# All Questions

**3**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### A problem on chains of squares — can one find an easy combinatorial proof?

Consider the unit square $ S = [0,1] \times [0,1] $. For each $ n \in \mathbb{N} $, we can tessellate $ S $ by the collection
$$
A
= \left\{
\left[ \frac{i}{n},\frac{i + 1}{n} \right] \times
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Publishing in mathematics [on hold]

I apologize if mathoverflow is not the right place for this question, but I guess it is the only place where I can get an answer.
The question is the following: is publishing a paper in mathematics ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Conformal map from a sector of unit disk onto upper half plane [on hold]

How do we construct a conformal map from $\{z=x+iy,x>1/2,|x+iy|<1\}$ onto the upper half plane? My idea is first create a sector sending one of the two intersection points to infinity.Any help ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

455 views

### What should be considered a finite size of an infinite dimensional space? [on hold]

I've got a map between two infinite dimensional spaces, $f: A\to B$, where $A$ seems "larger" than $B$. For the sake of conversation let's assume that $A$ is the set of smooth maps $\mathbb R^3\to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Ising model: probability of a long path of minus under plus boundary conditions

Consider for example the Ising model on a square lattice. Fix zero magnetic field and plus boundary conditions.
Low temperature, one minus spin. With a Peierls argument one can prove that, given a ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### The field of rational functions on a smooth projective absolutely irreducible curve over a finite field [on hold]

We mean a variety (over "k") of dimension 1 by the curve in the expression "The field of rational functions on a smooth projective absolutely irreducible curve over a finite field k", don't we?

**9**

votes

**2**answers

310 views

### Splitting integers 1, 2, 3, … n to avoid least possible sum

For each positive integer n, partition the integers 1, 2, 3, … 2n into two sets of n integers each. Let g(n) be the least integer such that there is such a partition in neither of whose parts there is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### What is the significance of the median eigenvalue?

When I look at the spectral density plots of my (usual) laplacian graphs, they spike at the median eigenvalue. But what significance for the graph/matrix (which originates from a network) does the ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

121 views

### Which real Pin groups agree?

In the Lie theory notes on my website it is claimed (Example 7.3.3.5) that $\mathrm{Pin}(4,0)$ and $\mathrm{Pin}(0,4)$ are not isomorphic. As Nigel Ray pointed out to me, this claim is not quite ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Generalized weight space

In their paper Lepowsky and Mcmollum sketch theory of weights in a more general setting. Here is their definition of a weight space:
If $A$ is a subset of $\mathfrak g$ and $\lambda$ is a function ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Green's function of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator

Consider $\mathbb R^d$ with the Gaussian measure $d\gamma(x) = e^{\frac{1}{4}|x|^2}\,dx$. The Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator $L$ is given by
$$
Lu = \Delta u- \frac{1}{2}x\cdot \nabla u.
$$
Is there a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Ozsvath-Szabo orientation convention for Seifert fibred spaces

I am confused by the orientation convention that Ozsvath and Szabo use in On Heegaard Floer homology and Seifert Fibered Surgeries and would appreciate if someone clarifies this for me. On page 15 ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Which of the following is true? [on hold]

$f(x),g(x)$ are defined on $[-1,1]$, $f'(0),g'(0)$ exist, $f(0)=g(0)$, and $f(x)\ge g(x)$ holds for an open interval containing $0$. Then which of the following is correct:
I, $f(x)$ and $g(x)$ have ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Hitting time of two dimensional continuous martingale

Let $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, P)$ be a probability space, on which $\mathcal{F}_t$ is filtration satisfying general conditions. $W_{t}=\left(W_{t}^{1},W_{t}^{2}\right)^{T}$ is a two dimensional Brownian ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

54 views

### Limit-circle and limit-point at endpoints

I was wondering if the following holds:
If you have an ODE $$-y''(x) + q(x) y(x) = \lambda y(x)$$ on a finite interval $(a,b)$ and you know that this equation is limit-circle or limit-point at the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### A question about running MMP with scaling

Let $\pi:X \to U$ be a projective morphism, and $(X, \Delta = A + B)$ be a KLT pair, where $A$ is a general ample divisor and $B$ is effective.
Suppose $K_X + \Delta$ is not nef (over $U$) and there ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

