0
votes
0answers
5 views

Solutions of an nonlinear evolution problem

We consider the following continuous-time nonlinear evolution problem \begin{equation} \begin{cases} \dot{y}(t)=Ay(t)+f(y(t),u(t)),\quad t\geq0\\y(0)=f\in\mathcal{X}\end{cases} \end{equation} where ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Set of regular points in an Alexandrov space with curvature bounded from below

Let $X^n$ be an $n$-dimensional Alexandrov space with curvature bounded from below. A point $x\in X$ is called regular if the space of directions $\Sigma_x$ is isometric to the standard sphere ...
-2
votes
0answers
26 views

Two rational and one irrational root of a cubic? [on hold]

Let $p(x)=a_3x^3+a_2x^2+a_1x+a_0$, with $a_i\in\mathbb{Q}$. Is it true that if two of the roots of $p(x)$ are in $\mathbb{Q}$, then the third is as well?
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Remark on Fermat's Last Theorem by Darmon, Diamond and Taylor

In their paper, Darmon, Diamond and Taylor remarked the following : (the previous paragraph of Section 2.2 (p. 55), https://www.math.wisc.edu/~boston/ddt.pdf) If $\rho : G \rightarrow ...
2
votes
2answers
34 views

Lower bounding the multiplicative order of 2 modulo p

For $p$ prime denote by $\mathsf{ord}_p(2)$ the multiplicative order of $2$ modulo $p$. Does there exist $N > 0$ such that, for ALL primes $p$, $\mathsf{ord}_p(2)$ is at least $\frac{(p-1)}{N}$? ...
-1
votes
0answers
10 views

classification open problems by complexity [on hold]

i am looking for a standard for classification of open problems by complexity,is there any standard that tells us certain problem is in first class or 3th class of hard open problems? thanks.
0
votes
0answers
26 views

One question about group algebra

Let G be an locally compact group and H is closed normal subgroup of it. If f belong to L^1(G), Is restriction of f to H belong to L^1(H)? conversely, can we extend every member of L^1(H) to some ...
7
votes
0answers
49 views

Intuition for the tensor algebra?

As the question suggests, can someone give me their intuitions for working with the tensor algebra? Thanks in advance. Here is my intuition/understanding for the tensor algebra. Given a ring $A$ ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Zero divisors with support of size 3 in group algebras of finite groups

Are there a finite group $G$ and a field $\mathbb{F}$ such that $\gcd(3,|G|)=1$ and the group algebra $\mathbb{F}[G]$ contains a zero divisor whose support is of size $3$? Recall that the support of ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Lebesgue-integrability of piecewise function with random variable

This function is Lebesgue-integrable:$$\chi(x)= \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} 1 & \text{if}~x~\text{is rational}\\ 0 & \text{if}~x~\text{is irrational}. \end{array} ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Making idempotent element by a relation

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity and let $a, b \in R$ such that $a=ab$. How can we make a non zero idempotent element of $R$ by this relation?
-6
votes
0answers
41 views

|(a,b)| = |R| ? [on hold]

I want to prove that any open interval (a,b) has the same cardinality of the real numbers (|(a,b)| = |R|). Do I have to find an function to prove it? or is there a theorem to prove it easier? or any ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Writing integers in ring of integers of number fields

Given $a,b\in\Bbb N$, we can write $a=a_tb^t+a_{t-1}b^{t-1}+\dots+a_1b+a_0$ where $t=\lceil\log_ba\rceil$ and $a_i<b<a$. Supposing if $b\in\mathcal{O}_K$ where $\mathcal{O}_K$ is ring of ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Cyclic faithfully flat modules

Iam looking for an example of a cyclic faithfully flat R-module but not projective. Could someone help me?
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Estimating the shift in the $\lambda_{max}$ of a matrix under a diagonal perturbation

Given a matrix $A$ and a diagonal matrix $D$, what ways do we have to estimate, $\lambda_{max}(A+D) - \lambda_{max}(A)$? (Feel free to make other assumptions about the matrices that they are all ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

largest subgroup of $Out(\hat{F_2})$ which preserves the Nielsen invariant

Let $x,y$ be generators for the free group $F_2$. It's known that $Aut(F_2)$, and hence $Out(F_2)$ preserves the conjugacy class of the subgroup $\langle[x,y]\rangle$ generated by $[x,y]$ (This ...
10
votes
6answers
487 views

Advanced Differential Geometry Textbook

I tried this post on StackExchange with no luck. Hopefully the experts at MathOverflow can help. In algebraic topology there are two canonical "advanced" textbooks that go quite far beyond the usual ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Interchanging the tensor product with infinite product

Let $R$ be a $k$-algebra (not necessary commutative) and let $\mathbf{D}(R)$ be its derived category (right modules). I'm interested in the class of objects $V$ of $\mathbf{D}(R^{op})$ having the ...
18
votes
1answer
311 views

Is $\mathbb{R}^3 \setminus \mathbb{Q}^3$ simply connected?

