2
votes
1answer
42 views

Solving complicated equation involving integral of error functions

I've been trying to solve the following equation for $\sigma$ $$\sigma^2 = \int_0^1 \left\{ \frac{1}{2} \operatorname{erfc} \left[ \frac{x + B}{\sqrt{2 (Rp - 1)} \, \sigma} \right] + \frac{1}{2} ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Centralizer of a non-regular Lie algebra element

It is well understood that the centralizer of a regular element $A$ of a Lie algebra of complex (square, diagonalizable) matrices consists of polynomials $p(A)$ in that element of degree less than $n$ ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Comparing right and left quasi-representable bimodules

Let $\mathcal V$ be your favourite (closed, symmetric) monoidal model category. To fix ideas, set $\mathcal V = \mathrm{Ch}(k)$, the category of chain complexes over a fixed commutative ring. Given a ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Nonlinear Schrödinger blow-up for non radial solutions

I am studying a paper of Frank Merle and Pierre Raphaël, http://math.unice.fr/~praphael/Publications/blow-up-norme-critique.pdf. The equations are $$ i\partial_tu+\Delta u=-|u|^{p-1}u $$ on ...
-1
votes
0answers
109 views

Which classes of geometric results or problems can not be achieved by algebraic methods [on hold]

Algebra has been using when necessary as a tool to solve geometric and topological problems. I have seen algebraic results through geometric methods in the literature. Which classes of geometric and ...
-2
votes
0answers
49 views

Can someone help me with a Towers of Hanoi problem? [on hold]

I have 9 disks which is hard to keep track of, and I want to know... out of the 2^9 -1 moves... how many positions are there when all three posts are occupied, and is there a short formula describing ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

question about lambda calculus [migrated]

I'm triyng to understanding lambda calculus but I have some difficulty espacially when websites or books I search starts to make things a bit more complicated. what I've understood by now is: given ...
-1
votes
0answers
60 views

Lemma: (Path -Cantor Lifting)? [on hold]

Definition: Let $p:E\rightarrow B$ be a map. If $f:X\rightarrow B$is a map, a lifting of is a map $\widetilde{f}:X\rightarrow E$ such that $p\circ \widetilde{f}=f$ ¿TRUE or FALSE? "Let $C$= Cantor ...
7
votes
2answers
161 views

approximate two different real numbers to order $\frac{1}{z^{3/2}}$

I took this result from Minkowski's book on Geometry of numbers: Two arbitrary real quantitites $a$ and $b$ may be made to approach as near as we wish in value the two fractions $\frac{x}{z}$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Which base change preserves integrality of schemes

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat morphism of projective noetherian integral schemes. Is there any known condition on a morphism $Z \to Y$ under which the resulting fiber product $X \times_Y Z$ is still ...
1
vote
0answers
113 views

algebraic closedness in in residue field [on hold]

If $A\subseteq B$ are affine domains over an algebraically closed field of $k$ of characteristic zero, such that $Q(A)$ is algebraically closed in $Q(B)$, how can one show that $Q(A)$ is also ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

irreducibility of general fiber

I would like to get a reference of the following fact. Let $A\subseteq B$ be affine domains over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. If $Q(A)$ is algebraically closed in $Q(B)$, ...
-2
votes
0answers
62 views

Fractal Generators and Symmetry [on hold]

Using the Mandelbrot set as a starting place, $z_{n+1} = z_n^2+c$, may be written and computed as: $x_{n+1} = x_n^2 -y_n^2+Re(c)$ $y_{n+1} = 2.0*x_n*y_n+Im(c)$ Let f(x,y) and g(x,y) be ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

On the centroid of a triangle [migrated]

There's three different ways to see a triangle in the Euclidean plane: as three non-collinear points, say $A$, $B$, $C$; as the line segments connecting the three points, that we can parametrize as a ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

Animating a unitary transform [on hold]

For the purpose of showing how (quantum) unitary operators behave as a computer animation, I would like to create a function $A_U(t)$ of some (complex) unitary matrix $U$, such that $A_U(t)$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

About equivalence of two fractional Sobolev/Hilbert spaces

Let $(\varphi_k, \lambda_k)$ be the eigenelements of the Neumann Laplacian. It's possible to define a space $$H(\Omega) = \{ u \in L^2(\Omega) \mid \sum_{k \geq 1}\lambda_k^{\frac ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

behaviour of first eigenfunction near the boundary

Consider $\Omega$ a smooth bounded domain in $R^N$ and suppose $ \phi_1(x)>0$ is the first eigenfunction of $ -\Delta$ in $H_0^1(\Omega)$ normalized however one chooses. My interest is in how $ ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

How to teach generalizing the induction hypothesis? [on hold]

