All Questions

16
votes
1answer
279 views

Is such a map null-homotopic?

Suppose I have (semi-infinite) chain complexes $$ \cdots \rightarrow A_i \rightarrow A_{i+1}\rightarrow \cdots$$ $$ \cdots \rightarrow B_i \rightarrow B_{i+1}\rightarrow \cdots$$ over an additive ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Better Sobolev inequality holds in this case when assuming doubling and Poincare inequality?

Let $X$ be a Polish space and let $m$ be a locally finite Borel measure on $X$. Let $\epsilon$ be a strongly local, regular Dirichlet form on $L^2(X,m)$ with Domain $V :=\{f\in ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

Can the Gaussian integers be covered by restricted recurrences?

Relaxation of the second question here. Let $a(n)$ be recurrence of the form $a(n)=f(n,a(n-1)\ldots(a(n-k))$ with fixed initial terms. (Observe that it might depend on $n$). $f$ may contain ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

Fano varieties of cubic threefolds

Let $X$ be a smooth cubic threefold over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $F(X)$ denote the Fano variety of lines in $X$, which is a smooth surface of general type. Is this class of surfaces distingushed ...
-2
votes
0answers
30 views

Can this specific Mixed-Integer Linear Program constraint be expressed? [closed]

Thanks for your time. I have a linear program and no idea how I could express a form of constraint and even if it's possible. Maybe someone here know a solution. A company assembly and sells a ...
2
votes
0answers
163 views

What would be the consequences of $\displaystyle{\lim\inf_{n\to\infty}p_{n+k}-p_{n}\sim k\log k}$?

The question is in the title: what would be the number theoretic consequences if we managed to establish the conjectured asymptotic equality $\displaystyle{\lim\inf_{n\to\infty}p_{n+k}-p_{n}\sim k\log ...
6
votes
1answer
414 views

Does Nelson try to prove PA inconsistent directly?

Edward Nelson is known for his serious attempts to show that Peano axioms, and sometimes even weaker theories, are inconsistent. I wasn't able to find Nelson's papers anywhere, so I wanted to ask a ...
3
votes
1answer
229 views

Question on effective Mordell conjecture

Suppose $F(x,y,z)$ is a homogeneous polynomial over $\mathbb{Q}$, where $C:F(x,y,z)=0$ is a curve of genus $g\geq 2$. Question: Faltings proved that $C$ has finite many rational points. Suppose that ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

almost huge embeddings and stationary correctness

Suppose $\kappa$ is an almost huge cardinal. Using the characterization of Theorem 24.11 in Kanamori's book, one can show that if $j : V \to M$ is an embedding derived from an almost-huge tower of ...
-2
votes
0answers
61 views

Centralizer of element in group PSL(2,F_p) [migrated]

Is it true, that $\forall g\in PSL(2,F_p)\setminus\{e\}$, $Z(g)$ is Abelian? I think that this is true, but i can't find a simple proof.
-3
votes
1answer
27 views

Convert constraint to do convex optimization or use Lagrange multiplier method [on hold]

$w_1, w_2, w_3 ... w_n$ are the weights I need to find I have the following constraint: $|w_1| + |w_2| + .. |w_n| <= 5$ That is the sum of the absolute values of the weights has to be less than ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Estimate of the sum Taylor's coefficients

Let $f(x) = \begin{cases}\ln\frac{x}{e^x-1}, \quad x > 0; \\ 0, \quad\qquad x=0; \\ \ln\frac{x}{e^x-1}, \quad x < 0. \end{cases}$ Power series in 0: $f(x) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} a_n x^n = ...
-1
votes
0answers
51 views

Lower bound for sum of binomial coefficients without summation [on hold]

I am new here. So, I will be happy if can somebody help me to find an answer for this proof. I want to prove this lower bound: $$ \log {{n \choose n_1}} \leq nlog {n} - n_1log(n_1) - ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

Curvatures preserved under the Kahler-Ricci flow

Maybe it is a trivial question. Is there any obvious reason that non-negative holomorphic bisectional curvature is preserved by (normalized) Kahler-Ricci flow, but non-negative Ricci curvature is not ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Some questions on analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations

I would like to ask a number of questions about the theory of analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations, but before I do so, let me fix the terminology to be used in this ...
10
votes
1answer
302 views

Is there an $L$ like inner model for $\sf Z$?

Godel proved the consistency of the axiom of choice with the axioms of $\sf ZF$ by showing that given any model of $\sf ZF$, there is a definable class which satisfies $\sf ZFC$. The proof uses a lot ...
11
votes
2answers
361 views

Who first noticed that Stirling numbers of the second kind count partitions?

