-2
votes
0answers
51 views

How to estimate some combinatorial expression? [on hold]

How to estimate (or explicitly compute) the following sum $\sum_{j=1}^{k}\left|\binom{x}{j}\binom{k-1}{j-1}\right|$ from above? The most convenient estimation ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Minimal dimension of a Lie algebra of matrices, with a restrictive property

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a sub-Lie-algebra of $\mathfrak{gl}_n(\mathbb{C})$, the Lie algebra of complex $n\times n$ square matrices. Let us call $(H)$ the hypothesis: for all $x, y\in\mathbb{C}^n$, ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

Monoidal structure on simplicial sheaves

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a site and let $sPh(\mathcal{C})_{proj}$ be the category of simplicial presheaves equipped with the projective model structure. This category is a closed monoidal model category ...
-2
votes
0answers
36 views

Deriving sequence of number added after sum of the number [on hold]

I just want to know , is there any mathematics operation by which we can achieve the below mentioned task: 1> I will sum up a sequence of number, it could be any number(For the task I am free to ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Hyperellptic curve defined by a set of rational points

If we fix a field $\mathbb{F}$ of positive characteristic, and a a genus $g$ , how many rational points are enough to build a unique hyperelliptic curve of genus $g$ over $\mathbb{F}$?. The thing is ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Weak topology on subsets of a normed space

I have few questions about the subsets of a normed space $X$ endowed with the weak topology. Let $E$ be such subset. When is the norm a continuous function on $E$? When is the metric induced by the ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

The number of $k$-free integers not exceeding $x$

We say that an integer $n\in\mathbb{N}$ is $k$-free if for each prime $p\mid n$, one has $p^k \nmid n$. Let $\mu_k(n)$ be the characteristic function of $k$-free numbers, where $k\ge 2$. Let ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Approximation property of Fréchet if range is restricted to an embedded Hilbert space

Let $W$ be a separable Fréchet space, and $H\subset W$ be a separable Hilbert space that is continuously embedded (equivalently, the topology of $H$ is stronger than the subspace topology generated by ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Constructing normal crossing varieties

Let $X_i$ be a smooth projective variety with a smooth divisor $D_i$ for $i=1,2$. Suppose that $D_1$ is isomorphic to $D_2$. Then does it make sense to construct a normal crossing variety $X=X_1 ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

If $R$ is generated by idempotents, then $\text{Ann}(R)=0$?

Let $R$ be a ring (not necessarily commutative or unital) that is generated by idempotents. I'd like to know if $\text{Ann}(R)=0$ must hold. Here I use $\text{Ann}(R)$ to denote the set of all ...
7
votes
1answer
191 views

Notions of infinity in $\mathsf{ZF}$ without choice

Consider the following statements about a given set $X$ in in $\mathsf{ZF}$: (1) There is $x_0\in X$ such that there is a surjective map $\varphi: X\setminus\{x_0\}\to X$. (2) There is an injective ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

How to prove Butler's inequality for the maximal slope of the kernel bundle?

In Butler' paper "Normal generation of vector bundles over a curve" (J.d.g.,1994). Proposition 1.4 said that $$prop^+(M_E)\leq \max\left\{-2,\frac{-prop^+(E)}{prop^+(E)-g}\right\}$$ where $E$ is a ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

Concentration of measure for uniform distribution on Stiefel manifolds

This is my first post on MO, so I hope the question is suitable. I am looking at the uniform distribution on the Stiefel manifold, but more specifically, at the uniform distribution on the ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Classification of Hopf-Galois Extensions as Torsors

Faithfully flat Hopf-Galois extensions of rings: $A\to B$, with $H$ coacting on $B$ such that $B\otimes_AB\simeq B\otimes H$, are often thought of as being accessible substitutes for $G$-torsors in ...
3
votes
0answers
148 views

Have topographs been studied before?

This is my first post on MO so I hope this question is suitable. I have quite a few definitions which I will need to state before my questions at the end of this post. Please let me know if anything ...
-2
votes
0answers
124 views

About “covering” subgroups

Let $H$ be a subgroup of $S_n$ (the symmetric group with n elements). In the paper I read (cf. Thm 3.17 there), the authors define $H$ to be a covering if the following condition holds: for all ...
12
votes
2answers
323 views

What's an example of 2 elliptic curves with the same ground ring s.t. their associated cohomology theories detect different things?

