-4
votes
0answers
61 views

Finding inverse of a function [on hold]

I have a function: $$h(x) = \frac{1-\sqrt{x}}{1+\sqrt{x}}$$ With just pen and paper, how can I determine if there exists an inverse function? Am I supposed to sketch it on paper to see if it can ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Almost sure convergence of a sequence of Markov chains

Consider for each $n \in \mathbb{N}$ a continuous-time Markov chain $(X^{(n)}_t)_{t \geq 0}$ with $2$ states $\{0, 1\}$, generator $Q^{(n)} = \begin{pmatrix} -n & n \\ n & -n \end{pmatrix}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Extending integrable almost-complex structure

Suppose $(X,I)$ is an almost-complex real analytic manifold where $I$ is a real-analytic almost complex structure. Suppose there exists an $I$-almost complex submanifold $M\subset X$ where this means ...
15
votes
2answers
500 views

When is a topological space the homotopy colimit of an open covering?

Suppose that $X$ is a topological space and $\left(U_i \to X\right)$ is an open cover. We can associate to it the Cech diagram of this cover $$C_U:\Delta^{op} \to Top.$$ I know that for many good ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Unitary factor in polar decompositions

Let $A, B$ be $n$-square (Hermitian) positive definite matrices. Let $AB=U|AB|$ be the polar decomposition of $AB$. So $U$ is unitary (called the unitary factor of $AB$). What is the optimal constant ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Estimating polynomial approximation error in high dimension

Question Let $x \in [-1, 1]^d \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a $d$-dimensional variable and assume that -- given $n$ -- I have a way of computing a polynomial $p_n(x)$ of degree $n$ that approximates a ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Determinant of the oriented adjacency matrix of a tree

Let $(V,E)$ be a finite oriented directed graph, with vertices and edges ordered, and $M$ the $|V|\times |E|$ matrix with entries $$ m_{ve} = \begin{cases} 1 &\text{if $e$ points at $v$}\\ -1 ...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

Name for class of packing permutations

Let $S_n$ be the symmetric group. For any sequence of numbers $y=[y_1,y_2,\cdots,y_k]$, define the packing operation (thanks, Darij) as $\mbox{pack}_{k}(y)$ as a relabeling of $y_1,y_2,\cdots,y_k$ in ...
-1
votes
0answers
83 views

Calculating the quotient group $\mathbb{Z}\times\mathbb{Z}/<(1,1),(1,-1)>$ [on hold]

Let $G$ be the group $\mathbb{Z}\times\mathbb{Z}$ and $H$ be the subgroup of $G$ generated by $(1,1)$ and $(-1,1)$. I am trying to calculate the quotient group $G/H.$
3
votes
0answers
59 views

System of linear ODEs with hypergeometric coefficients

For quite some time I have been trying to solve the following system of differential equations for the two functions $G$ and $H$ defined on the interval $[0,1]$: $$ \begin{align}x ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Simplest form for sum of Binomial Expressions

How difficult is the problem of reducing the number of terms in a sum of binomial expressions? Formally: Given $a_1, a_2, a_3, … a_n$, and $b_1, b_2, b_3, ... , b_n$, where $a_i, b_i \in \mathbb{Z}$, ...
-2
votes
0answers
48 views

An analytic characterization of eigenvalues of a Hermitian matrix [on hold]

[..the following is trying to understand a certain argument of Terence Tao in a lecture notes of his..] If $A$ is a Hermitian matrix with eigenvalues, eigenvectors $\{ \lambda_i , e_i \}_{i=1}^n$. ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Probability of close approach for multivariate normal variables

The following problem comes from a physical model of two groups of particles in three dimensions. I need to know the probability that the two groups of particles approach each other within some ...
2
votes
3answers
517 views

Koebe–Andreev–Thurston theorem - where can I find a proof?

Koebe–Andreev–Thurston theorem (known also as the circle packing theorem) says that any planar graph can be realized by a set of (interior-) disjoint disks corresponding to vertices, such that two ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Series of swapping terms

Suppose $f(z)=a_0+a_1z+\cdots+a_nz^n+\cdots$ is defined in the unit disk, $\mathbb{D}$, and $\|f\|_{\infty}\leq 1.$ Lets form a series $f_k$ by interchanging $a_1$ and $a_k$ i.e. ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Is there an (almost) dense set of quadratic polynomials which is not in the interior of the Mandelbrot set?

