4
votes
0answers
65 views

Combinatorics of palindromic decompositions

This is sort of a companion to my question Number of trivializations of a trivial word in the free group (which in turn is motivated by my earlier question here). It turns out that that question may ...
8
votes
2answers
166 views

A “quadratic” triangular inequality

In a Euclidian space (Hermitian as well), say $\ell^2_n$, the following inequality holds true $$(QI)\qquad |b|\cdot|c-a|\le|c|\cdot|a-b|+|a|\cdot|b-c|,\qquad\forall a,b,c\in\ell^2_n.$$ In other words, ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Concise disambiguation of Voronoi boundaries

Say that $x_1,\dots,x_n$ are points in the plane, with a Voronoi diagram $V_1,\dots,V_n$. The Voronoi diagram is typically defined by $$V_i = \{x:\|x-x_i\|\leq \|x-x_j\|~\forall j\}~.$$ Is there any ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

A problem with pointwise stabilizer subgroups of fixed-point subspaces I

Definitions: Let $W$ be a representation of a group $G$, $K$ a subgroup of $G$, and $X$ a subspace of $W$. Let the fixed-point subspace $W^{K}:=\{w \in W \ \vert \ kw=w \ , \forall k \in K \}$. Let ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Double coset separability and the existence of vanishing sequences for surface group

Definition: Let $G$ be a group. $G$ is said to be double coset separable if given any finitely generated subgroups $H$ and $K$ in $G$, given any $g\in G$ and $h\not\in HgK$, there exists a finite ...
-4
votes
2answers
214 views

Brocard's problem [on hold]

According to Brocard's problem $$x^{2}=n!+1 \Rightarrow (x+1)(x-1)=n!$$, where $(x+1)/2$ , $(x-1)/2$ are consecutive integers, assume one of them is z, another is (z-1). z and (z-1) have all primes ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Loop defects in Walker-Wang model

My question is about the description of general defects (specially loop defects) in the Walker-Wang (WW) model. Elementary excitations in the WW model can be point particles, loop defects and more ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Smoothing transverse intersections

Let $S$ be a complex surface with ample canonical class. Let $C_1$ and $C_2$ be smooth complex curves in $S$ that intersect transversally at $n $ points. Furthermore, assume that the self-intersection ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Is the derived category of perfect complexes idempotent complete?

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category. We call a morphism $\alpha: X\rightarrow X$ an idempotent if $\alpha^2=\alpha$ in $\mathcal{C}$. We call $\mathcal{C}$ is $\textit{idempotent complete}$ if any ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Two equivalent descriptions of a physical system yielding a non-trivial mathematical formula

First I would like to admit that this question may not be entirely appropriate for this site, but I will give it a go none the less. One often hears stories about how string dualities lead to highly ...
6
votes
1answer
103 views

Angle subtended by the shortest segment that bisects the area of a convex polygon

Let $C$ be a convex polygon in the plane and let $s$ be the shortest line segment (I believe this is called a "chord") that divides the area of $C$ in half. What is the smallest angle that $s$ could ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Mathematical statistical qm book-recommendation

I feel that there are quite a few good and rigorous books on the mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics, but I am currently looking for a book that covers mathematical statistical quantum ...
5
votes
0answers
41 views

Anything known about the Grundy Ordinal of Sylver's Coinage

Sylver's coinage is an example of an unbounded finite (if slightly modified) combinatorial impartial game. Quoth wikipedia: The two players take turns naming positive integers that are not the ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Pascal and Brianchon's theorems generalized for hyperbolic paraboloid

I know that giving a general version of these two theorems for quadrics can be quite tricky, but if we restrict ourselves to a verssion that holds for the hyperbolic paraboloid only it should be ...
2
votes
0answers
121 views

One question about iteration on groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group, $H$ a subgroup of $G$ of index $n$, with $a_i$ a set of coset representatives and $$G=\displaystyle\bigcup_{i=1}^nH{a_i}.$$ Let $\phi:H\rightarrow G$ be a ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Beilinson-Bernstein localization: $\mathfrak{g}$ action on $G$-equivariant sheaf

I have a few elementary questions related to Beilinson-Bernstein localization. Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$ with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Consider the setup of ...
3
votes
0answers
106 views

A property of the Frechet filter and every ultrafilter

(Joint question with Piotr Szewczak.) Definitions and notation. By filter we mean a filter on $\omega$ containing the cofinite sets at least. For a filter $\mathcal{F}$, let ...
11
votes
1answer
192 views

A classic cardinal characteristic of the continuum in disguise?