My understanding is that a complex-oriented spectrum is a ring spectrum $E$ with a map $MU \to E$. Analogously, a ring with a formal group law is a ring $R$ with a map $L \to R$ (where $L$ is the ...
-7
votes
0answers
82 views

taylor-series condition [on hold]

I think it is interesting, if we have the formula $\frac{n^m - (n - 1)^ m }{m}$ ~ ${n ^ {m-1}}$ for example $\frac{100^3 - (100-1) ^ 3 }{3} $ = $9900$ ~ ${100 ^ 2}$, if the difference (I'll ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

Proof that no differentiable space-filling curve exists

Could someone provide a reference or a sketch of a proof that no differentiable space-filling curve exists? Or piecewise differentiable? Must every continuous space-filling curve be nowhere ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

When does an algebraic space that is a torsor over a scheme have to be a scheme?

In Group actions on stacks and applications (Section 4 of part A), M.Romagny gives a definition of $G$-torsor over a scheme $S$ in which the total space need not be a scheme, just an algebraic space. ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Curvature of a principal bundle and the exterior covariant derivative

I am sorry if this is too elementary; I had posted it on math.stack but no one answered. Let $P\to M$ a principal fibre bundle with fibre $G$, and let $A\in \Omega^{1}(P)\otimes\mathfrak{g}$ be a ...
7
votes
2answers
224 views

Tauberian theorem with better error term

This is a fairly vague question. Suppose we have a sequence of positive numbers $(c_n)_n$ and we want to find an asymptotic formula for $S(x) = \sum_{n \leq X} c_n$. In favorable circumstances, ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Is the minimal solution of a Pell equation a positive integral power of the fundamental unit? [migrated]

Let $k=\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$ -- $d$ is a positive square-free integer -- be a real quadratic field, and let $\varepsilon_k$ be its fundamental unit. Let $(x,y)$ be the minimal solution to the Pell ...
9
votes
1answer
289 views
+50

Example of a ring $R$ such that $\dim(R[[X]])<\dim(R[X])$

Dimension refers to the Krull dimension of a commutative ring. In the paper "Prime ideals in power series rings" J. Arnold gives an example of such a ring: Let $k$ be a field and $K=k(t)$ a ...
20
votes
0answers
267 views

Identities for power series like $\sum_n z^{n^3}$

Probably, one of the first power series that every mathematician encounter is the geometric series $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty z^n = \frac1{1-z}, \quad z \in \mathbb{C},\; |z| < 1 .$$ Also, a particular ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Are fibers at points of morphism of schemes closed subschemes? [on hold]

Is $X \rightarrow Y$ is a morphism of schemes and $y \in Y$, is the fiber of $y$ a closed subscheme of $X$? Is is true that the fibers of the projection $X \times_S Y \rightarrow Y$ (with $X,Y$ ...
-7
votes
0answers
76 views

Conjecture about Prime Numbers [on hold]

Conjecture 1. Being P the product of the multiplication of several different prime numbers, and being Np ˂ P any prime number not being prime factor of P; being NL ˂ │P^(1/2)│ any prime number not ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Criteria for Compactness of a Closed in $L^2$ Spaces [on hold]

$(X, \mathcal{B}, \mu)$ is a measure space. Is there any well-known criteria for compactness of a closed set in $L^2(X, \mu)$? If the answer is negative what about $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n,\mu)$(in this ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

Hausdorff measure of the graph

Is there any example of a real valued function on the real line whose domain has Lebesgue measure zero but the graph (in the plane) has positive one dimensional Hausdorff measure? Of course if such ...
-5
votes
0answers
173 views

Are numbers fundamental mathematical entities? [on hold]

This question came to my mind after seeing Vi Hart's video on YouTube about the "number" Wau and the answer I gave there to the question "what is the number Wau?". As far as I know, numbers have ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Is there a term for “ranked distance” matrices?

In a n by n "ranked distance matrix" each element has a rank $r_{ij}$ between 1 and n that indicates it is the $r_{ij}$th smallest element in column $i$ of a corresponding Euclidean distance matrix. ...
5
votes
0answers
137 views

Is there a higher, “orientalish” version of geometric realisation?

Geometric realisation of simplicial sets can be roughly thought of like this: In some category $\mathcal{C}$, we choose an object for every abstract $n$-simplex. In topological spaces, we would ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

Representability of morphism of stacks

A morphism of Artin stacks $f:X\to Y$ over $\mathbb Q$ is representable by algebraic spaces if and only if its geometric fibres are algebraic spaces. I would like to know if one can use this to prove ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

Generalization of Little Fermat Theorem for a particular $a$ and perfect shuffles

I'm looking for the smallest $n\in \mathbb{N}$ that solves the following equation: $$2^n=1 \mod m$$ For an odd $m$. I know that Little Fermat Theorem and Euler Totient give me a solution but they ...
0
votes
0answers
137 views

What is the status on questions related to Bhargava's factorial function?

