2
votes
0answers
42 views

Multiplication operators are sectorial [migrated]

Consider the multiplication operator $M_a$ on $L^p(M)$, where $M$ is a Riemannian manifold, and $a$ is a non-negative function. An operator $A$ is said to be sectorial if there exists $\theta \in (0, ...
3
votes
2answers
173 views

Conformal map and Jordan curve

Here is my question : Suppose you have a simple (analytic) closed curve $\gamma$ in an open simply connected domain $\Omega \neq \mathbb{C}$. Does there exist a conformal bijection $f : \Omega ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Is the spin group in a metaplectic group?

Is every spin group $Spin(n,R)$ over the reals contained in some metaplectic group $Mp(m,R)$ for some $m$ in such a way that the spin representation is obtained by restriction of the metaplectic ...
16
votes
1answer
394 views

Differential Topology over $\mathbb{Q}$

I have a specific question in mind, but it requires some explanation and context before it can be formally stated. To summarize it in a sentence, this is it: Are every two rational manifolds of the ...
4
votes
2answers
110 views

How to find an ODE with prescribed terminal values?

Let us consider an ODE $$\frac{dx_t^y}{dt}=g(x_t^y),$$ where y is the initial condition i.e. $x_0^y=y$. Now, given a function $f$ (increasing and smooth) is it possible to find $g$ (i.e. an ODE) ...
7
votes
1answer
91 views

Determinant of some covariance matrix (Gaussian kernel process)

Let $x_1,\dots,x_p$ be $p$ points in $\mathbb{R}^n$ ($n\geq 2$) with $x_1=0$. Consider the symmetric matrix $M(x)=(m_{ij}(x))_{1\leq i,j\leq p}$ where $m_{ij}(x) = \exp(-\frac{1}{2}\Vert x_i - ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Preprint by Wall on Sjogren's theorem

In their account http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-4049(87)90048-X of Sjogren's theorem, Cliff and Hartley refer to two articles: [9] B. Hartley, A note on a lemma of Sjogren relating to. dimension ...
7
votes
3answers
227 views

Borel coloring of a graph on the set of all functions $f:\mathbb{N}\to\mathbb{N}$

The following question was asked in a comment by Joel David Hamkins in Graph on the set of all functions $f:\mathbb{N}\to\mathbb{N}$. Let $V$ be the set of all functions $f:\mathbb{N}\to\mathbb{N}$. ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

n-homology of a Harish-Chandra module

Let $G$ be a connected real reductive Lie group and let $K$ be its maximal compact subgroup. Let $P=MAN$ a parabolic subgroup. Let $K_M^0=M^0\cap K$ be connected component of the maximal compact ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Lower and upper density of iterations of subsets of $\mathbb{N}$ [migrated]

For $A\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ we define the lower and upper density by if $$\text{lowd}(A)=\text{lim inf}_{n\to\infty}\frac{|A\cap\{1,\ldots,n\}|}{n}, \text{upd}(A)=\text{lim ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Generalization of the Lie group exponential map and its derivative

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra of a Lie group $G$, and $exp:\mathfrak{g}\to G$ be its exponential map. The group $G$ could be finite or infinite dimensional. Let $G$ have the property that ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Must a group of defficiency > 1 be nonabelian?

Let $F$ be a free group of finite rank $n > 2$, and let $S \subseteq F$ be a subset of cardinality at most $n-2$. Denote by $S^F$ the normal subgroup of $F$ generated by $S$. Must $F/S^F$ be ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Can a cylinder be regarded as a Riemannian manifold? [on hold]

Consider the surface of a bounded cylinder consisting of a top,bottom and side part together with the metric induced by the euclidean norm on $\mathbb{R}^3$. Can this space be regarded as a Riemannian ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

nilpotent of class 2 free product

How is the nilpotent of class 2 (nil-2) free product of groups defined? I came across this construction reading the following paper. Alan H. Mekler (1981). Stability of nilpotent groups of class 2 ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

Graph on the set of all functions $f:\mathbb{N}\to\mathbb{N}$

Let $V$ be the set of all functions $f:\mathbb{N}\to\mathbb{N}$. Let $$E:=\big\{\{f,g\}: f, g \in V \land f\neq g\land \exists k\in \mathbb{N} \text{ }\forall n\in\mathbb{N}\setminus\{k\} (f(n) = ...
1
vote
0answers
119 views

Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity in multigraded case

Let $R=\oplus_{n\geq 0}R_n$ be a standard Noetherian commuative graded ring over a local ring $(A,m)$ where $R_0=A.$ Put $R_+=\oplus_{n\geq 1}R_n.$ Let $M$ be a finitely generated $\mathbb Z$-graded ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Inverse limit in shape theory

Is the shape theory of Hausdorff compact spaces complete with respect to the inverse limit operation?--complete means that for every inverse system of Hausdorff compact spaces, and the shape morphisms ...
5
votes
0answers
87 views

