1
vote
1answer
16 views

The term $H^1(N,A)^{G/N}$ in the inflation-restriction exact sequence

[a repost from SE due to the lack of response] Given a group $G$, let $A$ be a $G$-module and let $N\trianglelefteq G$. If I understand it correctly, the superscript "G/N" in the third term of the ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Neighborhoods of a point in fppf topology

Does every point of a scheme (say over a dvr) have an irreducible neighborhood for fppf topology?
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Isotrivial families with non-zero Kodaira spencer map

Let $S$ be a smooth quasi-projective curve over the complex numbers. Let $P$ be a closed point in $S$. Let $f:\mathcal X \to S$ be a polarized family of smooth projective connected varieties. To this ...
-1
votes
0answers
60 views

If wolfram rule 110 is universal , does it mean it can solve mathematical equations? [on hold]

Stephan wolfram states that Rule 110 in Elementary Cellular Automata is computational universal . Does it mean that it can solve mathematical equations , like the quadritic equations ??? And if it ...
1
vote
1answer
9 views

Matroids similar to the cycle matroid

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph (loops and multiple edges are permitted). Three following systems of dependent sets in $E$ define matroids: 1) Set $A\subset E$ is dependent if $A$ contains cycle. This is a ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

quasi-projective and separated as topological properties

Let $X$ be a non-reduced noetherian scheme over $\mathbb{Z}$ or $\mathbb{C}$. Assume that $X^{red}$ is quasi-projective and separated, does the same hold for $X$ ? (By the way, projective implies a ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Terminology for polygons

As you may know term "polygon" might mean few different things and its meaning has to guessed from context. By some reason I have to use few of these meaning in one place. So I converge to the ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Coupled differential equations

I'm looking at the following coupled set of differential equations. Because of the symmetry, I'm hoping to be able to write down the solution for $x_n(t)$ and $y_n(t)$ in terms of $f(t)$ and $g(t)$, ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Is this (funny) combinatorial optimization problem NP-hard ? (cutting numbers and placing them in urns)

The parameters of the problem are $m$ numbers which are integers (these numbers are denoted $b_i$), $n$ urns and in each urn, we can place $C$ numbers. We assume $nC \geq m$ so that the problem is ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

presentations of subalgebras

Assume that I have a finitely presented algebra $A$ over the complex numbers (by which I mean that $A$ is generated over $\mathbb{C}$ by finitely many elements $x_1,...,x_n$ subject to finitely many ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

Decomposition of the space according to the Ergodic Theorem

Given a space $(X, T)$, it is well known that for every $T$-invariant ergodic measure $\mu$, there exists a set $E_\mu$ of $\mu$-measure $1$ s.t. for every "nice" function $f$ $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

A Feynman-Kac style derivation of a survival probability of a Compound Poisson process

Let $$R_t = u + \beta t - \sum^{N_t}_{i=1}U_i$$where $u\geq 0$, $\beta > 0$, $N_t$ is a Poisson counting process with intensity $\lambda$ and $U_i$ are jumps having a probability density $\nu(y)$ ...
15
votes
2answers
897 views

Distributing points evenly on a sphere

I am looking for an algorithm to put $n$-points on a sphere, so that the minimum distance between any two points is as large as possible. I have found some related questions on stackoverflow but ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

Why only Normed Linear Spaces? [on hold]

It is well known that "Norm on a vector space can be used to obtain a metric on that space." I think easily we can generalize the notion of norms to groups and rings. My questions are, Why ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Surgery along an arc connecting the components of a $2$-component link gives the unknot

Math Overflow seems to have a dearth of low dimensional topology, but this seems like an interesting question. Let $L$ be a $2$-component link in $S^3$. Suppose that there is a framed arc joining the ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Root number of an anticyclotomic twist

Let $\lambda$ be a self-dual Hecke character over a CM field $K$ with root number $-1$. How to show the existence of a finite order anticyclotomic Hecke character $\chi$ over $K$ such that the twist ...
5
votes
0answers
78 views

Coherent cohomology of the moduli space of curves

Is $H^i\left(\overline{\mathcal M}_g, \mathcal O_{\overline{\mathcal M}_g}\right)$ nontrivial for any $i>0$ and any $g$? I was not able to find literature on this after searching for a bit, ...
6
votes
0answers
33 views

Detecting positive endomaps of the formal reals

A locale is a sort of "formal topological space", which "may not have enough points to separate its open sets". For instance, there is a "locale of all real numbers that are both rational and ...
7
votes
1answer
110 views

Does stationary reflection imply Mahloness?