I just finished teaching a class on using proof assistants (in this case, Agda) to write provably correct programs. Reflecting on how it went, the biggest difficulty I noticed the students having was ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Restriction of locally free sheaves and semi-stability on curves

Let $C$ be a stable curve and $\mathcal{F}$ be a locally free sheaf on $C$ such that the restriction of $\mathcal{F}$ to any of the irreducible component $C_i$ of $C$, $\mathcal{F}|_{C_i}$ is Gieseker ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Multivariable function analysis

Sorry if the terms I'm going to use is not professional enough:) This is about the complexity analysis of an algorithm. Let $\alpha$ be the largest zero root of the polynomial ...
1
vote
0answers
191 views

Analogues of the Monster for central charges different from 24

One way to define the Monster group is to consider a conformal field theory (CFT) corresponding to central charge $c=24$ and look at the automorphism group of its vertex operator algebra. For one of ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

the associated action on the transition functions

Let $X$ be a curve with an involution $\sigma$ generically unramified, given a $G-$bundle $E$ of rank $r$, than we ca take its pull-back, I want to describe the action of $\sigma$ on $G$. Fix a ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Probabilistic proof for expander existence [on hold]

I am new to probabilistic proofs and trying to understand them better. Apparently, a common probabilistic proof focuses on the existence of expanders (eg. vertex expanders). I've been using the search ...
4
votes
0answers
93 views

Rellich's theorem from compact resolvent

On a compact Riemannian manifold, we know that the Laplacian $\Delta$ has compact resolvent. In proving this, one typical way is to use Rellich's theorem about the compact embedding of $H^1(M)$ into ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

rank of a Lie group over a non-archimedean local field of positive characteristic

In the case of a Lie algebra over a non-archimedean local field of positive characteristic (I have been led to believe that) it is not necessarily true that all Cartan subalgebras have the same ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Titchmarsh S function [on hold]

SO it is known that Titchmarsh S function $$ S(T)= \pi^{-1} arg\quad \zeta\bigg(\frac{1}{2}+iT\bigg)$$ under the assumption of riemann-hypothesis gives $$ S(T)=O(\frac{\log T}{\log \log T})$$ can ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Does every group that satisfies the maximal permutizer condition then satisfy the permutizer condition?

The permutizer of a subgroup $H$ of $G$ is defined to be the subgroup generated by all cyclic subgroups of $G$ that permute with $H$, i.e. $\langle x \in G | \langle x \rangle H = H \langle x \rangle ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

LU growth factor applied to LDL of a Positive Semidefinite matrix [on hold]

For a Positive Semidefinite matrix $A$, which we can decompose through $LDL$ decomposition as follows: $A=LDL^\text{T}$; how can we prove that for a decomposition $A=LU=L(DL^\text{T})$, the growth ...
0
votes
0answers
109 views
+50

Local coordinates on (infinite dimensional) Lie groups, factorization of Rieman zeta functions

Given a (finite dimensional) Lie group $G$ (real $k=\mathbb{R}$ or complex $k=\mathbb{C}$) and its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, one can prove (a basis $B=(b_i)_{1\leq i\leq n}$ of $\mathfrak{g}$ being ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Does this count as a canonical decomposition for non-elementary hyperbolic 3-orbifolds?

Let $\Gamma$ be a Kleinian group and let $\mathbb{H}^3$ be the upper half-space model for hyperbolic 3-space. Then $\mathbb{H}^3/\Gamma$ is an orientable hyperbolic 3-orbifold (with the group action ...
9
votes
1answer
304 views

What are the strongest conjectured uniform versions of Serre's Open Image Theorem?

This question concerns the uniform conjectured effective versions and generalizations of these two results of Serre on $\ell$-adic Galois representations $\rho_{E,\ell}$ associated to a non-CM ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

Surgery to unlink $S^p$ and $S^q$ in $S^d$

We know that $S^p$ and $S^q$ can be linked in $S^d$ if $p+q<d$. Let us consider the simplest case where both $S^p$ and $S^q$ are un-knotted spheres. I am looking for a surgery to unlink $S^p$ and ...
-1
votes
0answers
56 views

Difficult examples of invertible differentiable functions [on hold]

Give an example of: 1)$f:\mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$ such that $f$ is invertible in some neighbourhood of $x_0$ (that is $f$ is locally invertible) but $|Jf(x)|=0$ (jacobian determinant) $\forall x$ ...
-4
votes
0answers
28 views

Finding kernel and image [on hold]

X ={(x1,x2,x2 −x1,3x2):x1,x2 ∈R} f(x1,x2,x2 −x1,3x2)=(x1,x1,0,3x1) What is the dimension of X? Find ker f and im f. Find bases for ker f and im f. Is f a bijection? My attempt: 1. I calculate dim ...
4
votes
0answers
97 views

