# All Questions

**0**

votes

**1**answer

41 views

### Monotonicity of the gap of permutated sequence

Let $a$ be an arbitrary sequence and denote by $\mbox{gap}_k(a) = a_{(k)} - a_{(k+1)}$, where $a_{(k)}$ is the $k$th largest component of $a$. Of course, $k+1$ should be no larger than the length of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

97 views

### Non-DS circulant graphs

Let $p$ be a prime number greater than or equal to 11. Are there any cospectral non-isomorphic graphs with circulant graphs on $p$ vertices.
Which circulant graphs over prime number of vertices ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Can the Grothendieck ring of varities over a field $k$ be defined for non separated schemes?

The Grothendieck ring of varieties over a field $k$ is the abelian group generated by isomorphim classes $[X]$ of separated, reduced $k$-schemes $X$ of finite type with the relation
$[X]=[Y] + ...

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votes

**0**answers

52 views

### numerical method (implicit) for nonlinear pde

If $\newcommand{\lbar}{\underline{\lambda}}$
$$ \lambda(t)= \lbar+(\lambda_0-\lbar)\exp \left( (\mu-\frac{1}{2}\sigma^2)t+\sigma W^\lambda_t\right) $$
and $\mu$ , $\sigma$ , $\lbar$ , $\lambda_0$ , ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Go I Know Not Whither and Fetch I Know Not What

Next day: apparently my original question is harder, by far, than the other bits. So: it is a finite check, I was able to confirm by computer that, if the polynomial below satisfies $$ f(a,b,c,d) ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Unusual augmentation of a filtration

consider a probablity space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F}, \mathcal{P})$ and a filtration $(\mathcal{F}^0_t)$. In general $(\mathcal{F}^0_t)$ doesn't satisfy the usual conditions (it is not both complete at ...

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**0**answers

138 views

### Decomposition of symmetric homogeneous polynomials

Can every symmetric polynomial of degree $r$ in $d$ variables that has no constant term be written as a sum of the $r$th powers of linear polynomials in $d$ variables and a homogeneous polynomial of ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

188 views

### Using Discrete Morse Theory to represent hom classes

In "vanilla" Morse theory, you can construct cycles representing integral homology classes of a smooth manifold from a Morse function on the manifold (by looking at the flow into/out of the critical ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Weighted graph similarity

I have the following problem. Consider an undirected biconnected graph with $n$ vertices and $m$ edges ($n \leq m \leq n(n-1)/2$). The $m$ edges of the graph are then "populated" by integer weights ...

**1**

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**0**answers

40 views

### square tiled surfaces: Counting Saddle Connections vs Counting Square-Tiled Surfaces

I am reading Prime arithmetic Teichmuller discs in H(2) where they discuss the Siegel-Veech constant in a stratum $\mathcal{H}(2)$ of surfaces. However I see two definitions of Siegel-Veech constant:
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

140 views

### Name for class of matrix determinants

Let $M$ be an $n\times n$ matrix that's constructed as follows. Construct the right-most column of $M$ as $[\alpha_1(x_1),\cdots,\alpha_n(x_n)]^T$ for some class of fixed functions $\alpha_i(x)$. Now, ...

**-8**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### New formulas for Generating sin(nx) & cos(nx) [on hold]

I have proved formulas for generating $\sin (nx)$ and $\cos(nx)$ in term of only $\sin x$ and integer $n$, or $\cos x$ and integer $n$, such as:
$$\sin(9x) = 9\sin x -120\sin^3 x + 432\sin^5 x – ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Rookie looking for help with basic mathematical problem [on hold]

This should probably be very simple, but I'm just not very skilled in math :S.
I want a function that takes one variable, x, ranging from 0-1. As the input approaches 0 so should the output. As the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

46 views

### Decomposition of Lefschetz fibrations into surface bundles and Lefschetz fibrations over spheres

Assume that $M$ is a Lefschetz fibration with fiber genus $g$ over a base of genus $h>0$ (with at least one singular fiber). What obstructions exist to decomposing $M$ into a surface bundle $S$ of ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Isogeny of abelian varieties over general fields [on hold]

We know that given an abelian variety $X$ over an algebraically closed field $K$ of characteristic $0$ and any integer $n$ the induced map $[n]:X \to X$ is an isogeny. As far as I understand this ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### $x^2+1$ attaining almost prime values

Iwaniec, using the linear sieve, proved that $n^2+1$ can be a product of at most two primes infinitely often and furthermore a lower bound of the correct order of magnitude for the number of such ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

27 views

### Jacobi Polynomial asymptotics via saddle-point methods

I'm looking at asymptotics of a Jacobi polynomial: $P_{n-2}^{\alpha_n,\beta_n}(0)$, with $\alpha_n=(n-2)-N, \ \beta_n=[cn^{3/2}]-(n-2)$, where $c>0$ is a constant, $N=\binom{n}{2}$ and $[\cdot]$ is ...

