4
votes
0answers
92 views

Minimum number of real multiplications to multiply two quaternions [on hold]

Karatsuba multiplication of two complex numbers can be performed with just three real multiplications (instead of four) as follows: $$(a+bi)(c+di) = (ac-bd) + i ((a+b)(c+d) - ac-bd)$$ We only need the ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Can someone help me find a Mathematical documentary that aired on British television within the past 10 years about Leibniz? [on hold]

I have been searching for a documentary that aired on British television between around 2006 and 2012 which was centred around the German Mathematician, Gottfried Leibniz. All that I can remember ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Alternate proof for Caratheodory extension theorem

This question is on the intuition behind the Caratheodory definition of measurable sets as given in Billingsley. He motivates by saying that we "should" call a set $A$ measurable if $$P^*(A) + ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Two spaces attached to mod 2 level 9 modular forms--a conjectural Hecke isomorphism

MOTIVATION Nicolas and Serre have analyzed the structure of the space of mod $2$ modular forms of level $1$, viewed as a "Hecke-module". They show that for each $p>2$, the operator $T_p$ acting on ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Contraction with a vector field and pullback bundle

While trying to understand the proof of "smooth" version of Kostant-Hochschild-Rosenberg theorem (which is due to Connes for compact smooth manifolds) I found the following argumentation: one is ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Elliptic Curve: Q=nP [on hold]

I have a question relating to Elliptic Curve Scalar Multiplication between two points. Given two points on that curve, Q and P, where Q=nP, is it possible to find n if we have an m such that mQ=P?
4
votes
1answer
62 views

Does a Gaussian process shrink under a contraction map

Let $T \subset \mathbb R^n$, and assume it's a finite set if that helps. Consider the symmetric Gaussian process $(X_t)_{t\in T}$ defined by $X_t = \langle G, t\rangle$, where $G$ is a standard ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

A question of terminology regarding integer partitions

I am wondering if there is a standard notation and name for the following. Let $\lambda$ be a partition $\lambda_1\geq \lambda_2\geq\cdots\geq \lambda_r\geq 1$ of $n$ into $r$ parts. Then we can ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Is there any computation of $K^0(X)$ and $K_0(X)$ for a singular curve $X$?

Let $X$ be a projective curve over an algebraic closed field $k$ which characteristic zero. Define $K^0(X)$ as the Grothendieck group of the derived category $Perf(X)$ and $K_0(X)$ as the Grothendieck ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Syzygies in integral domains

Let $f$ be a homogeneous irreducible element in a graded commutative Noetherian ring. What is the possible set of elements $f_1$ and $f_2$ such that $f=f_1g_1+ f_2g_2$? Even in very particular cases ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

Variation of Hodge structures associated to a hermitian symmetric domain

Let $D$ be an irreducible hermitian symmetric domain. Then there exists a variation of Hodge structures $(h_s)_{s\in D}$ on a vector space $V$ satisfying specific conditions which depend on $D$ such ...
5
votes
1answer
98 views

Bounding the number of lattice points inside an $n$-dimensional ellipsoid

I am wondering if it is possible to produce an upper and/or lower bound on the number of integer lattice points that lie inside an $n$-dimensional ellipse. That is, given an $n$-dimensional ellipsoid ...
2
votes
4answers
152 views

Uniform upper bound for the sum over primes $\sum_{p \leq x} p^{-1+\varepsilon}$

I am reading the article D. M. Gordon and C. Pomerance, The distribution of Lucas and elliptic pseudoprime, Math. Comp. (1991) (click). In equation (27) the authors, apparently, used the following ...
16
votes
1answer
287 views

Can topological cyclic homology compute Picard groups?

Let $K$ be a number field, and $\mathcal{O}_K$ its ring of integers. Then there is an isomorphism $$K_0(\mathcal{O}_K) \cong \mathbb{Z} \oplus Pic(\mathcal{O}_K)$$ where $Pic(\mathcal{O}_K)$ is the ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

An unusual metric reconstruction problem

$\newcommand{\bR}{\mathbb{R}}\newcommand{\pa}{\partial}$This questions has some nebulous roots in Morse theory. The most general version goes as follows. Fix an integer $n\geq 2$. Suppose that we have ...
-3
votes
0answers
38 views

Calculate Inverse Fourier Transform [on hold]

How to calculate the Inverse Fourier Transform of the following functions: $\dfrac{1}{-1+2\pi i x}$ $\dfrac{1}{(2\pi ix)^2-2 \pi ix +1}$ I don't know how to evaluate the integrals.
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Existence and uniqueness of solutions for a nonlinear elliptic PDE

The following nonlinear elliptic PDE arose in my research: $$\Delta f - e^f \partial_s f = E(s,t)\,,$$ where $f : \mathbb R \times \mathbb R/\mathbb Z \to \mathbb R$, $f = f(s,t)$, is the unknown ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Regarding left-to-right minima

