0
votes
1answer
41 views

Monotonicity of the gap of permutated sequence

Let $a$ be an arbitrary sequence and denote by $\mbox{gap}_k(a) = a_{(k)} - a_{(k+1)}$, where $a_{(k)}$ is the $k$th largest component of $a$. Of course, $k+1$ should be no larger than the length of ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

Non-DS circulant graphs

Let $p$ be a prime number greater than or equal to 11. Are there any cospectral non-isomorphic graphs with circulant graphs on $p$ vertices. Which circulant graphs over prime number of vertices ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Can the Grothendieck ring of varities over a field $k$ be defined for non separated schemes?

The Grothendieck ring of varieties over a field $k$ is the abelian group generated by isomorphim classes $[X]$ of separated, reduced $k$-schemes $X$ of finite type with the relation $[X]=[Y] + ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

numerical method (implicit) for nonlinear pde

If $\newcommand{\lbar}{\underline{\lambda}}$ $$ \lambda(t)= \lbar+(\lambda_0-\lbar)\exp \left( (\mu-\frac{1}{2}\sigma^2)t+\sigma W^\lambda_t\right) $$ and $\mu$ , $\sigma$ , $\lbar$ , $\lambda_0$ , ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Go I Know Not Whither and Fetch I Know Not What

Next day: apparently my original question is harder, by far, than the other bits. So: it is a finite check, I was able to confirm by computer that, if the polynomial below satisfies $$ f(a,b,c,d) ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

Unusual augmentation of a filtration

consider a probablity space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F}, \mathcal{P})$ and a filtration $(\mathcal{F}^0_t)$. In general $(\mathcal{F}^0_t)$ doesn't satisfy the usual conditions (it is not both complete at ...
0
votes
0answers
138 views

Decomposition of symmetric homogeneous polynomials

Can every symmetric polynomial of degree $r$ in $d$ variables that has no constant term be written as a sum of the $r$th powers of linear polynomials in $d$ variables and a homogeneous polynomial of ...
5
votes
2answers
188 views

Using Discrete Morse Theory to represent hom classes

In "vanilla" Morse theory, you can construct cycles representing integral homology classes of a smooth manifold from a Morse function on the manifold (by looking at the flow into/out of the critical ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Weighted graph similarity

I have the following problem. Consider an undirected biconnected graph with $n$ vertices and $m$ edges ($n \leq m \leq n(n-1)/2$). The $m$ edges of the graph are then "populated" by integer weights ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

square tiled surfaces: Counting Saddle Connections vs Counting Square-Tiled Surfaces

I am reading Prime arithmetic Teichmuller discs in H(2) where they discuss the Siegel-Veech constant in a stratum $\mathcal{H}(2)$ of surfaces. However I see two definitions of Siegel-Veech constant: ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Name for class of matrix determinants

Let $M$ be an $n\times n$ matrix that's constructed as follows. Construct the right-most column of $M$ as $[\alpha_1(x_1),\cdots,\alpha_n(x_n)]^T$ for some class of fixed functions $\alpha_i(x)$. Now, ...
-8
votes
0answers
52 views

New formulas for Generating sin(nx) & cos(nx) [on hold]

I have proved formulas for generating $\sin (nx)$ and $\cos(nx)$ in term of only $\sin x$ and integer $n$, or $\cos x$ and integer $n$, such as: $$\sin(9x) = 9\sin x -120\sin^3 x + 432\sin^5 x – ...
-5
votes
0answers
70 views

Rookie looking for help with basic mathematical problem [on hold]

This should probably be very simple, but I'm just not very skilled in math :S. I want a function that takes one variable, x, ranging from 0-1. As the input approaches 0 so should the output. As the ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Decomposition of Lefschetz fibrations into surface bundles and Lefschetz fibrations over spheres

Assume that $M$ is a Lefschetz fibration with fiber genus $g$ over a base of genus $h>0$ (with at least one singular fiber). What obstructions exist to decomposing $M$ into a surface bundle $S$ of ...
-1
votes
0answers
61 views

Isogeny of abelian varieties over general fields [on hold]

We know that given an abelian variety $X$ over an algebraically closed field $K$ of characteristic $0$ and any integer $n$ the induced map $[n]:X \to X$ is an isogeny. As far as I understand this ...
4
votes
0answers
184 views

$x^2+1$ attaining almost prime values

Iwaniec, using the linear sieve, proved that $n^2+1$ can be a product of at most two primes infinitely often and furthermore a lower bound of the correct order of magnitude for the number of such ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Jacobi Polynomial asymptotics via saddle-point methods