We believe the answer to the following question, that is relevant to a joint research project with Piotr Szewczak, should be known. We would appreciate any help or pointer. Needed definitions may be ...
11
votes
6answers
1k views

Are there any Algebraic Geometry Theorems that were proved using Combinatorics?

I'm collaborating with some algebraic geometers in a paper, and when writing the introduction I mentioned the interaction of Combinatorics and Algebraic Geometry, and gave some examples like the ...
-2
votes
1answer
87 views

About structure of the set of perfect matchings of $K_{n,n}$

Are there any special properties known about the set of perfect matchings of $K_{n,n}$? Like any global structure of this set? Some natural way to partition it? Like is there some algebraic structure ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

absolutely continuous of two probability measures

Suppose $X_t$ satisfies $$X_t=\int_0^t b(X_s)ds+ L_t,\quad t\in[0,1]$$ where $L_t, t\in[0,1]$ is a $\alpha-$stable process. Let $P_L$ be the law of $L$, $P_X$ be the law of $X$. ($P_L, P_X$ are ...
-4
votes
0answers
63 views

Probability- My homework is confusing me [on hold]

The question is that there is a game, it has 38 congruent pieces, 18 are orange, 18 are blue, and 2 are white. To win you have to get either orange or blue and you get 2$, to play you pay 1 dollar, ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Poincare-Lefschetz duality, universal coefficients, and middle cohomology [migrated]

Sorry if the question is too simple, algebraic topology is not my strong suit. Let $(M,\partial M)$ be a $2n$-dimensional manifold with boundary, with one-dimensional middle cohomology. By ...
7
votes
0answers
77 views

Is there a universal straightedge and compass construction of a segment incommensurable to a given one in the hyperbolic plane?

"Universal" means that the construction steps are independent of the length of the given segment. In the Euclidean plane one can take the diagonal of a square built on it. Without the "universal" the ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Injecting premises into two implicational premises connected by a tensor (multiplicative conjunction) in linear logic

I have another question regarding linear logic: I want to get to the proof E, using the premises in (1-4). Is this at all possible? 1: $A$ 2: $C$ 3: $(A\multimap B)\otimes(C\multimap D)$ 4: ...
4
votes
0answers
103 views

Schoenflies and symplectic topology

The final report from a workshop on Morse theory in low-dimensional and symplectic topology includes the following question, posed by Michael Hutchings: Can we apply symplectic geometry to solve the ...
-2
votes
0answers
98 views

Proving that (e^x+1)^(1/3) has no elementary antiderivative [migrated]

How should one prove that $\int (e^x + 1)^\frac{1}{3}dx$ is non-elementary? (In case that is really is)
5
votes
0answers
105 views

Non-embeddable varieties

Suppose that $k$ is a perfect field of characteristic $p>0$, $\mathcal{V}$ is a complete discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$ and quotient field $K$, of characteristic $0$. Then when ...
-4
votes
0answers
43 views

probability distribution of balls in an urn [on hold]

So I have the following question in "probability": An urn contains three balls: white, blue and red. At each stage a ball is picked up randomly and, if it is not red, it is returned to the urn. The ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

A relative version of Urysohn's Lemma?

Let $f:Y\to X$ be a continuous surjective map between locally compact Hausdorff spaces. Assume there is a continuous section $s:X\to Y$ which has closed image and is a homeomorphism to the image. I ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

How far is it to extend the results of SGA III Exp. VIB from group schemes to group spaces?

How far is it to extend the results of SGA III Exp. VIB from group schemes to group spaces? In particular, does Corollary 4.4 from SGA III Exp. VIB hold for G/S being merely a group space? Here the ...
-4
votes
0answers
92 views

sequences and series [on hold]

I think it is interesting, if we have the formula $$\frac{n (n + 1) (2 n + 1)}{6} = 1^2 + 2^2 + \cdots + n^2 .$$ If the difference between the closest numbers is smaller (let's call is a) we ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

About trigonometric series of the Lip $\alpha$ class

Assume we have a trigonometric series $$ f(x)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} a_n\sin nx \in \text{Lip }\alpha, \, 0<\alpha <1. $$ Is there anything we can say about the series $$ g(x)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Localized eigenfunctions of drift Laplacians

I am looking for literature which discusses localization of eigenfunctions of drift Laplacians, i.e. $L\underline u=-\Delta \underline u+\underline{v}.\nabla \underline u$ in 2D/3D domains with ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Arbitrary chains of prime ideals in $R[X]$

For a commutative ring $S$ of finite Krull dimension $d$, we have $1+d\leq \dim(S[X])\leq 2d+1$. One proof of this uses the fact that if $Q_1\subset Q_2\subset Q_3$ is a chain of prime ideals of ...
-3
votes
0answers
34 views

Divide 4D cube into tetrahedrons/simplices [on hold]

I am trying to figure out how can I possibly divide a 4D cube into 16 tetrahedrons/simplices. Thanks.
8
votes
2answers
604 views

How to pack 3D boxes into a bigger box?

