0
votes
0answers
130 views

Applications of infinite permutations [closed]

I was looking at approximation in the forlmula of Products of necklaces: $n \to \infty$ we have $\prod_{p=1}^n N(p,a) \approx \frac {a^n} {n!}$ $\prod_{p=1}^n \frac {1-a^p} {1-a}$. (The number of ...
1
vote
2answers
152 views

Cubic Cayley (undirected) graphs

The generators of a cubic Cayley graph always include at least one involution, since 3 is odd. There are then two possibilties for the other two generators: either (A) they are also (distinct) ...
9
votes
0answers
117 views

Invariant definition of the space of symbols on a vector bundle (pseudo-differential operators)

Normally, in the context of pseudo-differential operators, a symbol on a vector bundle $E$ is defined as a smooth function on $E$ which in each trivializing chart fulfills the usual symbol estimates ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

On the uncountability of a subset of U-numbers of type $\leq m$

We say that $\xi\in \mathbb{R}$ is an $m$-ultra number if there exists a sequence $(\alpha_n)_n$ of $m$-degree real algebraic numbers, such that $$ |\xi-\alpha_n|<(\exp^{[3]}(H(\alpha_n)))^{-n},\ ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Existence of real modular function with specific behavior as $q\to 0$

I am looking for a real modular function $F(q,\bar{q})$ such that in the limit of small $q,\bar{q}$ it behaves as: $F(q,\bar{q})=(a_0 + a_1 (q + \bar q)+...)\log q \bar q+ (b_0 + b_1 (q + \bar ...
5
votes
0answers
242 views

Counterexamples to Elkik's theorem in the non-Noetherian case

Elkik in Solutions d'equations a coefficients dans un anneu Henselian, Theorem 7 proves that: Let $A$ be a Noetherian ring that is Henselian with respect to a principal ideal $(a)$. That is, if ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

“Direct” proof (without hypercontractivity) of equivalence of moments?

Let $(x_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}}$ be a family of independent $\pm 1$ centered Bernoulli random variables, and let $p, q > 1$. There exists a constant C such that for every (finite) linear combination ...
-1
votes
2answers
95 views

Blow up solution for a Riccati's equation

I apologize for the problem too simple, but I'm not able at solving it. Consider the Cauchy problem $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{l} \dot x=x(t)^2+t\\ x(0)=0 \end{array} \right. $$ Show that its solution ...
1
vote
1answer
210 views

Is it possible to sum the divergent series with prime coefficients?

It is known that the series $$ P := \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} p_{n} \qquad \text{where } p_{n} \text{ is the n'th prime} $$ cannot be summed by means of (prime) zeta function regularization. (The result was ...
3
votes
2answers
261 views

Is a Morse function always the height function of some embedding? [closed]

Pictures in introductory texts to Morse theory are often drawn as to interpret a Morse function as a height function. Typically, an embedding of a torus into $\mathbb{R}^3$ is drawn, and the Morse ...
0
votes
1answer
205 views

A Problem Concerning Odd Perfect Number

Briefly, prove that every odd number having only three distinct prime factors cannot be a perfect number. I know there are results much stronger than the one above, but I am looking for an answer ...
-2
votes
0answers
68 views

A Iterated Function Problem, f(f(x))=x^2+x [duplicate]

Suppose f(x) is a function defined on complex plane, satisfying f(f(x))=x^2+x, does it admit a solution? And what if f(x) is defined on R?
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Is polynomial chaos expansion interesting to surrogate surface?

I'm currently studying polynomial chaos. I want to use it for approximate surfaces but i'm not sure it's possible ? My surface is recursively defined like this : $$ F(x,t) = \underset y \sum ...
9
votes
2answers
186 views

What is the maximal number of distinct values of the product of n permuted ordinals

Because addition and multiplication of two order types are non-commutative operations, we have that for every integer n, given n ordinals, there are at most n! distinct possible values for the sum (or ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

A question on $p$-approximation property

We say that a subset $K$ of a Banach space $X$ is relatively $p$-compact($1\leq p<\infty$)if there exists a $p$-summable sequence $(x_{n})_{n=1}^{\infty}$ in $X$ such that $K$ is contained in ...
9
votes
4answers
459 views

A metric space of geometric shapes

My research involves geometric shapes in $R^2$, and I need a metric with several properties such as: Families of similar shapes, such as squares, are closed in this metric. Also more general ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

Complementary integrable vector fields

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Assume that $X$ is a non vanishing vector field tangent to $M$.(Or assume that we have a one dimensional foliation of $M$). Under what geometric ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

signed area between a curve and a straight line $x_1$=$x_2$ [closed]

