3
votes
1answer
74 views

Topology of ring of global sections of finite union of affinoid opens in a rigid analytic space

Let $X$ be a rigid analytic space over a non-Archimedean field $k$. If $U_1,\ldots,U_n\subseteq X$ are affinoid opens, then it's usually not clear whether or not the admissible open ...
10
votes
3answers
514 views

How to write an abstract for a math paper? [on hold]

How would you go about writing an abstract for a Math paper? I know that an abstract is supposed to "advertise" the paper. However, I do not really know how to get started. Could someone tell me how ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Application of finding shortest paths on Cayley graphs

For a fixed integer number $m$, Consider Cayley graph defined by all m-cycles in Symmetric group $Sym(n)$. I know that for $m=2$, there are some applications of finding shortest paths (or distance ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Differentiating and integrating an infinite series arising from a PDE

Let us work on a bounded domain $\Omega$ with Neumann BCs, with $(\varphi_k, \lambda_k)$ being the orthonormalised eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the Neumann Laplacian. Given $u \in H^{\frac ...
5
votes
1answer
148 views

Automorphism group of a fiber bundle surjects onto diffeomorphism group?

This should surely be well-known by I have not been able to find a good reference to the following question: Given a smooth fiber bundle $\pi\colon P \longrightarrow M$ over a smooth manifold $M$ with ...
-1
votes
0answers
35 views

Probability/Bayes theorem/Bernoulli's experiments question [on hold]

John has rolled the dice 10 times and he said that every number form 1 to 6 has appeared at least once. Given this information find the probability of the event "number 6 has appeared at least 2 ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Largest symmetric matrix given rank

Let $\mathscr{M}[n,d]$ be collection of $n\times n$ symmetric matrices with real entries from $\{0,1\}$ such that every row/column is distinct with sum of every row/column being $d$. What is minimum ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Asymptotic of min(#generators times diameter), for a Cayley graph of Sn

This post is a sequel of Diameter of symmetric group. Let $\Sigma$ a generating subset of $S_n$, $\Gamma(S_n, \Sigma)$ the Cayley graph and $d_{\Sigma}$ the diameter of $\Gamma(S_n, \Sigma)$. Let ...
1
vote
0answers
143 views

Can triangulated categories be “approximated by countable subcategories” (that are triangulated but not full!)?

For a given (finite) set of (objects and) morphisms $f_i$ in a triangulated category $C$ I am interested in a (non-full!) triangulated subcategory $C'\subset C$ of "small size" that would contain ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

all paths between two nodes of an grid structure [on hold]

i have an 5*5 matrix numbered from 1 to 25. i wanted to print all paths between any two nodes. ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Inverse Laplace Transforms of Exponential Form

I'm trying to find the velocity component of an MHD flow using Laplace transforms. R.B. Hetnarski's algorithm for inverting the laplace transforms of some exponential functions was recommended to me ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Positivity of alternating series

Let $\{a_n\}_{n=0}^{\infty}$ be a sequence of positive real numbers such that $\limsup_n \frac{1}{n}\log a_n=-\infty$. Then $$ f(x)=\sum_{n\geq 0}a_n x^n $$ converges absolutely for all $x$. Under ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Discretizing probability measures

Consider a probability distribution on $\mathbb{R}^k$, say $\mu$. Then there is a sequence of probability measures $\mu_n$ that converge weakly to $\mu$ so that each of them is discrete (takes ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Does a positive-measure subset of the unit interval almost surely intersect a random translation of some countable subgroup of $\mathbb{R}$?

Please forgive me if this is a very easy question. Let $A \subset [0,1]$ be a Borel-measurable set with strictly positive Lebesgue measure. Does there necessarily exist a countable subgroup $G$ of ...
1
vote
0answers
164 views

What is deforming this non-complete intersection like?

Let $R = \mathbf{C}[x,y,u,v]$ be the coordinate ring of $\mathbf{C}^4$. Let $I$ be the ideal generated by $u$ and $v$, let $J$ be the ideal generated by $u$ and $y$. What are the flat deformations of ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Is every weight of an integrable highest weight module in the Tits cone?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Kac-Moody algebra with Cartan subalgebra $\mathfrak{h}$, Weyl group $W$, and simple roots and coroots $\alpha_i, \check{\alpha_i}, i \in I$, respectively. Let $L$ be an ...
-5
votes
0answers
76 views

a basic question [on hold]

‎If ‎$‎\{A_i\}_{i=1}‎^{‎\infty‎}‎‎$‎, and ‎$‎A=‎\bigcup_{i} A_i‎$‎ ‎then we can ‎‎ write this union as a disjoint union.‎ For this ‎$‎B_n=A_n-‎\bigcup‎_{i=1}^{n-1} A_i‎$ ,‎ ‎then‎ ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Extending GUE to a measure on operators?

