# All Questions

**0**

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23 views

### Separating Two Groups of Data using Fisher's Linear Discriminant

I found an article (starting on page 8) that gives a neat method for finding the line/plane/hyperplane that maximizes the separation between two groups of data points in n-dimensions. It uses Fisher's ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Orders in Central Simple Algebras. Applications

It is known that orders in quaternion algebras (over a number field) are used for constructing geometric objects like hyperbolic orbifolds and Shimura curves. Moreover, if one knows embedding ...

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51 views

### Extending natural transformations of triangulated functors on $D^b(\mathbb P^1)$

Let $\mathcal T = D^b(\mathbb P^1)$, the bounded derived category of $\mathbb P^1$ over a field $k$. It is well known that $\mathcal T$ admits a strong and full exceptional sequence $\{\mathcal O, ...

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votes

**1**answer

60 views

### Genus of Covering Space of 3-Manifold

Let $M_g$ and $M_h$ be closed orientable 3-manifolds of genus $g$ and $h$ respectively and suppose that $M_g$ is an $n$-sheeted cover of $M_h$. Is there a formula that would allow us to compute $g$ if ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### A question on compact sets

Let $K\subset \mathbb{R}^N$ be a compact set. We say
$K$ is "good" if the following property holds:
Given a set of open neighborhoods $\{x\in U_x\subset \mathbb{R}^N\}_{x\in K}$ there exists a finite ...

**0**

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**0**answers

43 views

### Completeness of spaces $\Lambda(\varphi, p)$

Definition 1. Let $f$ be measurable function on a mesurable subset $E\subset \mathbb R^n$. Non-increasing rearrangement of $f$ is a function $f^\ast(x)=\inf\{s>0: \operatorname{mes} E[|f| > s] ...

**4**

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62 views

### Is a finitely generated subgroup of a free profinite group virtually a retract?

Let $F$ be a nonabelian finitely generated free profinite group, and let $H \leq F$ be a finitely generated closed subgroup. Must there be some open subgroup $H \leq U \leq F$, and a closed normal ...

**8**

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85 views

### Closed geodesics avoiding points in hyperbolic surfaces

Let $\Sigma$ be a closed hyperbolic surface. Is it true that for any finite collection of points $x_1,\ldots,x_n\in\Sigma$ there exists a closed geodesic $\gamma$ containing none of them?
Remark: It ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

86 views

### Limiting Ratio of Solutions to Ordinary Differential Equations

I'm trying to find the limit of the ratio of two functions
$ \lim_{t \rightarrow \infty} \frac{f(t)}{g(t)} $ but only have the initial conditions and the differential equations they solve, but the ...

**6**

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125 views

### Have heat kernels for generalized Laplacians on non-compact manifolds been constructed?

Let $M$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold which is "nice enough", and $D$ a generalized Laplacian on it. The construction of the heat kernel for the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $M$ seems to be ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Examples of Symplectic Questions Solved by ``Mirror Symmetry Translation'' to Complex Questions

According to the proponents of homological mirror symmetry, when a complex and symplectic manifold are mirror symmetric, we can take difficult questions about the symplectic space and transfer them ...

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18 views

### Density of restrictions of $p$-harmonic functions on a hypersurface

Let $\omega,\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$, $n\geq2$, be bounded smooth domains so that $\bar\omega\subset\Omega$.
Let $1<p<\infty$.
Define the boundary space $B=W^{1,p}(\omega)/W^{1,p}_0(\omega)$; ...

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**0**answers

31 views

### BPP with expected polynomial time [on hold]

Suppose we change the definition of BPP to require the TM to run in expected polynomial time (such as in ZPP).
Will the resulting class be equal to BPP, or larger?
Thanks.

**1**

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24 views

### Optimization of a multilinear function over a product of hypersimplices

Let $P = \Delta_1 \times \cdots \times \Delta_N$ be the Cartesian product of $N$ hypersimplices. Let $f : P \to \mathbb{R}$ be a multilinear function of $N$ variables, ie $x_i \mapsto f(x_1, \ldots, ...

**3**

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**1**answer

192 views

### Is an anticanonical Weil divisor in $\mathbb{Q}$-Gorenstein variety Calabi-Yau?

Let $P$ be a normal, $\mathbb{Q}$-Gorestein variety with terminal singularities. Let $X \subseteq P$ be a normal, irreducible Weil divisor such that $X \sim_{\mathbb{Q}} - K_P$, that is ...

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**0**answers

218 views

### Is there a hidden symmetry in the prime numbers distribution?

Under Goldbach's conjecture, let's consider once again the map $r_0\colon n\mapsto r_{0}(n)$ such that $r_{0}(n)$ is the smallest non negative integer $r$ such that both $n-r$ and $n+r$ are prime.
...

