-4
votes
0answers
30 views

Cartopolar curve

Is there any plane curve that has the same equation in cartesian as in polar coordinates? To be more specific, is there a function such that $f(f(x)\cos x)=f(x)\sin x, \forall x$?
2
votes
1answer
65 views

planes intersecting a convex polytope

We are given a $d$-dimensional convex polytope ${\cal P}$ in $N$-dimensional space where $d<N-1$. Consider several planes $P_i$ corresponding to inequalities $f_i(X)\ge 0$. We are given that each ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

What is the complexity of finding a generator for the cyclic elliptic curves?

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve which is defined over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$, where $p$ is a prime number. If we know that $E(\mathbb{F}_p)$ is cycyclic, is there an algorithm to find its ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

Equivalence (or not) of two Artin/Fox wild arcs

The repeating patterns in the wikipedia articles on wild arcs and wild knots seem to me to be not continuously deformable to each other. Is this true? For clarity, here is my diagram of the repeating ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

Varieties acted upon faithfully by an abelian variety

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over the complex numbers. Suppose that some positive-dimensional abelian variety $A$ acts faithfully on $X$. Examples of such varieties $X$ are provided by ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

When a smooth algebra is regular?

Let $A \subseteq B$ be noetherian integral domains, $A$ regular (=every localization at maximal ideal is a regular local ring) and $B$ is a smooth $A$-algebra. For the definition of a smooth algebra, ...
13
votes
2answers
670 views

Origin of the term “Diophantine equation”

It seems that the term "Diophantine equation" has been around at least since the second half of the 19th century, since the historian Hermann Hankel writes (polemically) in the chapter on Diophantus ...
23
votes
1answer
750 views

When is there a submersion from a sphere into a sphere?

(First posted on math.SE, with no answers.) That is: For which positive integers $n, k \ge 1$ does there exist a submersion $S^{n+k} \to S^k$? The discussion at this math.SE question has ...
-2
votes
0answers
33 views

positiv Martingale using Itô [on hold]

I would to like to prove that the process: $$e^{\int_{0}^{T}\theta _{s}dW_{s}-\frac{1}{2}\int_{0}^{T}\theta _{s}^2ds}$$ is a martingale which is positiv and has a mean=1 $$\theta is continuous ...
-4
votes
0answers
48 views

Matrix 5th rooth - how to find it? [on hold]

I kindly ask you to help me with an example of calculating 5th rooth of 3 over 3 matrix. Thank you
3
votes
0answers
244 views

What's the name of this branched covering?

I've come across a double cover of $\mathbb P_1(\mathbb C)$, ramified at $[1:1]$ and $[-1:1]$ in homogeneous coordinates, given as the quotient by the natural $\mathbb Z/2\mathbb Z$-action generated ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

Numerical equality testing

I am working on developing an online homework system. One thing I would like to have is something which compares a student's answer (like $2\sin(x)\cos(x)$) with the intended answer (maybe ...
9
votes
1answer
187 views

Nontrivial finite group with trivial cohomology in prescribed degree

For any non-trivial finite group $G$ there exists some $j > 0$ such that $H^{aj}(G) \neq 0$ for all $a = 1,2,3,\dots$, see e.g. this question: Non-vanishing of group cohomology in sufficiently high ...
-3
votes
0answers
59 views

How to prove that $h^*(A)$ exists and $h^*(A)=\{x\in ON : x \leq^* A\}$? [on hold]

Definition : $h^*(A)$ is the least aleph such that $\not\leq^* A$. $Z \not\leq^* X$ means theie is no map from $X$ onto $Z$. How to prove that $h^*(A)$ exists and $h^*(A)=\{x\in ON : x \leq^* ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Naive G-spectrum representing geometric equivariant cobordism

Let $G$ be a finite group. By the transversality results of Wasserman $G$-equivariant bordism (say real) should be a naive homology theory, and as such it should be represented by a naive G-spectrum. ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Sum of the series with Stirling numbers [on hold]

Yesterday I worked on one problem in discrethe math and in the process of decision I came across this series. Try to do it with generating functions, but there is no success for me. So, what do you ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Function series involving a suite of imprimitive Dirichlet characters and a zero of $L(\chi,s)$

I have difficulties to understand the behavior of following suite of functions near zero : $$F_P(x)= \sum\limits_{n=P}^{\infty} \chi_P(n) f(nx)$$ With $f(x) = x^{-s_0} e^{-x}$ where $s_0$ is a non ...
3
votes
2answers
111 views

Maximizing entropy under constraints

This question is about an extension of the variational principle in thermodynamical formalism when one adds linear constraints to the measures. Consider the one-sided shift ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

