# All Questions

**11**

votes

**1**answer

539 views

+50

### Subsequence and integers as a sum of $\frac{1}{n}$

For all $M \in \mathbb{Z}$, is there a finite sequence of positive integers (not necessarily distinct) $(n_i)_{i \in I}$, s.t. $\sum_{i \in I} \frac{1}{n_i} = M$, and there is no subsequence $(n_i)_{i ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

50 views

### Question on real polynomial in projective space [on hold]

Hi all I was given this question and desperately in need of help as it is part of my graduate studiess I know it is true but my instructor told me to find the right way to do it and I am really ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

123 views

### Determinant of block tridiagonal matrices

Is there a formula to compute the determinant of block tridiagonal matrices, when the determinants of the involved matrices are known? In particular, I am interested in the case
$A = \begin{pmatrix} ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

321 views

### Probability that random nonnegative integer matrix is singular

Q. What is the probability that an $n \times n$ matrix, whose elements
are independent uniformly random integers in $\{0,1,\ldots,k\}$, is singular?
For example, for $n=3$ and $k=2$, the first ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

34 views

### Spectral densities of stationary Feller processes with no diffusion, constant positive drift and negative jumps

For a (real valued, finite variance, centered) stationary process $X_t$ on $\mathbb R$, the auto-correlation function $k(\tau) = \mathbb E(X_{t+\tau}-X_t)^2$ and its inverse Fourier transform $\rho$, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Is there an E8 symmetry in the zero-field Ising model?

In the paper On classification of modular tensor categories by Rowell, Stong and Wang, they list the Ising modular category $I$ as having 3 objects $1$, $\sigma$ and $\psi$, with fusion rules ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

38 views

### Valid KKT Constraint Qualification? Linear constraints not full rank, Jacobian of nonlinear constraints full rank and independ. of linear constraints

For a nonlinear optimization problem having only linear constraints, by the Linearity Constraint Qualification, no further constraint qualification is required for the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### When is alternating sum $\sum_{i}f(a_i)-\sum_{i<j}f(a_i+a_j)+\ldots+(-1)^{n-1}f(a_1+\ldots+a_n)$ always positive?

Let $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n\geq 1$, and let $f:\mathbb{R}^+\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^+$. Consider the sum
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Monge–Ampère with drift

Let $I\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ be an interval.
Let smooth $M(x,y):I\times(0,\infty) \to \mathbb{R}$ satisfies PDE:
$$
M_{xx}M_{yy}-M_{xy}^{2}+\frac{M_{y}M_{yy}}{y}=0.
$$
My question is to ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

143 views

### What is the easiest way to compute Ozsváth-Szabó tau invariant of a knot?

Suppose that we have a knot $K$ with 40 crossings which is not a cable knot or an alternating knot.
Then, what is the easiest way to compute Ozsváth-Szabó's invariant $\tau(K)$?
Are there any ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### On a claim of Zagier on extending a map to cocycle

Zagier, in his paper 'Some Surprising Consequences of the Cohomology of SL$_2(\bf{ Z})$' (link, p. 6), studies the action of $\Gamma=PSL_2(\bf Z)$ on a vector space $V$, denoting the action by $v\ |\ ...

**27**

votes

**4**answers

873 views

### Why there is a relation among the second-order minors of a symmetric $4\times 4$ matrix?

A $4\times 4$ symmetric matrix
$$
\left(
\begin{array}{cccc}
a_{11} & a_{12} & a_{13} & a_{14} \\
a_{12} & a_{22} & a_{23} & a_{24} \\
a_{13} & a_{23} & a_{33} & ...

**46**

votes

**0**answers

2k views

### Complex structure on $S^6$ gets published in Journ. Math. Phys

A paper by Gabor Etesi was published that purports to solve a major outstanding problem:
Complex structure on the six dimensional sphere from a spontaneous symmetry breaking
Journ. Math. Phys. 56, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

155 views

+50

### How to get a polygon from a translation surface $(X,\omega)$

Let $S_g$ be a compact topological surface of genus $g$. I know there is the correspondence
$\{$Abelian differentials on compact Riemann surfaces of genus g$\}\leftrightarrow\{$ Translation surfaces ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Meromorphic functions on $U^2 = T^3 + 1$, genus [closed]

This question Asked in S.E but no, answer ,I would like to know how do i find a genus of
$F$
. Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $\neq 2$, and consider the quadratic extension $F$ of $k(T)$ ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

224 views

### Representations of complex semi-simple algebraic group “defined over $\mathbf{Z}$”?

If $G$ is a split semisimple linear algebraic group over $\mathrm{Spec}(\mathbf{Z})$ then does every (algebraic) irrep of $G_{\mathbf{C}}$ extend to a morphism $G\to\mathrm{GL}_n$ over ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

312 views

+50

### Best known bounds on certain exponential sums

What are the best bounds currently known for the following exponential sum:
$$\sum_{x < p \le 2x} e(\alpha p^k)$$
for values of $\alpha$ far from a rational with small denominator. ($p$ refers ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Random Cluster Model only for bond percolation?

