theory

Let $E = E_n$ be the $n$-th Morava $E$-theory with coefficient ring $$ E_* = \mathbb{W}(\mathbb{F}_{p^n})[\![u_1,\ldots,u_{n-1}]\!][u^{\pm 1}]. $$ It is usual to consider the completed co-operations ...

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