**1**

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**0**answers

92 views

### Level quantization of 7d $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action

In 3d, one can write down the $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action to be $$S(A)=\frac{k}{192\pi}\int_{M}\text{Tr}(A d A +\frac{2}{3}A^3),$$ where $A$ is an $SO(N)$ connection. The level quantization can be ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

106 views

### The zeros of alternating sign, binomial coefficient polynomials

I have a question regarding the zeros of the following polynomial, based on partial rows of pascal's triangle,
$$f(x)=\sum_{k=a}^n\binom{n}{k}(-1)^{k}x^k,$$
where $a,n\in \mathbb{Z}^+,n>a.$
...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Expected probability [on hold]

Suppose, given an integer N, N divides by its divisors(1, to N) and gain new number, repeats the procedure until it becomes 1.
what is the expected number of divisions need number N become 1?
Can ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

156 views

### Eigenstates of Fourier transformation

Let $\gamma$ be defined on $\mathbb R^n$ by $\gamma (x)=e^{-π x^2}$. With $\mathcal F$ standing for the Fourier transformation defined on the Schwartz space by
$$
(\mathcal F u)(\xi)=\int e^{-2iπ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

98 views

### When is the induced representation factored through the initial one?

Let $H$ be an open subgroup in a locally compact group $G$, $\iota:H\to G$ the embedding of $H$ into $G$, $\pi:H\to B(X)$ a unitary representation of $H$ in a Hilbert space $X$, and $\rho:G\to B(Y)$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Generalizing “variation of parameters”

I'm stuck on generalizing an ODE formula and could use your help!
One way to think about "variation of parameters" is that it bakes the solution $z(t)=e^{At}z_0$ of $z'=Az$ (here ...

**1**

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**0**answers

111 views

### Accessible subgroups of free groups

Let $F$ be a nonabelian free finitely generated group, and $F = G_0 \rhd G_1 \rhd G_2 \dots$ a strictly descending subnormal chain of subgroups ($G_n \lhd G_{n-1}$ for each $n \in \mathbb{N}$) each ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

75 views

### GOE convergence

As is well-known (at least in some circles), eigenvalue spacing distribution for large symmetric matrices converges as size goes to infinity (see this question for more background). The question is: ...

**0**

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**0**answers

41 views

### Relationship between ODE and PDE(Laplacian on $S^2$)

Assuming that I solved the Sturm-Liouville problem with some periodic/antiperiodic BC.'s:
$$-y''(x)+f(x)y(x) = \lambda y(x),$$
where $\lambda $ is a free parameter on $[0,2\pi]$ and with $f \in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

61 views

### On the universal property of certain representable functors and rational sections

Let $P_1,P_2$ be two Hilbert polynomials of subschemes in $\mathbb{P}^n$. Denote by $H_{P_1,P_2}$ the corresponding flag Hilbert scheme (parametrizing pairs $(X\subset Y)$ where $X$ has Hilbert ...

**0**

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**0**answers

33 views

### Continuity of Functional Represented by Surface Integral

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open and bounded and let $S \subset \Omega$ be a hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let further be $C_0(\Omega)$ the space of all continuous functions with compact ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Relation between $\text{Hom}_{\mathsf{Alg}_{\mathbb{R}}}(\mathcal{C}^\infty(M),A) $ and $ X \otimes_\mathbb{R} A$? [on hold]

This question is a little bit of a shot in the dark, but maybe someone stumbled over it before... Let $M$ be a (simply connected) smooth manifold modelled on a locally convex space $X$ over ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Different notions of convergence of complex subvarieties

Let $X$ be a smooth complex algebraic variety (or, better, complex analytic manifold). Let $\{C_i\}$ be a sequence of compact algebraic subvarieties (resp. analytic reduced subspaces) which converges ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

67 views

### Does this integral have a closed form? [migrated]

$I=\int_0^1\frac{\ln(1-x)\,\ln(1+x)\,\ln(1+2x)}{1+2x}dx$
I saw this question here. It is really hard to find a closed form. Or is there no closed form? Please give me a hand. Thanks!

**1**

vote

**1**answer

37 views

### Near-ring localizations

Are there any known results on localization for near-rings (i.e., "rings" with non-abelian addition and only one-sided distributive law)? The books on near-rings I checked don't mention this topic at ...