Can someone please tell me which of the following statements I make are true of the current state of the art:
The Random Cluster Model is a generalization of bond percolation (with possibly ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

845 views

+50

### Eliminating Gibb's phenomenon, and approximating with jumping functions in Fourier Analysis : An attempt and a question in this regard

Physical Motivation : Hear to these audio files S_f and P_f. S_f is Fourier partial
sum and P_f is the new reconstruction, both use spectrum only in the
region (0,4KHz) for reconstructing the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### Gauss-Milgram formula for fermionic topological order?

For Bosonic topological order, a very useful formula was proved to be true:
$\sum_a d_a^2 \theta_a=\mathcal{D} \exp(\frac{c_-}{8}2\pi i) $
(for more detail: $d_a$ is the quantum dimension of anyon ...

**35**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### The sum of squared logarithms conjecture

I am searching for the first proof of (or counterexample to) the following conjecture.
(The sum of squared logarithms conjecture)
For all natural numbers $n$ and positive numbers $x_1,x_2, \ldots , ...

**111**

votes

**23**answers

25k views

### Examples of unexpected mathematical images

I try to generate a lot of examples in my research to get a better feel for what I am doing. Sometimes, I generate a plot, or a figure, that really surprises me, and makes my research take an ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Cheeger Numbers for 3-regular Graphs

A student wanted a challenging Graph Theory programming project and I had
him try to determine the maximum value of the Cheeger number (isoperimetric number) among all 3-regular graphs of order $n$, ...

**1**

vote

**6**answers

323 views

### Isotropic ternary forms

It is well known that some questions about isotropic ternary forms reduces to the study of the special case $f_0(X)=xz-y^2, X=(x,y,z)$, see page 301 of Cassel's "Rational quadratic forms" (Dover, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Is this similarity to the Fourier transform of the von Mangoldt function real? [duplicate]

This question proposed in SEM but no answer and it's interesting to know connection
between Fourier analysis and number theory .
Mathematica knows that the logarithm of $n$ is:
$$\log(n) = ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Change of grading used in the paper “The diagonal subring and the Cohen-Macaulay property of a multigraded ring” by Eero Hyry

I am currently reading the paper "The diagonal subring and the Cohen-Macaulay property of a multigraded ring" by Eero Hyry. I do not understand the following part in Lemma 1.1. here.
Let ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

368 views

### An inequality for two independent identically distributed random vectors in a normed space

Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are independent identically distributed random vectors in a separable Banach space $B$. Does it always follow that $E\|X-Y\|\le E\|X+Y\|$?
Some background information on ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### What's the extreme value distribution of log normals?

Take $X_i \sim \exp(N(0,1)), i=1,\ldots,n$ be an iid sequence. I'm looking at $Z = \min(X_1,\ldots,X_n)$, and want to find $a_n$ and $b_n$ such that $(Z-b_n)/a_n$ converges to one of the extreme value ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### The defining relations for a subgroup of $SL(2,Z)$

$SL(2,Z)$ generated by $T=\begin{pmatrix} 1 & 1\\ 0& 1\\ \end{pmatrix}$ and $S=\begin{pmatrix} 0 & 1\\ -1& 0\\ \end{pmatrix}$ has the following defining relations
$S^2=(S T)^3=C,\ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

73 views

### Rank of Cartesian product of well-partial-orders

We are interested in the ordinal rank $h(P)$ of a wpo (a well-partial-order). It is known that it coincides with the order type of its longest chain.
When we consider the cartesian product $P\times ...

**163**

votes

**109**answers

43k views

### What are some examples of colorful language in serious mathematics papers? [closed]

The popular MO question "Famous mathematical quotes" has turned
up many examples of witty, insightful, and humorous writing by
mathematicians. Yet, with a few exceptions such as Weyl's "angel of
...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

367 views

### Group with finite outer automorphism group and large center

Does there exist a finitely generated group $G$ with outer automorphism group $\mathrm{Out}(G)$ finite, whose center contains infinitely many elements of order $p$ for some prime $p$?
A motivation is ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### No limit shape for random Young diagrams under z-measure?

