-2
votes
0answers
54 views

Elementary question of Group cohomology [on hold]

Let $G$ be a finite group. Assume $G$ acts on finite abelian module $M$ such that $(|G|,|M|)=1$. Question: Why $H^i(G,M) = 0$ for $i > 0$? Pierre MATSUMI
0
votes
0answers
6 views

MLE of Gamma when only given observations

i've been given 10 observations of X, where X is a random variable. the observations are 141 16 46 40 351 259 317 1511 107 567 and now given they are gamma distributed, how do you find the MLE using ...
6
votes
1answer
66 views

Brouwer's theorem for the Cauchy reals

Brouwer famously proved, using principles motivated by intuitionistic choice sequences, that every function $\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ is continuous. In Sheaves in geometry and logic (section VI.9), ...
-3
votes
0answers
69 views

Flower Arrangements [on hold]

We have a $n\times m$ grid with $k$ flowers (not necessarily distinct). The grid is assumed to have horizontal and vertical symmetry. What is the value of $A(n,m,k)$, where $A(n,m,k)$ is the number of ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

Relationship of ${\cal P}(\omega)/fin$ and ${\cal L}$

Define ${\cal L}$ as in this question: the set of functions $f:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow\mathbb{N}$ such that $f(n)\leq f(n+1)\leq f(n)+1$, where two functions are considered equal if they differ at at ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Distribution of a transformed Gaussian random vector

Let $B$ be a random vector with $b_{i} \backsim N(m_i,\sigma_i) $ and $Y$ another random vector with $y_i \backsim N(r_i,\psi_i)$. Let $A$ be a symmetric and non-singular square matrix. What is ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

On the search for an explicit form of a particular integral

Let $f$ be integrable over the interval $(0, 1)$, and $$I_n = \int_0^{1} x^n f(x) \, \mathrm{d}x.$$ Suppose $f(x) = f(1-x)$; we can then show that $$I_n = \sum_{k=0}^{n} \binom{n}{k} (-1)^k \, ...
-2
votes
0answers
33 views

are signs of coefficients arbitrary in 01-integer programming? [on hold]

looking to understand more about full coverage integer programming i wondered if my research should include forms of the problem with the possibility for negative coefficients i went looking for an ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Compensated compactness for system of conservation laws?

As far as I knew, the method of compensated compactness can be used only for one-dimensional scalar and $2\times 2$ systems of conservation laws, i.e. $u_t+f(u)_x=0$. But if I understood correctly ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

An inequality from the “Interlacing-1” paper

This question is in reference to this paper, http://annals.math.princeton.edu/wp-content/uploads/annals-v182-n1-p07-p.pdf (or its arxiv version, http://arxiv.org/abs/1304.4132) For the argument to ...
14
votes
0answers
373 views

A Linear Order from AP Calculus

In teaching my calculus students about limits and function domination, we ran into the class of functions $$\Theta=\{x^\alpha (\ln{x})^\beta\}_{(\alpha,\beta)\in\mathbb{R}^2}$$ Suppose we say that ...
5
votes
1answer
115 views

For a 3-manifold $Y$, when does $Y\times S^{1}$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?

Let $Y$ be an orientable, smooth 3-manifold and let $X=Y\times S^{1}$. My question is that: when does $X$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature? An obvious case is when $Y$ ...
-1
votes
0answers
68 views

Curvature in geometry-interpretation

Previously this question was asked on stack exchange: the answer contained only reference to the wikipedia page which I already read (as mentioned in my post). So here is the question: The are ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Generalized identities of (soluble) groups

Let $G$ be a group. Let us say that $G$ satisfies a generalized identity of degree $n$ if there exist $a_1,a_2,\dots a_n \in G$ such that $$x^{a_1}x^{a_2}\dots x^{a_n}=1,$$ for all $x\in G$. ...
50
votes
37answers
6k views

Important formulas in Combinatorics

Motivation: The poster for the conference celebrating Noga Alon's 60th birthday, fifteen formulas describing some of Alon's work are presented. (See this post, for the poster, and cash prizes offered ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

Asymptotic $\int_M \mathrm{exp}[\mathbf{e}\left(n -\frac{t}{2\pi i}\right)] \left( 1 + \frac{5}{6} \mathbf{e}^2 \right)^{1/2} $ on quintic Calabi-Yau

Let $M = \{ G(x) = 0 \} \subseteq \mathbb{P}^4$ be a quintic Calabi-Yau and $\mathbf{e} \in H^2(M, \mathbb{Z})$ such that $\int_M \mathbf{e}^3 = 5$. Then as $t \gg 1$: $$ \int_M e^{n \mathbf{e}} ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Optimization problem with an integral in the objective function

I would like to find $x$ that solves the following optimization problem: $min \;L(x) = \int\limits_{-24}^{48} c(t)\cdot f(x,t) dt$ sa $ 0 \leq x \leq 24$ with $c(t) = 5 + cos(\frac{\pi\cdot ...
13
votes
2answers
709 views

Why should we care about “higher infinities” outside of set theory?

