# All Questions

**1**

vote

**0**answers

56 views

### Are all complex zeros of $Li_s(i)\, + \, Li_{1-\overline{s}}\,(-i)$ equal to the $\rho$'s?

Take the well known square relationship for polylogarithms:
$$Li_s(z)\, + \, Li_{s}(-z)=2^{1-s}Li_s(z^2)$$
Assume $z=i$:
$$Li_s(i)\, + \, Li_{s}(-i)=2^{1-s}Li_s(-1)=-2^{1-s}\,\eta(s)$$
with ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### excess intersection theory

Can the excess intersection theory be applied to the following problem:
I have a non-singular irreducible variety $X$ of dimension $k$ and degree $d$ and $k+1$ hyperplane sections of $X$, ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

293 views

### Is fixed point property for posets preserved by products?

Recall that a Partially Ordered Set (poset) $P$ has the fixed point property (FPP) if any order preserving function $f:P\longrightarrow P$ has a fixed point.
Theorm : Suppose $P$ and $Q$ are posets ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### What are the first non-maximal non-group-subgroup simple subfactors?

Definition: For an irreducible (finite index) subfactor $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{M})$, an intermediate $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{P} \subset \mathcal{M})$
is normal if the biprojections ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

50 views

### Schur norm for self-adjoint operators

If $A$ is a $n \times n$ complex matrix then the Schur norm of $A$ is given by $$ || A||_S := \max_{||B||=1} ||A*B||,$$ where $||. ||$ is the operator norm and $*$ is the Hadamard (entry-wise) ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

43 views

### The relation on the set of functions

Let $\varphi: \mathbb{R}^{2} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a symmetric (not necessarily continuous) function (so, $\varphi(x,y)=\varphi(y,x)$ $\forall (x,y)\in \mathbb{R}^{2}$),
let $\mathcal{F}$ be the set of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Finite subgroups of mapping class groups

Given a closed, oriented surface $\Sigma$ of genus greater than 1, let $Mod(\Sigma)$ denote the mapping class group of orientation preserving diffeomorphisms of $\Sigma$ up to isotopy. Given any ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### $RUCar^{V}$-semiproperness implies properness

This is a claim in Shelah's Proper and Improper Forcing, more specifically Claim 2.3(1) of Chapter X (p. 484). The proof of the claim is "Easy" but I cannot quite figure it out. There must be some ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### Optimal lower bounds for the sum of digits in base $b$

Let $b \geq 2$ be an integer and let $s_b(n)$ be the sum of the digits of the base-$b$ representation of the nonnegative integer $n$
(e.g., $s_{10}(726)=7+2+6$). From the weak law of large numbers, it ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### A compactification of the non-negative rationals with the discrete topology

Let $S$ be the set of non-negative rational numbers. (If it makes any difference, feel free to take the non-negative dyadic rationals instead.) Let $B=\ell_\infty(S)$; as a ${\rm C}^*$-algebra this is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Paper by Mumford

In the paper of "The spectrum of difference operators and algebraic curves",
by P. van Moerbeke and D. Mumford, Acta Mathematics, vol.143, 1979,
(link: ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### True lies logic [on hold]

Santa says lie on all days except one day... Once he made 3 statemnts on consequtive days :
1) I lie on monday and tuesday.
2) today is thursday, saturday or sunday.
3) I lie on wednesday and friday.
...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Direct sum of simple modules [on hold]

I would like to ask the simplest example of a simple module M in which M \oplus M has infinite sub-modules.
Thanks a lot.

**0**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Understanding a program for computing Khovanov homology

I would like to understand how a computer program for computing Khovanov homology works. The particular program I have in mind is by John Baldwin: https://web.math.princeton.edu/~baldwinj/Kh.cpp
The ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

324 views

### A question on BSD conjecture

If $E$ is an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$, and $K$ is an imaginary quadratic field. If $rank E(K)\leq 1$ and both $E$ and the quadratic twist of $E$ by $K$ satisfy the full BSD conjecture, does ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

24 views

### reducing an n-order differential equation to a first order system of equations using either sagemath or sympy

I want to reduce a n-order ordinary differential equation into a first order system of equations. This is in preparation for numerical analysis. I use both Sympy and Sagemath for Computer Algebra, but ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Examples of continuous differential equations with no solution