Given a box of given size $L\times M\times N$ and a list of smaller boxes of given sizes $(l_i,m_i,n_i)$, decide whether the smaller boxes altogether fit into the big box (and produce such a packing ...
6
votes
0answers
210 views

Mass Transportation Through Wonderful Roller

There is a wonderful roller that transports mass from A to B and there is a pile of sand with weight $W$ in point A and we want to transport it to B. Wonderfulness of roller comes from this property ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Differentiability and the Maximum Theorem [on hold]

Suppose that in Berge's Maximum Theorem the argmax correspondence happens to be single-valued. Are there assumptions that will guarantee that this argmax function will be smooth (e.g., continuously ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

A differential inequality and a special value

Let $G \colon [0,1] \to [0,1]$ be a monotonically decreasing function with $G(0) = 1$ and $G(1) = 0$. Suppose that $G$ is differentiable infinitely many times, and that: $$G(x)G''(X) \leq ...
3
votes
4answers
359 views

How singular can the Stein factorization of a proper map between smooth varieties be?

A little bit of motivation (the question starts below the line): I am studying a proper, generically finite map of varieties $X \to Y$, with $X$ and $Y$ smooth. Since the map is proper, we can use the ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Existence of functions on finite sets with specific propertise

Let $\Omega$ be an universal set and $|\Omega|=N$, denote $\mathcal{F}$ to be the family of all subsets $\subset \Omega$ with cardinal $n$. We now define a function $f:\mathcal{F}\rightarrow \Omega$, ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

How to prove that $(1-x)^b$ $_2F_1(a,b;c;x)$ can be approximated to $1-\alpha x$ (with $\alpha \approx 1$) for $x\ll 1$ in this specific case

After multiple plots I noticed that function $h(x)= (1-x)^b$ $_2F_1(a,b;c;x)$ can be approximated to $1-\alpha x$ (with $\alpha \approx 1$), for $x\ll 1$ (specifically $0<x<0.1$) and ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

On conductors, levels and traces on quaternion algebras

I am currently working on level issues in the division central simple algebra case, say $D$ over a local non-archimedean field $F$ (e.g. $\mathbf{Q}_p$). Let say that $\mathcal{O}_D$ and ...
5
votes
0answers
48 views

Cyclic structure on a balanced (or ribbon) monoidal category

As it is well known, a balanced (and in particular ribbon) monoidal category is an algebra over the framed little 2-discs operad. The latter is homotopy equivalent to the operad of moduli space of ...
5
votes
1answer
205 views

When does the Borel construction have the homotopy type of a CW-complex?

Suppose that $G$ is a Lie group acting smoothly on a manifold $M,$ does the Borel $M \times_G EG$ construction have the homotopy type of a CW-complex? If not, under what conditions would this be true? ...
-2
votes
0answers
32 views

Teaser: What is $e^{i\mathbb{Q}}$? [migrated]

What are its properties as a topological group? It is not $\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}$ but resembles it, it contains the subgroups $e^{i\mathbb{Z}}\supseteq e^{ip\mathbb{Z}}\supseteq ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

holomorphic curves invariant by lattices

Suppose I have an entire function $f : \mathbb{C} \longrightarrow \mathbb{C}^n$ for $n \geq 1$. Let $C$ be the curve $f(\mathbb{C})$ in $\mathbb{C}^n$. Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{C}^n$ ...
2
votes
0answers
135 views

Is Frobenius on $R^\circ/p$ surjective for general perfectoid rings $R$?

In [1], Propisition 6.1.9(2), it said that if $R$ is a perfectoid ring such that $pR^\circ$ is closed in $R^\circ$ (this includes the case if $R$ is of character $p$, or if $p$ is invertible in $R$, ...
-2
votes
0answers
15 views

Approximate point spectrum is complement of set of points of regular type [migrated]

I have a question concerning the approximate point spectrum of a closed linear operator. I need to show that the approximate point spectrum is the complement of the set of points of regular type, ...

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