# All Questions

**0**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### Sign of Laplacian in a N-Dimensional Space Under Other Specific Conditions [on hold]

Consider that $f: \mathbb{R}^N \to \mathbb{R} $ is infinite times differentiable and is smooth over the entire domain. Take $N$ to be large. Also at point $\mathbf{x_0}$:
$$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### numerical and functional mixed optimization problem $\max f - \min f +\int_{-1}^1 (f'(x)-x)^2dx$

Given a function $g(x)$ and its domain, we want to get another function $f(x)$ whose derivative is approximately $g(x)$, but so that $f(x)$ itself has small variation. For example, for ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### The topology of the classifying space of U(n)

In $\textit{Atiyah and Bott: The Yang-Mills equations over riemann surfaces}$, there is a sentence about the topology of BU(n) (i.e. the classifying space of U(n)):
Here $K(\mathbb{Z},n)$ means the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

47 views

### Method used in fmincon() of Matlab? [on hold]

We are using the Matlab optimization toolbox function fmincon() to solve a constrained minimization with only equality constraints. We wish to find out which particular constrained optimization method ...

**-10**

votes

**0**answers

268 views

### Who know about Rumek proof [on hold]

Rumek has actually shown that the usual ZFC axioms
for mathematics are in fact
inconsistent. For example, Rumek has been able to prove from the ZFC
axioms that both 2+2 = 4 and 2+2 = 5.
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

276 views

### Aspheric functors and Grothendieck fibrations

Following Grothendieck, let us say that a category is aspheric if its nerve is weakly contractible and a functor $u : \mathcal{A} \to \mathcal{B}$ is aspheric if for every object $b$ in $\mathcal{B}$, ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

145 views

### Are Anderson $T$-motives motives for the function field analogy?

this question is related to this one Geometry for Anderson's motives?, though the previous one doesn't answer exactly my question.
Let $\mathbb{C}_{\infty}$ be the function field analog of ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Calculus question on limts [on hold]

Can't solve this algebraically. Answer would be greatly appreciated. Thanks.
lim x->0 ( ( (sin^2 x)(1-cos x) ) / 2x^4 )

**3**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Ferenczi: minimal, uniquely ergodic, sublinear complexity systems are not strongly mixing

The following result is on page 26 of this paper by Ferenczi [PDF].
Corollary 3. A minimal and uniquely ergodic system of sub-affine complexity cannot be strongly mixing (i.e., $\mu(T^nA \cap B) ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Free groups and varietal product [on hold]

I will be so thankful if some one help me.
My knowledge in free group is not deep.
Suppose $S$ is the variety of p-groups of class at most 2 and exponent p.
Question one) For any $n$, is there a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Internal categories in an endofunctor category

Here we see the definition of an internal category in a monoidal category. We also know that endofunctor categories support a monoidal product which is actually functor composition. It is the case ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

12 views

### 3D Vector projection on a Plane [migrated]

I want to Project a Vector on to a Plane. Assume, you have a Central Point (1,1,1) and you want to move (0,0,3) in z-direction. How can I project the end of this movement (point) on a plane with ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### What books I have to study to get into Riemann hypothesis (from almost zero) [on hold]

Could anyone help me with my own self-learning process to get in Riemann hypothesis from the level of 1st year of technical Bsc college? What minimal number of books (and which one) I have to study to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Are all complex zeros of $Li_s(i)\, + \, Li_{1-\overline{s}}\,(-i)$ equal to the $\rho$'s?

Take the well known square relationship for polylogarithms:
$$Li_s(z)\, + \, Li_{s}(-z)=2^{1-s}Li_s(z^2)$$
Assume $z=i$:
$$Li_s(i)\, + \, Li_{s}(-i)=2^{1-s}Li_s(-1)=-2^{1-s}\,\eta(s)$$
with ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### excess intersection theory

Can the excess intersection theory be applied to the following problem:
I have a non-singular irreducible variety $X$ of dimension $k$ and degree $d$ and $k+1$ hyperplane sections of $X$, ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

344 views

### Is fixed point property for posets preserved by products?

Recall that a Partially Ordered Set (poset) $P$ has the fixed point property (FPP) if any order preserving function $f:P\longrightarrow P$ has a fixed point.
Theorm : Suppose $P$ and $Q$ are posets ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### What are the first non-maximal non-group-subgroup simple subfactors?