Prove $\int_0^1$($x_1$ d$x_2$-$x_2$d$x_1$)=$\int_0^1\int_0^1$ d$x_1$ d$x_2$. Using the rules of differential form we can get d($x_1$ d$x_2$-$x_2$_d$x_1$)=2 d$x_1$ d$x_2$ and thus the Question. How ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

What is the relation between the length of period of simple continued fraction expansion of quadratic algebraic numbers $\sqrt{A}$ and the integer $A$

What is the relation between the length of period of simple continued fraction expansion of quadratic algebraic numbers and the integer As we know,$\sqrt{2} = [1;2,2,2,2,…]$; while $\sqrt{14}= ...
2
votes
2answers
359 views

Exponential Sum Bound

In http://131.220.77.52/files/preprints/diophantine/bruedern/wpminicubefinal.pdf, Bruedern and Wooley mention the following fact on the bottom of page 6: Let ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Estimating the volume of a union of balls

Let $\{ B_i \}_{i=1}^n$ be a set of $n$ ball in the unit cube $C$ of dimension $d$. If I want to estimate $$ \frac{ \lambda \left( \cup B_i \right) }{\lambda\left( C \right) }, \tag{1} $$ where ...
3
votes
1answer
208 views

Dynamics in the integers - Floor function

Let $\alpha$ be an irrational with $0<\alpha<1$. Consider the function given by \begin{align*} f: &\mathbb{N}\longrightarrow \mathbb{N}\\ &x\longmapsto [ \alpha\cdot x]\end{align*} where ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Weighted Kaplan-Meier estimator

Let two samples $(T_1, \ldots ,T_n)\sim F$ and $(C_1, \ldots ,C_n)\sim G$ are given, but not observed. Instead we observe $\tilde T_i = \min (T_i, C_i)$ and $\Delta _i = \mathbf{1}(T_i \leq C_i)$, ...
0
votes
0answers
203 views

What does a Turing machine compute? [closed]

I suspect that it might be necessary to define for a Turing machine how its inputs and outputs are to be interpreted in order to be able to say e.g. that a Turing machine $T$ computes an arithmetical ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Focal points for the exponential map and Jacobi fields

It is known that in a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, if there is a closed geodesic and a non-zero, periodic, non-constant Jacobi field along it, then M has a focal point. Is the converse true? That is ...
3
votes
1answer
231 views

Affine hulls and base change

Let $S$ be a scheme. We consider the functor, called affine hull, from the category of quasicompact and quasiseparated $S$-schemes to the category of affine $S$-schemes, defined as a left adjoint to ...
-3
votes
0answers
214 views

PhD, vector calculus [closed]

Are there published papers showing symmetric versions of the gradient and the Laplacian on the surface of a sphere? Let X, Y and Z be mutually perpendicular unit vectors in three space. A sphere of ...
8
votes
0answers
191 views

An angle-doubling trick of Kirillov and Berenstein [on hold]

Kirillov and Berenstein, in their article "Groups generated by involutions, Gelfand-Tsetlin patterns and combinatorics of Young tableaux" (available at math.uoregon.edu/~arkadiy/bk1.pdf), present a ...
9
votes
0answers
290 views
+50

When does $Pr[vr_i=ur_i\mid \forall j < i: vr_j=ur_j] =O( 1/\sqrt n)$?

In A conjecture about the entropy of matrix vector products I asked a conjecture relating to the entropy of a matrix-vector product. This conjecture is as yet unproven. domotorp then made another ...
0
votes
0answers
122 views

Does there exist this special kind of homeomorphism?

Let $A,B\subset\mathbb{R}^n, n\geq 2,$ are two different shaped spindles. One is thick and one is thin. (Sorry for my unprofessional statements. Unsure about how to say it rigorously.) So there are ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Minimum height of convex area, with minimum area dependant on number of fixed length sides [migrated]

I've come across a problem while coding that can be solved simply, to an adequate standard, but I'm sure has a very interesting perfect solution. The problem is as follows: Given N lines of ...
1
vote
2answers
236 views

Rationale behind an requirement on Turing machines

Hopcroft and Ullman's definition of a Turing machine seems to be standard. This definition defines a Turing machine to be a 7-tupel $T = \langle Q,\Gamma,b,\Sigma,\delta,q_0,F \rangle$ obeying some ...
0
votes
0answers
96 views

how to solve f(f(x))=x^2+x [duplicate]

Now I just know the equation f(f(x))=x^2+x, how can I find the f(x)? I have already tired many times,but I found it is difficult to solve it by any way I knew.So please help me solve the problem,and ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Brouwer fixed points via flow

