5
votes
2answers
361 views

Explicit Isomorphism between $Cl(8)$ and $\mathbb{R}(16)$

I am looking for a explicit isomorphism between $Cl(8)$ (Clifford algebra over $\mathbb{R}^8$ with standard Euclidean metric) and $\mathbb{R}(16)$ (algebra of $16\times 16$ matrices over ...
42
votes
4answers
7k views

Do we still need model categories?

One modern POV on model categories is that they are presentations of $(\infty, 1)$-categories (namely, given a model category, you obtain an $\infty$-category by localizing at the category of weak ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

Analogues of Primitive Recursive Functions

Let $\mathbf{A}$ be an admissible set (possibly with urelements). I am wondering if there is some good notion of "primitive recursive arithmetic" relative to $\mathbf{A}$. More precisely, I would like ...
37
votes
25answers
8k views

Theorems for nothing (and the proofs for free) [closed]

Some theorems give far more than you feel they ought to: a weak hypothesis is enough to prove a strong result. Of course, there's almost always a lot of machinery hidden below the waterline. Such ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Do the roots of this equation involving two Euler products all reside on the critical line?

This question loosely builds on the second part of this one. Take the Riemann $\xi$-function: $\xi(s) =\frac12 s\,(s-1) \,\pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\, \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s)$. Numerical ...
4
votes
0answers
79 views

Local factors of Tamagawa measure

This is a reference request to some computations which I hope can be found in the literature somewhere. Let $G\subset GL_n$ be a semisimple linear algebraic group over $\mathbb Q$. The Tamagawa ...
65
votes
7answers
10k views

Is the boundary $\partial S$ analogous to a derivative?

Without prethought, I mentioned in class once that the reason the symbol $\partial$ is used to represent the boundary operator in topology is that its behavior is akin to a derivative. But after ...
46
votes
11answers
5k views

Compelling evidence that two basepoints are better than one

This question is inspired by an answer of Tim Porter. Ronnie Brown pioneered a framework for homotopy theory in which one may consider multiple basepoints. These ideas are accessibly presented in his ...
0
votes
1answer
315 views

Q re Kaprekar's fixed mapping points

Jens Kruse Andersen in his comment in OEIS's A099009 noticed 3 families of numbers among Kaprekar's fixed mapping points (otherwise known as kernels of the Kaprekar's routine): "Let $d(n)$ denote ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Theorem (Øystein Ore, 1938): A finite group $G$ is cyclic iff its lattice of subgroups $\mathcal{L}(G)$ is distributive. Proof: see below. Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups and ...
12
votes
1answer
312 views

Applications of Lubotzky's linearity theorem?

Lubotzky's theorem is a necessary and sufficient set of conditions for a finitely generated discrete group to be linear, i.e. isomorphic to a subgroup of $GL_n(K)$, where $K$ is a field of ...
71
votes
11answers
14k views

“Philosophical” meaning of the Yoneda Lemma

The Yoneda Lemma is a simple result of category theory, and its proof is very straightforward. Yet I feel like I do not truly understand what it is about; I have seen a few comments here mentioning ...
4
votes
1answer
426 views

Convergence of random variables with hypergeometric distribution

This is a very interesting conjecture of large scale property of hypergeometric distribution. Let $a>1$ be a integer constant, $N\in\mathbb{N_+}$, for any $x<N-1$, consider $N+(a-1)x$ balls in ...
56
votes
8answers
5k views

equivalence of Grothendieck-style versus Cech-style sheaf cohomology

Given a topological space $X$, we can define the sheaf cohomology of $X$ in I. the Grothendieck style (as the right derived functor of the global sections functor $\Gamma(X,-)$) or II. the Čech ...
2
votes
1answer
234 views

Octonions product: inversion in the right and identity in the left

Once octonions product is studied, together with the relations with $Spin(8)$ and $SO(8)$ geometry (see for instance Robert Bryant's notes), one realises that the key fact bringing all the phenomena ...
18
votes
3answers
449 views

Local Inverse Galois Problem

It's a basic fact that a finite Galois extension $L/K$ of a local nonarchimedian field $K$ has solvable (in fact supersolvable) Galois group $G$. One sees this by using the ramification filtration ...
23
votes
3answers
947 views

What are the higher homotopy groups of a K3 suface?