Several theorems regarding differential equations are true not only in finite dimension but also in infinite dimension Banach spaces. This is in particular the case for the Cauchy–Lipschitz theorem.
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

24 views

### Making a system of second-order ODEs chaotic

Consider a system of N linear 2nd-order OEDs, describing a system of coupled one-dimensional harmonic oscillators, with couplings given by matrix A and positions X = (x_1, x_2, ..., x_N), we have
X'' ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

141 views

### A question on certain elliptic PDE

Consider the elliptic PDE "CR"
$$\begin{cases} U_{xx}=V_{yy}\\U_{yy}=-V_{xx} \end{cases}$$
And its consequence "LAP" $$U_{xxxx}+U_{yyyy}=0$$.
Somehow, these equations are similar to the Cauchi ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Quotient of Projective line over rationals with an infinite subgroup of PGL(2,Q)

I am looking for references for the following; how to calculate quotient of the projective line over the field of rationals with an infinite subgroup of PGL(2,Q), e.g, of the form
$
\left(
...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Machine learning approach [on hold]

I will illustrate my question my example
let us say, I want to build a classifier to label each word in a huge set or words into either "GOOD" or "BAD" word. I have a set of GOOD words and I have ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### Lagrange error bound for the approximation of sinx≈x [on hold]

The problem is to bound the error of the approximation of sinx≈x on the interval [-1,1].
Here is what I tried/understand:
-I know this is a n=1, x is a 1st degree Taylor polynomial of sin x
-On the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Different definitions of linkless graphs

Robertson, Seymour and Thomas defined linkless embeddings of graphs as follows:
An embedding of $G$ is linkless if every pair of disjoint circuits of $G$ have zero linking number (see here). However ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

56 views

### Difference between straight and piecewise linear and continuous embeddings of graphs / complexes in d-dimensional space?

Here is my main question: what is the difference between "straight" and "piecewise linear" and "continuous" embeddings of graphs/complexes in d-dimensional space?
Moreover I would like to know if any ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### A random variation on Polya's orchard problem

Polya's orchard problem is as follows:
"How thick must the
trunks of the trees in a regularly spaced circular orchard grow if they are
to block completely the view from the center?"
See, ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Can the graph Laplacian be well approximated by a Laplace-Beltrami operator?

It seems rather well known that given a Laplace-Beltrami operator $\mathcal{L}_{M}$ on a manifold $M$ we can approximate its spectrum by that of a graph Laplacian $L_{G}$ for some $G$ (where $G$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### Classification of indecomposable inclusions $(H \subset G)$ with $G$ decomposable

Definition: A group $G$ is indecomposable if: $G = G_1 \times G_2 \Rightarrow \exists i \ G_i = 1$.
We can generalize the notion of indecomposable from groups to inclusion of groups as ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

147 views

### Asymptotic formula for the number of ways to write a number as the sum of $k$ triangular numbers

How would one derive an asymptotic formula for the number of representations of a number $n$ as the sum of $k$ numbers of the form $\frac{m(m + 1)}{2}$
I think that one could use the circle method, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### Uniqueness of the tensor product decomposition of subfactors

A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is indecomposable if (for $N_i \subset M_i)$: $$(N \subset M) = (N_1 \otimes N_2 \subset M_1 \otimes M_2) \Rightarrow \exists i \ N_i = M_i$$
Then, a subfactor $(N ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### On the positivity of matrices

For given $n$, the following $n\times n$ real matrix $M=M^{T}$ is called positive, if
$x^{T}M x\geq 0$
holds for all non-negative real $x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n$,
where $x=(x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n)^T$.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

25 views

### Family of (Cumulative Distribution) Functions

I'm looking for a 2 (or more)-parameter family of functions $F$ with the following properties:
For each $f \in F$, $f(0)=0$, $f(1)=1$, and $f$ is (weakly) increasing.
$F$ is closed under products.
...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Integrating a differential form over a box [on hold]

I've only ever seen examples of integrating a differential form over a curve C involving defining a parameterization. I have seen people integrate 1 forms over a box without defining a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Smoothness in Ecalle's method for fractional iterates

Some four years ago I answered my own question on fractional iteration, concluding that there is a half iterate of sine, that is $f(f(x)) = \sin x,$ which is real analytic for $0 < x < \pi$ but ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Is there an analog of the Barratt-Eccles construction for E_∞-groups and E_∞-rings?

