1
vote
1answer
226 views

Reference request for an introduction to deformation theory in algebraic geometry

I'd like some introductory references for deformation theory in algebraic geometry. I'm interested in survey articles too but I primarily want references which give all the definitions and go through ...
6
votes
0answers
96 views

Is there a finite test for isomorphisms of rigid monoidal abelian categories, part II

Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group. (I'm already interested in the case $G=SL_2$.) Let $\mathcal C$ be a semisimple rigid monoidal abelian category endowed with an additive tensor functor $Rep_G ...
8
votes
3answers
480 views

Applications of Jordan algebras

Jordan algebras are non-associative algebras satisfying a somewhat strange (to me) list of axioms, see wikipedia. Basic examples are real symmetric and complex hermitian matrices with the product ...
0
votes
1answer
231 views

If $N = qn^2$ is an odd perfect number, is it possible to have $q + 1 = \sigma(n)$?

The title says it all. Question If $N = qn^2$ is an odd perfect number with Euler prime $q$, is it possible to have $q + 1 = \sigma(n)$? Heuristic From the Descartes spoof, with quasi-Euler ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Optimization on Binomial coefficients

Suppose we are given integers $1\leq r\leq N$, we want to study the following $$ \max_{m_0+m_1=N,m_0,m_1\geq 1}\max_j \tbinom {m_0}{j}\tbinom {m_1}{r-j}. $$ $N$ is very large, for instance $N\geq ...
13
votes
1answer
413 views

Does the sum $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{p_n(p_{n+1}-p_n)}$ converge?

Prove, if possible in an elementary way, that $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{p_n(p_{n+1}-p_n)}$ converges/diverges, where $p_n$ denotes the $n^{\textrm{th}}$ prime.
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Can tests for the convergence and divergence of series be used to create undecidable sentences?

Let f(k) be a recursive function which maps the set of positive integers into itself. Let T be a formalized theory which is axiomatizable and contains Peano's Arithmetic as a sub-theory. For example, ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

Relationship between group $C^\ast$-algebras $C^\ast(G)$ and graph $C^\ast$-algebras $C^\ast(E)$

Let $E=E(G,S)$ be the graph defined by a group $G$ and a subset $S$ of $G$. What is relationship between group $C^\ast$-algebras $C^\ast(G)$ and graph $C^\ast$-algebras $C^\ast(E)$?
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Computing abelianizations of some explict finite subgroups of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/p^n \mathbb{Z})$

I have been attempting to find some abelianizations of some subgroups of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/p^n \mathbb{Z})$. I have been using brute force for the most part but I get very messy results. Here is an ...
8
votes
1answer
91 views

How many uniquely colored degree two vertices in 3-coloring of subcubic graph?

Is there a graph with maximum degree three that has 3 degree two vertices that must get the same (resp. different) color in every 3-coloring of the graph? I'm interested in any similar results as ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Ideal structure of group $C^*$-agebras [on hold]

What is the ideal structure of group $C^*$-algebras? Do there exist any books or articles in the field ? If G to be the group of integers $Z$ , then $C^*$($Z$)= C($T$) so because ideal structure of $ ...
-1
votes
0answers
70 views

A simple question about ordinary diffential equations of first order [on hold]

An ODE (Ordinary Differential Equation) of order $n$ becomes a relation: $$ F(x,y,y',...,y^{(n)})=0$$ Then $F(x,y,y^{(1)})=0$ defines a an ODE of order one. In "basic standard texts", for purposes ...
-3
votes
1answer
50 views

A question on matrix polynomial [on hold]

Suppose ${P_\Delta }(\lambda ) = ({A_m} + {\Delta _m}){\lambda ^m} + ....... + ({A_1} + {\Delta _1}){\lambda ^1} + ({A_0} + {\Delta _0})$ is a matrix polynomial, and $\lambda $ is a complex ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Frankl's union-closed sets conjecture for infinite families

This question is motivated by Frankl's union-closet sets conjecture. Let $X$ be a non-empty set. We say that a family ${\cal A} \subseteq {\cal P}(X)$ is union-closed if $\emptyset\notin{\cal A}$ and ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Structure theorem for non connected graded Hopf algebras

Let $V^{\bullet}$ be a graded vector space over a field of char $0$. Assume that $V^{i}=0$ for $i<1$. Then the tensor algebra has the structure of a connected cocommutative Hopf algebra and in ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

A quantity measuring weak compactness

Let us fix some notations. If $A$ and $B$ are nonempty subsets of a Banach space $X$, we set $d(A,B)=\inf\{\|a-b\|\mid a\in A,b\in B\},\widehat{d}(A,B)=\sup\{d(a,B)\mid a\in A\}.$ Let $A$ be a ...
7
votes
2answers
252 views