Minimum number of real multiplications to multiply two quaternions [on hold]

Karatsuba multiplication of two complex numbers can be performed with just three real multiplications (instead of four) as follows: $$(a+bi)(c+di) = (ac-bd) + i ((a+b)(c+d) - ac-bd)$$ We only need the ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Can someone help me find a Mathematical documentary that aired on British television within the past 10 years about Leibniz? [on hold]

I have been searching for a documentary that aired on British television between around 2006 and 2012 which was centred around the German Mathematician, Gottfried Leibniz. All that I can remember ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Alternate proof for Caratheodory extension theorem

This question is on the intuition behind the Caratheodory definition of measurable sets as given in Billingsley. He motivates by saying that we "should" call a set $A$ measurable if $$P^*(A) + ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

Two spaces attached to mod 2 level 9 modular forms--a conjectural Hecke isomorphism

MOTIVATION Nicolas and Serre have analyzed the structure of the space of mod $2$ modular forms of level $1$, viewed as a "Hecke-module". They show that for each $p>2$, the operator $T_p$ acting on ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Contraction with a vector field and pullback bundle

While trying to understand the proof of "smooth" version of Kostant-Hochschild-Rosenberg theorem (which is due to Connes for compact smooth manifolds) I found the following argumentation: one is ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Elliptic Curve: Q=nP [on hold]

I have a question relating to Elliptic Curve Scalar Multiplication between two points. Given two points on that curve, Q and P, where Q=nP, is it possible to find n if we have an m such that mQ=P?
6
votes
1answer
85 views

Does a Gaussian process shrink under a contraction map

Let $T \subset \mathbb R^n$, and assume it's a finite set if that helps. Consider the symmetric Gaussian process $(X_t)_{t\in T}$ defined by $X_t = \langle G, t\rangle$, where $G$ is a standard ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

A question of terminology regarding integer partitions

I am wondering if there is a standard notation and name for the following. Let $\lambda$ be a partition $\lambda_1\geq \lambda_2\geq\cdots\geq \lambda_r\geq 1$ of $n$ into $r$ parts. Then we can ...
0
votes
0answers
112 views

Is there any computation of $K^0(X)$ and $K_0(X)$ for a singular curve $X$?

Let $X$ be a projective curve over an algebraic closed field $k$ which characteristic zero. Define $K^0(X)$ as the Grothendieck group of the derived category $Perf(X)$ and $K_0(X)$ as the Grothendieck ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Syzygies in integral domains

Let $f$ be a homogeneous irreducible element in a graded commutative Noetherian ring. What is the possible set of elements $f_1$ and $f_2$ such that $f=f_1g_1+ f_2g_2$? Even in very particular cases ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Variation of Hodge structures associated to a hermitian symmetric domain

Let $D$ be an irreducible hermitian symmetric domain. Then there exists a variation of Hodge structures $(h_s)_{s\in D}$ on a vector space $V$ satisfying specific conditions which depend on $D$ such ...
5
votes
1answer
107 views

Bounding the number of lattice points inside an $n$-dimensional ellipsoid

I am wondering if it is possible to produce an upper and/or lower bound on the number of integer lattice points that lie inside an $n$-dimensional ellipse. That is, given an $n$-dimensional ellipsoid ...
3
votes
4answers
195 views

Uniform upper bound for the sum over primes $\sum_{p \leq x} p^{-1+\varepsilon}$

I am reading the article D. M. Gordon and C. Pomerance, The distribution of Lucas and elliptic pseudoprime, Math. Comp. (1991) (click). In equation (27) the authors, apparently, used the following ...
18
votes
1answer
345 views

Can topological cyclic homology compute Picard groups?

Let $K$ be a number field, and $\mathcal{O}_K$ its ring of integers. Then there is an isomorphism $$K_0(\mathcal{O}_K) \cong \mathbb{Z} \oplus Pic(\mathcal{O}_K)$$ where $Pic(\mathcal{O}_K)$ is the ...
5
votes
1answer
165 views

An unusual metric reconstruction problem

$\newcommand{\bR}{\mathbb{R}}\newcommand{\pa}{\partial}$This questions has some nebulous roots in Morse theory. The most general version goes as follows. Fix an integer $n\geq 2$. Suppose that we have ...
-3
votes
0answers
41 views

Calculate Inverse Fourier Transform [on hold]

How to calculate the Inverse Fourier Transform of the following functions: $\dfrac{1}{-1+2\pi i x}$ $\dfrac{1}{(2\pi ix)^2-2 \pi ix +1}$ I don't know how to evaluate the integrals.

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