All K3 surfaces have the same homotopy type. What are their higher homotopy groups? I know that $\pi_1$ is trivial, and $\pi_2$ is $\mathbb{Z}^{22}$. Even if the answer isn't known in all degrees, ...
5
votes
0answers
64 views

Rate of convergence of Riemann sum of quasi-regular functions

The following result is well-known (I consider the 3-dimensional case only): Theorem: if $f \in H^s(\mathbb{R}^3)$ with $ s > 3/2$ is compactly supported, then $$ \left| \int_{\mathbb{R}^3} f - ...
7
votes
1answer
212 views

Smooth quadric hypersurface, Hilbert scheme is blowup of Grassmannian?

Let $Q \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth quadric hypersurface. Where can I find a proof of/can anyone supply a proof of$$\text{Hilb}_{2m + 1}(Q) \cong \text{Bl}_{OG(3, n+1)}G(3, n+1)?$$Can we conclude ...
13
votes
2answers
672 views

Homotopy groups of Fredholm operators

If $X$ is separable complex Hilbert space and $\mathcal{F}$ the topological space of Fredholm operators on $X$, then it is well-known, that $$ \pi_0(\mathcal{F}) = \mathbb{Z}\, , $$ i.e. the connected ...
8
votes
1answer
316 views

Can we construct a Baas-Sullivan presentation of TMF?

Quick Review: The Baas-Sullivan construction cones off generators $\alpha_1, ..., \alpha_n \in \pi_*(MU)$ from $MU$ to get a new spectrum $MU/(\alpha_1, ..., \alpha_n)$, which is isomorphic to some ...
61
votes
16answers
10k views

Why is it a good idea to study a ring by studying its modules?

This is related to another question of mine. Suppose you met someone who was well-acquainted with the basic properties of rings, but who had never heard of a module. You tell him that modules ...
16
votes
1answer
499 views

Geometric generic fibre

This is a pretty elementary question about schemes, but it came up in the course of research, so let's try it here rather than MSE. Question 1: Are the fibres of a family of complex varieties ...
25
votes
8answers
4k views

How should one think about sheafification and the difference between a sheaf and a presheaf

The first time I got in touch with the abstract notion of a sheaf on a topological space $X$, I thought of it as something which assigns to an open set $U$ of $X$ something like the ring of continuous ...
1
vote
1answer
383 views

Equidimensionality of stalks of $\operatorname{Proj} S$ when $S$ is equidimensional.

I would like to know a reference of the following statement (or counter example). Let $S$ be a (commutative) Noetherian standard graded ring over a local ring, i.e., $S = S_0[S_1]$, where $S_0$ is ...
65
votes
3answers
12k views

Slick proof?: A vector space has the same dimension as its dual if and only if it is finite dimensional

A very important theorem in linear algebra that is rarely taught is: A vector space has the same dimension as its dual if and only if it is finite dimensional. I have seen a total of one proof ...
31
votes
7answers
4k views

Is there a preferable convention for defining the wedge product?

There are different conventions for defininig the wedge product $\wedge$. In Kobayashi-Nomizu, there is $\alpha\wedge\beta:=Alt(\alpha\otimes\beta)$, in Spivak, we find ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Mysterious quotes (at least for me)

I heard two quotes, one from Alain Connes and an other one from Orlov. Alain Connes was talking about noncommutative geometry and he said the following: " a noncommutative algebra creates its own ...
46
votes
7answers
5k views

Riemannian surfaces with an explicit distance function?

I'm looking for explicit examples of Riemannian surfaces (two-dimensional Riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$) for which the distance function d(x,y) can be given explicitly in terms of local coordinates of ...
56
votes
9answers
7k views

Is there any formal foundation to ultrafinitism?

Ultrafinitism is (I believe) a philosophy of mathematics that is not only constructive, but does not admit the existence of arbitrarily large natural numbers. According to wikipedia, it has been ...
38
votes
6answers
3k views

Non-enumerative proof that there are many derangements?

Recall that a derangement is a permutation $\pi: \{1,\ldots,n\} \to \{1,\ldots,n\}$ with no fixed points: $\pi(j) \neq j$ for all $j$. A classical application of the inclusion-exclusion principle ...
8
votes
1answer
302 views

Foliations of Lorentzian manifolds by Spacelike Hypersurfaces

Suppose that $M$ is a Lorentzian manifold (not necessarily satisfying Einstein's equations). What conditions do we need in order to guarantee that $M$ admits a foliation by codimension-$1$ spacelike ...
44
votes
3answers
2k views

Operations via Morse Theory

I am interested in seeing if and how Morse Theory can "do everything". Some core things are handle decomposition, Bott periodicity, and Euler characteristic. But what do the normal (co)homology ...
12
votes
14answers
4k views

Basic software libraries for numerical analysis using modern programming languages?