Let's say you are a prospective mathematician with some addled ideas about cardinality. If you assumed that the natural numbers were finite, you'd quickly vanish in a puff of logic. :) If you ...
6
votes
2answers
345 views

Geodesics on SO(3)

I have two 3D rotations about the origin, represented as $3 \times 3$ orthogonal matrices $M_1$ and $M_2$ (specified by numerical entries), and I would like to interpolate (and compute) a continuous ...
6
votes
0answers
146 views

Is an irreducible ideal in $R$ also irreducible in $R[x]$?

Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian ring and $I\subset R$ an ideal that is irreducible in the sense that if $I = J_1 \cap J_2$, then $I=J_1$ or $I=J_2$. Is (the ideal generated by) $I$ irreducible in ...
15
votes
2answers
709 views

Which algebraic relations are possible between algebraic conjugates?

For which non-constant rational functions $f(x)$ in $\mathbb{Q}(x)$ is there $\alpha$, algebraic over $\mathbb{Q}$, such that $\alpha$ and $f(\alpha) \neq \alpha$ are algebraic conjugates? More ...
5
votes
0answers
95 views

Indecomposable representations of a wreath product

If $G$ is a finite group, we know the irreducible representations of $G ≀ S_n$ (over $\mathbb Q$) are classified by partitions of $n$ 'decorated' by an irrep of $G$. I'm wondering to what extent the ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

Properties of the interval topology of the lattice of functions

Let $(P,\leq)$ be a poset. The interval topology $\tau_i(P)$ on $P$ is generated by $$\{P\setminus\downarrow x : x\in P\} \cup \{P\setminus\uparrow x : x\in P\},$$ where $\downarrow x = \{y\in P: ...
9
votes
1answer
261 views

How big is the lattice of all functions?

Define the lattice $(\mathcal{L},\prec)$ as the set of all function $f:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow\mathbb{N}$ satisfying $f(n)\leq f(n+1)\leq f(n)+1$, where two functions are considered equal if they differ ...
10
votes
1answer
197 views

Are all separable algebras Frobenius algebras?

Let $\mathcal C$ be a [added later: semi-simple] tensor category, and let $A=(A,m:A\otimes A\to A,i:1\to A)$ be an algebra object in $\mathcal C$. The algebra is... Separable if there is an ...
5
votes
0answers
118 views

2-dimensional sublattices with all vectors having very big square (in absolute value)

QUESTION: Let $\Lambda\times\Lambda\rightarrow {\Bbb Z}$ be a lattice, that is, ${\Bbb Z}^n$ with a non-degenerate integer quadratic form, not definite, not necessarily unimodular, $n>2$. I want ...
11
votes
1answer
195 views

What is the maximum size of a set system where the intersection of any two incomparable members is not in the set?

Let the set $\mathcal{F}$ consist of subsets of $[n]$. Suppose that for any incomparable $A$ and $B$ in $\mathcal{F}$, we have $A \cap B \notin \mathcal{F}$. What is the largest possible size of ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

“GraphI Individualization” referece request

Context: I am studying Weisfeiler Lehman method(WL method) and have clear idea about 1 and 2 dimensional WL method. I was wondering about the individualization process described below- Defined ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views
+50

Fair surfaces - general mathematical theory

Fairness measures for surfaces are, in general, functionals containing more complicated terms thatn the usual bending energy, and may depend not only on the mean curvature but also on principal ...
9
votes
0answers
118 views

Which sequential colimits commute with pullbacks in the category of topological spaces?

This question was asked on math.stackexchange.com without a reaction. Given diagrams of topological spaces $$X_0\rightarrow X_1\rightarrow\ldots$$ $$Y_0\rightarrow Y_1\rightarrow\ldots$$ ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

Large Cardinal Principles that Imply $\Sigma_3^1$-Generic Absoluteness

It is known that (light-face) $\Sigma_3^1$ generic absoluteness is consistent with $\mathsf{ZFC}$: Friedman and Bagaria showed that it holds in the $\text{Coll}(\omega, < \kappa)$ extension of $V$ ...
7
votes
1answer
288 views

Bounded gaps between primes in arithmetic progressions

Has Zhang's work on bounded gaps between primes been extended to the following theorem? For any arithmetic progression $an+b,\gcd(a,b)=1$, there is a constant $H$ (depending only on $a$) such that ...
9
votes
2answers
619 views

How should a mathematician approach the physics literature concerning percolation?