**3**

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**0**answers

53 views

### Geometric automorphism of free group respect to nonorientable suface

An outer automorphism $[ϕ]\in Out(F_n)$ is geometric if it is induced by a surface homeomorphism h:M→M, where M is a compact surface with nonempty boundary. I am wondering is it enough we only ...

**9**

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**1**answer

264 views

### singularize the least inaccessible?

Is it consistent that there is some partial order $\mathbb P$ and some inaccessible cardinal $\kappa$, which is the least inaccessible, such that $\mathbb P$ forces $\kappa$ to be singular while ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

88 views

### Linear intersection number and vertex covering number

A linear hypergraph is a pair $\pi=(X, L)$ where $X\neq \emptyset$ is a set and $L\subseteq {\cal P}(X)$ has the following properties:
for $e\in L$ we have $|e|\geq 2$;
if $e_1\neq e_2 \in L$ then ...

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13 views

### Algebra textbook recommandation for person already familiar with algebra [migrated]

Can you guys please recommend me a good textbook on algebra, given that I am already familiar with lots of algebra stuff and I want to revisit, and deepen my knowledge?
(Little backstory: I started ...

**-1**

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45 views

### smallest (sub-) sigma algebra containing a null set [on hold]

Given a probability space ($\Omega,\mathcal{A} ,P$) and $N \in \mathcal{A}, N \ne \emptyset$ with $P(N) = 0$
What is the smallest sub-sigma algebra of $\mathcal{A}$ containing $N$.
I'm kind of ...

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54 views

### pushforward of universal objects along canonical morphisms of stacks

The kind of question I'm interested in has the following flavor: having two moduli stacks with one being an enhanced (i.e more data) version of the other with the natural "forgetting" map between them ...

**6**

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**0**answers

100 views

### An Interesting Markov Chain Mixing time question (coupling of random variables)

Consider a simple markov chain called reproduction process. Let $N>0$ be fixed. At each time $t$, there are $N$ balls, in which $x$ balls are colored white, and $N-x$ balls are colored black. We ...

**2**

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119 views

### How many points does 'the-most-point-contained-circle' contain at least?

Question : Given any $n$ distinct points $S$, consider the $\binom n2$ discs $D_{pq}$ formed by picking a pair of points $p,q$ from $S$ and using them as a diameter. For each disc $D_{pq}$, let ...

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**0**answers

127 views

### A relation that commutes with logical equivalence? [on hold]

I would like help with proving or disproving a conjecture concerning logical equivalence.
Say that a set $S$ of occurrences of formulas within a formula $\varphi$ is simplifiable (with respect to ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### What is the original reference for disorientations on tangle diagrams?

There are several invariants whose "natural" domain is a category of disoriented tangles, that is tangles which are piecewise-oriented, but which contain points called `disorientations' at which the ...

**3**

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**0**answers

77 views

### Maximal compact subgroup of SL(2,|H)

The exceptional isomorphism $Spin(5,1)\simeq SL(2,\mathbb{H})$ is well-known, and I can find references that say the maximal compact of $Spin(5,1)$ is $Spin(5) \simeq Sp(2)$. So I know the answer to ...

**4**

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**0**answers

172 views

### An integral with respect to the Haar measure on a unitary group

Let $A,D\in \mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$ be diagonal matrices. I need to calculate
$$\int_{U(n)}\det{(A-HDH^\dagger)}\,\mathrm{d}H$$
where $dH$ is the unit invariant Haar measure on the group of unitary ...

**-2**

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**2**answers

98 views

### Equality of two conditional expectations

I would like to show that for any random variable $X$ and $Z$ such that $X$ and $Z$ are independent and for any measurable functions $f$ and $g$,
$$ \mathbb E \left[ f(g(X),Z) | g(X) \right] = ...

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32 views

### Extension of canonical surjection to a place of fraction field

Let $R$ be an integrally closed domain, $K$ its field of fractions, and $m$ a maximal ideal of $R$.
By Chevalley theorem, the canonical surjection $R\to R/m$ extends in at least one way to a place ...

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**0**answers

85 views

### Dividing a n- cochain by a 1-cochain

Assume that $X$ is a path connected hausdorff topological space. Let $\alpha\in C^{1}(X,\mathbb{R})$ and $\beta\in C^{n}(X,\mathbb{R})$ be cochains in real singular cohomology. Asume that $\alpha ...

**4**

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70 views

### Can we replace 2-fold cover by n rectangles with 1-fold cover by n rectangles?

Suppose that $n$ rectangles cover every point of their union exactly twice (except for points on their boundaries).
Can we partition this union into at most $n$ rectangles?
I think it's pretty ...

**0**

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88 views

### How do I prove this statement about the operator norm? [on hold]

I stumbled across this equation in a paper, but I can't find the paper any more and I'm not sure if I remember it correctly.
By definition of an operator norm,
$$\left[(D^*D)^{-1} - ...