Let $\mathcal H_n$ denote the space of Hermitian $n\times n$ matrices and let $\mu_{GUE}$ denote the following measure on $\mathcal H_n$: $$ \mu_{GUE}(dM) = \exp\left( -\frac{n}{2}\text{tr}\ ...
-1
votes
0answers
89 views

Meromorphic functions on $U^2 = T^3 + 1$, genus [on hold]

This question Asked in S.E but no, answer ,I would like to know how do i find a genus of $F$ . Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $\neq 2$, and consider the quadratic extension $F$ of $k(T)$ ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

Transitivity of discriminant for flat algebras

Sorry if the question doesn't feed this site, I'm reposting it from MSE. Nobody answered it there and I couldn't find the proof in general case(whenever it was mentioned the proof was referred to as a ...
3
votes
0answers
114 views

When there exists some “cone” of a morphism of (ind-representable) cohomological functors?

I am interested in cohomological functors from a certain small triangulated category $C$ to abelian groups. The question is: given a tranformation $F\to G$ of two functors of this sort, is it ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

A differential equation with continuous coefficient and no solution in a reflexive Banach space?

Is there a reflexive Banach space $B$ and a continuous map $f:B\to B$ such that the differential equation $$ \frac{d x (t)}{dt} = f(x(t)) $$ with some initial condition $x(0)=x_0$ has no solution?
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Cauchy completeness of the real closure

Let $k$ be an ordered field of cofinality $cf(k)$ whose Cauchy $cf(k)$-sequences are convergent.$^{(1)}$ Let $\mathcal{R}(k)$ be its real closure. As an algebraic extension of $k$, it has the same ...
13
votes
5answers
1k views

How to explain the concentration-of-measure phenomenon intuitively?

One way to phrase the "concentration-of-measure" phenomenon is that, for a Euclidean sphere $S^d$ in $d$ dimensions, for large $d$, "most of the mass is close to the equator, for any equator."1 ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views
+50

What's an example of a rough path that's not Ito/Stratonovich-Brownian rough path?

The only rough path that I've ever seen discussed are the ones associated with Brownian motion. I could use a "rough path" for any nice function, defeating the point. In particular are there ...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

A conservative, non faithful functor between triangulated categories

Suppose that we have: 1) triangulated categories $C,D$, each equipped with a $t$-structure. 2) triangulated functor $F: C \to D$ which is $t$-exact. 3) $F$ reflects isomorphisms, i.e. is ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Valid KKT Constraint Qualification? Linear constraints not full rank, Jacobian of nonlinear constraints full rank and independ. of linear constraints

For a nonlinear optimization problem having only linear constraints, by the Linearity Constraint Qualification, no further constraint qualification is required for the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) ...
3
votes
0answers
59 views

Searching information on a certain function with a fixed point property connecting Moebius $\mu$ and Fibonacci numbers

Let $\mu$ be the Moebius function and define for $1\leq n\in\mathbb{N}$ $$ f(n) = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \mu\left(\frac{n}{2}\right) + \mu\left(\frac{n}{4}\right), & n\equiv 0, 4, 8\mod 12, \\ ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Largest Set of Special Unitary Matricies With Invariant Subspace For Adjoint Action

I am trying to solve the following. Given the special unitary group $SU(n)$ and its adjoint action $Ad_{U}: \mathfrak{su}(n) \rightarrow \mathfrak{su}(n)$, what is the largest subset of $SU(n)$ such ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Vanishing Restricted Isometric Constant

In compressed sensing, we are interested in the restricted isometry property. Suppose the design matrix is $n$ by $p$, consisting of $np$ iid $\mathcal{N}(0, 1/n)$ entries. Assume both $n$ and $p$ are ...
-3
votes
0answers
35 views

Number of homomorphisms between finitely generated abelian group and a finite cyclic group [on hold]

This is the situation: Suppose we have a finitely generated group $G= \mathbb{Z}^r \times E$ with $E$ it's tortion subgroup and $m=$ exponent of $E$ i.e. the least natural number such that $x^m=1$ ...
3
votes
2answers
186 views

Sets $X,Y \subset [0,1]$, stronger than being measure $0$, such that $X+Y = [0,2]$

A set $X\subset \mathbb{R}$ is called nice if for every $\epsilon > 0$ there are a positive integer $k$ and $k$ bounded intervals $I_1,I_2,...,I_k$ such that $X \subset I_1 \cup I_2 \cup ...
2
votes
0answers
164 views

