7
votes
1answer
270 views

Prove that …, f(x-2), f(x-1), f(x), f(x+1), f(x+2),… is algebraically linearly independent without the Fourier transform

Suppose that $f$ is in $L^2(\mathbb{R})$ and consider the set of integer translates of this function, $V=\{f(x-k):k\in\mathbb{Z}\}$. This set is linearly independent: taking the Fourier transform of ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Default Orientation of Vectors [on hold]

When I started studying math in 1982 in Germany, there seemed to have been a change in the choice of the default orientation of vectors; while it was row-vectors till then, it changed to ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

Reference request for instantons

I've been researching instantons lately and I'd like to learn more about them but would like some help finding what to read. I have read about the ADHM equations and their noncommutative analogues. ...
4
votes
1answer
311 views

Connections between Standard, Hodge and Tate conjectures on algebraic cycles?

What implications would a solution of the Standard Conjectures have on the Hodge and Tate Conjectures and reverse?
23
votes
3answers
2k views

Escape the zombie apocalypse

Consider zombies placed uniformly at random over $\mathbb{R}^2$ with asymptotic density $\mu$. You are placed at a random point and can move with speed $1$. Zombies move with speed $v\leq 1$ straight ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Multiplicativity of the Ideal Norm

I asked this question on StackExchange twice, and was never able to get an answer. This is not quite a research-level question, but it is sufficiently difficult and interesting from a pedagogical ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Why is the Tate local duality pairing compatible with the Cartier duality pairing?

This question is a follow up to Why is the norm map dual to restriction under Tate local duality? Let $A$ and $B$ be dual abelian schemes over a base scheme $S$. For an integer $n \ge 1$, consider ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Is the ordinary locus affine?

Let $p$ be a prime number and let $Y$ over $\mathbb F_p$ be a Siegel modular variety, with minimal compactification $X$. It is well known that $X^{\operatorname{ord}}$, the ordinary locus of $X$ is ...
9
votes
1answer
173 views

Do direct limits (filtered colimits) commute with pullbacks, in C*-algebras?

I asked this question already on math.stackexchange, but maybe it is also useful to ask this here, since it was not answered there. Suppose we have three directed sequences of $C^*$-algebras, say ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

optimization problem, any solution?

The objective is as follows: $\min_{\mathbf{F}} a Tr(\mathbf{F} \mathbf{F}^H) - Re\{\mathbf{b}\mathbf{F}^H \mathbf{C} \mathbf{F} \mathbf{d}\}$ $s.t.\ \ \ Tr(\mathbf{F} \mathbf{F}^H)<p$ where $a$ ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

A solution of a q-difference equation

Is it possible to find a solution of the $q$-difference equation $$f(q^{-1}x)-f(qx)=x(a-x)f(x),$$ with $f(0)=1$, (perhaps) in terms of basic hypergeometric series? Or in another rather explicit form? ...
-1
votes
0answers
64 views

Can first and second fundamental form be considered as differential 1-forms? [on hold]

Let $(M,g)$ be an abstract surface embedded into $\mathbb{R}^3$ via $f:M \to \mathbb{R}^3$. Denote the first and second fundamental form by $I$ and $II$, respectively and the smooth vector fields on ...
6
votes
1answer
153 views

Horn's inequalities for n matrices

Where I can find necessary and sufficient conditions on eigenvalues of Hermitian matrices with the relation $$A_1 + A_2 + ... + A_n = A_0 ,$$ i.e. Horn's inequalities for n matrices? Can such ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Conjugate surfaces: informations about the orbits

Consider a complex algebraic variety $X$ (namely a $\mathbb C$-scheme, of finite type, geometrically integral and separated); if $\sigma\in\textrm{aut}(\mathbb C)$, then is well defined the complex ...
0
votes
0answers
135 views

Basketball shots and stopping rule

Moved over from StackExchange. You are taken to play a basketball game where you can shoot basketballs at n slots using a machine that is equally likely to shoot the balls into those n slots. You can ...
5
votes
0answers
143 views

Are inclusions from spaces of $C^\infty$ sections into spaces of $C^k$ sections homotopy equivalences?