**-6**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### A p-Sylow of a group $G$ is characteristic in its normalizer $N_G(S)$? [on hold]

As stated above, the question is to show that a $p$-Sylow of a group $G$ is characteristic in its normalizer $N_G(S)$.
I would appreciate it if anyone could tell me where to start.

**2**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Jackiw-Pi identity

In their paper http://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.42.3500 (Classical and quantal nonrelativistic Chern-Simons theory) Jackiw and Pi introduced an unusual identity involving ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Vanishing homology of simplicial complexes with few facets

Let $K$ be a simplicial complex with $n$ vertices and $n-t$ facets, where $t \geq 3$.
Is it true that the $(n-3-j)$th reduced homology (with coefficients in a field) of $K$ vanishes for $0 \leq j ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Diophantine equation

I would like to ask the broad community what is known about the solutions of diophantine equation $$\frac{u}{v} +\frac{v}{w} +\frac{w}{u} =t$$ where $t,v,u,w\in \mathbb{N}.$
I read a book of W. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

111 views

### An application of the Grauert's upper semi-continuity theorem

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety, $A$ a complete discrete valuation ring, $Y=\mbox{Spec} A$ and $f:X \to Y$ a smooth, projective, surjective morphism. Denote by $y$ the closed point of $Y$. Let ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### Besides the tracioid are there other surfaces of revolution that have a constant negative curvature?

There is no surface in $ R^3 $ that can represent the complete hyperbolic plane (Hilberts theorem) so we always have to do with a surface that is not completely equivalent, has a cusp somewhere, but ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

188 views

### Singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (an algebraic point of view)

I will start the story by the end:
Is there some characterization of (some of) the singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (canonical, terminal, log-...) in terms of commutative algebra ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Is it possible to construct any random variable on the Euclidean Probability space?

Let $(\Omega,\mathscr A,P)$ be an arbitrary probability space,
and let $X:\Omega\to\mathbb R$ be a random variable.
Then,
one can generate a random variable $Y$ from the probability space ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

255 views

### Random Vornoi Diagrams (particular measures)

This is my second question about Random Voronoi diagrams, in my first question was given some excellent advice but i was not clear in explaining what i was looking for.
I'm interested to know ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Does exterior product commute functor Hom?

Let $M$ be an module over the commutative ring $R$. I'd like to ask do we have the following isomorphism?
$$Hom_R(\wedge^n_RM,R)\simeq \wedge^n_R Hom_R(M,R)$$
We can obviously see it's true for the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### A linear operator equation (PDE) with non-monotone term

I'm interested in the existence and/or uniqueness to the following problem. Let $V$ and $H$ be Hilbert spaces and $V \subset H \subset V^*$ form a Gelfand triple.
There is a linear operator $L:{D}(L) ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### On the Picard group of a product of projective varieties [on hold]

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero, $X$ a smooth projective curve on $K$ and $Y$ a Fano variety over $K$. Consider the natural projection morphism $\mbox{pr}_1$ (resp. $\mbox{pr}_2$) from $X ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Solve a PDE related to free boundary problem

I would like to solve the following system for my problem:
$$\max\Big(\frac{1}{2}u_{ss}+u_l\delta(s-s_0), F(l)-\lambda(s)-u(s,l)\Big)=0.$$
where $u=u(s,l): R\times R_+\to R$ is the unknown function ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

43 views

### A function with one partial derivative Hölder continuos is Hölder continuos?

I'm having trouble finding a function of two variables, say $u(t,x)$, such that for some $\alpha\in ]0,1]$
1. $(t,x)\mapsto \partial_x^2 u(t,x)$ is $C^{0,\alpha}$;
2. $(t,x)\mapsto \partial_x ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Groups and pregeometries

Definition.
For an infinite structure $\mathcal{A}$ and $cl : P(dom(\mathcal{A})) \longrightarrow P(dom(\mathcal{A}))$ , we say
that $(\mathcal{A}, cl)$ is a structure carrying an $\omega$-homogeneous ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### based on statistics- related to median,mean and mode of a grouped data [on hold]

In a frequency distribution , the mode and mean are 26.6 and 28 respectively ,find out the median.

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

19 views

### Number of Different Combination Possible? [migrated]

You are given number of places as m and number of digits as n.You have to fill those m places in such a way that each digit appears atleast one time.
For Example
Given m as 4 and n as 3
so you have ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

381 views

### Is it easy to prove that $\sum_n |X(\mathbb{F}_{q^n})| t^n$ is rational?

Background: Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. One of the successes of Etale cohomology - previously achieved by Dwork- was proving the rationality of the Zeta ...