3
votes
1answer
79 views

An upper bound on the number of sets of parallel lines covering points in a finite plane?

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite field of characteristic $2$. Let $L_m$ denote the set of lines in $\mathbb{F}^2$ with slope $m\in\mathbb{F}$, that is, all parallel lines of the form $y=mx+b$. Consider a ...
-2
votes
0answers
27 views

MatLab loop which stops after X iterations [on hold]

sorry this is a bit of a simple question but I can't find the answer. I'm trying to halt a loop after 25 iterations like this: ...
-1
votes
1answer
27 views

Can Singular Value Decomposition Optimal Newman Modularity? [on hold]

I face some problem on the way home. I want to optimize Newman Modularity Q , Can I use SVD to do that? Thanks!
5
votes
3answers
277 views

When a homeomorphism is a diffeomorphism w.r.t to a suitable smooth structure?

Assume we have a homeomoprhism $\phi:M\rightarrow M$, where $M$ is a topological manifold which admits at least one smooth structure. Is it always possible to construct a smooth structure on $M$ ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

When are principal bundles preserved by colimits?

Let $G$ be a topological group and consider a family $$G\rightarrow E_i\rightarrow B_i$$ of $G$-principal bundles indexed over the natural numbers. Suppose we have $G$-bundle morphisms (equivariant ...
-1
votes
0answers
21 views

Estimation VS detection [on hold]

I would like to know what is the difference exactly between estimation (parametric or not) and detection in the statistic signal process. Thanks in advance and have a good day
53
votes
5answers
2k views

Is the set $ AA+A $ always at least as large as $ A+A $?

Let $A$ be a finite set of real numbers. Is it always the case that $|AA+A| \geq |A+A|$? My first instinct is that this is obviously true, and there is a one-line proof which I am foolishly ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

The topology of Fano schemes of lines

Is there any references concerning the computation of the fundamental groups and Hodge numbers of Fano schemes of lines in a smooth hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^n$?
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Is it possible to find an explicit definition of the “universal” (co)tangent bundle?

Let $H_{0,1}(\mathbb{P}^2, d)$ be the space of holomorphic degree $d$ maps (that are not multiply covered) from $\mathbb{P}^1$ to $\mathbb{P}^2$ with one marked point $y \in \mathbb{P^1} $ ...
-2
votes
0answers
30 views

Green`s function [on hold]

Find the Green's function $G(x,y, x',y')$ for Laplace's equation in $0<x'<a$, $0<y'<b$; with $G=0$, $x'=0$, $G_{x'}=0$, $x'=a$, $G_{y'}=0$, $y'=0$, $G=0$, $y'=b$, and $0<y'<b$, ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

On covering by smooth numbers

Denote $P(n)=\mathsf{greatest}\mbox{ }\mathsf{prime}\mbox{ }\mathsf{factor}\mbox{ }\mathsf{of}\mbox{ }n$. Denote $S(x,y)=\{n<x: P(n)<y\}$. Denote $S_t(x,y)=\sum_{i=1}^tS(x,y)$ as $t$-fold ...
-1
votes
0answers
10 views

Compute Faber polynomials in Matlab [on hold]

I want to compute some faber polynomials associated to an ellipse centered at a point (u,v) (in the complex plane: u+iv) in Matlab. Say the ellipse has minor axis a along the x coordinates (real part) ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Sobolev multiplication $\otimes$ of $H^1=W^{1,2}$ in vector bundles

Let $E\to X$ be a vector bundle with an inner product and fix a reference connection $A_0$ on $E$. Then for $1\leq p < \infty$ and $k\geq 0$ we can define the Sobolev space $W^{k,p}(E)$ as the ...
8
votes
1answer
99 views

Best Hölder exponents of surjective maps from the unit square to the unit cube

The Peano's square-filling curve $p:I\to I^2$ turn's out to be Hölder continuous with exponent $1/2$ on the unit interval $I$ (a quick way to see it, is to note that $p$ is a fixed point of a ...
5
votes
3answers
278 views

Introductory texts to mathematics [on hold]

I am interested in texts recomendations for a 14 years old boy who wants to study more mathematics than he does at school. He seems quite talented, but his knowledge of maths is rather low. I would ...
11
votes
2answers
571 views

Mysterious identity between numbers of odd/even meander systems

Definitions: An upper arch system of order $n$ is a subset of the plane consisting of $n$ non-intersecting closed semicircles in the upper half-plane whose endpoints belong to the set $\{(k,0)\mid ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Proof for existence of isoperimetric minimizer by compactness theorem

