0
votes
0answers
72 views

No graph with eigenvalue -1/2 [on hold]

I came across an exercise of book Spectra of Graphs. Show that there does not exist graph whose adjacency matrix eigenvalue is -1/2. Any thougts?
4
votes
0answers
44 views

Archimedean $\varepsilon$-factors

Let $K$ be either $\bf R$ or $\bf C$. Let $p$ and $q$ be integers with $p \leq -1$, $q \geq 0$, and $p+q=-1$. Consider the Hodge structure $M = M(p,q)$ over $K$ with coefficients in $\bf R$, defined ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Generalization of Ito's formula

If $f:R\to R$ is a convex function then we have Ito-Tanaka formula. Now my question is that if we are given a function $u: R\times R_+\to R$ such that $u(s,\cdot)$ is smooth for every $s\in R$ and ...
8
votes
1answer
434 views

Is $\mathbb{R}$ a $\mathbb{C}$-module without AC?

Assuming ZFC. We can make $(\mathbb{R},+)$ into a nontrivial(scaler multiplication is not identicaly zero) $\mathbb{C}$-module. Now my questions are? 0.Is it consistent with $ZF$ that $\mathbb{R}$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Does the twisted product $K^{\mathbb{C}}\times_{Z(k)^{\mathbb{C}}} X^k$ have a natural Kähler or sympletic structure?

Let $K$ be a connected compact Lie group, and suppose that $(X,J,\omega)$ is a compact Kähler manifold on which the group $K$ acts holomorphically such that the group $K$ preserves the Kähler ...
4
votes
2answers
165 views

A Karrass-Solitar theorem for surface groups

Let $\Gamma_g$ be a surface group of genus $g \geq 2$. That is, there is a presentation $$\Gamma_g = \langle x_1, y_1, \dots, x_g, y_g \vert \prod_{i = 1}^{g}[x_i,y_i] = 1\rangle$$ Is there a ...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Contracting a rational curve in a Calabi-Yau threeolfd

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold and $C \subset X$ be a rational curve with $N_{C/X}\cong \mathcal{O}\oplus \mathcal{O}(-2)$. Can one contract the curve $C$? Assuming the answer is yes, what kind of ...
-1
votes
0answers
29 views

Under what conditions the limit process of a sequence of Markov processes is Markov?

Given a sequence of Markov process $X_t^n$, if $X^n_t$ convergences to $X_t$ in the sense of some topology, under which condition can we prove that the limit process $X_t$ is Markov? Please give some ...
0
votes
0answers
113 views

Example of Graph [on hold]

First of all, I review some terms and notations. A 1-way infinite path is called a ray, a 2-way infinite path is a double ray, and the subrays of a ray or double ray are its tails. Two rays in a graph ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Standard Arguments of Calculus of Variations [duplicate]

I am working on calculus of variations in solid mechanics. I did my studies in Civil Eng., so I haven't passed any courses on Math Analysis. I do have problems with main properties of Hilbert and ...
9
votes
1answer
193 views

What is known about the distribution of eigenvectors of random matrices?

Let $A$ be a real asymmetric $n \times n$ matrix with i.i.d. random, zero-mean elements. What results, if any, are there for the eigenvectors of $A$? In particular: How are individual eigenvectors ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Are major arcs always around a fraction with small denominator? [on hold]

In the usual circle method we might have a trigonometric polynomial $F(\theta)=\sum_{n}a_n e(n\theta)$ and we need to estimate the integral $\int_0^1 F(\theta)d\theta$ by breaking the domain into ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

The Klee Trick for subsets of $\mathbb{R}^3$

I asked the question Is dimension given by the Klee trick ever sharp? That question remains unanswered, so I thought I might ask a slightly more concrete question along those lines. Given a metric ...
19
votes
7answers
890 views

Conceptual algebraic proof that Grassmannian is closed in Plucker embedding

I'm planning lectures for my intro algebraic geometry course, and I noted something awkward that is coming up. We're starting projective varieties soon. Of course, we'll prove that projective maps are ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

Locally Closed Orbits in Real Algebraic Geometry

Let $G$ be a real algebraic group, and let $X$ be a real affine $G$-variety. I am looking for conditions on $G$ and $X$ for which the $G$-orbits are known to be locally closed in the Zariski topology ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

p-adic height on CM abelian varieties

Let A be a CM abelian variety over a number field and p a prime of ordinary reduction. Is the p-adic height of a non-torsion point on A over a p-adic field non-zero? When A is an elliptic curve, this ...
-2
votes
0answers
24 views

Generate Gamma random number using scale or rate parameters [closed]