Let $\rho$ be a permutation on $[1,n]$ and $l_i$ be the number of left-to-right minima in $\rho_{i\ldots n}$, I know that for a random permutation $E[l_1] = H_n$ (the $n$-th Harmonic number) but is ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

An unfair marriage lemma

I am looking for a citeable reference to the following generalization of Hall's Marriage Theorem: Given a bipartite graph of boys and girls. In addition to gender difference, they are divided into ...
4
votes
2answers
130 views

Ordered lattice point enumeration

I initially asked this question over at StackOverflow as it has algorithmic flavor to it, but I haven't been getting much traction so I thought I would probe the mathematics community. Setup: Let ...
4
votes
0answers
68 views

Embedded spheres in the K3 surface

Using the Seiberg-Witten theory, we know that every (smoothly) embedded $S^{2}$ in $K3$ with trivial normal bundle is null-homologous. We know we have a lot of interesting knotted $S^{2}$ inside ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Gluing locally free sheaves on curves

Let $C$ be a quasi-projective curve, $C_i$ for $i=1,...,r$ are the irreducible components of $C$. Assume that $C_i$ is non-singular and $F_i$ locally free sheaf on $C_i$ of the same rank for all $i$. ...
-2
votes
0answers
66 views

Excercise of commutative rings, S. Balcerzyk and T. Józefiak [on hold]

Let $R=k[[x_1,...,x_n,y_1,...,y_n]]/(x_i y_j-x_j y_i)$, $i,j=1,\ldots,n$, where $k$ is a field. Prove that (a) $R$ is a domain. (b) $\dim R=n+1$. (c) $R$ is Cohen-Macaulay. (d) the type of $R$ ...
-1
votes
0answers
38 views

Cohen-Macaulay rings and Normal rings [migrated]

is there an example that R is Cohen-Macaulay but not normal ring? what about the converse example?
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

Geodesic parameterization under conformal mapping [on hold]

Under a conformal deformation of the euclidean metric, say: $\hat{g}_{ij}=e^{\phi}\delta_{ij}$, where $\phi$ depends on the radial coordinate alone, I am struggling to see the following fact: "With ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

l1 Quadratic Programming [on hold]

Within a SQP- algorithm it can happen that the constraints of the quadratic sub- problems are infeasible. In order to overcome this infeasibilities, a l1 penalty method can be used according to ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Singularities in minimal surfaces [on hold]

There is a theorem by Jean Taylor that says that an almost minimal surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ can be locally parametrize by the only three possible minimal cones in $\mathbb{R}^3$, the plane, an $Y$ ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Construction of curves and morphisms

Given any triple of positive integers $(g',g,d)$ with $2g'-2\geq d(2g-2)$. Does there always exist curves $C_{g'},C_g$ of genus $g',g$ with a degree $d$ morphism $f\colon C_{g'}\to C_g$? If we fix ...
4
votes
0answers
127 views

How to prove that a projective module is not free?

Let $A$ be a noncommutative (perhaps $\ast$-) algebra (over $\mathbb{C}$) and let $M$ be a projective module defined via a projector $P\in M_n(A)$; i.e. $M=P(A^n)$. Furthermore, assume that all ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Simple RK4 measure of a force in 2nd order ODE [migrated]

Consider that I am solving a second order ODE using RK2/RK4. The ODE represents simple equations of motion: Equations of motion I am trying to solve: \begin{align} \frac{dx}{dt} &= v \\[.3em] ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Degree $2$ nilpotent matrices with non-zero product [migrated]

Let $n$ be sufficiently large positive integer. Let $M_i$ be $n$ matrices with entries in either $\mathbb{C}$ or $\mathbb{Z}/n \mathbb{Z}$. Is it possible, (1) for $1 \le i \le n, M_i^2=0$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Are lax functor categories into a cartesian closed 2-category cartesian closed?

Suppose that $C$ is a complete closed monoidal category and $I$ is any small category. Then the functor category $Fun(I,C)$ is again a closed monoidal category with the pointwise tensor product $F ...
6
votes
1answer
217 views

Singularities of the moduli stack of Calabi-Yau threefolds

Let $M$ be the moduli of polarized Calabi-Yau threefolds over $\mathbb C$ with fixed Euler characteristic. The coarse moduli space is singular (as usual), but what about the stack? In many cases I ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

$\inf\{i\in \mathbb N \cup \{0\}\cup\infty\mid Ext^i_R(R/I,R)\neq 0\}=0 ?$

Let $R := k[x_1, \cdots, x_n, \cdots]/(x_1^1, \cdots , x^n_n, \cdots),$ where $k$ is a field. Set $I:=(x_1, \cdots, x_n, \cdots)$. the questions are: Is $\inf\{i\in \mathbb N \cup \{0\}\cup ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Reflexive sheaves on stable curves-II [migrated]