On the number of irreducible components of an exceptional divisor

Let $X$ be a complex, affine variety and $Z\subseteq X$ a closed subset of $X$ (i.e. a closed, reduced subscheme). Let $E$ be the exceptional divisor of the blow-up $\pi:\tilde X\to X$ of $X$ with ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

Simultaneous approximation of arbitrary functions in Hölder space and in $L^2(\mu)$ by a smooth function and its derivative

Let $\mu$ be a probability measure on the circle $S^1=\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$ which is singular with respect to the Lebesgue measure $\lambda$. Consider the functions spaces $L^2(\mu)$ on the one hand, ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

Differences associated with differences of primes: are they all 1,2,3?

Let $d_k$ be the $k^{th}$ difference sequence of the primes; that is, $$d_k = \sum_{i=0}^{k} (-1)^i {k \choose i} P_{k+1-i},$$ where $P_i$ denotes the $i$-th prime number. Let $(s_n)$ be the ...
0
votes
0answers
105 views

Problem with operator and Fourier transform

I am currently dealing with a problem in functional analysis where I want to show the following. Let $\phi_{k+1}(x):=\sqrt{2} \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} h(n) \phi_k(2x-n)$ and $\phi_0= \chi_{[0,1]},$ if ...
-3
votes
0answers
16 views

Calculate coordinate transformation matrix [on hold]

Calculate coordinate transformation matrix A in the base [1; x; x2]. In the space R2 [x] of real polynomials highest rate? D is given a scalar product. Sebi-adjoint transformation of A: R2 [x]! R2 ...
2
votes
2answers
173 views

Convergence of a sum with the ranks of homotopy groups

Let $F$ be a (nontrivial) topological space that satisfies the following conditions: 1) $\pi_n(F)$ has a trivial action of $\pi_1(F)$ for $n>0$ and 2) its homology groups are finitely generated. ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Definite integral involving Legendre Polynomial [on hold]

Does anyone know the answer to the following definite integral: $\displaystyle \int_{0}^{\pi}P_{\ell}(\cos\theta)\sin^{k}\theta\, d\theta $, for $k\geq 1$, where $P_{\ell}(x)$ is the $\ell$-th ...
8
votes
2answers
214 views

Radial limit does not exist almost everywhere

Problem 4 in Chapter 4 of Stein's book "Real Analysis" says $\sum_{n\geqslant 0}z^{2^n}$ doesn't have radial limit as $z$ approaches the unit circle from inside almost everywhere. It's fairly easy ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

cobordism and smoth-manifold [on hold]

Let M, N , N' and M' be smooth n-manifolds with nonempty boundaries , and suppose h:∂M→∂N , g:∂M'→∂N' are diffeomorphisms . Let M∪_h N be the adjunction space formed by identifying each xϵ∂M with ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

Multi-podal points

Two points $x,y \in \mathbb{R}^n$ are called antipodal if $x = -y$. Stated differently, $x,y$ are antipodal if: They have the same absolute value in each of their $n$ coordinates; Each of their ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Can a rigid CY threefold have infinitely many automorphisms

Let $X$ be a rigid Calabi-Yau threefold. Does $X$ have only finitely many automorphisms? N.B. A smooth projective threefold $X$ over $\mathbb C$ is a rigid Calabi-Yau variety if $h^i(X,\mathcal O_X) ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Is Wiener amalgam spaces $W^{2,1}(\mathbb R)\subset C_0(\mathbb R)$?

I have been learning Wiener amalgam spaces. In Wiener amalgam spaces $W(X, L^2)$, I am taking $X=\mathcal{F}L^{1}=\{f\in L^{\infty}(\mathbb R):\hat{f}\in L^{1}\},$ and $m(x)=1.$ Take $f(x)= ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

Finite trigonometric polynomial

I noticed by numerical and some explicit calculations for a few examples that for real-valued finitely supported functions $\phi \in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ we have that $T(x):= \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Cohomology of Homogeneous Complex Manifolds

Let $M$ be compact $G$-homogeneous manifold, equipped with the equivariant complex structure, when $G$ is a semi-simple algebraic group. The obvious example is every flag manifold. In that case, all ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Is there any topological information encoded by the zero locus of a complex Hessian?

