3
votes
2answers
133 views

Triangles in rigid Riemann surfaces

Edit: We thank Vladimir Matveev for his comment on this post which leeds us to revise the question as follows: Assume that $M_{g}$ is a compact Riemann surface with constant negative cuvature (That ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

section of reduced structure map

Let $R$ be a commutative ring whose characteristic is either prime or $0$, such that $R/N$ is an integral domain, where $N$ is the nilradical, and $p: R \rightarrow R/N$ the canonical map. Is there a ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Stabilizer subgroup in adjoint action [migrated]

Given $b \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$, how can I find the stabilizer $\text{stab}(b)$ for the adjoint action of $SU(n)$ on $\mathfrak{su}(n)$ given by $Ad_U(b) = UbU^{\dagger}$ without using coordinates? The ...
5
votes
1answer
329 views

Loop space generalization

Let $X$ be a based connected space. The space of based continuous morphisms $Top_{\ast}(S^1,X)$ is the space of loops $\Omega X$. Since $S^1$ is homotopy equivalent to the Eilenberg-Mac Lane Space ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Dimension reduction for low-order moments of Rademacher-weighted sums of vectors

Let $x_1,\dots,x_n$ be vectors in a Euclidean space $H$. Let $\varepsilon_1,\dots,\varepsilon_n$ be independent Rademacher random variables (r.v.'s), so that $P(\varepsilon_i=\pm1)=1/2$ for all $i$. ...
-3
votes
0answers
55 views

The Zariski closure of subset connected [on hold]

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\{P_i\}_{i\in I}$ be an arbitrary subset of $Spec(R)$ (where $Spec(R)$ is the set of all prime ideals of $R$) such that $\dfrac{R}{\bigcap_\limits{i\in I}{P_i}}$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Nuclear norm (convex) minimization with complex-valued matrices?

Rank minimization subject to some constraints can be accomplished in many cases through the nuclear norm. \begin{align} \min_{X}.\,\,& \left\|X\right\|_* \\ \text{s.t. }& X\in\mathcal{C} ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

What can we say about the boundary of the level set of a Sobolev function?

I'm a beginner of the area of free boundary problem. Let me first give some background: $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is an open connected set, and locally $\partial \Omega$ is a Lipschitz graph. ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Eigenvalue Problem — prove eigenvalue for A^2 + I [migrated]

This is a proof I've been trying to figure out since the problem was presented to me. We are given that $\lambda$ is an eigenvalue for a matrix $A$ and the vector $u$ is the eigenvector corresponding ...
-2
votes
1answer
34 views

expected value of cosine wirh Gaussian phase

Is there a solution to the expected value/variance for a Gaussian with random phase: $$\cos(\omega_0 t + \phi), \qquad \phi \sim \cal{N}(0,\sigma^2) $$ ? For $t=0$, the solution is for example ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Concave functions on a cone over Alexandrov space

Let $\Sigma$ be an Alexandrov space of curvature $\geq 1$ without boundary. Let $X$ be the cone over $\Sigma$. $X$ is well known to be non-negatively curved. Let $f\colon X\to \mathbb{R}$ be a ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Existence of a countable linear combination with positive coefficients

Consider a (Hausdorff and complete) locally convex topological vector space $V$ and a countable subset $(v_k)_{k=1}^\infty \subset V$ of non-zero vectors. $(*)$ Under what conditions on this ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

The best constant in Poincare-liked inequality in $BV$ and $BD$ space

This question has been posted on Math Stack exchange for a while and received no response. So I decide to move it here to get more attention. Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ be open, bounded and with ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Existence of martingales given some constraint on laws

Let $X=(X)_{0\le t\le 1}$ be a continuous martingale starting at $0$, then denote by $\mu$ and $\nu$ the probability laws of $\int_0^1X_t \mathrm{d}t$ and $X_1$. Then it is easy to see that the couple ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Minimal edge color on constraints

Is minimum colors needed to assign colors to edges of complete graph $K_n$ so that every even simple cycle contains an odd number ($>1$) of colors much larger than $(\log n)^\beta$ or ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

divisible 2nd cohomolgy group $H^2(G,\mathbb{Z}G)$

Recall that a (nontrivial) abelian group $A$ is called divisible if the multiplication by $n$ is surjection $A\to A$ for all $n\in\mathbb{Z}_{>1}$. My question is the following. Is there a ...
-2
votes
0answers
86 views

Fiber bundle with no connection for the fibers [on hold]

Suppose I have a fiber bundle $\pi: E \mapsto M$ where the base manifold $M$ is smooth, but I cannot define a connection on the fiber $F$ because in a small neighborhood of a fiber at an $x \in M$ ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

dense subgroup in pro v topology

Let $V$ be a extension closed pseudovariety. The pro-$V$ topology on a group $G$ is the unique group topology such that the set of normal subgroups $N$ with $G/N$ in $V$ is a fundamental system of ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