Suppose $\kappa$ is strongly inaccessible and every stationary subset of $\kappa$ reflects. Must $\kappa$ be Mahlo? Remarks: It is possible for every stationary subset of $\kappa$ to reflect, but ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

What's the relationship between the different versions of the BBD decomposition theorem?

I have a few questions relating to the BBD decomposition theorem. I have come across the following two versions of the decomposition theorem. Version 1. Let $f : X \to Y$ be a proper map of ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Purely inseparable field extensions of degree p

Take a field $k$. If $k'/k$ is a field extension of degree $p$, it is known that there are many possibilities for the isomorphism class of $k'$. See ...
3
votes
3answers
268 views

Genus of a plane curve of the form $\prod_{i=1}^n (a_iX+b_iY+Z) = Z^n$

Does anybody know the genus of the following (projective) plane curve?: $$\prod_{i=1}^n (a_iX+b_iY+Z) = Z^n$$ where the $a_i$'s and the $b_i$'s are complex numbers with $a_j \ne a_i\ne b_i \ne b_j$ ...
8
votes
2answers
291 views

Witten's proof of Morse inequalities, question on eigenvalues?

See here. I present Theorem 6 and Corollary 7 as follows. Theorem 6. For large $s$, $\Delta_s$ and $H$ have the same number of eigenvalues in the interval $[0, s^{-2/5}]$. Corollary 7. $\dim ...
2
votes
1answer
336 views

Weierstrass form of genus one $y^{10} z^{30} - 8000 y^{4} z^{20} + 12800000 z^{20} + 1600 y^{2} z^{10} - 64=0$

Related to the n-conjecture. We are looking for Weierstrass form and map from it of the genus one curve: $$ y^{10} z^{30} - 8000 y^{4} z^{20} + 12800000 z^{20} + 1600 y^{2} z^{10} - 64=0 $$ It is ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Any formula for the partial sum of a remainder series?

Let $N \ge 1$ be an integer, and there is a series $ \{ N \mod 1, N \mod 2, ... , N \mod i, ... \}$. Obviously when $i \gt N+1$, the series will become $\{N, N, N, ..., \}$. So only take $i \le N$ ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Questions about “On the homology of configuration spaces”

In the paper On the homology of configuration spaces, Bodigheimer-Cohen-Taylor, Topology 1989, Section 2.5, line 6 - line 8: Question: How to prove this claim? My attempt: I tried to prove that when ...
-1
votes
0answers
21 views

Angle sum of triangle in Schwarzschild solution

Curvature of space is often intuitively explained as angles of a triangle not adding up to 180 degrees. I was wondering how well that applies in the context of General Relativity. Suppose you have a ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Adjointable Abelian Monoidal Functor

Given two abelian monoidal categories ${\cal C,D}$ (where the monoidal operation is bilinear) and an additive monoidal functor $F:{\cal C} \to {\cal D}$. Will $F$ always admit an adjoint?
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Can we always add sets without collapsing cardinals or adding [very] bounded sets?

Given a model of $\sf ZFC$, and an infinite ordinal $\alpha$. Can we prove that there is always a cardinal $\kappa$, and a forcing $\Bbb P$, such that: $\Bbb P$ does not add sets of rank ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Counting elements with certain word length in abelian groups

Given a (finite) abelian group $G = \langle S \mid R \rangle$, has the problem of counting the number of elements which can be expressed as a word (in $S$) of length $\leq k$ been studied? If so, ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Does the following characterize local presentability?