[EDIT: The answer to my original question was obviously no, as user56365 pointed out. Here is what I should have asked.] For finite-dimensional smooth manifolds $E,M$, let $E\to M$ be a smooth fibre ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

discrete dynamical system [on hold]

sir, I am doing research work in dynamical systems in the area alpha limit sets.I came across a situation where i can find some properties of alpha limit sets analogous to omega limit sets.I am ...
9
votes
2answers
334 views

Multiplicative Identity for all elements in SU(n)

Let $\{P_i\}$ be a subset of $SU(n)$ such that for any $U$ in another subset (or perhaps subgroup) $H$ of $SU(n)$: $$P_1UP_2U\cdots P_mU=I$$ where $I$ is the identity element. Is there a sequence ...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

Reference request: Continuity of unique maximizer of linear functional on convex set

Does anyone know reference for a theorem of the following sort: Proposition: Let $K \subset\mathbb {R}^n$ be a compact convex set, and assume that $$f(w):=\operatorname{argmax}_{x\in K}w(x) $$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Involution on $\chi^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$

Is there a Lie algebraic involution $\theta$ on $\chi^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ which restriction to linear vector fields is the involution $\theta(A)=-A^{tr}$ for $A\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$? ...
6
votes
0answers
79 views

Can $Ded(\kappa)$ be a supremum?

Definition If there is a dense linear order w/o endpoints of size $\lambda$ with a dense subset of size $\kappa$ then write $D(\kappa,\lambda)$. $Ded(\kappa)=\sup_\lambda \{D(\kappa,\lambda)\}$. It ...
5
votes
2answers
110 views

Poisson ideals vs. ideals generated by Poisson central elements

Let $R$ be a Poisson algebra (over $\mathbb C$, say) with Poisson center $Z = \{c \in R : \{c,R\} = 0\}$ and consider two types of ideals $I \leq R$: $I = \langle (c_i) \rangle$ is generated by ...
10
votes
2answers
424 views

Cut and Fold Polyhedron!

I have two convex polyhedra such that their sums of side areas are equal. It is true that I can cut one of them and flatten it on the plane, then fold the flattened polygon to reach the other ...
4
votes
2answers
102 views

Heat kernel asymptotics for the sublaplacian on a contact Riemannian manifold

Let $\Delta$ denote a Laplace-type differential operator on a compact Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$. The asymptotics of the heat kernel and the heat operator trace of $\Delta$ are well-known (cf. ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Double Markovity

Suppose we have a double Markov relation for three random variables $X$, $Y$ and $W$ as follows $$X\to W\to Y,$$ and $$X\to Y\to W.$$ How to prove that there exist functions $f$ and $g$ such that ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Connection between framed cobordisms and zero sets

Let $W\subseteq M\times[0,1]$ be a framed submanifold (a framed cobordism in $M$) and $2w<m-1$ where $w,m=\dim W,M$. Assume that $M$ is compact and that $W\cap M\times \{0\}$ is the zero set of a ...
-1
votes
0answers
18 views

Problem with equation structure and re-arrangement [on hold]

I am creating a program which used an equation for photo-efficiency in certain types of plants. Because of the limits of the programming (or maybe my abilities with said language). I need to break ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Problem of book Kunen [on hold]

Suppose $P$ is a notion of forcing in $M$ such that $\left | P \right | \leq \omega_{1}$ and $P$ is ccc. Suppose further $\Diamond$ holds in $M$. How does one show that $\Diamond$ also holds $M[G]$?
0
votes
0answers
174 views

Questions about the Collatz conjecture-also known as the “3x+1 problem” [on hold]

Let "F(k,m)" denote the following recursive function of two positive integer variables. For all k, F(k,1)=k. For all k and all m, if F(k,m) is even, then F(k,m+1)=F(k,m)/2. For all k and all m, if ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Contour integral around semi-circle

Can one use contour integration to evaluate $\int^{\pi}_{0} \frac{1}{1-\rho*sin(\theta)}d\theta$ for $0<\rho<1$? This would be trivial if the upper limit were $2\pi$ as we could let ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

If the $L$-series does not vanish

I refer to this paper http://wstein.org/papers/shark/shark.pdf At the top of page 24, we are dealing with the issue where the $L$-series does not vanish for the case where $p$ is good and ordinary. ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

Hypercovers of sheaves in classical and quasi-categories

I am interested in relating the definition of hypercovers in the $\infty$-topos of sheaves on an $\infty$-Grothendieck site to the classical definition of hypercovers of presheaves on a Grothendieck ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Positive definite quadratic forms on Banach spaces

This is a question about characterizing Hilbert spaces in terms of quadratic forms. Let $X$ be a real Banach space and $E$ a bounded quadratic form on it, it is called positive definite if ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Probability that d-Brownian Motion ,d>3, avoids a set A

