**1**

vote

**0**answers

23 views

### Relation between Aitchison Distance on a Simplex and Geodesic distance on the multinomial manifold [on hold]

I am trying to understand the difference/relation between the Aitchison distance on a simplex
$$\left[ \sum^D_{k=1} (\log{\frac{x_{ik}}{g(\mathbf{x}_i)}} - \log{\frac{x_{jk}}{g(\mathbf{x}_j)}})^2 ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

17 views

### Fractal Dimension Estimate from Hurst Paramater using Higuchi's Algorithm [on hold]

I am using R Stats package to calculate the Hurst parameter of my Center of Pressure Data set. I am using Higuchi's Algorithm to calculate it. I went and read his paper and saw that "index H is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

75 views

### How to prove the Hölder continuity of a function $u$ by evaluating $\int_{B_{\rho}(x_0)}\frac{|Du(x)|^{2}}{|x-x_0|^{n-2}} dx$?

I'm looking at a video on thin obstacle problem given by Arshak Petrosyan.
In his lecture, he uses the following results:
Let $0<\alpha<1$, and $B_1$ be the unit ball centered at origin in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

19 views

### regularization and conversion of sgn(x) to difference of convex [on hold]

sgn(x) or sign function has discontinuity in 0 which make it nonconvex function.
however i have tried to represet sgn(x) as a limit for a sequence of converging function which are smooth and ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

374 views

### What does it mean for a differential equation “to be integrable”? [duplicate]

What does it mean for a differential equation "to be integrable"?
Are "integrable" and "solvable" synonyms?
The first thing that comes to my mind is to say: it's integrable if we can find the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Eigenvalue inequality for regular graphs

I recently proved an inequality relating some of the eigenvalues of a regular graph with each other, and I was wondering if it is already known. I was unable to find it online, and a quick skim ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

51 views

### Convergence of local stable manifolds

This question is a kind of local version of a previous post (MO224171).
Let $\ f_n \ $ be a sequence of Morse functions on $\mathbb{R}^d$, converging, in the $C^\infty$-topology, to a limit Morse ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Goldbach for certain classes of $n$

Asked on MSE without response here.
$\#$ of ways even $n$ can be represented by prime additions is heareafter denoted $G(n)$.
The Wiki article on the Goldbach conjecture states that
In 1975, ...

**25**

votes

**3**answers

744 views

### A point set of power series with coefficients in {-1, 1}. Connected or not?

Let $z$ be a fixed complex number with $|z|<1$ and consider the set
$$X_z := \Big\{\sum\limits_{i=1}^{\infty} a_i z^i \ \Big|\ a_i\in \{-1,1\} \forall i\Big\}.$$
What can be said about the set $M$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Reference on the classification of (low rank) Gorenstein rings over $\mathbb{C}$

I am interested in the question of the classification of (low rank) Gorenstein rings over $\mathbb{C}$. The socle of a local algebra is the annihilator of its maximal ideal. A commutative local ring ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### What is higher equivariant homotopy?

In Lurie's "Survey of elliptic cohomology" it is claimed that there exists some mystical "2-equivariant homotopy theory" for elliptic cohomology. The classical equivariant elliptic cohomology is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

99 views

+50

### A path optimisation problem

Consider a graph of $n$ nodes randomly located in $[0,1]^2$. Each node moves following a path randomly chosen from the set of all possible paths. Regard nodes as attackers. A policeman seeks an ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### Analytic continuation for $L$-functions of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over a number field.
When $E$ has no CM and is a $\mathbb Q$-curve (i.e. it is $\overline{\mathbb Q}$-isogenous to all of its conjugates), it is nowadays known that $E$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

30 views

### Implicit feature space of Power Kernel

For the polynomial kernel, $K(x,y) = (x^Ty+c)^d$, the implicit feature space $\phi$ for which $K(x,y) = \phi(x)^T \phi(y)$ is of finite dimension and well known [1][2].
It is also well known that the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Name for the variety of preimages of a finite morphism

If $f:X\to Y$ is a finite morphism of degree $d$ between two varieties, you get a closed subset of the symmetric product $X^{(d)}$ (or perhaps rather the Hilbert scheme $X^{[d]}$), defined as the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

14 views

### Proofing Analytic continuation and stationary increments of an exponential Family

In U.Küchler "Exponential Families of Stochastic Processes" 1997 Theorem 4.2.1 we have the following setup.
Let $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},(\mathcal{F}_{t})_{t\geq0})$ be a filtered measurable space. Let ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Onsager-Machlup function for special matrix-valued diffusion process