Example of a torsionfree group satisfying a cohomological condition

Let us call a finitely generated group $G$ cohomologically rich if for each $k \geq 0$, we can find a subgroup $G'$ and a prime $p$ such that $H^k(G';\mathbb F_p) \neq 0$. Examples which come to mind ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Resolvent estimate of hyperbolic Laplacian [on hold]

Consider the Laplacian $-\Delta$ on the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n$. For $\lambda \in \mathbb{C} \setminus [0, \infty)$, do we have resolvent estimates of the form $$\Vert (-\Delta - \lambda ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

The dualizing sheaf for a proper smooth variety

Suppose $X$ is a $n$ dimensional proper smooth variety, is the dualizing sheaf of $X$ the top wedge of sheaf of differentials: $\omega_X^0=\wedge^n\Omega^1_X$? If not what is it? (By Chow lemma, we ...
-2
votes
1answer
42 views

Roots of $X^{l-1}+1$ in a quadratic extension $F_q, q= l^2$ [on hold]

Consider a finite field $F_q$ where $q=l^2$ ($l$ can be of the form $p^m$). Does $F_q$ has a root of $X^{l-1}+1$? As $X^l+X = X(X^{l-1}+1)$ we can show that $X^{l-1}+1$ splits if it has a root. This ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Alternating Reciprocal of Squares [migrated]

I know that the infinite sum of the reciprocals of squares converges to $\pi^2/6$. Interested by this, I looked at a different sum. It is similar to the previously mentioned series, but it alternates ...
-3
votes
0answers
43 views

try to calculate the probability [closed]

Prove that if you choose two points uniformly and independently on a line of length 1, then the expected distance between the points is 1/3. My answer is 1/6, not match the question
3
votes
3answers
183 views

Enumerating cosets of the modular group

Suppose we chose the generators $f(z) = z+1, g(z) = z-1, h(z) = -1/z$ for the modular group $\Gamma$ (i.e. the group of fractional linear tranformations $z \mapsto (az +b)/(cz+d)$ with $a,b,c,d \in ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Automorphisms of Grothendieck rings coming from fusion categories

The Grothendieck ring $\mathcal K_0(\mathcal C)$ of a fusion category $\mathcal C$ is a unital based ring in the sense of math/0111139v1 with basis $B$ and involution $*$. Basis elements correspond to ...
4
votes
2answers
56 views

Expressing a convex Polytope as a sublevel set of a function

Given an n-dimensional polytope $P$ in $\mathbb R^n$, Given as a convex hull of a finite set of points, $S$ I would like to construct an expliict formula for a function $f\colon \mathbb R^n \to ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Completing Karlin's proof of variation diminishing transformation theorem

In S Karlin's book total positivity there's a theorem that says if $K(x,y)$ is $TP_r$ (totally positive with degree $r$) and the sign change count of function $h$, $S(h) = n\leq r-1$, then ...
10
votes
0answers
154 views

How long can a cycle of antichains in a finite partial order be?

Suppose that $X$ is a finite partially ordered set. Then a subset $A\subseteq X$ is said to be an antichain if there do not exist elements $a,b\in A$ with $a<b$. Let $\mathcal{A}_{X}$ be the set of ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

About supersolvable Lie algebras

A colleague of mine asked me the question below, and since I could not answer it, I thought I might have more luck on MO. In Encyclopedia of Mathematics, a finite dimensional Lie algebra $L$ over a ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Real slices of Minkowski space, using a complex quadratic form

Ordinary Minkowski space is $\mathbb{R}^{3,1}:=(\mathbb{R}^4,\phi)$ where $\phi:\mathbb{R}^4\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is a quadratic form of signature $(3,1)$. Lying within this is a hyperboloid model ...
2
votes
0answers
160 views

References for 'Theory of $p$-adic Galois Representations by Fontaine & Ouyang'

Presently I am reading the 'Theory of $p$-adic Galois Representations by Fontaine & Ouyang'. I am finding it difficult for eg. the initial sections on $l$-adic geometric representation of finite ...
0
votes
0answers
92 views
+50

Derivatives of radial functions can be bounded by derivatives in terms of radial distance?

