1
vote
1answer
157 views

Vector fields whose divergence are proper maps

Let $X$ be a polynomial vector field of degree $2$ on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Does there exist a nonvanishing smooth function $g$ such that $Div(gX)$ is a proper map?Or at least the zero locus of ...
7
votes
2answers
305 views

Least supersingular prime

Given an elliptic curve over the rationals, what can one say about the size of the smallest supersingular prime?
1
vote
1answer
79 views

A subgroup of outer automorphisms group of a free product

I would like to ask a question about automorphisms of free products of groups. More specifically, let $G = G_1 \ast ... \ G_n \ast F_r$ where $F_r$ is free group on r generators. We can define the ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Schoenberg correspondence on $L^p$

Schoenberg correspondence states that $\psi: \mathbb R^d\longrightarrow \mathbb C$ is conditionally positive definite and hermitian if and only if $e^{t\psi}$ is positive definite for each $t>0$. ...
-6
votes
0answers
30 views

convergence and divergence using a root test [on hold]

why does infinity sigma n^7 / 7^n n=1 converge using a root test? I'm a bit confused on this series..
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Moser's iteration for non homogeneous quasilinear elliptic PDE

I want to know some reference of Moser's iteration for non homogeneous quasilinear uniformly elliptic PDE, in particular, $u_{ij}(\delta_{ij}+u_iu_j|\nabla u|^2)=0$. I want to know how to deal with ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

System of linear first order PDE with constant coefficients

recently in my researches I've come across the following operator $$L\left(\begin{array}{c} a_1\\ \vdots\\ a_n \end{array}\right)=M_1\left(\begin{array}{c} ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

On Prüfer domains

Is there any Prüfer domain $R$ that has a prime ideal $P$ that is not finitely generated but $xP$ is subset of a finitely generated ideal $I$,for some $x$ in $R-P$ and $I$⊂$P$?
-9
votes
0answers
122 views

How can I calculate the significance of an acquisition test campaign on Facebook by using chi-squared test? [on hold]

Should I use number of installs and spending or should I use impression and install numbers in Chi-Squared Test (Evan's Awesome A/B Tools)? Here is the link of the ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Surjectivity of multiplication maps with respect to pullback

Given a morphism $f: Y \to X$ and a globally generated line bundle $\mathcal L$ on $X$ such that $H^0(X,\mathcal L) \otimes H^0(X,\mathcal L) \to H^0(X,\mathcal L \otimes \mathcal L)$ is surjective. ...
-3
votes
0answers
26 views

Should simulation from a student-t copula distribution yield the input correlation matrix [on hold]

I am using mathematica to simulate random variates from a student-t copula distribution. Assuming that I input in the correlation matrix R, after generating a certain number of random variates, should ...
11
votes
2answers
282 views

Entire function bounded at every line

I would like to ask about, does there exists an entire function which is bounded on every line parallel to $x$ - axis , but unbounded on the $x$ - axis.
-4
votes
0answers
157 views

How to calculate math expectation [on hold]

How to calculate math expectation of maximum of difference between two lognormal random variable: E[max(X-Y,0)] =? How to proceed?
-4
votes
0answers
51 views

Derangement,recursion and circular permutation [on hold]

N people are invited to a dinner party and they are sitting on a round table. Each person is sitting on a chair there are exactly N chairs. So each person has exactly two neighboring chairs, one on ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Strange invocation of Shapiro's lemma

I'm having trouble understanding a claim in a paper I'm reading. To avoid having to explain a lot of notation, I'll abstract the claim a bit. Assume that $G$ is a group with a subgroup $H$. Also, ...
6
votes
2answers
318 views

A proposition on cyclic group

$G$ is a cyclic group iff $$ \forall H < G, \ \exists k, \ H = \{a^k : a \in G\}. $$ Is it right?
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Canonical forms of symmetric/skewsymmetric quaternionic matrix

$A$ belongs to $n$-dimensional quaternion symmetric matrix, in the sense that $A=A^T$, where $T$ means transpose. Under transformation $U$, $A\rightarrow U\cdot A\cdot U^T$, where $U$ is $n$-dim ...
-3
votes
0answers
35 views

Find examples non compact surface satisfy properties every point is hyperbolic for Gaussian curvature [on hold]