Can estimate upper bound of $|p_{i}|$ or $|q_{i}|?$

when I Find the diophantine-equation rational points $$2y^2=x^6-x^2+2$$ I using Faltings's theorem showed that there are only finitely many solutions,if we assmue that ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

higher dimensional analogue of EGZ theorem

The EGZ theorem states that any multiset of $2n-1$ integers has a subset of size $n$ the sum of whose elements is a multiple of $n$. Kemnitz-Reiher theorem is a 2-dimensional analogue of EGZ. Here is ...
-6
votes
0answers
73 views

A Paradox by a Variant of Von Neumann's coin toss [on hold]

All biased coins are fair. If I have a biased coin whose probability of heads is $p$, and keeps tossing it, and only stops when the number of heads equals tails, then each sequence I get has a ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

On an automatic translation of typed lambda calculus in untyped lambda calculus

I have a question regarding the "compilation" of typed lambda calculus in untyped lambda calculus. Take for example the inductive definition of lists, with introduction rules: and: We can ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Gradient of distance function at cut points on Alexandrov spaces

Let $M$ be an $n$-dim Alexandrov space with curvature bounded below $sec \geqslant k$, possibly non-compact. We assume that $M$ has no boundary for simplicity. For a compact subset $K \subset M$, the ...
-1
votes
0answers
84 views

Graph Theory text for a social scientist [on hold]

I am a graduate student in Economics. I have a decent grounding in maths, but I've never studied graph theory or combinatorics. I need to study graph theory in order to analyse production networks. ...
10
votes
0answers
514 views

How is $S^1$-equivariant elliptic cohomology affected as we continuously vary the underlying elliptic curve?

Background: Grojnowski constructs a $S^1$-equivariant cohomology theory $E^*_{S^1}$ which trivially satisfies $$\text{Spec }E^*_{S^1}(pt) = E$$ where $E$ is a mild modification of a complex elliptic ...
9
votes
0answers
86 views

Is there a nice formula for the “non-crossing substitution” of linear combinatorial species?

Background A linear species is a functor $$F : \mathrm{Lin} \to \mathrm{FinSet},$$ where $\mathrm{Lin}$ is the category of totally ordered sets and bijections and $\mathrm{FinSet}$ is the category ...
-2
votes
0answers
44 views

Clockwise sorting of circle point [on hold]

I have list of 3d points ( -2.03591339559,-0.560307972035,-0.474112849094), ( -2.05118196203,-0.55785528461,0.5743518821), ( -1.02999710644,1.16145402736,0.585203882893), ( ...
2
votes
1answer
371 views

Mathematics equivalent of Feynman's Lectures in Physics? [on hold]

I'm looking for an equivalent of "Feynman's Lectures in Physics" in mathematics. I'm specifically looking for book/books that delve into, using Feynman's words, "the meaning of things".
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Convex optimization with full subdifferential information

Can anyone direct me to any algorithms or theorems that describe the difficulty of solving a non-smooth convex optimization problem for the special case where the full subdifferential is available? ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

A question about Segre class

Suppose $C$ is a cone over $X$.(i.e.$C=\operatorname{Spec}S$, where $S$ is a sheaf of $O_X$ algebras.) The Segre class $s(C)$of $C$ is the class in $A_*(X)$ defined by ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Steepest descent path and Picard-Lefschetz theory

Assume that an ordinary integral of the form $$I=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}dx e^{-f(x)} $$ for some real function $f(x)$ is given where $f(x)$ is well defined over all $\mathbb{R}$ and the integral is ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Extremal functions for Gagliardo-Nirenberg inequality

Recently I read about the Gagliardo-Nirenberg inequality. And I would like to ask about the attainability and the maximizers of the GN inequality: $(∫|u|^{r}dx)^{\frac{1}{r}} \leq ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Random Cluster Model only for bond percolation?

Can someone please tell me which of the following statements I make are true of the current state of the art: The Random Cluster Model is a generalization of bond percolation (with possibly ...
-3
votes
1answer
155 views

Is :$\frac{\Bbb d}{\Bbb d x}$ a chaotic operator in infinite-dimensional Hilbert space? [on hold]

I proposed this question in SE but no answer ,may I have a problem in my question, I would like to know when $\frac{\Bbb d}{\Bbb d x}$ does chaotic operator in Hilbert space ? Let $H$=$L^2(\mathbb ...
0
votes
1answer
261 views

On a claim of Zagier on extending a map to cocycle

Zagier, in his paper 'Some Surprising Consequences of the Cohomology of SL$_2(\bf{ Z})$' (link, p. 6), studies the action of $\Gamma=PSL_2(\bf Z)$ on a vector space $V$, denoting the action by $v\ |\ ...
6
votes
0answers
107 views

What is the significance of having Prime Ideal Theorem in models for failure of Axiom of Choice? [migrated]

Prime Ideal Theorem says: PIT: Every ideal on a Boolean algebra can be extended to a prime ideal. It follows from Axiom of Choice but is weaker than it. In many cases I saw that people check ...

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