Suppose $f$ is a radial function, i.e., $f(x)=f(|x|)$, and $f \in C^\infty(\bar{B})$, where $\bar{B}$ is the closure of the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Prove or disprove the following. Given any ...
0
votes
1answer
331 views

Will this be a case of self plagiarism or will it annoy the referee? [on hold]

About 2 months ago, I uploaded a fairly long paper (P1) to arXiv and it is currently under review. Now, I am writing a second paper (P2) on a somewhat different topic. But quite unexpectedly, it ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Model structure on non-negative differential graded algebras with homological grading

I was wondering if there exists a model structure on the category of non-negative differential graded algebras with homological grading. To be more precise: Let $Ch_{k}$ the model category of ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Consequences of Serre's property FA

Proposition 21 of Serre's Trees: Let G be a group with property FA. If G is contained in an amalgam then G is contained in a conjugate of one of the amalgam's factors. Can anybody help with this ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Schatten $p$-classes for small $p$

Suppose $\mathcal H$ is a separable Hilbert space and $T$ is a compact self-adjoint operator on $\mathcal H$. Let $\{e_n\}$ be an orthonormal basis for $\mathcal H$. Fix $1<p<2$. Does ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

Localized at $p$ integral representations of finite elementary $p$-groups

Let $C_p$ be a cyclic group of prime order $p$. Let $F=C_p^n=C_p\times\dots\times C_p$ ($n$ times). I would like to to classify finite dimensional representations of $F$ over ${\mathbb{Z}}$. However, ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Find the intersection between two convex hulls, in this specific case

We work over $\mathbb{R}^K$. Let $V$ be the set of vectors whose coordinates take values $0$ or $1$, or equivalently the corners of the unit cube $[0,1]^K$. Let $d:\{0, \ldots, K\} \to \mathbb{R}_+$ ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Is the endpoint map smooth

Given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ and (with $U_0 = I$ taken) the following ODE: $\frac{d U_t}{dt} = (a + w(t)b)U_t$ consider the "fixed time" endpoint map $V_T: L^2([0,T]) \rightarrow SU(n)$ for ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Alternating projections and trace preserving maps

Let $\{\Pi_i\}_{i=1}^N$, $\Pi_i\in \mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ be a set of orthogonal projections. By the Von Neumann alternating projection theorem, it holds that $$ ...
5
votes
2answers
167 views

Continuous map from connected subset of R^n to one of the real zero of an odd degree polynomial whose coefficients are polynoms of the variables

Let take a real multivariate polynomial $P(x_1, \ldots, x_n, y)$ such as the degree of P relatively to the variable $y$ is odd. Thus, for each $X = x_1,\ldots,x_n \in\mathbb{R}^n$, the univariate ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Reference for measures of commutativity needed

I'm looking for an appropriate measure to quantify the extent to which two matrices commute. In other words, if A and B are two n×n Hermitian matrices, and [A,B]=C. I'd like a function μ:Cn×n→[0,∞) ...
3
votes
3answers
222 views

Difference between Gieseker semistable and slope semistable

Let $X$ be a projective reduced (not necessarily irreducible) curve over an algebraically closed field and $\mathcal{F}$ be a pure coherent sheaf on $X$. Is it true that $\mathcal{F}$ is Gieseker ...
-4
votes
0answers
37 views

Packing a box into a bag [closed]

If we have a bag dim 60x82, what would bee the max size box to put into this bag, without tearing the bag, of course? So the max height of the box would be... how to calc this? Thanks, S.
-1
votes
0answers
65 views

If $N = q^k n^2$ is an odd perfect number with Euler prime $q$, can $\sigma(n^2)$ be divisible by $(q+1)/2$?

If $N = q^k n^2$ is an odd perfect number given in Eulerian form (i.e., $q$ is prime with $q \equiv k \equiv 1 \pmod 4$ and $\gcd(q,n)=1$), then can $\sigma(n^2)$ be divisible by $(q+1)/2$? I think ...
-2
votes
0answers
56 views

Formulating conditional constraints in optimization [closed]

In an optimization problem, is it possible to formulate the following conditional constraint: If $y > x_1$ then $x_2 \ge y - x_1$, else $x_2=0$. Here are $x_1$ and $x_2$ are to be determined by ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Second eigenvalue of biased reflected random walk

Let $Z_n$ be a reflected random walk on the non-negative integers with negative drift. That is, $Z_n$ is non-negative and moves one to the right w.p. $p<1/2$. It moves one to the left w.p. $1-p$, ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Positive rational numbers as sum of unit fractions [duplicate]

Let $U = \{\frac{1}{n}: n\in\mathbb{N}, n>0\}$ be the set of unit fractions. For integers $m,n>0$ there is always a finite subset $S\subseteq U$ such that $\frac{m}{n} = \sum_{u\in S} u$, see ...
4
votes
2answers
158 views

Find the expansion of the exact solution (beyond Taylor)

In a paper by Kitagawa & Ueda Squeezed spin states they give an argument that the minimum variance in one-axis twisting Hamiltonian scales like $V_{min} \propto S^{-2/3}$. I will shortly describe ...
7
votes
0answers
114 views

Complete list of exceptions and efficient algorithm for Waring's problem

2 weeks ago, Samir Siksek http://arxiv.org/abs/1505.00647 proved more than 150-years-old conjecture that every positive integer other than 15, 22, 23, 50, 114, 167, 175, 186, 212, 231, 238, 239, 303, ...

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