I would like to read some of the physics literature on two-dimensional percolation, however in attempting this I have run into two problems. (1) Physics papers on percolation are (relatively) hard ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Theorems that tell if an explicit analytical solution is possible for nonlinear PDEs

Are there any theorems that tell if a particular nonlinear PDE can be solved explicitly by analytical methods? Where analytical methods I refer to methods such as power series or any methods that use ...
11
votes
1answer
690 views
+100

A question about certain sets of permutations of the ordered pairs $(1,1),(1,2),\cdots,(1,n),\cdots,(n,1),(n,2),\cdots,(n,n)$

Let $n>1$ be a given positive integer. For any $0\leq k\leq n^2$, let $A_k$ be the set of permutations $((i_1,j_1),(i_2,j_2),\cdots,(i_{n^2},j_{n^2}))$ of the ordered pairs ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Number of binary sequences in which the number of $(1, 1)$ and $(0, 0)$ is prespecified

Consider a binary sequence $\mathbf{a}_n$ consisting of 1s and 0s. Let us denote by $f(\mathbf{a}_n)$ the number of $(1, 1)$ and $(0, 0)$ in $\mathbf{a}_n$; I am not sure whether there is a formal ...
-1
votes
0answers
68 views

Inequality for a gradient of a function in Holder space

Let $||X||_{\gamma}=|X|_0+|X|_{\gamma}$, where $|X|_{\gamma}=\underset{x, x'\in \mathbb{R}^3, x \neq x'}{\mathrm{sup}} \frac{|X(x)-X(x')|}{|x-x'|^{\gamma}}$ and $X: \mathbb{R}^N \rightarrow ...
18
votes
2answers
895 views

Non-homeomorphic spaces such that taking away a point makes them homeomorphic

Are there topological spaces $X,Y$, each having more than $2$ points, such that $X\not\cong Y$, and there is a bijection $\varphi: X\to Y$ such that for all $x\in X$ the spaces $X\setminus \{x\}$ ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

Cardinality of pairwise non-isomorphic complete lattices on an infinite cardinal $\kappa$

Suppose $\kappa$ is an infinite cardinal. Let $\cal S$ be a collection of pairwise non-isomorphic complete lattices on the ground set $\kappa$. What cardinality can $\cal S$ have at most? Is the ...
10
votes
2answers
625 views

Upper density of the set of $n$'s such that $p(n)$ is prime, where $p$ is polynomial

The starting point for this question is the following (false) statement $\forall n\in \mathbb{N} (n^2 + n + 41 \text{ is prime}).$ Given a polynomial function $p:\mathbb{N} \to ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Can hypercompletion be an essential localization?

The subcategory of hypercomplete objects in an ∞-topos is a left-exact-reflective subcategory by the remarks after 6.5.2.8 of Higher topos theory, i.e. its inclusion functor has a left-exact left ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Can we always add sets without collapsing cardinals or adding [very] bounded sets?

Given a model of $\sf ZFC$, and an infinite ordinal $\alpha$. Can we prove that there is always a cardinal $\kappa$, and a forcing $\Bbb P$, such that: $\Bbb P$ does not add sets of rank ...
6
votes
0answers
60 views

Hausdorff spaces with lattice isomorphism between the topologies [closed]

For $i=1,2$ let $(X_i,\tau_i)$ be Hausdorff spaces such that the lattices $\tau_1, \tau_2$ are isomorphic. Does this imply that $(X_1, \tau_1) \cong (X_2,\tau_2)$? (This is a follow-up question to ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Is the covering property $\Omega \choose \text{T}$ closed under products?

Suppose that $(X_i)_{i\in I}$ is a family satisfying the covering property $\Omega \choose \text{T}$ (for the definition of this covering property, see this post). Does $\prod_{i\in I} X_i$ ...
0
votes
1answer
168 views

Minimum number of people such that 2 can be expected to sit next to each other [closed]

We are given a large, round table with $n$ seats. It is easy to see that whenever $p\geq \text{int}(\frac{n}{2}) + 1$ people are seated, at least $2$ people will sit next to each other (here ...
3
votes
2answers
134 views

“Nice” and “nasty” partitions in graphs

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a simple, undirected graph, that is $V$ is a set and $E \subseteq [V]^2 = \{\{v,w\}: v,w \in V \land v\neq w\}$. For $v\in V$ and $S\subseteq V$ we set $$N(v,S) = \{w\in S: \{v,w\} ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Bounded metric spaces with non-surjective self-isometry

A metric space $(X,d)$ is said to be bounded if there is $r\in\mathbb{R}$ such that for all $x,y\in X$ we have $d(x,y) \leq r$. A self-isometry is a map $\iota:X\to X$ such that for all $x,y\in X$ we ...
12
votes
1answer
339 views

Generalized geometries

Let $S$ be a non-empty set. A geometry of type $n$ for $n\geq 1$ on $S$ (consisting of at least $n$ elements) is a set ${\mathfrak P}\subseteq {\mathcal P}(S)$ such that all members of $\mathfrak ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Contracting join-incomplete lattice endomorphisms

Let $L$ be an complete lattice. A lattice homomorphism $f: L\to L$ is said to be join-incomplete if there is an infinite set $S \subseteq L$ such that $f(\bigvee_L S) \neq \bigvee_L f(S).$ If $f:L\to ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Simplyfing join-incomplete lattice endomorphisms

Let $L$ be an complete lattice. A lattice homomorphism $f: L\to L$ is said to be join-incomplete if there is an infinite set $S \subseteq L$ such that $f(\bigvee_L S) \neq \bigvee_L f(S).$ Is the ...

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