How to construct examples of functions in the Spaces of type $\mathcal{S}$ [on hold]

We know that there are $3$ types of $\mathcal{S}$-type Spaces, namely $\mathcal{S}_\alpha\:,\: \mathcal{S}^\beta\:,\:\mathcal{S}_\alpha^\beta$. $\mathcal{S}_\alpha: |x^k\varphi^{(q)}(x)|\le ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Find motivation for calculating $\int_{2}^{X} A^2(t) A(\alpha t)dt$

I read a thesis of Kong Kar Lun (student of Tsang K.M) about the some mean value theorems for certain errors terms in analytic number theory and in which he gave the asymptotic formulas of the ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Two geodesics with angle $\pi$ in Alexandrov space

Let two geodesic segments in an Alexandrov space with curvature bounded from below start at the same point and the angle between them equals $\pi$. It is possible that these segments are not the two ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Interest to know explicit values of certain coefficients

Sorry if my question is stupid but it comes to my mind whenever I read about the theory of symmetric power $L$ functions. Out of curiosity, I did a web search and found only the explicit expression of ...
-1
votes
0answers
158 views

Straight line complexity of $k!a$ where $(a,p)=1$

In Qi Cheng's paper, an algorithm is provided to calculate $k!a$ at some random $a∈ℕ$ ($a$ is not input to algorithm, only $k$ is), what is the probability that given a prime $p$ such that ...
11
votes
1answer
273 views

Automorphisms of finite order in $Out(\widehat{F_2})$

Let $\widehat{F_2}$ be the pro-$\ell$ completion of the free group of rank 2, where $\ell$ is some prime. Every outer automorphism of $F_2$ induces an outer automorphism of $\widehat{F_2}$, hence an ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

9-point stencil “equivalent” for advection equation [on hold]

So I inherited from some people a code that solves the advection-diffusion-reaction equation for a particular system. The original code was first implemented in 1D which worked fine in cartesian ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

How to calculate $det(X^TX)$ efficiently, update one column of X each time [on hold]

$X_{1} = (A, b)$, where $X_{1}$ is a $n\times p$ matrix, $A$ is a $n\times (p-1)$ and $b$ is $n\times1$. First calculate $\det(X_{1}^T X_{1})$, then update $b$ with $c$, st. $X_{2} = (A, c)$ and ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

Do Iwahori-Hecke algebras come from cohomology classes?

Let $W$ be a Coxeter group. The Iwahori-Hecke algebra $H_q(W)$ is a deformation of $k W$. Question: is there some way to interpret the deformation $H_q(W)$ as a cohomology class? It doesn't ...
5
votes
2answers
163 views

Invariants of the maximal unipotent subgroup of GL(n) acting on the space of n by n matrices

Let $G=GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ and let $U\subset G$ be a maximal unipotent subgroup. (For example,assume that U is the set of upper triangular matrices with ones in the diagonal.) Now let ...
5
votes
0answers
154 views

Examples of Rankin-Selberg L-functions from Eisenstein series

I've been digging for awhile to not much success, so I figure I would try here: I am looking for some references which compute explicitly examples of Rankin-Selberg L-functions from the constant ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

highest weight the half-sum of positive roots

Sorry if this one is already asked - couldnt find anything about it. If I take the irreducible representation of $GL_n$ whose highest weight is the half-sum $\rho$ of positive roots, it has ...
-2
votes
0answers
104 views

question on collatz trajectories/pattern in form $2^n - 1$ [on hold]

I recently noticed this remarkable general "wedge" pattern in base 2 for Collatz iterates starting with values $2^n - 1$, displayed here for $n=20$. Has this been noticed or analyzed before? ...
8
votes
1answer
355 views

Analytical formula for topological degree

At the first page of the following article http://arxiv.org/pdf/1004.1018v1.pdf [edit: the formula on the arXiv differs from the formula in the published paper, and the formula displayed below is the ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Bézout's theorem for arcs in the plane

Consider two polynomials $p,q \in {\mathbb R}[x,y]$, both of degree $d$. Let $\gamma_p$ and $\gamma_q$ be the two curves in ${\mathbb R}^2$ that are defined by these polynomials, and assume that these ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Perimeters of the cells of a convex tessellation

Let $C$ be a compact, convex region in $\mathbb{R}^2$, and say we have scalars $a_i, b_i, c_i$ for $i\in\{1,\dots,n\}$. Consider the tessellation $R_1,\dots,R_n$ of $C$ defined by letting ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Complexity of sparse matrix-vector multiplication?