Similarly is the complement of any countable set in $\mathbb{R}^3$ simply connected? Reading around I found plenty of articles discussing the path connectedness $\mathbb{R}^2 \setminus \mathbb{Q}^2$ ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

What is number of faces in a k-ary n-dim cube? [on hold]

What is the number of $(n-r)$ dim faces for a $k$-ary $n$-dim cube ? Definition of k-ary cube: In a $k$- ary $n$- cube , each node is identified by an $n$-bit base-$k$ address $b_{n − ...
-2
votes
0answers
39 views

Prime ideals decomposition [on hold]

How to prove the decomposition law for prime ideals in finite separable extensions of number fields? How we use the "conductor condition"?
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Doubling theorem for Alexandrov spaces

Is there a user friendly exposition of the notion of boundary of an Alexandrov space with curvature bounded from below and of the Doubling theorem? The only reference I am aware of is the original ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

Roller's problem on median groups

At the end of his dissertation Poc Sets, Median Algebras and Group Actions, Martin Roller asks A group $G$ is called median if it acts freely and transitively on a median algebra. This is ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Time for brownian motion to cross a coordinate plane

Can I get a reference or some insight into the following? Suppose a particle moves by Brownian motion, starting from a point $P$ in $\mathbf{R}^{n}$. What can we say about the distribution of the ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Approximating a divergent integral with modified Bessel functions of the first and second kinds

I am a physicist who needs to evaluate the following (divergent at the origin) integral involving the modified Bessel functions of the first and second kinds $I = \int_0^{\infty} \frac{\cos(ax)}{x} ...
6
votes
1answer
169 views

Does an element in the center of universal enveloping algebra becomes a scalar in irreducible representations?

I'm asking a question about Lie group representation. Let $G$ be a Lie group, not necessarily connected. Let $\Omega$ be an element in the center of the universal enveloping algebra $U(\mathfrak{g})$ ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

Any polynomial-time algorithm for hypergraph bisection? [on hold]

I work with hypergraph partitioning. I want to divide a complete weighted hypergraph into 2 parts using cut-net metric, a sum of all edges cut, and connectivity metric. Is there a polynomial-time ...
5
votes
0answers
116 views

Pointfree probability theory

I must confess I hardly know anything about probability theory. Still, I'm interested in the following: Much like pointfree topology, where one basically replaces topological spaces by their locales ...
0
votes
0answers
116 views

A finite group with O_{p}(G)=1

Let $G$ be a finite group of order $p(p^2-1)/2$, where $p$ is prime number. If $O_{p}(G)=1$, then what is the number of Sylow $p$-subgroups G?
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Notation: $Sigma$ and $Pi$ of intersections

In Jech - Set Theory, the proof of Theorem 31.7, I came along some notations I wish to understand correctly. For a countable elementary substructure $M \prec H_\lambda$ and $A \in M$ and a generic ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Algorithm for 2-coloring classes of 3-uniform hypergraphs

Hi all and thanks in advance for your efforts. I'm interested in 2-coloring 3-uniform hypergraphs. I know that in general, the problem of deciding if a 3-uniform hypergraph is 2-colorable is ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

What characteristic of a graph depend on the vertex labeling?

Different labeling on a graph produces class of isomorphic graphs. Two isomorphic graphs possess similar characteristic such as connectivity, degree distribution of vertices, equality of spectrum and ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Estimate $\sup_n\left|\int_0^1 \left(1-e^{i\alpha_n x}\right) f(x)d\mu(x)\right|$

Let $\mu$ be a singular Borel probability measure on $[0, 1)$, and $f\in L^2(\mu)$. Estimate $$\sup_n\left|\int_0^1 \left(1-e^{i\alpha_n x}\right) f(x)d\mu(x)\right|$$ where $\alpha_n\in\mathbb R$ and ...
-1
votes
0answers
44 views

About perturbation of spectral radius of a matrix because of diagonal perturbations

Say I have an off-diagonal symmetric $0,1,-1$ matrix $B$ and a set of $2k$ diagonal matrices, $D_{11}, D_{12}, D_{21}, D_{22},..,D_{k1},D_{k2}$. (you can assume the diagonal matrices to be such that ...
4
votes
2answers
197 views

cup product and Steenrod operations in Serre spectral sequence

Let $F\to E\to B$ be a fibration with $B$ simply-connected. Suppose all differentials in the cohomology Serre spectral sequence (corresponding to the above fibration) are zero maps. Then as a graded ...
-5
votes
0answers
37 views