Definition: For an irreducible (finite index) subfactor $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{M})$, an intermediate $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{P} \subset \mathcal{M})$
is normal if the biprojections ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

51 views

### Schur norm for self-adjoint operators

If $A$ is a $n \times n$ complex matrix then the Schur norm of $A$ is given by $$ || A||_S := \max_{||B||=1} ||A*B||,$$ where $||. ||$ is the operator norm and $*$ is the Hadamard (entry-wise) ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

44 views

### The relation on the set of functions

Let $\varphi: \mathbb{R}^{2} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a symmetric (not necessarily continuous) function (so, $\varphi(x,y)=\varphi(y,x)$ $\forall (x,y)\in \mathbb{R}^{2}$),
let $\mathcal{F}$ be the set of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Finite subgroups of mapping class groups

Given a closed, oriented surface $\Sigma$ of genus greater than 1, let $Mod(\Sigma)$ denote the mapping class group of orientation preserving diffeomorphisms of $\Sigma$ up to isotopy. Given any ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

70 views

### $RUCar^{V}$-semiproperness implies properness

This is a claim in Shelah's Proper and Improper Forcing, more specifically Claim 2.3(1) of Chapter X (p. 484). The proof of the claim is "Easy" but I cannot quite figure it out. There must be some ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Optimal lower bounds for the sum of digits in base $b$

Let $b \geq 2$ be an integer and let $s_b(n)$ be the sum of the digits of the base-$b$ representation of the nonnegative integer $n$
(e.g., $s_{10}(726)=7+2+6$). From the weak law of large numbers, it ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### A compactification of the non-negative rationals with the discrete topology

Let $S$ be the set of non-negative rational numbers. (If it makes any difference, feel free to take the non-negative dyadic rationals instead.) Let $B=\ell_\infty(S)$; as a ${\rm C}^*$-algebra this is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Paper by Mumford

In the paper of "The spectrum of difference operators and algebraic curves",
by P. van Moerbeke and D. Mumford, Acta Mathematics, vol.143, 1979,
(link: ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### True lies logic [on hold]

Santa says lie on all days except one day... Once he made 3 statemnts on consequtive days :
1) I lie on monday and tuesday.
2) today is thursday, saturday or sunday.
3) I lie on wednesday and friday.
...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Direct sum of simple modules [on hold]

I would like to ask the simplest example of a simple module M in which M \oplus M has infinite sub-modules.
Thanks a lot.

**0**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Understanding a program for computing Khovanov homology

I would like to understand how a computer program for computing Khovanov homology works. The particular program I have in mind is by John Baldwin: https://web.math.princeton.edu/~baldwinj/Kh.cpp
The ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

330 views

### A question on BSD conjecture

If $E$ is an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$, and $K$ is an imaginary quadratic field. If $rank E(K)\leq 1$ and both $E$ and the quadratic twist of $E$ by $K$ satisfy the full BSD conjecture, does ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

24 views

### reducing an n-order differential equation to a first order system of equations using either sagemath or sympy

I want to reduce a n-order ordinary differential equation into a first order system of equations. This is in preparation for numerical analysis. I use both Sympy and Sagemath for Computer Algebra, but ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### Examples of continuous differential equations with no solution

Several theorems regarding differential equations are true not only in finite dimension but also in infinite dimension Banach spaces. This is in particular the case for the Cauchy–Lipschitz theorem.
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

25 views

### Making a system of second-order ODEs chaotic

Consider a system of N linear 2nd-order OEDs, describing a system of coupled one-dimensional harmonic oscillators, with couplings given by matrix A and positions X = (x_1, x_2, ..., x_N), we have
X'' ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

150 views

### A question on certain elliptic PDE

Consider the elliptic PDE "CR"
$$\begin{cases} U_{xx}=V_{yy}\\U_{yy}=-V_{xx} \end{cases}$$
And its consequence "LAP" $$U_{xxxx}+U_{yyyy}=0$$.
Somehow, these equations are similar to the Cauchi ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Quotient of Projective line over rationals with an infinite subgroup of PGL(2,Q)

I am looking for references for the following; how to calculate quotient of the projective line over the field of rationals with an infinite subgroup of PGL(2,Q), e.g, of the form
$
\left(
...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Machine learning approach [on hold]