Find examples non compact surface satisfy the following properties for Gaussian curvature: (a) every point is hyperbolic. (b) every point is elliptic. (c) every point is parabolic. (d) that the point ...
2
votes
2answers
257 views

Polynomials of low degree that clone polynomials of higher degree

Let $f(x_1,\dots,x_{16})=(x_1+x_2+x_3+x_4)(x_5+x_6+x_7+x_8)(x_9+x_{10}+x_{11}+x_{12})(x_{13}+x_{14}+x_{15}+x_{16})\in\Bbb R[x]$. Let $\mathcal{Z}$ be the zero set of $f$ in ...
-6
votes
0answers
54 views

how to show a function is non-conservative? [on hold]

So I have this question ...
6
votes
1answer
322 views
+50

What is the universal property of quotienting a normaliser of the subgroup?

Let $G$ be a group, $H$ a subgroup and $X$ a $G$-set. By taking orbits $X/H = X \times_H 1$ or fixed points $X^H = \mathrm{Hom}_H(1,X)$ we obtain a set on which $H$ acts trivially, and we've destroyed ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

Coaction of a group

Suppose $G$ is a finite group which acts on a $C^*-$algebra which we denote by $A$. I was wondering if there is a naturally induced coaction on $A\otimes C(G)$, here $C(G)$ denotes functions on $G$. I ...
9
votes
1answer
449 views

Is forcing computable?

By results similar to Tennenbaum's theorem we know that there exist no computable models of $ZF$. But suppose we are given, as a sort of oracle, access to some model of $ZF$ (e.g. we can make oracle ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Local time of Brownian motion + Lipschitz continuous function

Let $\mathrm{ Lip} (M)$ denote the space of all functions on $[0,T]$ with Lipschitz constant and $L^\infty$ norm bounded by $M$. Let $(B_t)_t$ be a Brownian motion defined on the probability space ...
-1
votes
1answer
43 views

Integrating factors and integrability of an ODE system

The following argument is from a paper about the Bendixson-Dulac Theorem. Consider a smooth differential equation on the plane $$ x'=g(x,y),\quad y'=h(x,y). $$ Suppose there exists a function ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Ext and cup products and subvarieties

I am trying to understand Remark 11.3 in Huybrechts's amazing book on derived categories (FM transforms in AG). He starts with smooth projective varieties $j\colon Y \subset X$ and aims to describe ...
11
votes
4answers
553 views

Zeros of the derivative of Riemann's $\xi$-function

The Riemann xi function $\xi(s)$ is defined as $$ \xi(s)=\frac12 s(s-1)\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s). $$ It is an entire function whose zeros are precisely those of $\zeta(s)$. Since $\xi$ is real ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Criterion for normality of a schematic image

Consider a projective flat morphism $$ f\colon X\to Y $$ between normal varieties. Let's say over the complex numbers. The geometric fibers of $f$ are all irreducible. I would like a criterion to ...
5
votes
1answer
712 views

textbooks on modern algebraic geometry for 21st-century starters

As for learners in algebraic geometry in 21st century, is there a textbook, lecture note or anything like that to introduce algebraic geometry utilizing the language of derived categories and stacks? ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Combining Pearson correlations [on hold]

I have variables a, b, c, x I know sample values A, B, C, but not X I know Pearson correlations pairwise: ax, bx, cx (and ab, ac, bc too if it helps) Now what is the most likely value for X? ...
-3
votes
0answers
34 views

Odd-cycle inequality [closed]

Consider the stable set problem. An odd hole is a cycle with an odd number if nodes and no edges between nonadjacent nodes of the cycle. Show that if H is the node set of an odd hole, the following ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Rademacher type of a Banach space is always less than or equal to 2

Before I ask my question I will provide a brief introduction. I came across the notion of Rademacher type while reading Assaf Naor's article An introduction to the Ribe program, which can be found ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

A surface on which all regular curves have nowhere vanishing curvature

Let $S$ be a surface in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ such that every regular curve $\gamma\subset S$ has nowhere vanishing curvature, that is $\kappa(z)\neq 0$ for all $z\in \gamma$. Does this imply that ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Groups arising as direct limits of a stationary system of primitive matrices over the integers