Even parking functions and spanning trees of complete bipartite graphs

Set $\mathbb{N} := \{0,1,2,\ldots\}$. A parking function of length $n$ is a sequence $(\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_n) \in \mathbb{N}^n$ whose weakly increasing rearrangement $\alpha_{i_1} \leq \alpha_{i_2} ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Equivalence of first order quasilinear PDE to linear PDE [migrated]

Given a system of nonlinear PDE of the special form: $\sum_{i=1}^n A_i(x, \phi) - \frac{\partial \phi_j}{\partial x_i} = B_j(x,\phi) $ $(1)$ with $(j=1,...,m)$ and $x \in R^n,\phi \in R^m$. If we ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

A question about Borel sets on the unit interval

It is known that each non-decreasing continuous function $\phi$ induces a $\sigma$-additive measure $d\phi$ such that $\int_0^1 f(x) d\phi(x)$ exists for every bounded real-valued Baire function $f$. ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

continuous vs discrete random walk [on hold]

For 1D random walk in discrete case the probability $P_N(X)$ of finding walker at position $X$ after $N$ steps has a binomial distribution, moreover when $N+X$ is odd then probability is 0. Let's ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Covariance matrix as optimization problem solution?

I have seen the expectation of a random vector expressed as the solution to the optimization problem: \begin{equation} \mathbb{E}[X]=argmin_{v \in \mathbb{R}^n}\mathbb{E}[\|X-v\|_{l^2}^2](:= ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Connected sum of two “same” Kleins bottles [migrated]

If I have two surfaces of Klein's bottle, K, given by edge words [a b- a- b-] and [a- b a b] what space do I get when I identify same edges. In other words, i have two same Klein's bottles that are ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Normed space between $H^{0+}$ and $L^2$

In the space $\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$, consider the following condition. $$\int_{\mathbb{R}^3}\frac{|\widehat{f}(x)|}{1+|x|^{3/2}}dx<+\infty\qquad\mbox{(*)}$$ Of course if $f\in H^s(\mathbb{R}^3)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Does $|(X\times\{0\}) \cup (X\times\{1\})| \leq |X|$ for $X$ infinite imply ${\sf AC}$?

Consider the statement For any infinite set $X$ there is an injection $\varphi$ from $(X\times\{0\}) \cup (X\times\{1\})$ into $X$. Does this imply the ${\sf AC}$?
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Some very weak statements on choice

This is a follow-up question to Does $|(X\times\{0\}) \cup (X\times\{1\})| \leq |X|$ for $X$ infinite imply ${\sf AC}$? Consider the statements $(\text{S}1)$ For any infinite set $X$ there ...
-1
votes
0answers
79 views

The duality between an reductive group and an endoscopic group [on hold]

Can an integral of an reductive group G on a Calabi-Yau surface to be dual to the integral of it's endoscopic group E on the mirror surface?
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Dirac bundle and spinor bundle

What is the difference between Dirac bundle and spinor bundle?Morever, every spinor bundle is Dirac bundle, is it true?
6
votes
2answers
107 views

Symplectic Reduction on infinite dimensional manifolds

Let $X$ be a compact, oriented Riemann manifold. Let $\pi_{P}: P \rightarrow X$ be a principal $G$-bundle over $X$, for a compact Lie group $G$. Let $(M, \omega)$ be a symplectic manifold endowed with ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

What did Euler do with multiple zeta values?

When reading about multiple zeta values, I often find the claim that the case of length two $$ \zeta(s_1, s_2)=\sum_{n>m \geq 1} \frac{1}{n^{s_1}m^{s_2}}, \qquad s_1 \geq 2, \quad s_2 \geq 1 $$ ...
-3
votes
0answers
26 views

Statistics, probability [on hold]

Eight of the 40 newly built cars are selected at random to be checked for steering defects. Suppose 10 0f the cars have such defects. What is the probability that all 8 of the selected cars have ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

DG natural transformation Serre functors

This question might be really easy (or stupid), but I have only vague (heard-about) knowledge of DG categories, so I don't know where to look for an answer. Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

question about literature in the field of Ramsey's theory [on hold]

i am searching for an on- line paper or a book, or maybe just a paper or a book which consists a proof of finite Ramsey's theorem for sets (not for graphs). i need a combinatorial proof which is not ...
8
votes
3answers
281 views

Description of $\big(\ell^\infty(\mathbb N)\big)^{\!*}$ via ultrafilters

Let $\beta\mathbb N$ is the set of ultrafilters on $\mathbb N$ and $\mathscr F\in\beta\mathbb N$. Assume that $l_{\mathscr F}\in\big(\ell^\infty(\mathbb N)\big)^{\!*}$ is the functional which assigns ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Limits on a parameter $\alpha$ to get positive definite matrix