For the parameter plane of complex quadratic polynomials, $(z\mapsto z^2+c)_{c\in\mathbb{C}}$ : Is it possible to find a part of the parameter plane, scanned with a given limited precision ...
-2
votes
0answers
22 views

why is $\frac {dy}{dx} dx = dy$? [migrated]

if $y$ is a function of $x$, why is $\frac {dy}{dx} dx = dy$? This has been bugging me. Why is it you can treat that as a fraction? I would like the traditional calculus view first if possible, then ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Solutions for n such that the path number to the n-th node is also n in a complete, rooted, ordered k-ary tree

The path to find the $n$-th node within a complete, rooted, ordered $k$-ary tree can be represented by a number to the base $(k+1)$ that contains no zero digits. See A245905 in OEIS as an example for ...
5
votes
1answer
109 views

Number of median graphs?

What is the number of $n$-vertex median graphs? These graphs generalize hypercubes and trees, and have many applications. It seems unlikely that a closed form expression is known, so I would also be ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Lifting $SHFC$ to non singular foliations

In this question we would like to complexify the idea in the following post. We would like to lift a "singular holomorphic foliation by curves", briefly "SHFC", of $\mathbb{C}P^{2}$ to a ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Integral of Weingarten Map / Shape Operator [on hold]

This Paper states that the Weingarten Map / The Shape operator $W_p$ of a two-dimensional surface $S\subset\mathbb{R}^3$ at a point $p$ can be expressed in the following way: ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Normal Variation on Manifolds

Let $M$ be a smooth surface and let $x,y \in M$. Let $d_{M}(\cdot, \cdot)$ be the geodesic distance metric on $M$, that is the length of the shortest geodesic curve on $M$. Let $\kappa$ be the maximum ...
-8
votes
0answers
59 views

A true-false exam has five questions. Andy is completely ignorant and so he tosses a fair coin to answer each question [on hold]

A true-false exam has five questions. Andy is completely ignorant and so he tosses a fair coin to decide his answer to each question. What is the probability that he scores at least four correct?
7
votes
1answer
75 views

Powers of traces, integrals over spheres and class functions

I asked this on math.StackExchange a while back but got no answers. I hope I'll be forgiven for the double post. Let $V$ be a complex vector space of dimension $\operatorname{dim}_{\mathbb C} V = n$, ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Identifying a cohomology class arising from a Postnikov decomposition of BU(2)

For various reasons I'm currently interested in Principal $U(n)$-bundles $U(n)\hookrightarrow E\xrightarrow{p} S^m\times X_g$ over the Cartesian product of an $m$-sphere and a closed oriented surface ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Initial Value for an ODE Problem [on hold]

I have the following ODE $\mathbf{A}\dfrac{d\vec{y}}{dt}+\mathbf{B}\vec{y}=\vec{x}$, where $\vec{y}$ and $\vec{x}$ are $n\times1$ vectors and are functions of $t$, and $\mathbf{A}$ and $\mathbf{B}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Asymptotic variance for partial sum of a stationary process

Let $X = (X_1, \dots, X_n, \dots)$ be a sequence of random variables. We assume that the process X is stationary i.e. for any integer $k$, any set of indices $i_1 < \dots < i_k$ and any integer ...
7
votes
0answers
128 views

Flat manifolds and irreducible representations

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold with vanishing curvature of Levi-Civita connection. Such manifolds were classified by Bieberbach; sometimes they are called Bieberbach manifolds. According to ...
7
votes
1answer
555 views

How large can you draw an island on a map?

A cartographer friend asked me this question: could you classify (shapes of) islands by how much space they occupy on a map (comparatively to how much space is occupied by water) if you draw them as ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

cohomology of a variation of wreath product

Let $C$ the space of points that looks like $(z_1,z_2,\ldots,z_n,z_{\sigma(1)},z_{\sigma(2)},\ldots,z_{\sigma(n)})$ with $z_i\in \mathbb{C}$ and $\sigma$ runs over all the permutations of $S_n$. Is ...
-4
votes
0answers
23 views

Problem regarding heat equation partial differential equation [on hold]

A metal bar of 100m long has ends x=0 and x=100 kept at zero degrees initially half of the bar is at 60 degrees while the other half is at 40 degrees. Assuming a thermal diffusivity of 0.16 egs units ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Matrix equation

Let $A$ be $k\times n$ matrix i.e., $A=(a_{1},\ldots, a_{n})$ where $a_{j} \in \mathbb{R}^{k}$, $rank(A)=k$ and $1\leq k \leq n$. Let $q=(q_{1},\ldots, q_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ be such that ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Eigenvalue problem

I am studying torsional Alfven waves in spicules. In this concern I have encountered the following equation: $ \left(1-m^2 e^{-αz}\right)y''(z)+\left(4π i m ...
2
votes
2answers
211 views

Is there an Oka-Grauert principle for homogeneous spaces?