Potentially useful background info
For standard vector-valued diffusion processes the following result is well-known:
Suppose we have a diffusion $X_{t}$ on $\mathbb{R}^{m}$ given by
\begin{align*}
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

71 views

### Intuition about Skorohod integral

I'm teaching myself Malliavin calculus and Skorohod integrals and with this kind of math I find myself following the logic through but lacking solid intuition about what is going on.
In particular ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### A Graph-Theory Related Question

Let $n$ be a positive integer and partition a grid of $4n$ by $4n$ unit squares into $4n^2$ squares of sidelength $2$. (The squares with sidelength $2$ have all of their sides on the gridlines of the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

115 views

### Determining conjugacy class of a subgroup from the sizes of its intersections with the conjugacy classes

Let $C_1,C_2,\ldots,C_n$ be the conjugacy classes of a finite group $G$. It is possible that there are two non-conjugate subgroups $K \leq G$ and $H \leq G$ such that $|H \cap C_i|=|K \cap C_i|$ for ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### find a formula for a vector using a cartesian equation of a sphere [on hold]

I've this exercise and i'm stuck, I'l appreciate any help.
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Does the reference letter writer know which school his/her letter is sent to? [on hold]

I am using AMS Mathjob. I am wondering:
If a reference letter writer could write different letters for different schools.
To do that, He/She needs to know which school his/her letter is sent to. Can ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

579 views

### Can one hear the shape of a drum for operators?

M. Kac in his famous paper "Can one hear the shape of a drum?" asked whether one can "hear" the area of the ambient domain by looking at the spectral picture. Although he was not the first who came up ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### The connecting morphism of a $\delta$-functor is natural [closed]

The connecting morphism of a $\delta$-functor is natural

**61**

votes

**12**answers

5k views

### Proposals for polymath projects

Background
Polymath projects are a form of open Internet collaboration aimed towards a major mathematical goal, usually to settle a major mathematical problem. This is a concept introduced in 2009 by ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Lower semi-continuity of the Hellinger-Fisher-Rao distance

I am currently working on unbalanced optimal transport, where the Hellinger (or sometimes Fisher-Rao) distance
$$
...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

203 views

### Ergodic theory: from Dynamics to Gibbs measure

I'm trying to understand the ergodic theory approach to statistical mechanics, namely how ergodic measure preserving dynamics lead to the Gibbs measure.
I have a compact space $X$, a probability ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### Does data suggest $| \pi_2 (n) - 2\Pi \int_2^n \frac{dx}{\ln(x)^2} | < \ln(n+2)^2 \sqrt (n+2) $?

Let $\Pi$ be the twin prime constant and $\pi_2(n)$ the twin prime counting function.
Define
$$ t(n) = \left| \pi_2(n) - 2 \Pi \int_2^n \frac{dx}{\ln(x)^2} \right| $$
Is it consistent with current ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### Application of sheaves theory in ring theory

Is there any text that gives some applications of sheaves theory in commutative ring theory? In the other word, is any results in commutative ring theory that be verified by sheaves method?

**8**

votes

**1**answer

513 views

### Hilbert schemes and moduli of ideal sheaves

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$. The Hilbert scheme on $X$ parametrizes quotients $\mathcal{O}_X \to E$ with fixed Hilbert polynomial. Let us fix the Hilbert polynomial to ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### How is the p-adic norm calculated when using universal witt vectors?

How is the p-adic norm calculated when using UNIVERSAL WITT VECTORS?
Is the p-adic norm calculated in the familiar way, in the sense that we look to the last digit to the right, and the prime number ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### When is a given quiver algebra a hopf algebra?

Given a finite dimensional selfinjective quiver algebra A over a finite field (or more generally an arbitrary field). Whats the best way to check if the algebra A has a Hopf algebra structure or not? ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Smooth manifolds as idempotent splitting completion

The nlab has a particularly interesting thing to say about the category of smooth manifolds: it is the idempotent-splitting completion of the category of open sets of Euclidean spaces and smooth maps.
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### reference on representation theory of SO*(2n)

I'm interested in the representation theory of the non-compact real Lie group $\mathrm{SO}^*(2n)$, the subgroup of matrices $M\in\mathrm{SO}(2n,\mathbb{C})$ satisfying
$$
M^\dagger\eta \,M=\eta,\qquad ...

**57**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Is there a complex surface into which every Riemann surface embeds?