I am wondering if I can generate Random number from gamma distribution using the shape and the rate parameters and then take the reciprocal of this number to be like it was generated from the shape ...
-4
votes
0answers
34 views

Find the volume generated by revolving [closed]

Can anyone tell me how to solve this particular type of problem? A reference will be wonderful. Find the volume generated by revolving the region bounded by y= -cosx and y=0, from x=-2pi to x=-pi ...
0
votes
1answer
153 views

Coin graph is 4-colorable

How can we prove that a coin graph is 4-colorable???Also, can we find any example of an non-3-colorable coin graph.
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Hardy-type inequality for point boundary

Let $f$ be in $W^{2,p}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for $n\geq 3$ and $p>n/2$, with $f=0$ at the origin. I want to show that the integral $$\int_{B(0,r)} (f |x|^{-2})^p dV <\infty$$ for some small $r>0$. A ...
-1
votes
0answers
60 views

Fixed point combinator and functions with no fixed point [closed]

In lambda calculus the fixed point combinator is defined as: $$Y=\lambda f.(\lambda x.f (xx))(\lambda x.f (xx)) $$ It is very easy to see how $Yg =g(Yg)$ for any $g$ by using $\beta$-reduction. ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

deformations of vector bundles on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth algebraic curve. Suppose I have a flat family $V_y\to X$ of vector bundles on $X$ over an affine scheme $S$. Let $p=Spec(k)$ be one geometric point of $S$. If the determinant of ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Solution to generalized Sylvester equation

I am interested in solving generalized Sylvester equations (for $X$) of the form: $$ \sum_{j=1}^k A_j X B_j^T = F, $$ where $A_j,B_j,X,F\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ and $k$, $n$ are integers. I will ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

F-splitting and F-purity from commutative algebra viewpoint

First I define two terms: Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity,let char$R$ = $p$, let $F:R\rightarrow R$ be the Frobenius ring homomorphism. This makes $R$ into an $R$-module with respect to ...
6
votes
2answers
160 views

Pictures of the von Neumann polytope

Are there any graphic portrayals of von Neumann polytopes in low dimensions?
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Golod Shafarevich Inequality and Inequalities among higher Cohomology groups

As a consequence of Golod- Shafarevich, we get an inequality between second cohomology group of a $p$-group with coefficients in $F_p$ and the first cohomology group of a $p$-group with coefficients ...
8
votes
0answers
106 views

Wrapped Fukaya categories of Stein manifolds

By the work of Abouzaid, we know that the wrapped Fukaya category of $T^\ast Q$ with $Q$ a closed smooth manifold is generated by a cotangent fiber. Basically, this is an application of Abouzaid's ...
-3
votes
0answers
73 views

Question about continuity of Holder functions [closed]

Let the definition of the oscillation about a point be given as $ \mathrm{osc}[f] (x) : = \lim\limits_{\epsilon \rightarrow 0} \sup_{[x -\epsilon, x + \epsilon]} f - \inf_{[x -\epsilon, x + ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Eigenvalues of product of diagonal positive matrix and symmetric matrix [closed]

Assume that we have two real symmetric matrices A and B, where A is a positive diagonal matrix, and B is a symmetric matrix with one eigenvalue λ = 0. Assume that H= AB; is it possible to proof that ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Perf($\mathscr{A}$) and perfect chain complexes

Suppose $\mathscr{A}$ is a dg category and $ \mathcal{D} (\mathscr{A})$ its associated derived category. For an object in $ a \in \mathscr{A}$ there is associated (right )dg $ \mathscr{A}$ module, $ ...
6
votes
2answers
212 views

Holomorphic Hoffstein-Lockhart

In the article Hoffstein, Jeffrey; Lockhart, Paul "Coefficients of Maass forms and the Siegel zero." Ann. of Math. (2) 140 (1994), no. 1, 161–181, it is stablished a good bound for the Petersson norm ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Is it true that $ H^{n-1} (spt \mu _E - \partial ^{*}E)=0 ?$

In Federer's Theorem, $ H^{n-1} (\partial ^{m}E - \partial ^{*}E)=0 $, where $E$ is a set of finite perimeter in $ \mathbb R^n $, $\partial ^{e}E$ is the essential boundary of E, and $\partial ^{*}E$ ...
7
votes
1answer
198 views

What is the level of a positive energy loop group representation?