Let $X$ be an $n$-dim closed Riemannian manifold, then given a number $0 <v < vol(X)$, there exists a Borel subset $A\subset X$ attaining $I(v)$, $I$ is the isoperimetric profile. The existence ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Approximating the norm of an operator-valued linear function with operator inputs via a matrix-valued linear function

Let $\mathcal{H}$ and $\mathcal{K}$ be infinite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. Let $B_1, \ldots, B_k \in B(\mathcal{H}).$ Define $L: B(\mathcal{K})^k \rightarrow B(\mathcal{H}\otimes \mathcal{K})$ via ...
2
votes
3answers
149 views

ideals of polynomial ring with complex number coefficients

Let $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$ be the polynomial ring with variables $x,y$ and coefficient in $\mathbb{C}$. Let $f,g\in \mathbb{C}[x,y]$. Let $(f,g)$ be the ideal of $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$ generated by $f,g$. ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

first chern class versus compactifying divisor in Ramanujam's surface

I have an elementary question about Ramanujam's surface. Ramanujam's surface is naturally the complement of a singular divisor $D$ in the one point blow up of $CP^2$, $\mathbb{F}_1$. One can resolve ...
-4
votes
0answers
34 views

Can anybody help me for this counting question? [on hold]

Peter has 12 pairs of socks and 6 pairs of gloves in different colors. His socks are in green, yellow, black, and grey (3 pairs each). Peter's gloves are either blue, black, or red (2 pairs each). ...
4
votes
0answers
104 views

Lower bound on class number of binary quadratic forms of discriminant of the form $n^2+4$

While searching for a use for the "sum invariant" of indefinite binary quadratic forms of discriminant $D = n^2 + 4$ (see https://cs.uwaterloo.ca/journals/JIS/VOL17/Smith/smith5.html), I believe I ...
8
votes
4answers
469 views

Random Diophantine polynomials: Percent solvable?

Suppose one generates a random polynomial of degree $d$ with integer coefficients uniformly distributed within $[-c_\max,c_\max]$. For example, for $d=8$, $|c_\max|=100$, here is one random ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Inner product spaces without symmetry/hermitian axiom

Consider a vector space $X$ over $\mathbb R$ and a bilinear form $ \langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle : X \times X \rightarrow \mathbb R$. We assume furthermore that for any $x \in X$ there exists $y \in ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Could we extend the exact sequence $K^0(X)\to K_0(X)\to K_0(D_{sg}(X))\to 0$ to the left?

Let $X$ be a variety over a field $k$. We have the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves $D^b_{coh}(X)$ and the derived category of perfect complex $Perf(X)$. It is clear that $Perf(X)$ is a ...
4
votes
0answers
127 views

Koopman representation, weakly compact action, Ozawa Popa

Given a weakly compact action (Ozawa-Popa) of a discrete group $\Gamma$ on p.m space $X$, consider the Koopman representation $\pi$ on $L^2(X)$. Compose this representation with the Calkin projection. ...
4
votes
0answers
227 views

Order theory as a foundation of mathematics?

I know the followings kinds of formalization of mathematics: based on set theory (e.g. ZFC) based on type theory (e.g. the formalism of Coq proof assistant, as an advanced example) based on category ...
12
votes
2answers
566 views

A combinatorial question about orthonormal bases

Suppose that $F:S^{n-1}\to A$ is a map of sets from the unit sphere in $\mathbb R^n$ to an abelian group, and that the sum $F(v_1)+\dots +F(v_n)$ over an orthonormal basis is independent of the basis. ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Infinitely many rational nt multisection in elliptic K3 surfaces by deformation theory

I'm trying to read this paper of Bogomolov and Tschinkel http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/9902092.pdf about potential density of rational points on elliptic K3 Surfaces. I got quite stuck in Corollary 3.27 ...
-2
votes
0answers
10 views

Partition on a Closed Set A= [2,3] [migrated]

Is it possible to define a partition on a closed set,such that the union of the partitions will give [2,3] and their intersection to be empty?
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Computionally efficient vertex enumeration for (convex) polytopes

Let $P \subseteq \mathbb{R}^d$ be an $\mathcal{H}$-polytope. The vertex enumeration problem asks for the set of vertices $V$ of $P$. Theoretically, the vertex enumeration problem for $P$ can be ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Optimization with random matrix

Consider $J$ a random matrix of size $n\times n$ with i.i.d. Gaussian entries $J_{ij} \sim \mathcal{N}(0,\sigma^2/n)$. Let $f(x)=tanh(x)$, and for $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $f(x)$ denotes the vector where ...
10
votes
0answers
96 views

Coloring a Ferrers diagram

I've shopped the problem below around a bit and it seems like it might be known, or not that hard to resolve, but so far I've come up empty-handed. Say that a coloring of the dots of a Ferrers ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

All non-split Cartan subroups of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z})$ are conjugate

Let $n>1$ be a positive integer and let $R$ be an order in an imaginary quadratic field with discriminant prime to $n$. Let $A=R/nR$ and let $\lbrace 1, \alpha \rbrace$ be a ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

SubGROUPs of Banach spaces, when are they dense in a vector subspace?