In their paper Random partitions and the Gamma kernel (Advances in Mathematics 194 (2005) 141–202), Borodin and Olshanski state that:
An important difference between the Plancherel measures and ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

239 views

### Functional programing and intensional type theory

I know very little about how computers work, so please excuse my ignorance!
I think of the Glasgow Haskell Compiler as a program that eats up extensional type theory and spits out a program which ...

**96**

votes

**107**answers

32k views

### Most memorable titles [closed]

Apparently, for a large number of readers, the choice whether they select to read a paper or not is often strongly influenced by the title.
I was wondering if the MO-users would be willing to share ...

**60**

votes

**21**answers

11k views

### Has philosophy ever clarified mathematics?

I've recently been reading some standard textbooks on the philosophy of mathematics, and I've become quite frustrated that (surely due to my own limitations) I don't seem to be gleaning any ...

**219**

votes

**72**answers

86k views

### Video lectures of mathematics courses available online for free

It can be difficult to learn mathematics on your own from textbooks, and I often wish universities videotaped their mathematics courses and distributed them for free online. Fortunately, some ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Fixed point property for intersection of spaces which are homeomorphic to a disk

The following question is question 9.8 from Miller's paper ``Some interesting problems
'':
Question Suppose $D_n$ a subset of the plane is homeomorphic to a disk and for every
$n\in \omega, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Extending a section of a coherent sheaf and homomorphism

Let $X=\mathrm{Spec}(A)$ be an affine integral scheme of finite type over $\mathbb{C}$ and $\phi:\mathcal{F} \to \mathcal{G}$ be a surjective morphism of coherent sheaves on $X$. Let $f \in A$, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### The injection of direct image sheaf

Let $f:X \longrightarrow Y$ be a smooth holomorphic fibration between K\"ahler manifolds and $L$ be a holomorphic line bundle on $X$. Let $m$ be a positive integer. We denote by ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

159 views

### Pull-back of reflexive sheaves

Let $X$ be a noetherian, projective scheme, $\mathcal{F}$ be a reflexive sheaf on $X$ pure of dimension $\dim(X)$ and $Y \subset X$ be a closed subscheme of $X$. Is it possible that the pull-back of ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

706 views

### Calculate in closed form $\int_0^1 \int_0^1 \frac{dx\,dy}{1-xy(1-x)(1-y)}$

The following question has a 500 points bounty on MSE that soon comes to an end, and no answer
as expected was given yet. How would a professional solve the problem? Wish you succcess.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

134 views

### Using Jacobi fields to approximate parallel transport along geodesic:is the following limit true?

I apologize if this is not a research level question (already tried asking http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1303288/relation-between-parallel-transport-and-jacobi-field-iion stack exchange with ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

266 views

### Does every CAT(0) space embed in a measurable integral of $\mathbb{R}$-trees?

Question 1. Does every CAT(0) space embed isometrically inside an integral of $\mathbb{R}$-trees?
Here an integral of $\mathbb{R}$ trees means the set of functions from a measure space $\mathcal{F}$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

355 views

### Who introduced the concept of topological mixing?

I am writing an introduction and I want to know who introduced the concept of topological mixing?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

327 views

### Classifying spaces of topological groups whose underlying spaces are homotopy equivalent

Let $G$, $H$ be topological groups and $f:G\rightarrow H$ a continuous group homomorphism which happens to be a homotopy equivalence of the underlying topological spaces. Let us assume that $G$, $H$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

473 views

### Certain inverse problem related to moments

Suppose $D\subset \mathbb C$ is a smoothly bounded domain and it contains the origin. Let $ds$ denote the arc length measure on $\partial D.$ I am interested in the following two inverse problems ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

236 views

### Extensions of $SL(2,\mathbb{F}_q)$

Let $n = q(q^2-1)$ (the order of $SL(2,\mathbb{F}_q)$ I think). How many groups of order $2n$ contain $SL(2,\mathbb{F}_q)$ as a (necessarily normal) subgroup? Is this number known exactly? Seems ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### Primer on Eisenstein series

My apologies if this question is a duplicate. I seached, and the closest I could locate is this question, which has very intriguing and intractable (for me) responses.
In my continuing journey of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Linear projection from a point and local complete intersection

Let $p:=[0,0,...,0,1] \in \mathbb{P}^n$ the point whose all the coordinates are zero except for the $n$-th. This defines a linear projection map $\phi:\mathbb{P}^n-p \to \mathbb{P}^{n-1}$, given by ...