Given positive semi-definite $n\times n$ matrices $B_k$, how would I go about getting the limits on $\alpha_k$ such that the expression \begin{equation} \mathbb{I}-\sum_{k=1}^{m-1}\alpha_kB_k ...
0
votes
1answer
632 views

Hard maths on viXra? [closed]

A few years ago a nice paper surveyed the differences in quality between papers submitted to arXiv and those submitted to arXiv's rough cousin, viXra. However, that paper was about generic ...
6
votes
2answers
310 views

First Galois cohomology of Weil restriction of $\mathbb{G}_m$

Let $L/K$ be a finite Galois extension, write $G:= Gal(L/K)$. Denote by $R = Res(\mathbb{G}_m)$ the Weil restriction of $\mathbb{G}_m$, from $L$ to $K$. I want to show that its first Galois cohomology ...
12
votes
1answer
164 views

Is there a finite test for isomorphisms of rigid monoidal abelian categories?

Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group. (I'm already interested in the case $G=SL_2$.) Let $\mathcal C$ be a semisimple rigid monoidal abelian category endowed with pair of exact tensor functors ...
0
votes
3answers
159 views

Divergence of general random series and a special case

Is there any sufficient condition in terms of moments under which $$ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} X_n$$ diverges a.s.?Here $X_n$ are not independent I am given that $\sum_n E[X_n]$ diverges. Actually, I am ...
-5
votes
0answers
52 views

How many ways are there to order the numbers from 1 to 25 so that no primes occur consecutively? [on hold]

I just had this on an exam and was wondering if I answered it correctly. My solution was to first order the 16 composite numbers in this range, giving 17 spots to insert the 9 primes. So we have ...
9
votes
1answer
197 views

Elementary prime-generating sequences

A student of mine keeps coming again and again and telling "I've found a formula $n\mapsto f(n)$ giving all primes" or sometimes "infinitely many primes", where $f$ is a classical function (I mean ...
3
votes
2answers
175 views

How to simplify the proof of right-properness?

Question. Is it true that to check that a model category is right proper, it suffices to check the property for weak equivalences with fibrant codomain ? (if the domain is also fibrant, the pullback ...
2
votes
2answers
152 views

odd length Chevalley relations (in rank two)

The unipotent radicals $\text{N}$ of the Borel subgroups of the complex algebraic groups of type $A_2$, $B_2$, and $G_2$ can each be abstractly presented using two one-parameter subgroups $x_1, x_2: ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Open nature of $\mathcal{H}om$ functor/upper semi-continuity of $\operatorname{Ext}^i$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $T$ a $k$-scheme (can assume connected) and $X$ a projective variety over $k$. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent (pure) sheaf on $X \times_k T$ flat over $T$. ...
3
votes
0answers
182 views

Roadmap for the ideas expressed in Grothendieck's Esquisse d'un Programme

I would like to understand Grothendieck's Esquisse d'un Programme more. Are there any references that would help me, and are there modern works pursuing the same themes? At this point I am still ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Pairing for non-uniformizable Anderson T-motives

Let $M$ be an Anderson T-motive (the simplest case, i.e. abelian in the meaning of [G] Goss, Basic structures of function field arithmetic, Def. 5.4.12, over $A^1$, having $N=0$), and let $H_1(E)$ ...
-5
votes
0answers
29 views

Algebra math word problem to be solved using elimination or substitution method [on hold]

A two-digit number is such that the sum of its digits is 1/4 of the number. When the digits of the number are reversed and the number is subtracted from the original number, the result obtained is ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Unitizations of Banach algebras and matrix norms

Consider the short exact sequence of Banach algebras $0\rightarrow A\rightarrow A^+\rightarrow\mathbb{C}\rightarrow 0$ where $A$ is a Banach algebra without unit and $A^+$ denotes the unitization of ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Glueing together functions defined on the leaves of a foliation

Even though my question can be asked for very general types of foliations, I am interesetd only in its answer for Poisson manifolds, which are what I am currently studying. Consider a Poisson ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

Is the bar construction of a CDGA model a Hopf algebra model for the loop space?

By a theorem of Adams, if $A = C^*(X;\mathbb{Q})$ is the CDGA of rational cochains on $X$ then the cohomology of the bar complex of $A$ is isomorphic to $H^*(\Omega X; \mathbb{Q})$ as a coalgebra (see ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

Inverse Laplace transform of a hypergeometric function

This is a repost from Math Stack-exchange where I did not manage to get an answer. http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1491027/inverse-laplace-transform-of-a-hypergeometric-function I managed to ...

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