This question was previously asked on Math SE.
Every Riemann surface can be embedded in some complex projective space. In fact, every Riemann surface $\Sigma$ admits an embedding $\varphi : \Sigma ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the q-Bernstein operator

The Bernstein operator maps $f\in C[0,1]$ to its Bernstein
polynomial $B_n f.$ The eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the
Bernstein operator on $C[0,1]$ have been described in [1]. Similar description ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

308 views

### Is there any elementary embedding characterization for $\Pi_{1}^{1}$ - reflecting cardinals?

Similar to one of the characterizations of weakly compact cardinals, a $\Pi_{1}^{1}$ - reflecting cardinal is defined as follows:
A cardinal $\kappa$ is $\Pi_{1}^{1}$ - reflecting if $\kappa$ is ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

440 views

### Why going to number fields in number field sieve help beat quadratic sieve?

To factor an $n$ bit integer number field sieve roughly takes $$e^{c{(\ln\ln n)^{\frac23}}({\ln n})^{\frac13}}$$ time while quadratic sieve takes $$e^{c{(\ln\ln n)^{\frac12}}({\ln n})^{\frac12}}$$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Etale fundamental of a parahoric group scheme

Let $p:X\rightarrow Y$ be a double cover of curves, denote by $$SU_n:=(p_*SL_n(\mathcal O_X))^{\tilde{\sigma}}$$
i.e. the $\tilde{\sigma}-$invariant part, the action of $\tilde{\sigma}$ is given by ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

374 views

### Hahn-Banach theorem with convex majorant

At least 99% of books on functional analysis state and prove the Hahn-Banach theorem in the following form: Let $p:X\to \mathbb R$ be sublinear on a real vector space, $L$ a subspace of $X$, and ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

65 views

### Understanding the limits of the Ito Process Defintion

I would like to understand what kind of stochastic process are Ito Processes. According to Kuo[p. 102] an Ito Process is a stochastic process of the form
$$dX_t=g(t)dt+f(t)dW(t),$$
where $W(t)$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### How many points are in such set with the same norm-2

Let $L=[a,b]\cap\mathbb{N}$ with $a,b\in\mathbb{N}$, let $D\in\mathbb{N}$, and let $C=L^D$. Then I would like to know how many points are there in $C$ with the same given norm-2 $d$. I.e., I'm looking ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

520 views

### How does Poincare duality interact with the Serre spectral sequence?

Suppose $F^m \to E^{m + n} \to B^n$ is a fiber bundle of closed oriented manifolds. I'm interested in understanding how the Serre spectral sequences for homology and cohomology of $E$ interact with ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

196 views

### Smoothness of the fourth power of the geodesic distance in a Finsler geometry

The simplest form of Finsler metric is:
$ds (X, dx)=\sqrt[4]{g_{\alpha, \beta, \gamma, \delta}(X).dx^{\alpha}dx^{\beta}dx^{\gamma}dx^{\delta}}$, where $g_{\alpha, \beta, \gamma, \delta}$ is a fourth ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

43 views

### Supercommutator of exterior multiplication operators and their adjoints

Let $\mathfrak{h}$ be a complex Hilbert space and consider Grassmann algebra $\mathcal{F}=\bigwedge\mathfrak{h}$ with its induced inner product. For $\omega\in\mathcal{F}$ we also consider the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

313 views

### $dd^\mathbb{C}$-lemma on pair $(X,D)$

Let $X$ be a Kähler manifold with a simple normal crossing divisor $D$, i.e., pair $(X,D)$. Let $\omega$ and $\omega'$ be two Kähler forms in the same Kähler class then have we $dd^\mathbb{C}$-lemma ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### Connectivity of the group of invertible elements of $C(S^{2})\otimes A$

For what type of $C^{*}$ algebras $A$, the group of invertible elements of $C(S^{2}) \otimes A$ is a connected group?
All finite dimensional $A$ satisfy this property.
Is it true to say ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### Extension of Dynkin's formula, conclude that process is a martingale

This question was asked here, but it did not get enough attention, so I'm crossposting it to MO.
Let $u: \mathbb{R}_+ \times \mathbb{R}^d$ be a bounded $C^2$ function whose first and second partial ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

182 views

### Parametrizing the solutions to a diophantine equation of degree four [closed]

Good evening,
Consider $x^4+y^4+z^4=2t^4$ where x,y,z,t integer.
Is it known how to find all parametrisation of this equation ?
If you have any parametrisation or reference of this equation, please ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Brownian motion, “increase interval”, exists constants, bound,

Let $B_t$ be a standard Brownian motion. Let $J(j, n) = [j/n, (j+1)/n]$. We will call $J(j, n)$ an increase interval if$$B_s \le B_t,\text{ }0 \le s \le {j\over{n}},\text{ }{{j+1}\over{n}} \le t \le ...