Suppose we have a fibration over the punctured disc (i.e., a deformation of complex manifolds) such that each fiber is a homogeneous space. Is the total space a product of a fiber with the punctured ...
4
votes
0answers
544 views

Question on Atiyah-Patodi-Singer on $T^3$

I wanted to test my understanding of the Atiyah-Patodi-Singer theorem by studying flat bundles on $T^3$ explicitly, and miserably failed. Namely, I computed the eta invariant explicitly for flat ...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

Monodromy of a punctured disc

I meet the following problem which I think related to the monodromy: Let $D: = \{z \mid |z|<1 \}$ be a disc, and $U \to D$ be a variety fibred over $D$. For each point $t \in D \backslash \{0\}$, ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Do the sequences with divergent associated $\zeta$-function form a vector space?

Let $V$ be the set of sequences $a \in\mathbb{R}^\mathbb{N}$ such that $\lim_{n\to\infty} a_n = 0$. The set $V$ can be seen as a real vector space, with pointwise addition and scalar multiplication. ...
12
votes
3answers
516 views

Conjecture regarding closest point inside a discrete ball to a line

I'm a PhD student in image processing, where I've stumbled into a problem that seems to be essentially number theory. I've hunted around online and while I've found many results on similar problems, ...
4
votes
0answers
71 views

Many integral points on quartic models of elliptic curve via differences of squares

Pick fourth power free integer $n$ ($p^4$ doesn't divide $n$). Represent $n$ as difference of possibly negative integer squares $n=v_i^2-u_i^2$. The goal is to find quadratic polynomial with integer ...
-2
votes
0answers
25 views

mathematical modelling question [on hold]

You are asked to help with a sociological study on the survival of surnames.Consider a closed community with N individuals at time t=0 with K different surnames.Assume that all children of any ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Solution to a system of linear equations containing some inequalities [on hold]

I have a system of equations as follows: $a_{11}x_1 + a_{12}x_2 + a_{13}x_3 = b_1$ $a_{21}x_1 + a_{22}x_2 + a_{23}x_3 = b_1$ $a_{31}x_1 + a_{32}x_2 + a_{33}x_3 < b_1$ $a_{41}x_1 ...
-1
votes
0answers
77 views

Fermat's little theorem question [on hold]

I'm studying Number theory (in my spare time) and I need to prove a lemma in order to prove the exercise. The topic is Fermat's little theorem. Well the lemma goes like this: Let's say we have ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

Simplicial version of the A-infinity operad

I am looking for a description of the $A_\infty$ operad in the category of simplicial sets. More specifically, I am looking for a formulation of the loop space recognition principle for simplicial ...
-1
votes
0answers
55 views

A combinatorial and number theoretical problem [on hold]

Given N positive integers, not necessarily distinct, how many ways you can take 4 integers from the N numbers such that their GCD is 1. For example,N=10 and the positive integers are ...
-2
votes
0answers
116 views

Does any one know what this problem is called? [on hold]

We are given finite sets A and B and a set S⊆P(A). The members of S may have arbitrary intersections with one another and their union is not necessarily A. We wish to determine whether there is a ...
-2
votes
0answers
30 views

How to calculate a sequence in Maple [on hold]

Please how can I using Maple obtain the following sequence defined successively $$X_1=1,\quad X_k=\Big(\frac{1/k+\sum_{i+j=k}X_i X_j}{k^2}\Big)^{1/2}$$ here $i,j,k\in\mathbb {N}$ i wish to have ...
-5
votes
0answers
34 views

Diffusion Equation [on hold]

Kindly give me suggestions on my following assignment of Simulations in Fluid Flow: Solve the following differential equation for transport of f(x,y,z,t) by MS Excel ∂f/∂t+Ux ∂f/∂x+Uy ∂f/∂z+Uz ...
-4
votes
0answers
28 views

Find the vector component of vector u orthogonal to vector a [on hold]

I have vector u = (-2, 3, 1) and vector a = (-2, 2, 2). How do I find the vector component of u orthogonal to a? I've done the cross product and I get (-4,-2,-2), but I am assuming that this is also ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Integrate Faddeeva function

I came across this integration in my studies. $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}|F((w_\textbf{_} - \hat{w_\textbf{_}})\tau) |^2 . d\tau$ It uses the Faddeeva function which is $F(z) = e^{-z^2}erfc(-iz)$. I ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

What is the computational complexity to compute the integral numerically?

Given $$\int_{\Delta}\frac{P_1(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}{P_2(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}$$ where $P_i$ is polynomial(that is $P_1(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n), P_2(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)$ are polynomial) whose coefficients are ...

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