24 views

### question about Baer sum of extensions

Let $E_1$ and $E_2$ be extensions of $\mu_p$ by $\mathbb{Z}/{p\mathbb{Z}}$. Assume that $E$ contains $E_1$ and $E_2$ both, and $E_1 \cap E_2 = \mathbb{Z}/{p\mathbb{Z}}$.
Then, does $E$ contain their ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

128 views

### Is there any progress on Problem 13 (from Schoen and Yau)?

This is closed related to the question asked here. I wonder if there is any progress on Problem 13 from the "Problem Section" in Schoen and Yau, page 281, problem 13, which asks:
Let $M_1$ and $M_2$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Real points of zero-dimensional real algebraic varieties

There have been a number of discussions of zeros of random polynomials here (the most recent being: Why do roots of polynomials tend to have absolute value close to 1?).
Here is a closely related ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

33 views

### Classification properties of fusion rings

Fusion rings have so many classification properties (I checked the literature a bit) that my head hurts. For practical reasons I define the following three new properties (which might coincide with ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### Does $(n + 2)$ have a multiplicative inverse mod $(n - 1)$ over $GF(5)$? [on hold]

I have been stuck on understanding this for hours. The reason I am confused is that I thought over $GF(k)$, only constants have inverses. Also, how would one go about applying EGDC to figure this out? ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Closure in Hilbertspace [on hold]

I know that i asked this question already on stackexchange.com (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/983377/closure-in-a-hilbertspace)
Define for a pure contraction $S$ (remember: $\|S\|\leq1$ and ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Mixed Hodge structure on configuration spaces

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety. Let $F(X,n)$ be the configuration space parametrizing $n$ distinct ordered points in $X$. The cohomology groups $H^k(F(X,n),\mathbf Q)$ carry a mixed ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Estimation of growth rate of spectral radius

I have following problem: Let the spectral radius of $S=(a_{ij})_{n\times n}$ be $\lambda>1$, where each $a_{i,j}$ is a positive integer, then we have that
$$\lim_{k\to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Chances for a cosine polynomial to be positive at a point

Let $k_1,\ldots,k_n$ be distinct integers. Let $s_n(t)=\cos (k_1t)+\cdots+\cos (k_nt)$ be a trigonometric sum. Consider any interval $I\subset [-\pi,\pi)$ of length $\delta=\delta(n)$. Let $\,U$ be a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

27 views

### How to define Product of Conditional Measures?

I have been wondering how to define the product of conditional measures as defined by Renyi-Popper. I spell the details below.
If $(X,\Sigma)$ is a measurable space, then the function $\mu : ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Number of maximal chains in Bruhat order

Is there a formula for the number of maximal chains between two permutation in the (strong) Bruhat order?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Picard scheme of varieties over imperfect fields

Let $k$ be a field and $X$ a proper $k$-scheme. It is a theorem of Murre and Oort that the Picard functor is representable by a $k$-group scheme $\operatorname{Pic}_{X/k}$ which is locally of finite ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Reference for existence results for 2D forced viscous Burgers equation

I am looking for results concering the following parabolic PDE
$$u\cdot\nabla u + \Delta u = F(x),$$
where $$u\colon\Omega\to\mathbb{R}^2,$$ and $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is a 2D domain (bounded or ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

145 views

### Calculating Exterior Distance from Measurements of Inner Geometry

Gauss has proven in his famous Theorema Egregium, that it is possible, to calculate the gaussian curvature from measuring angles and distances on the surface, irrespective of how the surface is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

62 views

### Integrals involving trigonometric functions and polynomes

Let $P(x)$ be a real polynome. Specify all such $P(x)$ that one of the next integrals converge:
$$
\int_0^{\infty} sin(P(x))dx, \int_0^{\infty} cos(P(x))dx ?
$$
Among special cases are such ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

79 views

### On the Saito Kurokawa representation

I know Saito-Kurokawa(SK) representation is the famous non-tempered representation of $SO(5)$. But since the tempered or non-tempered terms are concerned with local phenomenon, I am wondering that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### A number array related to colored necklaces and the primes

I stumbled upon entry OEIS-A208535 on the enumeration of certain kinds of colored necklaces and noticed that the integers for the odd prime rows of the table there seem to be given by the Moreau ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Reference request: Invariant sets of dynamical systems

(I should preface this with the disclaimer that this is a slightly elaborated version of a question that I posted onto math se recently to which I received no responses, and have since deleted the ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