I'm looking at asymptotics of a Jacobi polynomial: $P_{n-2}^{\alpha_n,\beta_n}(0)$, with $\alpha_n=(n-2)-N, \ \beta_n=[cn^{3/2}]-(n-2)$, where $c>0$ is a constant, $N=\binom{n}{2}$ and $[\cdot]$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Level quantization of 7d $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action

In 3d, one can write down the $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action to be $$S(A)=\frac{k}{192\pi}\int_{M}\text{Tr}(A d A +\frac{2}{3}A^3),$$ where $A$ is an $SO(N)$ connection. The level quantization can be ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

The zeros of alternating sign, binomial coefficient polynomials

I have a question regarding the zeros of the following polynomial, based on partial rows of pascal's triangle, $$f(x)=\sum_{k=a}^n\binom{n}{k}(-1)^{k}x^k,$$ where $a,n\in \mathbb{Z}^+,n>a.$ ...
-2
votes
0answers
52 views

Expected probability [on hold]

Suppose, given an integer N, N divides by its divisors(1, to N) and gain new number, repeats the procedure until it becomes 1. what is the expected number of divisions need number N become 1? Can ...
5
votes
2answers
156 views

Eigenstates of Fourier transformation

Let $\gamma$ be defined on $\mathbb R^n$ by $\gamma (x)=e^{-π x^2}$. With $\mathcal F$ standing for the Fourier transformation defined on the Schwartz space by $$ (\mathcal F u)(\xi)=\int e^{-2iπ ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

When is the induced representation factored through the initial one?

Let $H$ be an open subgroup in a locally compact group $G$, $\iota:H\to G$ the embedding of $H$ into $G$, $\pi:H\to B(X)$ a unitary representation of $H$ in a Hilbert space $X$, and $\rho:G\to B(Y)$ ...
6
votes
1answer
144 views

Generalizing “variation of parameters”

I'm stuck on generalizing an ODE formula and could use your help! One way to think about "variation of parameters" is that it bakes the solution $z(t)=e^{At}z_0$ of $z'=Az$ (here ...
1
vote
0answers
111 views

Accessible subgroups of free groups

Let $F$ be a nonabelian free finitely generated group, and $F = G_0 \rhd G_1 \rhd G_2 \dots$ a strictly descending subnormal chain of subgroups ($G_n \lhd G_{n-1}$ for each $n \in \mathbb{N}$) each ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

GOE convergence

As is well-known (at least in some circles), eigenvalue spacing distribution for large symmetric matrices converges as size goes to infinity (see this question for more background). The question is: ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Relationship between ODE and PDE(Laplacian on $S^2$)

Assuming that I solved the Sturm-Liouville problem with some periodic/antiperiodic BC.'s: $$-y''(x)+f(x)y(x) = \lambda y(x),$$ where $\lambda $ is a free parameter on $[0,2\pi]$ and with $f \in ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

On the universal property of certain representable functors and rational sections

Let $P_1,P_2$ be two Hilbert polynomials of subschemes in $\mathbb{P}^n$. Denote by $H_{P_1,P_2}$ the corresponding flag Hilbert scheme (parametrizing pairs $(X\subset Y)$ where $X$ has Hilbert ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Continuity of Functional Represented by Surface Integral

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open and bounded and let $S \subset \Omega$ be a hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let further be $C_0(\Omega)$ the space of all continuous functions with compact ...
-3
votes
0answers
83 views

Relation between $\text{Hom}_{\mathsf{Alg}_{\mathbb{R}}}(\mathcal{C}^\infty(M),A) $ and $ X \otimes_\mathbb{R} A$? [on hold]

This question is a little bit of a shot in the dark, but maybe someone stumbled over it before... Let $M$ be a (simply connected) smooth manifold modelled on a locally convex space $X$ over ...
8
votes
0answers
103 views

Different notions of convergence of complex subvarieties

Let $X$ be a smooth complex algebraic variety (or, better, complex analytic manifold). Let $\{C_i\}$ be a sequence of compact algebraic subvarieties (resp. analytic reduced subspaces) which converges ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Does this integral have a closed form? [migrated]

$I=\int_0^1\frac{\ln(1-x)\,\ln(1+x)\,\ln(1+2x)}{1+2x}dx$ I saw this question here. It is really hard to find a closed form. Or is there no closed form? Please give me a hand. Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Near-ring localizations

Are there any known results on localization for near-rings (i.e., "rings" with non-abelian addition and only one-sided distributive law)? The books on near-rings I checked don't mention this topic at ...
-6
votes
0answers
60 views

A p-Sylow of a group $G$ is characteristic in its normalizer $N_G(S)$? [on hold]