I have a vector $\mathbf{x}$ of size $m\cdot n$ of zeros and ones, i.e., $\mathbf{x}\in\{0,1\}^{m\cdot n}$ and a matrix $\mathbf{A}$ of size $\left(m\cdot n+m+n+1\right)\times\left(m\cdot n\right)$ of ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

An example for a construction on monads/operads?

Suppose that $C$ is a bicategory. (I only need a monoidal category, i.e. one object bicategory, but I will stick with bicategories, since theory of monads is more commonly stated in that setting). A ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Time varying markovian birth death process

In a markovian birth death process, birth rate and death rate are $\lambda(t)$ and $\mu(t)$ respectively with Poisson arrival and departure. The population at $t$ is defined as $N(t)$. The problem ...
4
votes
2answers
80 views

Do subgaussian variables obey the slightly-stronger-than-Chernoff tail bound?

If $X \sim Normal(0,1)$, then we have the tail bound: $$ (*) \qquad\Pr[X > t] \leq \mathcal{O}\left(\frac{e^{-t^2/2}}{t}\right) .$$ Now for general variables $X$, a nice condition is that $X$ be ...
-1
votes
3answers
204 views

A question about sentences undecidable in Peano's Arithmetic

Many examples are now known of sentences undecidable in Peano's Arithmetic (PA) assuming that PA is consistent. Are some or all of these sentences also undecidable in Second Order Arithmetic (SOA) if ...
9
votes
1answer
494 views

Are there discontinuities in the large cardinal hierarchy?

Suppose that $\Phi(x,y)$ is a formula in the language of set theory so that for each natural number $n$, the axiom $\exists x\Phi(n,x)$ is a large cardinal axiom (for example consider $n$-huge ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Intuition behind the Kodaira Vanishing Theorem?

As the question suggests, what is the intuition behind the Kodaira Vanishing Theorem? The Kodaira Vanishing Theorem says that the cohomology groups $H^q(M, L \otimes K_M)$ vanish for $q \ge 1$ when ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Where can I find a copy of Moussatat's 1976 thesis “On the Asymptotic Theory of Statistical Experiments and Some of Its Applications”?

It was apparently written at Berkeley under the direction of Le Cam, and it is cited in a number of contributions to mathematical statistics, for example in Strasser's (1985) book "Mathematical Theory ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Can I use Birkhoff's Ergodic Theorem for Vector Valued Process?

I have a stationary process $\{u_n\}$ and I have a function $f:\mathbb{R}^L\to \mathbb{R}^+$. I want to evaluate the following limit $$\lim_{n\to \infty}\frac{1}{n}\sum_{k=1}^n g(f(\mathbf{u}_{k}))$$ ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

PDF of points at the intersection of a sphere and hyperboloid in n dimensions

I'm studying a statistical mechanics problem and I have two conserved quantities: $$ E = \sum_{k=0}^{M} \left[ a_1^2(k) + a_2^2(k) + b_1^2(k) + b_2^2(k)\right] $$ $$ H = \sum_{k=0}^{M} 2 k \left[ ...
5
votes
1answer
61 views

Continuous section inside a family of rank-varying operators

Good morning everybody, my question is as follows: let $K$ be a compact set and assume $F:K\to L(\mathcal H,\mathbb R^{m+1})$ be a continuous map from the compact set $K$ to the space of linear ...
4
votes
0answers
33 views

$w(\mathbb{R}P^q) = 1$ if and only if $q = 2^k - 1$ for some $k$ [migrated]

How do I show that $w(\mathbb{R}P^q) = 1$ if and only if $q = 2^k - 1$ for some $k$?
-3
votes
0answers
42 views

non local indecomposable commutative ring

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\{P_i\}_{i\in I}$ be an arbitrary subset of $spec(R)$ such that $\frac{R}{\bigcap_{i\in I}{P_i}}$ is an indecomposable ring, is any relation among $P_i$'s? Thanks a ...
3
votes
0answers
102 views

Does there exist a smooth compact manifold whose boundary is $\mathbb{R}P^3$? [on hold]

As the question suggests, does there exist a smooth compact manifold whose boundary is $\mathbb{R}P^3$?
2
votes
0answers
63 views

$Pin^{+}(4k)$ and $Pin^{-}(4k)$ are isomorphic [Reference Request]

This is some sort of "follow-up" to the (unanswered) question posted here. Let's denote $$\varphi :O(2n)\rightarrow O(2n);A\mapsto det(A)\cdot A.$$ Then $\varphi $ is an automorphism of $O(2n)$, and ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

Continuous maps on compact topological spaces which induce compact (Fredholm) operators

Let $X$ be a compact Hausdorff space. A continuous map $f:X \to X$ defines a bounded linear operator $T_{f}$ on the Banach space $C(X)=\{\phi:X\to \mathbb{C} \mid \phi\; \text{is continuous}\}$ with ...

15 30 50 per page