Function that outputs only 1 or 0 depending on sign of variable? [on hold]

Is there a single variable (preferably simple) function which equals 0 for any positive input and 1 for any negative input, or vice versa?
5
votes
1answer
290 views

A question on Ramanujan's $1/\pi$ formulas

It is known that Ramanujan discovered a number of formulas fo $1/\pi$. All of these formulas are of the form $$\frac{1}{\pi}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(1/2)_n(s)_n(1-s)_n}{(1)_n^3}(a+bn)z^n,$$where ...
5
votes
0answers
131 views

definition of “immersion” of schemes (without open or closed)

On Prop. 1.7 (a) on page 5 of Milne's Etale Cohomology book states: Any immersion is quasi-finite. A google search turned up definitions for "open immersion" and "closed immersion", never just ...
-4
votes
0answers
88 views

Prove $R$ is a finite ring [on hold]

Suppose that $R$ is a ring and $D(R)$ is the set of all elements $x\in R$ such that there exist $b,c\neq 0$ with $xb=cx=0$. Prove that if $1<|D(R)|<\infty$ then $|R|<\infty$. ($|S|<\infty$ ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

The structure map of topological K-theory

This may be a silly question but I don't know the answer. I know the construction of (equivariant) K-spectrum $KU_G$ and the periodicity of (equivariant) K-theory. But I don't know its structure maps ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Choosing the weights of a Voronoi diagram — is this function always the gradient of another function?

This question is related to the earlier question Weighted area of a Voronoi cell . As in that question, let $X = \{ x_1,\dots,x_n\} $ denote a set of $n$ points in the unit square $S = ...
-1
votes
0answers
29 views

Dimension of the set of the polynomial growth harmonic function on the hyperbolic plane

We consider the hyperbolic plane and the harmonic function there. Pick any point $p$. Let $H_n, n \in\mathbb N$ be the set of the harmonic functions $f$ such that $|f(x)|\leq c(1+ d(x,p))^n$. What is ...
11
votes
3answers
707 views

May integration spoil real-analyticity?

Is there an example of a function $f:(a,b)\times(c,d)\to\mathbb{R}$, which is real analytic in its domain, integrable in the second variable, and such that the function $$ g:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R},\qquad ...
3
votes
0answers
103 views

Commuting diagram, algebraic cycles and K-theory

What is the easiest way to see the veracity of the following commutative diagram?$$\require{AMScd} \begin{CD} K(X) \otimes K(Y) @>\text{ch}(-) \otimes \text{ch}(-)>> A(X, \mathbb{Q}) \otimes ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

Improper integral $\int_0^1 \frac{\exp(ctx)}{\sqrt{(\exp(bt)-1)(1-\exp(atx))-(1-\exp(at))(\exp(btx)-1)}} dx$ with $-a$ and $b$ positive

Is the following function real analytic in $t>0$: $$F(t)=\int_0^1\frac{\exp(ctx)}{\sqrt{(\exp(bt)-1)(1-\exp(atx))-(1-\exp(at))(\exp(btx)-1)}} dx,$$ where $-a$ and $b$ are positive, and $c\not=a$? ...
9
votes
2answers
379 views

Learning the exponents in a sum of two modular roots of unity

$\newcommand{\Z}{\mathbb{Z}}$ Suppose that $n$ is a large and known integer (say, with 100 digits) and that you are given access to a function $$f(x) = x^a + x^b$$ with unknown exponents $a,b \in ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Rank of the Jacobian of a family of hyperelliptic curves of genus 2

Assume tha $C$ be the hyperelliptic curve $y^2 = (x-a_1)\cdots (x-a_5)$ of genus $g=2$ and $a_i \in \mathbb{Z}$ and we know that the integers $a_i$ has the form $a_i= d_1^2 - d_i^2$ for some positive ...
0
votes
1answer
206 views

Does $\mathbb Z \times \mathbb Z$ mod the obvious $\mathbb Z$ action have more structure than just a set?

$\mathbb Z$ acts on the lattice $\mathbb Z \times \mathbb Z$ by adding an element to itself n times. I am studying some function arising from symplectic geometry which happens in my case to be ...
2
votes
2answers
59 views

Basic question about discrete minimal surfaces

Let $P$ be a convex polygon with $n > 3$ vertices $v_1, \ldots, v_n \in \mathbb{R}^2$, let $x$ be a point in the interior of $P$, and let $u$ be a function with prescribed values at the vertices of ...
7
votes
0answers
144 views

Tangent space of Hilbert scheme

We have the following theorem: Let $X$ be a projective scheme over an algebraically closed field $k$, and $Y \subset X$ a closed subscheme with Hilbert polynomial $P$. Then$$T_{[Y]}\text{Hilb}_P (X) ...

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