**-1**

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**0**answers

75 views

### What role does the quantum torus play in Noncommutative geometry [on hold]

Quantum torus is the associative algebra generated over a field by quasi-commuting variables
$x_i$ satisfying $x_ix_j = q_{ij}x_jx_i$ for suitable nonzero scalars $q_{ij}$.
What is the role played ...

**8**

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**1**answer

160 views

### Papers about decentralized search and cluster

I just start an independent study about small world network and clusters and I try to find papers about decentralized search and clusters.
Can anyone give me some references? Thanks!
EDIT (David ...

**0**

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**0**answers

43 views

### Is each multiplicative linear functional on $L^1(SL(2,R):SO(2,R))$ is triviall?

We know that if $G=SL(2,R)$ and $H=SO(2,R)$ as a compact subgroup of $G$, then $\{\xi \in \hat{G}; \xi|_H=1\}$is triviall. Can we conclude that each multiplicative linear functional on $\{f\in ...

**0**

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**0**answers

28 views

### About adjacency matrices of $k-$shift lifts of graphs

I am finding the notation of cyclic lifts of graphs to be very confusing.
Lets say one is looking at a cyclic $k-$lift of a $\vert V \vert$ sized graph.
I would like to understand what is the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Is there a standard notation for off-diagonal transpose?

Given a matrix $A=\begin{pmatrix}a&b\\c&d\end{pmatrix}$,
its transpose, obviously, is $A^T=\begin{pmatrix}a&c\\b&d\end{pmatrix}$.
But is there a conventional way of notating the matrix
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

119 views

### Example of torsion in orientable manifolds?

An orientable manifold can have torsion in its integer homology. But I believe by Poincare duality the manifold must be at least 4-dimensional -- isn't that right? Anyway are there simple examples ...

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**0**answers

86 views

### Generating the sigma algebras on the set of probability measures

I was wondering if somebody could help me see/provide a reference to the following fact: Let $X$ be a metrizable set, $\mathcal{F}$ the corresponding Borel sigma-algebra on $X$, and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Bar Construction Model of Ring Spectrum Quotient

Suppose I am given a morphism $f:BG\to BGL_1(R)$ for $R$ some at least $E_1$-ring spectrum and $G$ a loop space. Then This corresponds, I believe, to an action of $G$ on $R$, coming from a morphism ...

**0**

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147 views

### For a mathematician that English is not the native language, does he/she think in english or graph or native language? [on hold]

For example, if you are a mathematician with Chinese the native language. During your research you find most of the books or papers are in English, of course when you read them, you probably will ...

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44 views

### Continuous self-information

Let $I(X,Y)$ be the mutual information between two continuous random variables $X$ and $Y$.
We have $I(X,Y) = H(X)-H(X|Y)$, and setting $X=Y$ leads to $I(X,X) = H(X)-H(X|X)$. If $X$ was discrete, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Intersection Matrix of a resolution

Probably this is a very easy question. Let $f:X\rightarrow S$ be a resolution of a projective surface such that
$$K_X = f^{*}K_S+\sum_ia_iE_i$$
with $a_i>0$. By Grauert-Mumford theorem the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### A Krull-Schmidt Theorem for Lie groups?

I wondered whether there is an analogue of the Krull-Schmidt theorem for real Lie-groups. More precisely, what conditions do you have to impose on a connected finite dimensional Lie group $G$ so that ...

**19**

votes

**4**answers

973 views

### Categorical proof subgroups of free groups are free?

This is a crossport of this question from MSE.
Is there a categorical proof that subgroups of free groups are free?
How about the result that subgroups of free abelian groups are free abelian?
...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### Iterative Calculation? [on hold]

Apologies, as I do not know how to phrase this question in the correct terms; however, I will try my best.
I have an equation that looks like this:
D = A - B - C
However, C = ( [A - B] * X )
Is ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

384 views

### Why is “The Higman Rope Trick” thus named?

I'm studiyng Higman's Embedding Theorem, and a fundamental part of the proof is the following lemma:
If R is a benign normal subgroup of finitely generated group F, then F/R can be embedded in a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Besse p134 Riemann tensor in dimension 4

Does someone have a reference for the proof of 4.72 page 134 of Einstein Manifolds? It is said that
$$\check{R}-\vert R\vert^2g/4=S/3 (Ric-S/4) +2\mathring{W}(Ric -S/4) $$
because we are in dimension ...

**-1**

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39 views

### Improper integral calculation - limit at infinity [on hold]

Will you please help me prove the following limit is zero ?
$
lim_{x \to \infty} \int_0^{\infty} \frac{1-e^{-u^4}}{u^2} cos(x\cdot u) du
$
Thanks in advance