When the Stirling numbers of the second kind were introduced by James Stirling in 1730, it was not combinatorially; rather, the numbers ${n \brace k}$ were defined via the polynomial identity $$ x^n = ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

The number of blocks in Szemerédi Regularity Lemma

In mathematics, the Szemerédi regularity lemma states that every large enough graph can be divided into subsets of about the same size so that the edges between different subsets behave almost ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Resolving nodes of a quintic CY 3-fold

Let's consider the following quintic 3-fold $X$: \begin{equation} \{(x_i) \in \mathbb{P}^4 \ | \ x_1f(x)-x_2g(x)=0\} \end{equation} for generic homogeneous polynomials $f(x),g(x)$ of degree four. It ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Understanding Prof. Keevash's proof on the “Existence of Designs” [closed]

I have tried to read Prof. Kevvash's paper on the "Existence of designs". I am finding it very tough to read it linearly. I am comfortable with the nibble ideas and probabilistic methods in general. ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

the eigenvalues of a generalized circulant matrix

A $2k\times 2k$ circulant matrix $\ C$ takes the form \begin{align} C= \begin{bmatrix} c_0 & c_{2k-1} & \dots & c_{2} & c_{1} \\ c_{1} & c_0 & c_{2k-1} & & c_{2} ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Behavior of elementary symmetric polynomials near zero sets

It is straightforward to show (see Characterizing intersection of zero sets of elementary symmetric polynomials on R^n) that the set of points $\Lambda_{k}$ in $x \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ with ...
-4
votes
0answers
37 views

Compare time it takes to travel a curve and a line [closed]

First posted in Math Stack Exchange: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/989690/compare-time-it-takes-to-travel-a-curve-and-a-line?noredirect=1#comment2025799_989690 Suppose you have a right ...
5
votes
1answer
215 views

Polynomial recurrence relation covering the integers (and then Gaussian integers)

Say that a polynomial recurrence relation (my terminology) for $f_i$ is: $k$ initial conditions setting $f_1,\ldots,f_k$ to integers ($\in \mathbb{Z})$. A recurrence equation of the form $f_i =$ a ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Number of orbits of $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathcal O_A)$ on $\mathbf P^1(A)$ when $A$ is a quaternion algebra

This is a reference request. Let $A$ be an anisotropic quaternion algebra over $\mathbf Q$. Let $\mathcal O_A$ be a maximal order in $A$. Then $\mathrm{SL}_2(A)$ acts transitively on the right on ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

What is the state of art MIQP solver

I used Gurobi with a MIQP with 26 binary variables and 26*4 interaction term without any other constraint. The speed is very slow already.... I want to ask what is the state of art of MIQP solvers. ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Intersection points of closed curves inscribed in a convex polygon

Suppose that I have two distinct simple closed curves, $C_1$ & $C_2$, and each is inscribed in a convex polygon, D. By inscribed, I mean tangent to each side of D. In particular, I am most ...
-4
votes
0answers
51 views

In Dedekind' construction of real numbers, what's wrong with this understanding [closed]

in this prove, every cut corresponds to a real number. and a cut is a subset of Q.and cut have these three properties.1.is not empty 2.if p belong to this cut,any qp so in my understanding, every cut ...
-5
votes
0answers
53 views

transitive actions of automorphism group [closed]

Can a finite group be extended to a group whose group of automorphisms acts transitively on the first group. Or more generally, given any finite module, can we extend this module so that the group ...
-2
votes
0answers
66 views

The space $W = \{u \in L^2(0,T;V) : u_t \in L^2(0,T:V^*)\}$ without having identified $H$ and $H^*$ [on hold]

Let $V \subset H \subset V^*$ be a Gelfand triple with the Hilbert space $H$ identified with its dual space and $V$ a reflexive separable Banach space. Define $W = \{u \in L^2(0,T;V) : u_t \in ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

A lower bound on the $L^2$ norm of a Dirichlet polynomial

The Question. Suppose $0 < \alpha < \beta$ are fixed, and $a_n$ is an arbitrary sequence of real numbers. Is it known how to bound from below \begin{equation*} \int_0^{T} \Big| \sum_{\alpha T ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Is the fundamental group of an open arithmetic Riemann surface contained in $\Gamma(2)$

Let $X$ be a non-compact Riemann surface with universal covering $\mathbb H$ and suppose that the fundamental group of $X$ is an arithmetic subgroup of $\mathrm{Aut}(\mathbb H) = ...
0
votes
1answer
145 views

How to solve $e^{f(x)} + a f(x) + bx = 0$ [closed]

How should determine solutions to equations of this form? $$e^{-f(x)} + b f(x) = ax$$ Here $f(x)>0$ is real valued. Also $a>0$, $b>0$.
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Finite extension of K(x) with extra structure: definable over field of invariants?

Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field, and let $\sigma$ be an automorphism on $K$. Set $k=K^\sigma$. Consider the rational function field $K(x)$ and extend $\sigma$ to $K(x)$ by $\sigma(x)=x$, ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Finite series with reciprocal factorials

I asked the question at MSE http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/982388/simple-finite-series-with-reciprocal-factorials but got no answer or comment (it is not a homework). I'm trying to find the ...
4
votes
0answers
179 views

Any counterexamples known for the Generalized Tate conjecture?

One can state the generalized Tate conjecture over arbitrary finitely generated fields; to this end one should just define Galois representation to be effective if the eignevalues of the actions of ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Polynomial (non-)embedding of a simplex in euclidean space

Let $\Delta$ be a standard $k$-simplex, and let $f:\Delta\to\mathbb R^N$ be a polynomial map with known numerical coefficients. What sort of practical computational algorithms can be used to ...
6
votes
2answers
272 views

$j$-invariants of elliptic curves over finite fields

Let $K$ be a finite field, and $\overline{K}$ its algebraic closure. It is well known that two curves are isomorphic over $\overline{K}$ if and only if they have the same $j$-invariant. If two such ...
15
votes
4answers
1k views

Is every number the sum of two cubes modulo p where p is a prime not equal to 7?

If p is a prime other than 7, can every integer be written as sum of two cubes modulo p? Has Waring's problem mod p for cubes been proved simply and directly? Thanks for your proof. Lemi
5
votes
2answers
225 views

Which groups are LERF?

A finitely generated group $G$ is called LERF if every finitely generated $H \leq G$ is closed in the profinite topology on $G$ (equivalently, there is a family of finite index subgroups of $G$ ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

2x3 = 5+1 AND 2+3 = 5x1. How many other examples of this type? [migrated]

I noticed the following: 2x3 = 5+1. If you switch the operators, it is still true: 2+3 = 5*1. There is another obvious/trivial example where you can swap the operators: 2x2 = 2+2. I think these ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Reference for a fact (?) on homeomorphic knot complements

Does somebody have a reference (or an argument why it should be true) for the following statement? “Let $K$ and $K'$ be knots in $S^3$. If there is an orientation-preserving homeomorphism $h : S^3 ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

How to infer missing nodes from a path?

I have a first data set which is a list of train stops with coordinates (lat, lon), but not the "links" between the nodes/stops (this could thought of as a null or empty graph). I have a second data ...
2
votes
0answers
105 views

Marshall Hall's theorem for surface groups [closed]

Let $\Gamma_g$ be a surface group of genus $g \geq 2$, that is we have a presentation: $$\Gamma_g = \langle x_1,y_1 \dots, x_g,y_g \vert \prod_{i = 1}^g [x_i,y_i] = 1\rangle$$ Let $H \leq \Gamma_g$ ...
3
votes
1answer
249 views

Doing some homological algebra in triangulated categories

It's well known that chain complexes are an abelian category, and in particular we can consider chain complexes of chain complexes, i.e. double complexes. Given a double complex $A^{\bullet\bullet} ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Existence of half-planes with respect to regular open sets of the Euclidean plane

I initially asked this question at math.stackexchange.com but there was no reaction, so I thought this may be a good idea to transfer it to mathoverflow.net Let ...
11
votes
0answers
127 views

When is a group Fibonacci sequence contained in a single conjugacy class?

First a definition: a Fibonacci sequence in a group is a sequence in which the first two elements may be arbitrary, and from there on each element is a product (using the group operation) of the ...
4
votes
2answers
231 views

Topological characterization of injective metric spaces

Let $\ (X\ d)\ \,(Y\ \delta)\ $ be arbitrary metric spaces. A function $\ f:X\rightarrow Y\ $ is called a metric map (with respect to the given metrics $\ d\ \delta$) $\ \Leftarrow:\Rightarrow\ ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Does restriction to an open subgroup preserve projective smooth representations?

Let $G$ be a locally profinite group and $K \le G$ an open subgroup. Does the restriction functor $\mathrm{Res}^G_K$ from the category of smooth $\mathbb{C}$-linear representations of $G$ to smooth ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Central automorphisms of groups act transitively on Krull-Schmidt decompositions

(Cross posted from math.SE) I'm looking for a modern reference to the subject line, preferably one that doesn't use Ore's generalizations to modular lattices. To clarify terminology... Suppose we ...

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