The Barratt-Eccles operad is an operad in simplicial sets
that provides a particularly nice model of an E∞-operad;
algebras in spaces over the Barratt-Eccles operad model E∞-spaces,
i.e., homotopy ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

329 views

### Reference request: Book of topology from “Topos” point of view

Question: Is there any book of topology in the modern language of topos theory?
I refer to the (systematic, formalist) study of the category of sheaves on a site or the study of topology in a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### The regularity of Dirichlet form in Besov space

Let $C_{0}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ denote the set of continuous functions in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with compact support, $C_0^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$ denote the set of infinite differentiable functions in ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Are (odd) perfect numbers divisible by a repdigit (in another base)? How about by a repunit?

[This question was cross-posted from MSE.]
A positive integer $N$ is said to be a perfect number if
$$\sigma(N) = 2N,$$
where $\sigma(x)$ is the sum of the divisors of $x$. For example, $6$ is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Isomorphism Between $U_{h}(\frak{sl}_3)$ and $U({\frak sl}_3)[[h]]$

I take the following from Klimyk and Schmudgen's book Quantum Groups Page 167:
Proposition For $\frak{g}$ a complex semi-simple Lie algebra, there is an isomorphism $\phi$ of the $h$-adic algebra ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### odd squarefree and squareful neighbors [migrated]

There are squarefree numbers $n=\prod_{i=1}^{k}p_i$ so that $n+2$ is not squarefree (e.g. $115+2=3^2.13$).
Are there infinite many such $n$?
Are there numbers n with arbitrarely many prime-factors?
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Differential Geometric Aspects of Rubber Bands

What happens, if a rubber band ( of length $l_0$ that has been stretched to length $l_1:=l_0+\Delta l\;$ and brought into the shape of a closed curve in $\mathbb{R}^3$ ) is released and if the only ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

77 views

### Ring of endomorphisms as a criterion of a dimension 1 module

Let $R$ be a unital ring and $M$ be an $R$-module. I have some questions about relation between the ring $\operatorname{End}_R M$ of endomorphisms and the notion of “dimension” of a module. I’m not ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### First passage percolation on a random geometric graph in the large connectivity limit

Let $V_\rho\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ be a point set in the plane obtained from a Poisson process of density $\rho$. The random geometric graph $G_\rho$ is obtained from $V_\rho$ by connecting points that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

92 views

### Exactness of the relative de Rham complex restricted to subschemes

I think that the statement below about relative de Rham complex is true (am I wrong?) If it is the case, a reference would be very helpful. (I admit that the statement sounds somewhat technical and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

26 views

### The topology of complete minimal surfaces of finite total Gaussian curvature [on hold]

Suppose that M is
a complete minimal surface with finite total curvature. If M is embedded in $\mathbf{R}^3$, then
we observe that M viewed from infinity looks like a plane passing through the ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

281 views

### Is there a general notion of semigroup action?

The analogous result to Cayley’s theorem or Yoneda lemma in semigroup theory represents semigroups as semigroups of functions from a set to itself. This suggests that a semigroup action consists of a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

33 views

### What are the upper bound and stability conditions for the following simple linear system?

Consider the following linear system
$$\dot{x}=\sum\limits_{i=1}^{m}{{{\alpha }_{i}}}\left( t \right)\cdot {{A}_{i}}\cdot x \quad (1)
$$
where, $x\in {{\mathbb{R}}^{n}}$ represents the state vector, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Girsanov theorem with Geometric Brownian Motion

I am not a student in mathematics, but I am trying to use the following Theorem 8.6.6 (Girsanov theorem II) of Oksendal's SDE with geometric Brownian motion $S_{t}$ instead of the standard Brownian ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

257 views

### Three old questions on the Sacks forcing

I came across the two following Qs in 1970.
Find reals $a,b$ such that $a$ is Sacks over $L[b]$ and vice versa $b$ is Sacks over $L[a]$. Note that a Sacks $\times$ Sacks generic pair definitely does ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

178 views

### Categories with binary relations as objects

For the category of functions, pairs of functions making commutative diagrams are the canonical morphisms $\alpha:f\rightarrow g$. For binary relations there is an alternative, to consider the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### A doubt on balaji meyn's ergodic theorem paper

I have a question regarding the classic paper by Balaji and Meyn: "Multiplicative ergodicity and Large Deviations for an Irreducible Markov Chain".
Consider a recurrent apeiodic irreducible Markov ...