Let $B$ be a closed ball in $n$-dimensional space, let $f$ be a "sufficiently smooth" map from $B$ to $B$, and let $p$ be a point on the boundary of $B$. It seems to me that something like the ...
0
votes
0answers
96 views

Galois descent of stacks

Suppose $X$ is a algebraic stack over a field $F$. Consider a Galois finite extension $F'$ of $F$. Let $X_{F'}:=X\times_F F'$ be the base extension. Suppose $X_{F'}$ is isomorphic to an algebraic ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

linear section of codimension $k+1$ of a variety of dimension $k$

Let $X$ be a variety of dimension $k$ and degree $d$. If $L$ is a linear subspace of codimension $k+1$ such that $|L\cap X|$ consists of a finite number of points, is there a way to find the maximum ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Can we always solve this equation in the space of Hermitian structures on a complex vector bundle?

Let $E,F$ and $G$ be three complex $C^{\infty}$-vector bundles of rank $r,s$ and $rs$. (I am using the notation from Kobayashi - Differential geometry of complex vector bundles, VI §2) Assume we ...
3
votes
3answers
323 views

Non-zero smooth functions vanishing on a Cantor set

It is easy to give examples of continuous functions $f:[0,1]\to \mathbb R_+\cup\{0\}$ non-zero but vanishing on a Cantor set (ex: Can Cantor set be the zero set of a continuous function?). It is ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

holomorphic vector fields on CP^2 blow ups

On $X=CP^2\#k{(-CP^2)}$ in $k$ generic points, Let $h^i=dim H^i(T^{1,0}X)$, for $i\ge 0$. First we know $h^i=0$ for $i\ge 2$. By Riemann-Roch formula, I obtain that $h^0-h^1=8-2k$. Would some one be ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Multi-dimensional permanent of structured tensor

I am facing the multidimensional permanent \begin{equation} \text{perm}(W) = \sum_{\sigma, \rho \in S_n} \prod_{j=1}^n W_{j, \sigma_j, \rho_j } \end{equation} of a 3-tensor $W_{j,k,l}$ of ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Examples of inner forms [migrated]

Let $G$ and $G′$ be two linear algebraic groups over a field $F$. From what I understand, $G$ is called an inner form of $G′$ if $G$ and $G′$ are isomorphic over a the (or an?) algebraic closure of ...
5
votes
0answers
102 views

Compact objects and ind-objects in triangulated categories

question : let $A$ be triangulated category compactly generated by subcategory $A^c$ of compact objects. Consider category of ind-objects $Ind(A^c)$. Is there relation between $A$ and $Ind(A^c)$? ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Must the radical of polynomial evaluated at integers be small enough at least once?

Basically I am interested if the radical of polynomial evaluated at integers can be small enough at least once. Let $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x], \deg(f)>1$ be squarefree. For integer $a$ and $f(a) \ne 0$ ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

(semi)stability of a net of quadrics and a certain criterion

Let $V:=H^0(\mathbb{P}^4,\mathcal{O}(1))$, $W:=H^0(\mathbb{P}^4,\mathcal{O}(2))$ and $Q_i(i=1,2,3)$ be quadric hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{P}^4$. To a net of quadrics $\Lambda=(Q_1,Q_2,Q_3)$, we ...
5
votes
2answers
306 views

Exponentiation and Dedekind-finite cardinals

It is known that the sum and the product of two Dedekind-finite cardinals are also Dedekind-finite cardinals. What about cardinal exponentiation ? Question: Let A and B be two Dedekind-finite ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Programmatically recognizing symmetries of a polyhedron

I asked this question on MSE a month ago, but nobody was able to answer it, so I guess the question is more difficult than I initially thought: ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Stationary distribution of Markov chain

Suppose I have a discrete time Markov chain $\boldsymbol{X}$ with state space $\mathbb{R}^+$. The chain is $\psi$-irreducible, aperiodic, atomless and has an invariant measure $\pi$. If $\pi$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Adjusting matrix in generalized eigenvalue problem for the design of eigenfunctions

Take two matrices $A,B \in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$. I am considering the generalized eigenvalue problem ($\gamma \in \mathbb{R}, \phi \in \mathbb{R}^n$) $$A\phi = \gamma B\phi.$$ Is there a ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

dual (p,q)-property

If the set system $(X,S)$ has the $(p,q)$-property does its dual system also have the property? (Possibly, for different $p$ and $q$.) Explicitly, I am asking about the equivalence of the following ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Maximum sets of lattice points such that only a few points collinear

Consider all the integer points $\in [0,n]\times[0,n]$, I want to find the maximum subset $S$ of which such that there are at most $n^\varepsilon(0<\varepsilon<1)$ points in $S$ collinear. So, ...

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