42 views

### differential Proper Maps [on hold]

If $K$ is a subset of $M$ we write $M_{K}(M,M)$ for the set of diffferential maps of $M$ into $M$ with support in $K$.If $K$ is compact,then $M_{K}(M,M)$ consists of maps for which the preimages of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Questions about some special tensor transformation

Suppose tensor $U_{i\alpha\beta}$ with dimension $M*N*N$ satisfy following condition:
$$U_{i\beta\alpha}=W^1_{\alpha\alpha'}W^2_{\beta\beta'}U_{i\alpha'\beta'}$$
where $W^1$ and $W^2$ are $N*N$ ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Lemma on Polish Spaces [on hold]

I asked the following question on StackExchange earlier, but received no replies yet.
Let $(X_1,\Sigma_1,\mu_1)$ and $(X_2,\Sigma_2,\mu_2)$ be probability spaces. Suppose the following conditions ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

31 views

### Anti-Invariant Polynomials of the Dihedral group

I'm interested in the one-dimensional irreducible representations of $D_{2n}$ acting on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$. I have found that the trivial representations for an algebra freely generated by $x^2+y^2$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### How to prove $\lim _{ \delta\rightarrow {0}^{+}}\int_{a}^{b} F_{\delta}(x)dx=0 ? $ [on hold]

This question comes from http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/982231/a-function-fx-that-riemann-integrable-on-a-b
Define a function $f(x)$ that Riemann integrable on $[a,b]$.
Let
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Invariant Theory over finite adeles

Classical invariant theory, among the other things, classifies polynomial functions over a vector space $V$ endowed with a quadratic form $Q$ which are invariant under the action of $SO(V,Q)$.
I am ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### estimate angle between two lines y = 1000x and y = 999x [on hold]

How to estimate the angle between line y = 1000 x and y = 999 x?
I use the calculator and get 10^(-6) but how to approximate it by hand. Does it relate to Taylor Expansion?

**27**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Why is it so hard to compute $\pi_n(S^n)$?

Of course it isn't really that hard - nowhere near as hard as $\pi_k(S^n)$ for $k>n$, for instance. The hardness that I'm referring to is based on the observation that apparently nobody knows how ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### The 4-th generator of $K_1$ group for 3-dimensional NC tori algebra

An $n$-dimensional NC torus algebra $A_\theta^{(n)}$ is defined for any antisymmetric $n\times n$ matrix $\theta$ of real numbers as the universal $C^*$-algebra, generated by unitaries ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### The behavior of series involving special subsets of the prime numbers

It is well known that the series $\sum_{p\in \mathbb{P}} \frac{1}{p}$ diverges where $\mathbb{P}$ denotes the set of primes. Brun proved that $\sum_{p\in \mathbb{P_2}} \frac{1}{p}$ converges where $ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### A curious Gauss-Sum type identity

Let $q=e^{2\pi i/m}$, $a\in\mathbb{R}$ and $1\leq j\leq m-1$. I would like to prove that:
$$(a-1)\sum_{n=0}^{m-1} q^n\frac{\prod_{k=0}^{j-2} (q^{n+k+1}-a)}{\prod_{k=0}^{j} (aq^{n+k}-1)}=0.$$
For ...

**-8**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Is there a site where I should post questions about mathematics for which I seek a solution? [on hold]

Is there a site where I should post questions about mathematics for which I seek a solution, without risk that it will be closed for not being "research level"?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

18 views

### Is there effective algorithm for finding “minimal discovery time” for large graphs?

Consider a large, probably sparse graph with Markovian random walkers on it. Define discovery time as time to first
reach a vertex by random walk
from uniform start. Are there effective ways to find ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### Isotropic correlation function for a vector valued random field

I'm having trouble with some of the implications of the following theorem.
Let $\mathbf{T} (\mathbf{x})$ be a mean-square continuous vector valued random field on $\mathbb{R}^3$ satisfying conditions ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### What is known about the chromatic number for minimum-distance graphs in higher dimensions?

For a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with minimum distance $a$, the minimum-distance graph connect two points iff they are at distance $a$. We can also view it as the tangency graph for a set of ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Which univariate function satisfies $e^{g(x)} + e^{-g(x)} = \alpha x$ for $x>0$ and some constant $\alpha>0$? [on hold]

Which univariate function $x \mapsto g(x)$ satisfies $$e^{g(x)} + e^{-g(x)} = \alpha x$$ for $x>0$ and some constant $\alpha>0$?
How can it be computed? What does it look like? How can it be ...