I am trying to learn a bit about loop group representation theory to understand its role in string geometry. Let $G$ be a Lie group. I am thinking of $\text{Spin}(n)$, so you may assume $G$ to be ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

A Question Regarding Weak Diamond

In Assaf Rinot's survey article "Jenson's diamond principle and its relatives", he proves the following fact: Fact 2.5:For every stationary set S, $\Phi_{S}$...entails that no ladder system ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

The convolution on the finite dimensional weak Hopf $C^*$-algebras

Let $\mathbb{A}$ be a finite dimensional weak Hopf $C^*$-algebra, and $\hat{\mathbb{A}}$ its dual. Let the Fourier transform $\mathcal{F}: \mathbb{A} \to \hat{\mathbb{A}}$ and the convolution $a * b ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Is the support of two odd theta characteristics on a generic curve disjoint?

Concise version of the question On a generic curve of genus $g$, the odd theta characteristics will have exactly one global section. Therefore each odd theta characteristic will correspond to a ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Localization on orbit type submanifolds (generalization of Atiyah-Bott-Berline-Vergne)

In equivariant cohomology, the Atiyah-Bott-Berline-Vergne localization theorem says roughly speaking that the integral of an equivariant cohomology class on the $G$-manifold $M$ has only contributions ...
5
votes
2answers
115 views

Inverse of partial differential operator as a smooth tame map

Tameness for maps is one of the main ingredients for the Nash-Moser inverse function theorem. A linear map $f: X \to Y$ between Fŕechet spaces with fixed seminorms is called tame if we have an ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

A question about the existence of a solution for an ODE

Let $\gamma_+$, $\gamma_-:\mathbb{R}_+\to\mathbb{R}$ be two given functions. Assume that $\gamma_+$ ($\gamma_-$) is smooth, strictly increasing (decreasing) and $\gamma_{+}(+\infty)=+\infty$ ...
4
votes
0answers
135 views

Reference for Hodge decomposition

Let $U$ be a bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$ with Lipschitz boundary, and $g \in L^2(U,\mathbb{R}^d)$ be a solenoidal vector field (i.e. $\nabla \cdot g = 0$). Then $g$ can be written in the ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Independent Sets in random geometric graphs

I was wondering if a lot is known about independent sets in Random Geometric graphs? Most google searches don't bring up much. In addition I'm interested in any algorithms used for finding independent ...
18
votes
1answer
349 views

Functions $f$ on $\mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z}$ with $|f|$ and $|\widehat{f}|$ constant

Let $N$ be a positive integer; for simplicity I'm happy to assume it's an odd prime but I'm interested in the general case too. Let $f \colon \mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z} \to \mathbb{C}$ and let ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

How to extend Dirichlet distribution to Dirichlet process

For a Dirichlet process, there are two parameter $\alpha$ and $H$, and the Dirichlet process $X$ is defined as $$(X(B_1),\cdots,X(B_n))\sim Dir(\alpha H(B_1),\cdots,\alpha H(B_n))$$ ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

The distribution of maximum of fraction Brownian motion over finite time interval

Suppose that $\{B_t^H,\ t\geq 0\}$ is a fractional Brownian motion with Hurst exponent $H$, I wonder if there are explicit expressions for the joint distribution of $(\sup_{0\leq t\leq ...
0
votes
0answers
107 views

path integral and index theorem

I actually have an integral which is used to prove Atiyah-Singer index theorem for spin complex in a path integral fashion. The integral I need to evaluate is following (in simplified form) $\int ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Connection between Strebel differentials, ribbon graphs, and Belyi maps

In this paper, a nice story is woven regarding the connection between quadratic differentials on Riemann surfaces, so-called 'ribbon graphs' drawn on those surfaces, and Belyi maps. However, I am ...
-5
votes
0answers
62 views

Please help me to check the correctness of a paper. Thanks! [closed]

The following paper claimed to develop a differential and integral calculus for dealing with the fractional dimensional manifold: Yong Tao, “The Validity of Dimensional Regularization Method on ...
5
votes
1answer
153 views

Bases of surface groups

Let $\Gamma_g$ be a surface group of genus $g \geq 2$. A $2g$-tuple $(x_1,y_1, \dots,x_g,y_g) \in \Gamma_g^{2g}$ will be called a Surface Basis if we have the presentation $$\Gamma_g = \langle x_1, ...
-1
votes
0answers
47 views

An isogeny from a split algebraic torus [migrated]

Suppose that there is an isogeny (in the category of commutative algebraic groups) from a split algebraic torus to a semi-abelian variety. Does it follows that this semi-abelian variety is also an ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Merging regions of function with similar mean and deviation using statistical test

I have got a question related to statistical tests that I would like to use in a new algorithm I am developing. Given an action space $x$, the algorithm would identify the regions in the function ...

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