In Manjul Bhargava's The Factorial Function and Generalizations he motivates a new type of factorial $n!_S$ using by generalizing a few theorems like: For $k, l \in \mathbb{Z}$, we have $k! \times ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Relation between Chebyshev Interpolation and Expansion

I am seeking connections between pointwise Lagrange interpolation (using Chebyshev-Gauss nodes) and generalized series approximation approach using Chebyshev polynomials. Pointwise Lagrange ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

The automorphism groups of smallest grammars of a language string are isomorphic

Let $s \in \Sigma^*$ be a formal language string. Consider the automorphism group of $s$, defined to be the set of all permutations of positions of $s$ that leave $s$ fixed. For instance $G(abab) = ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Can anyone comment on uniformizing parameters and uniformizing coordinates?

Let $V$ be an algebraic variety ($\dim V = r$) over an algebraically closed field $k$, $U \subseteq V$ an open subset (in Zariski topology), and W a prime divisor of V, that is, the closed subvariety ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

How local is the exponent in the definition of a function with analytic/algebraic singularities?

In Demailly's Analytic Methods in Algebraic Geometry (available on his web page), the definition of a (plurisubharmonic) "function with analytic singularities" is a (plurisubharmonic) function $ u: ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

A $C^{*}$ algebra associated to a group [on hold]

Let $G$ be a compact group which act on a Hilbert space $H$. We define a linear map $T$ on the dual space $H^{*}$ with $$T(\phi)(x)=\int_{G} \phi(g.x)$$ The integration is based on the Haar ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Average probability that a random cosine polynomial with bernoulli coefficients is small

Let $P_{n}(t)=\sum_{k=0}^{n}\varepsilon_{k}\cos(kt)$ where $\varepsilon_{i}$ are independent random variables taking values in $\left\{-1,1\right\}$ with equal probability. Is is true that for any ...
8
votes
4answers
849 views

number theory which is close to analysis

I have basic training in Fourier and Harmonic analysis. And wanting to enter and work in area of number theory(and which is of some interest for current researcher) which is close to analysis. ...
2
votes
0answers
184 views

Functor of points of a tensor triangulated category

Is there is a functor of points approach to tensor triangulated categories parallel to Balmer's theory of prime spectra? Given a tensor triangulated category $\mathcal{T}$ an $R$-point can be ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

dual basis of cohomology algebra [migrated]

Let $H^*(M)$ be the cohomology algebra of oriented manifold $M$ with rational coefficients. Let $\{b_i\}$ be a basis of $H^*(M)$ as a vector space over $\mathbb{Q}$. Let the dual basis be ...
-3
votes
0answers
37 views

shortest line segment that equally divide a triangle? [on hold]

Given the coordinates of all three vertexes of a triangle, what's the length of the shortest line segment that divide a triangle into two equal-area halves? This is a problem that a friend gave to ...
22
votes
2answers
594 views

Interplay between Loop Quantum Gravity and Mathematics

It is known that there are many interesting connections between String Theory and modern Mathematics, with a rich feedback going on in both directions: there have been advances in mathematics thanks ...
7
votes
0answers
86 views

Thales Style Level Sets

Encouraged by Joseph O'Rourke ( and inspired by the discussion at Thales' semicircle theorem in higher dimensions ), I ask about level sets in three dimensional space occuring from considering ...
3
votes
3answers
129 views

Probable direction of deviations from the expected value in binomial and hypergeometric cases

Suppose I have an urn with N marbles, with frequencies p and q for red and black marbles, and with p > 0,5. I take a sample of r marbles. It sounds intuitive to say that deviations from the mean ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

Is there any counterpart to Thales' semicircle theorem in higher dimensions?

It was established by TMA, @WillSawin, and @DouglasZare, in their responses to the MO question, "Thales' semicircle theorem in higher dimensions," that the natural generalization of Thales' semicircle ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

Classifying spaces of topological groups whose underlying spaces are homotopy equivalent

Let $G$, $H$ be topological groups and $f:G\rightarrow H$ a continuous group homomorphism which happens to be a homotopy equivalence of the underlying topological spaces. Let us assume that $G$, $H$ ...

15 30 50 per page