This is an extension of Reflexive sheaves on stable curves. Let $C$ be a stable curve and $\mathcal{F}$ a reflexive sheaf on $C$ supported on the whole of $C$. Is the projective dimension of ...
5
votes
0answers
136 views

Size of smallest multiple $\sum \epsilon_i p^i$ of $n$ with digits $\epsilon_i\in \{0,1\}$ for $p$ a prime

Any natural number $n$ coprime with a prime number $p$ is a divisor of $M=1+p+p^2+\dots+P^{N-1}$ where $N\leq \varphi((p-1)n)$ is the order of $p$ in $\left(\mathbb Z/((p-1)n)\mathbb Z\right)^*$. ...
7
votes
0answers
86 views

Some $q-$analogues of $ \sum\limits_{j = - k}^k {{{( - 1)}^{ j}}}\binom{n}{k-j}\binom{n}{k+j}=\binom{n}{k}.$

Let ${\left( {a;q} \right)_n}=\prod\limits_{j = 0}^{n - 1} {(1-{q^j}a} )$ and let $ {{n}\brack{k}}_q$ denote a $q-$binomial coefficient. I am interested in $q-$analogues of the identity $ ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Eigenvalue overdetermined problem

Consider the following overdetermined eigenvalue problem for $\Omega \subset \Bbb{R}^2$: $$(1) \ \ \ \ \begin{cases} - \Delta u = \lambda u & \text{ in }\Omega \\ u = 0 ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Reflexive sheaf on normal surfaces [migrated]

Let $X$ be a normal, projective scheme of pure dimension $2$ and $\mathcal{F}$ is a reflexive coherent sheaf on $X$. Is $\mathcal{F}$ locally free?
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Strict comma objects implies comma objects

I'm condusion on a statement in this page comma object in $n$lab. It states: any strict comma object is a comma object, but the converse is not in general true. My confusion is: the strict comma ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How to compute the best fitting frustum for a set of points? [on hold]

My first post on MathOverflow ! I am struggling with a problem that I am sure is well known, but I could not find any answer using google or searching on MathOverflow. I have a set of 3D points ...
3
votes
0answers
127 views

name for an intermediate notion between huge and 2-huge

I am employing a large cardinal notion that has been used explicitly before, and I am wondering if someone has given it a good succinct name. A cardinal $\kappa$ is huge if there is an elementary $j ...
7
votes
2answers
160 views

p-adic analogue of the Strong Law of Large Numbers

Is there a $p$-adic analogue of the Strong Law of Large Numbers? In particular, suppose that $f_i: \mathbb{Z}_p \longrightarrow \mathbb{Q}_p$ for $i = 1,2,\ldots$ is an sequence of random variables ...
-2
votes
0answers
113 views

Can a numerical system be built following these ideas? (decomposition of infinity) [on hold]

I have been some time thinking on how to reconcile non-Archimedean extentions of real line with results on summation of divergent series. Now suppose $\Omega$ is an infinite quantity, the number of ...
-2
votes
0answers
16 views

How do i find the maximum area for a crate, that has to fit inside a shape? [on hold]

Here's the shape: http://i.stack.imgur.com/WrY7V.png h is equal to: 3.57meters and d is equal to 5.28 meters, I've tried to setup a formula for the area, but i cant seem to get a valid one. Any help ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Is the order convergence topology on a poset always Hausdorff?

In this post two topologies on a poset $(P,\leq)$ were defined: the interval topology $\tau_i(P)$ and the order convergence topology $\tau_o(P)$. It turns out that $\tau_i(P)$ is always $T_1$ and ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Does every locally compact Hausdorff space admit a locally finite open covering by relatively compact sets?

Let $X$ be a locally compact Hausdorff space. Does there exist a locally finite open covering consisting of relatively compact sets?
10
votes
1answer
334 views

Class field towers

It is known (Golod and Shafarevich) that the class field tower of a finite extension $K$ of $\mathbb{Q}$ may be infinite. But is it always finite for $K=\mathbb{Q}[\zeta]$ where $\zeta$ is a root of ...
0
votes
3answers
90 views

Extension of conformal map and annulus

My question is the following : suppose you have a doubly-connected open set $\Omega \subset \mathbb{C}$, that is a domain bounded by 2 non-intersecting circles $C_1$ (the interior) and $C_2$ (the ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

ideals of polynomial ring of two variables generated by two elements

Let $f,g$ be two polynomials in $\mathbb{Z}[x,y]$, given by $$ f(x,y)=x^4-3xy+y^2,$$ $$ g(x,y)=x^5-4xy+3xy^2.$$ Let $I=(f,g)$ be the ideal in $\mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ generated by $f$ and $g$. Is ...

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