In other words, the probability that Brownian motion stays within $A^{c}$. So far I found that it is 1, for random cylinders and thorns (http://www.math.upenn.edu/~pemantle/papers/burdzy.pdf). What ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Could anyone help me with a problem regarding fundamental groups? [on hold]

Let G be a group and x be an element of G. N is the least normal subgroup of G containing x. If there is a normal, path-connected space whose fundamental group is isomorphic to G, then I have to show ...
-3
votes
0answers
51 views

Counting sets of tuples [on hold]

I am looking to count the size of certain sets created by taking the product of multivariate functions $F,Q,\ldots$, where the input arguments come from finite sets $D_1, D_2$. For example, ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Reducing $\ell_1$ norm of non-full-rank matrices

I have two matrices ${\bf{X}}_{p\times r}$ and ${\bf{Y}}_{r\times q}$ with $r<\min(p,q)$. Matrix ${\bf Y}$ does not have full row rank (i.e., rank$({\bf Y})<r$). Can I build two new matrices ...
4
votes
0answers
157 views

Quotienting disk inside sphere result in sphere

Let $S^k$ be a topological $k$-dimensional sphere. Let $D^k$ be a $k$ dimensional disk that includes in $S^k$. Let $q: D^k \to D^r$ be a map and $r \leq k$. Let $$W = S^k \sqcup D^r/\sim$$ where ...
6
votes
0answers
131 views

Mukai flops and derived categories

As proved by Kawamata and by Namikawa, if $M$ and $M'$ are complex projective varieties which are related by a Mukai flop (elementary transformation) along projective spaces $W\subset M$ and ...
8
votes
2answers
469 views

Maximal ideals are prime (history thereof)

Please can someone tell me the history of the simple argument that any maximal ideal of a commutative ring or distributive lattice is prime? (It is understood that we have found the maximal one using ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Vector Laplace Beltrami operator of the Gauss map

Consider an abstract surface $(M,g)$ embedded into $\mathbb{R}^3$ via $f:M \to \mathbb{R}^3$. Denote by $N:M \to \mathbb{R}^3$ the Gauss map (normal field) of the surface. Write the Laplace Beltrami ...
3
votes
2answers
129 views

Bochner's theorem for measures of positive type

Is there a version of Bochner's theorem characterizing measures of positive type on a locally compact group? By a measure of positive type on the group $\Gamma$, I mean a measure $\mu$ satisfying ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Rank 2^n quadratic form with non trivial invariant e_n

I advise you to have a look this question of mine first Rank four quadratic Form with non trivial discriminant in I(k) From quadratic form theory its well known that for a field $k$ and the ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

Examples of cubic Julia sets

I'm looking for information on explicit cubic filled Julia sets with interesting properties such as: Having two different finite attractors (such as $f(z)=z^3-1.5z$) Being disconnected with ...
3
votes
3answers
84 views

graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product

Has anyone written about the graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product/star product, that is, where the original algebra is already graded? Is it just a matter of signs?
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Clifford algebras for quadratic modules over ringed spaces

What is the earliest possible reference for definition and basic properties of Clifford algebras associated to quadratic modules over a ringed space? The ringed space does not need to be locally ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Bivariate skew-normal distribution [on hold]

I'm using the Gaussian distribution as a weight function for solving pde's. I'm interested in skewing the function. For one-dimensional problems, it was easy to derive the resulting skewed Gaussian ...
4
votes
0answers
60 views

First return time in an interval for N particles rotating on the circle at constant random speeds

Here is my problem: draw N velocities $v_1,v_2,\dots,v_n$ in $[-\pi,\pi]^N$ from some measure (Haar measure of uniform independent for simplicity) and make $N$ particles rotate around the circle with ...
-2
votes
0answers
64 views

Calculating of the sum $\sum_{i=1}^{n} \large{\frac{i}{i+1}}$? [on hold]

How can i calculate the sum $\sum_{i=1}^{n} \large{\frac{i}{i+1}}$?
-1
votes
0answers
68 views

Can a linear map on a finite-dimensional subspace be extended to the whole space “trivially”? [on hold]

I have a question concerning the extension of continuous linear maps. Let $X$ be a normed vector space and let $U$ be a finite-dimensional subspace of $X$. Furthermore, let $\varphi:U\rightarrow Y$ ...

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