I'm looking for a software library with a scope similar to "numerical recipes", but implemented in a modern programming language. "Modern" in this context means to me: object oriented (not C or ...
25
votes
7answers
8k views

Changing Careers: Becoming a Professional Mathematician

First, I apologize if this question is too soft or doesn't comport precisely with what is considered a good question, but I know of no other place to ask it. A little background: I obtained an ...
40
votes
12answers
6k views

japanese/chinese for mathematicians?

I'd like to learn to read math articles in Japanese or Chinese, but I am not interested in learning these languages from usual textbooks. Exist suitable texts, specialized for the needs for reading ...
93
votes
4answers
6k views

If $2^x $and $3^x$ are integers, must $x$ be as well?

I'm fascinated by this open problem (if it is indeed still that) and every few years I try to check up on its status. Some background: Let $x$ be a positive real number. If $n^x$ is an integer for ...
33
votes
7answers
17k views

Example of a good Zero Knowledge Proof.

I am working on my zero knowledge proofs and I am looking for a good example of a real world proof of this type. An even better answer would be a Zero Knowledge Proof that shows the statement isn't ...
29
votes
17answers
8k views

Computer Science for Mathematicians

This is a big-list community question, so I'm sorry in advance if it is deemed too soft but I haven't seen anything similar yet. I've seen computer scienctists post questions looking to learn things ...
9
votes
8answers
16k views

What is the difference between matrix theory and linear algebra? [closed]

Hi, Currently, I'm taking matrix theory, and our textbook is Strang's Linear Algebra. Besides matrix theory, which all engineers must take, there exists linear algebra I and II for math majors. What ...
20
votes
15answers
19k views

Good Algebraic Number Theory Books

I have just finished a master's degree in Mathematics and want to learn everything possible about algebraic number fields and especially applications to the generalized Pell equation (my thesis ...
3
votes
1answer
186 views

Self-adjointness of the components of the magnetic derivative

On $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ define the operator $\Pi_{j} u := (-i\partial/\partial x_{j} - A_{j})u$, where $A_{j} \in L^{2}_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ represents the $j$-th component of the magnetic ...
43
votes
7answers
7k views

What is the symbol of a differential operator?

I find Wikipedia's discussion of symbols of differential operators a bit impenetrable, and Google doesn't seem to turn up useful links, so I'm hoping someone can point me to a more pedantic ...
25
votes
2answers
8k views

Irrationality of $ \pi e, \pi^{\pi}$ and $e^{\pi^2}$

What is known about irrationality of $\pi e$, $\pi^\pi$ and $e^{\pi^2}$?
46
votes
0answers
552 views

Topological cobordisms between smooth manifolds

Wall has calculated enough about the cobordism ring of oriented smooth manifolds that we know that two oriented smooth manifolds are oriented cobordant if and only if they have the same ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Progressively measurable vs adapted

I often see in stochastic calculus books the terms 'adapted process' and 'progressively measurable process'. I know there is a small difference between them (every progressively measurable process is ...
24
votes
3answers
1k views

Function extensionality: does it make a difference? why would one keep it out of the axioms?

Yesterday I was shocked to discover that function extensionality (the statement that if two functions $f$ and $g$ on the same domain satisfy $f\left(x\right) = g\left(x\right)$ for all $x$ in the ...
28
votes
4answers
4k views

Volumes of n-balls: what is so special about n=5?

I am reposting this question from math.stackexchange where it has not yet generated an answer I had been looking for. The volume of an $n$-dimensional ball of radius $R$ is given by the classical ...
60
votes
6answers
14k views

How many orders of infinity are there?

Define a growth function to be a monotone increasing function $F: {\bf N} \to {\bf N}$, thus for instance $n \mapsto n^2$, $n \mapsto 2^n$, $n \mapsto 2^{2^n}$ are examples of growth functions. Let's ...
19
votes
5answers
4k views

Why did Bourbaki ignore the theory of categories? [closed]

QUESTION They had plenty of time to adopt the theory of categories. They had Eilenberg, then Cartan, then Grothendieck. Did they feel that they have established their approach already, that it's too ...

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