As stated above, the question is to show that a $p$-Sylow of a group $G$ is characteristic in its normalizer $N_G(S)$. I would appreciate it if anyone could tell me where to start.
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Jackiw-Pi identity

In their paper http://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.42.3500 (Classical and quantal nonrelativistic Chern-Simons theory) Jackiw and Pi introduced an unusual identity involving ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Vanishing homology of simplicial complexes with few facets

Let $K$ be a simplicial complex with $n$ vertices and $n-t$ facets, where $t \geq 3$. Is it true that the $(n-3-j)$th reduced homology (with coefficients in a field) of $K$ vanishes for $0 \leq j ...
5
votes
1answer
258 views

Diophantine equation

I would like to ask the broad community what is known about the solutions of diophantine equation $$\frac{u}{v} +\frac{v}{w} +\frac{w}{u} =t$$ where $t,v,u,w\in \mathbb{N}.$ I read a book of W. ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

An application of the Grauert's upper semi-continuity theorem

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety, $A$ a complete discrete valuation ring, $Y=\mbox{Spec} A$ and $f:X \to Y$ a smooth, projective, surjective morphism. Denote by $y$ the closed point of $Y$. Let ...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

Besides the tracioid are there other surfaces of revolution that have a constant negative curvature?

There is no surface in $ R^3 $ that can represent the complete hyperbolic plane (Hilberts theorem) so we always have to do with a surface that is not completely equivalent, has a cusp somewhere, but ...
5
votes
0answers
188 views

Singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (an algebraic point of view)

I will start the story by the end: Is there some characterization of (some of) the singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (canonical, terminal, log-...) in terms of commutative algebra ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Is it possible to construct any random variable on the Euclidean Probability space?

Let $(\Omega,\mathscr A,P)$ be an arbitrary probability space, and let $X:\Omega\to\mathbb R$ be a random variable. Then, one can generate a random variable $Y$ from the probability space ...
4
votes
2answers
255 views

Random Vornoi Diagrams (particular measures)

This is my second question about Random Voronoi diagrams, in my first question was given some excellent advice but i was not clear in explaining what i was looking for. I'm interested to know ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

Does exterior product commute functor Hom?

Let $M$ be an module over the commutative ring $R$. I'd like to ask do we have the following isomorphism? $$Hom_R(\wedge^n_RM,R)\simeq \wedge^n_R Hom_R(M,R)$$ We can obviously see it's true for the ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

A linear operator equation (PDE) with non-monotone term

I'm interested in the existence and/or uniqueness to the following problem. Let $V$ and $H$ be Hilbert spaces and $V \subset H \subset V^*$ form a Gelfand triple. There is a linear operator $L:{D}(L) ...
-4
votes
0answers
87 views

On the Picard group of a product of projective varieties [on hold]

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero, $X$ a smooth projective curve on $K$ and $Y$ a Fano variety over $K$. Consider the natural projection morphism $\mbox{pr}_1$ (resp. $\mbox{pr}_2$) from $X ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Solve a PDE related to free boundary problem

I would like to solve the following system for my problem: $$\max\Big(\frac{1}{2}u_{ss}+u_l\delta(s-s_0), F(l)-\lambda(s)-u(s,l)\Big)=0.$$ where $u=u(s,l): R\times R_+\to R$ is the unknown function ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

A function with one partial derivative Hölder continuos is Hölder continuos?

I'm having trouble finding a function of two variables, say $u(t,x)$, such that for some $\alpha\in ]0,1]$ 1. $(t,x)\mapsto \partial_x^2 u(t,x)$ is $C^{0,\alpha}$; 2. $(t,x)\mapsto \partial_x ...
6
votes
1answer
166 views

Groups and pregeometries

Definition. For an infinite structure $\mathcal{A}$ and $cl : P(dom(\mathcal{A})) \longrightarrow P(dom(\mathcal{A}))$ , we say that $(\mathcal{A}, cl)$ is a structure carrying an $\omega$-homogeneous ...
-5
votes
0answers
16 views

based on statistics- related to median,mean and mode of a grouped data [on hold]

In a frequency distribution , the mode and mean are 26.6 and 28 respectively ,find out the median.
-4
votes
0answers
19 views

Number of Different Combination Possible? [migrated]

You are given number of places as m and number of digits as n.You have to fill those m places in such a way that each digit appears atleast one time. For Example Given m as 4 and n as 3 so you have ...
9
votes
1answer
381 views

Is it easy to prove that $\sum_n |X(\mathbb{F}_{q^n})| t^n$ is rational?

Background: Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. One of the successes of Etale cohomology - previously achieved by Dwork- was proving the rationality of the Zeta ...

15 30 50 per page