I am interested in the kinds of groups of the form $\displaystyle\lim_{\longrightarrow}(\mathbf{Z}^k,M)$ where $M$ is a primitive (some power of $M$ has strictly positive components) $k\times k$ ...
-8
votes
0answers
155 views

Maths to take a user chosen number to a predictable number [closed]

As part of simple card trick, I want to allow a user to choose a number between 1 and 100 and then ask them to do various maths to lead them to the same number so their choice becomes irrelevant. One ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Contractibility of a poset-indexed colimit

Let $(X,\leq)$ be a poset with distinguished element $p$, and let $P'$ be the poset of "finite chains which weakly descend to $p$" given by all $\sigma = (x_0 \geq x_1 \geq \cdots \geq x_k \geq p)$ ...
-6
votes
0answers
30 views

Boolean algebra 1´=0 ; 0´=1 ; x+1=1 [closed]

Hi I have a problem to solve, in Boolean algebra. I have to prove that 1´=0 ; 0´=1 ; x+1=1 I solve the first problem x*0=0 -> x*0=x*0+0=x*0+x* x´=x*(0+x´)=x*x´=0 previous 3 problems ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

Is there a left orderable profinite group?

Is there a profinite group $G$ with a binary transitive relation $<$ such that for any different $x,y \in G$ either $x < y$ or $y < x$ and such that for any $x,y,z \in G$ we have that $x < ...
-1
votes
0answers
37 views

Metrics mappings which are metrics [closed]

A function f: Z x Z => R is a metric iff forall a,b in Z. f(a,b) >= 0. forall a,b in Z. f(a,b) = f(b,a). forall a,b in Z. f(a,b) = 0 iff a = b. forall a,b,c in Z. f(a,b) + f(b,c) >= f(a,c). Given ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Universal and left-factoring order-preserving maps

Trying to get a different angle for the question Fixed points and universal maps for posets, I want to compare universal maps to a different kind of functions. First recall that for posets $P,Q$ an ...
4
votes
0answers
115 views

The cohomology of an $S_{3}$ cover of an elliptic curve ramified in one point

Let $E/\mathbb{C}$ be an elliptic curve. Let $C \to E$ be a Galois cover with group $G = S_{3}$ (symmetric group on $3$ elements), ramified in one point. (To clarify: there is a unique point in $E$ ...
7
votes
1answer
124 views

Intersection Cohomology and $L^2$ cohomology

In the study of singular spaces, topological methods like intersection cohomology have played an important role. They have led to the development of technology like perverse sheaves and these find ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

A perfect domain that is not integrally closed?

Does there exist an integral domain $R$ of characteristic $p > 0$ that is perfect (i.e., $x \mapsto x^p$ is bijective on $R$) but not integrally closed in its field of fractions?
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Topological/numerical constraints for the existence of more than one pencil

A famous theorem of Castelnuovo and de Franchis tells us that for $S$ a smooth projective complex algebraic surface that for $b \geq 2$, pencils $f : S \to B$ of genus $b :=g(B)$ are in bijective ...
5
votes
1answer
188 views

Existence of internal toposes/inner models in a topos

It has been known for some time that one can define a topos as a model of a (finitary) essentially algebraic theory (or in other words, can be defined internal to any category with finite limits). In ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

A Category-ish Structure with Morphism Domains containing Multiple Objects?

I am working on formalizing software design using category theory. However the most natural way for me to express what I want is with a Category where multiple morphisms can join into a single ...
27
votes
1answer
634 views

Producing finite objects by forcing!

It is a trivial fact that forcing can not produce finite sets of ground model objects. However there are situations, where we can use forcing to prove the existence of finite objects with some ...
-3
votes
0answers
76 views

What is a discrete shape [closed]

I saw this term in a paper on tiling using shapes. Can you give the definition for discrete shape? I googled on the web, and could not find any explanation for this concept...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

What is the relation between linear subgraph and matching polynomial? [closed]

I am confused about these following three concepts, An edge-cycle subgraph of a graph $G$ (also called a linear subgraph of $G$) is a subgraph of $G$ whose components are cycles and edges. A set of ...
26
votes
2answers
525 views

Why do sporadic simple groups have so few conjugacy classes?

In finite group theory, there's a general intuition that the further away a group is from abelian, the fewer conjugacy classes it will have. So it is to be expected that non-abelian finite simple ...

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