It’s relatively easy to show that if $J$ is a closed subgroup of a finite-dimensional real Banach space, $B$, then it is a vector subspace iff for all bounded linear functionals $\sigma$ of $B$, ...
11
votes
0answers
265 views

Decidability of $x^3+y^3+z^3 = c$

I wondering if it is known whether the following problem is algorithmically decidable or undecidable by Turing machines: given an integer c, determine if there are integers $(x,y,z)$ such that ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Is an arbitrary Brownian-motion path a viscosity solution of every differential equation?

Is an arbitrary Brownian path a viscosity solution of every differential equation? My intuition is that a path of Brownian motion is so ill-behaved that it not only does not have derivatives ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

For a non-convex function f, how to find a function g such that $g\circ f$ is strictly convex? [migrated]

The following function $f(x)={1\over (1+e^{-x})}$ is non-convex but $\ln(f(x))$ is convex. Given a non-convex function $f$, can we find a function $g$ such that $g\circ f$ is strictly convex? If yes, ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

A survey for various $K$-homology theories and their relationship

The ordinary Topological $K$ theory defined by Atiyah and Hirzebruch is a generalized cohomology theory (see wikipedia).There is the Bott spectrum associated to this generalized cohomology ...
8
votes
1answer
123 views

Are the failure of SCH and “$cf([\mu]^{cf (\mu)},\subset)>\mu^+$ for some singular” equiconsistent?

Is it true that the following two statements are equiconsistent? (1) $2^\mu>\mu^+$ for some strong limit singular cardinal $\mu$ (2) $cf([\mu]^{cf (\mu)},\subset)>\mu^+$ for some singular ...
-4
votes
0answers
48 views

how should one locate ambulance stations so as to best serve the needs of the community..tnx [on hold]

how should one locate ambulance stations so as to best serve the needs of the community i don't know what algorithm to use, any suggestion/s?
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Gaussian gabor frame

It is widely known that $\phi(x)=e^{-\frac{x^2}{2}}$ does not define a Gabor frame if we consider translations by units of $1$ and multiplication by $e^{2 \pi inx}$for $n \in \mathbb{N}.$ A way to ...
8
votes
0answers
200 views

End of the Ext functors

Let $R$ be a ring, and consider the hom functor $\hom\colon Mod(R)^\text{op}\times Mod(R)\to Mod(R)$; the end of $\hom$ is well-known to be the set of endomorphisms (endonatural transformations) of ...
4
votes
0answers
45 views

Connection between connectivity and cohesion of a graph

Tutte [1] proved that, for every $3$-connected graph $G$ and vertices $u$ and $v$, there exists a nonseparating $uv$-path. A graph $G$ is $t$-cohesive if $G$ is connected, has at least two vertices, ...
-1
votes
0answers
33 views

Contour Integration [on hold]

I am trying to integrate $\frac{\sin x dx}{x(x-1)}$ over the real line except at an arbitrarily small neighborhood around 1, where the function has a singularity. My idea is to do an contour ...
3
votes
0answers
275 views

Do those manifolds atrached to L-functions give rise naturally to motives? [on hold]

Edited after Will Sawin's comment: Consider the set $\mathcal{M}$ of all automorphic L-functions belonging to the Selberg class. Such a set is closed for the product $.$ and the tensor product ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Frame-bundle reduction from spinor-bundle reduction

Let $(M,g)$ be a $d$-dimensional Riemannian oriented, spin manifold, and let us denote by $F(M)$ its frame bundle, by $SP(M)$ its spin bundle and by $S = P(M)\times_{\rho}\Delta$ its spinor bundle, ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Tangent cone of a complete intersection

Let $X$ be a quasi projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$. By the tangent cone of $X$ at a point $p \in X$, I mean the subvariety of the tangent space of $X$ at $p$ as it is defined in Harris' ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

Unusual generalization of the law of large numbers

I have seen in physical literature an example of application of a very unusual form of the law of large numbers. I would like to understand how legitimate is the use of it, whether there are ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Is this diagram of sheaves actually Cartesian as claimed?

The question is about Corollary 1.6.2 (b) in the book by Laumon and Moret-Bailly on algebraic stacks. There we have a scheme $S$ and morphisms $X \xrightarrow{f} Y \xrightarrow{g} Z$ of sheaves on a ...

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