I will illustrate my question my example
let us say, I want to build a classifier to label each word in a huge set or words into either "GOOD" or "BAD" word. I have a set of GOOD words and I have ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### Lagrange error bound for the approximation of sinx≈x [on hold]

The problem is to bound the error of the approximation of sinx≈x on the interval [-1,1].
Here is what I tried/understand:
-I know this is a n=1, x is a 1st degree Taylor polynomial of sin x
-On the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Different definitions of linkless graphs

Robertson, Seymour and Thomas defined linkless embeddings of graphs as follows:
An embedding of $G$ is linkless if every pair of disjoint circuits of $G$ have zero linking number (see here). However ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

62 views

### Difference between straight and piecewise linear and continuous embeddings of graphs / complexes in d-dimensional space?

Here is my main question: what is the difference between "straight" and "piecewise linear" and "continuous" embeddings of graphs/complexes in d-dimensional space?
Moreover I would like to know if any ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### A random variation on Polya's orchard problem

Polya's orchard problem is as follows:
"How thick must the
trunks of the trees in a regularly spaced circular orchard grow if they are
to block completely the view from the center?"
See, ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Can the graph Laplacian be well approximated by a Laplace-Beltrami operator?

It seems rather well known that given a Laplace-Beltrami operator $\mathcal{L}_{M}$ on a manifold $M$ we can approximate its spectrum by that of a graph Laplacian $L_{G}$ for some $G$ (where $G$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### Classification of indecomposable inclusions $(H \subset G)$ with $G$ decomposable

Definition: A group $G$ is indecomposable if: $G = G_1 \times G_2 \Rightarrow \exists i \ G_i = 1$.
We can generalize the notion of indecomposable from groups to inclusion of groups as ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

149 views

### Asymptotic formula for the number of ways to write a number as the sum of $k$ triangular numbers

How would one derive an asymptotic formula for the number of representations of a number $n$ as the sum of $k$ numbers of the form $\frac{m(m + 1)}{2}$
I think that one could use the circle method, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Uniqueness of the tensor product decomposition of subfactors

A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is indecomposable if (for $N_i \subset M_i)$: $$(N \subset M) = (N_1 \otimes N_2 \subset M_1 \otimes M_2) \Rightarrow \exists i \ N_i = M_i$$
Then, a subfactor $(N ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### On the positivity of matrices

For given $n$, the following $n\times n$ real matrix $M=M^{T}$ is called positive, if
$x^{T}M x\geq 0$
holds for all non-negative real $x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n$,
where $x=(x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n)^T$.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

25 views

### Family of (Cumulative Distribution) Functions

I'm looking for a 2 (or more)-parameter family of functions $F$ with the following properties:
For each $f \in F$, $f(0)=0$, $f(1)=1$, and $f$ is (weakly) increasing.
$F$ is closed under products.
...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Integrating a differential form over a box [on hold]

I've only ever seen examples of integrating a differential form over a curve C involving defining a parameterization. I have seen people integrate 1 forms over a box without defining a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Smoothness in Ecalle's method for fractional iterates

Some four years ago I answered my own question on fractional iteration, concluding that there is a half iterate of sine, that is $f(f(x)) = \sin x,$ which is real analytic for $0 < x < \pi$ but ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Is there an analog of the Barratt-Eccles construction for E_∞-groups and E_∞-rings?

The Barratt-Eccles operad is an operad in simplicial sets
that provides a particularly nice model of an E∞-operad;
algebras in spaces over the Barratt-Eccles operad model E∞-spaces,
i.e., homotopy ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

423 views

### Reference request: Book of topology from “Topos” point of view

Question: Is there any book of topology in the modern language of topos theory?
I refer to the (systematic, formalist) study of the category of sheaves on a site or the study of topology in a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### The regularity of Dirichlet form in Besov space

Let $C_{0}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ denote the set of continuous functions in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with compact support, $C_0^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$ denote the set of infinite differentiable functions in ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Are (odd) perfect numbers divisible by a repdigit (in another base)? How about by a repunit?

[This question was cross-posted from MSE.]
A positive integer $N$ is said to be a perfect number if
$$\sigma(N) = 2N,$$
where $\sigma(x)$ is the sum of the divisors of $x$. For example, $6$ is ...