On a Kahler manifold one can always find a function $K$ so that (up to some constant) the Kahler form $\omega$ can be written as $\omega = \partial \bar{\partial}K$ (sometimes, under conditions that I ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Fiber Bundle with a perfect bilinear map

Let $\pi:X\rightarrow Y$ a double cover of Riemann surfaces, and consider a $SL_n-$bundle $E$ with a perfect $\mathcal O_Y-$bilinear pairing $$\psi:\pi_*E\times\pi_*E\rightarrow\pi_*\mathcal O_X$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Finitely generated ordered monoids and noetherian subsets

(This question was asked a long time ago on MSE but got no answer so far...) Let $E$ be an additively written cancellable commutative monoid with no non-trivial units. We furnish $E$ with the order ...
15
votes
1answer
331 views

How many traces are there on Temperley-Lieb, Fuss-Catalan, Iwahori-Hecke, Birman-Wenzl-Murakami-Kauffman, … algebras?

There is a theorem (I believe by Ocneanu) that the Markov trace on the tower of Temperley-Lieb algebras is (essentially) unique. What about just traces on separate algebras? That is, take one of ...
5
votes
0answers
98 views

Analytic equivalence relations whose classes are sometimes Borel

There are analytic equivalence relations for which the statement "All classes are Borel" is independent of $ZFC$. In all the examples I know about, the classes are non Borel in $L$ or $L[z]$ for some ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

If $q^k n^2$ is an odd perfect number with Euler prime $q$, are the following statements known to hold in general? [on hold]

(Note: This has been cross-posted to MSE. However, I feel that it is more likely to receive a good answer here, because I believe that it is a research-level question. For the mathematicians who ...
2
votes
0answers
12 views

Discrete “difference” equations that involve changes in both shift and scale

A standard use of the Z-transform ($F(z) = \sum_n (f[n] \cdot z^{-n} )$) is to understand the effect of a difference equation on a signal. For instance: $y[n] = x[n] + y[n-1]$ $Y(z) = X(z) + Y(z) ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Meager subgroups of compact groups

Suppose we have an infinite compact (Hausdorff) group $G$, and a subgroup $H\leq G$ which is meagre. Can $H$ always be covered by a countable family of nowhere dense sets $H_n$ such that $H_n^2$ is ...
-2
votes
1answer
57 views

stable splitting into a wedge sum [on hold]

Suppose $X$ is a CW-complex such that there is a stable splitting of $X$ into wedge sum $$ \Sigma^t X\cong \bigvee _{k=1}^\infty Y_k. $$ (1). Does this imply $$ X\to \Sigma^tX\to \bigvee ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Hyperbolic manifold of dim 3 with finite volume.

The geometrization Theorem for 3-manifolds classifies all oriented compact (without boundary ) 3-manifolds. Is there a theorem which classifies all hyperbolic oriented 3-manifold (without boundary ) ...
6
votes
2answers
176 views

Do non-normal states exist in the Solovay model?

Let H be an infinite dimensional Hilbert space. Then there exist non-normal states on B(H) in ZFC (i.e. states that are not represented by a density operator). Is this also true in the Solovay model ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Idempotent ideal in ring of continuous functions

Is there any equivalence conditions under which an ideal $I$ in ring of continuous functions be be an idempotent ideal?
-5
votes
0answers
24 views

How to find the odds for events (two or more) using its probability [on hold]

i am currently using the below formula to calculate odds of event 1 win event 1 winning odds = (p1)/(1-p1)/ (p2)(1-p2) p1 = probability of winning of event1 p2 = ...
0
votes
0answers
105 views

A diophantine equation

A few days ago I saw a question about the diophantine equation $p^2+p+1=q^\alpha$ in What is prime power of this equation of p? and later in A Diophantine equation with prime powers I want the ...
3
votes
0answers
59 views

Reference for a lemma on the asymptotic upper density of special sets with large gaps and intervals

Update. Based on Anthony Quas' comment below, the proof can be made sensibly shorter and the lemma can be slightly generalized by weakening the old assumption (iii). In a joint paper that I am ...
7
votes
0answers
71 views

Equation of the curve corresponding to a polarization of an abelian surface

Let $\mathbb{C}^2/\Lambda$ be a polarized abelian surface. I think it is well-known how to write down the equation of the divisor corresponding to the polarization, in terms of theta functions etc. ...
6
votes
1answer
188 views

understanding of rough path

A rough path is defined as an ordered pair $ (X, \mathbb X)$, where $X$ is a path mapping from $[0,T]$ to some Banach space $V$ and $\mathbb X:[0,T]^2 \mapsto V^2$ is another mapping for additional ...
5
votes
0answers
47 views

Concavity of mixed volumes and mixed discriminants

For $n\times n$ symmetric matrices $A_1, \ldots, A_n$, the mixed discriminant $D(A_1, \ldots, A_n)$ can be defined as $1/n!$ times the coefficient of $t_1\ldots t_n$ in the homogeneous polynomial ...

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