Let $\mathcal C$ be a cocomplete category. Consider the following two conditions: $\mathcal C$ is locally presentable. The Yoneda embedding $$\mathcal C \hookrightarrow \{\text{continuous functors ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

cross-sections of a sphere bundle

Let $M$ be a $m$-manifold and $M_0$ a submanifold of $M$. Let $X$ be a pointed topological space. In the paper On the homology of configuration spaces, Bodigheimer-Cohen-Taylor, Topology 1989, ...
0
votes
1answer
176 views

Are there infinitely many $k$ for which $\frac{\sigma(k)}{k}=n^p$ and $p$ is an odd prime? [on hold]

I would like to know if there are infinitely many $k$ for which $$\sigma(k)/k=n^p$$ such that $m=k{n}^{p-1}$ with $m,n>0$ and $p$ is an odd prime? Note: $\sigma(\frac{m}{{n}^{p-1}})$ is the sum of ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

Are smooth solutions to a PDE dense in the space of $L^2$ solutions to the PDE?

Let's say I have a linear differential operator $P$ with smooth coefficients between bundles $E$ and $F$ over a smooth compact manifold $X$ with smooth boundary. Let's consider $P$ as an operator ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Divisibility among discriminants

Let $f(x)$ be an algebraic function over the field $\mathcal F$ of algebraic numbers over $\mathbb{Q}$. Suppose that $r \in \mathcal F$. Does the discriminant of $f(r)$ divide the discriminant of ...
6
votes
1answer
141 views

Frobenius $A_{\infty}$-bialgebras?

Recall that a finite dimensional associative algebra $A$ over a field $k$ is called a symmetric Frobenius algebra (sometimes called "closed" Frobenius algebra) if its equipped with a symmetric non ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

How to find PDF of ordered random variables? [on hold]

Assumpion: Let $X_1, X_2, \ldots, X_L$ be $L$ independent and identical random variables (RVs). Let $F_{X_i}(x_i)$ and $f_{X_i}(x_i)$ be CDF and PDF of $X_i$. Suppose that $F_{X_i}(x_i) = F_X(x_i)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Hilbert scheme of relative subschemes of lenght 2

Let $\mathfrak X \rightarrow S$ a smooth projective family over the spectrum of a dvr. We know that $(\mathfrak X _{\eta_R})^{[2]}$ and $(\mathfrak X _{p})^{[2]}$ are smooth, where $p$ is the closed ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

concentration inequalities for quadratic forms of correlated random vectors

Let $\mathbf{n}$ is a Gaussian random vector with mean $\mathbf{0}$ and co-variance matrix $\mathbf{H}$. Let $\mathbf{r} = Sign(\mathbf{n})$, where $Sign(n_i) = 1$ if $n_i>0$ and $Sign(n_i) = -1$ ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

A true statement about sets; expressible? [on hold]

For any pair $(x,y)$ of sets, we obtain a unique set $z=F(x,y)$ by letting $F(\emptyset,y)=y$ and $F(\{x_i\}_{i\in I},y)=\{F(x_i,y)\}_{i\in I}$ if $I\ne\emptyset$ (the recursion eventually reaches the ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Graphs from which two vertices can be exchanged

A graph is vertex transitive if $x \mapsto y$ by an automorphism. Let $P$ denote the stronger property that $x \mapsto y \mapsto x$ by an automorphism. Simple facts: $P \rightarrow$ unimodular. ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Non-degenerate periodic orbits in the boundary of Lefschetz fibration over a disk

Suppose that $\pi:E \to D$ is a 4-dimensional Lefschetz fibration over a disk, and let $\Omega$ be a closed 2-form on $E$ such that it is non-degenerate fiberwise. For any $x \in E$, there is a ...
6
votes
0answers
72 views

A tensor product for triangulated categories?

Many triangulated categories which show up in mathematics, such as derived categories of various sorts, arise as the homotopy category of a stable $\infty$-category. Stable $\infty$-categories give ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Set of smooth curves on the Hilbert scheme is open. H

Let $H = Hilb_{d,g,r}$ be the Hilbert scheme of genus $g$ curves of degree $d$ in proyective space $\mathbb{P}^r$, over an algebraically closed field $k$. Is it true that the set of points of $H$ ...
6
votes
0answers
124 views

Bundles over Grassmanian with given top Chern class

So, I have been working on Chern classes for my master thesis and apparently (My proofs could be wrong and a few things are still vague) I was able to give a construction method and exhibit, via ...
7
votes
1answer
300 views

Do modular forms show up in the cohomology of moduli spaces of unmarked curves?

Let $\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}$ be the compactified Deligne-Mumford moduli stack (although I don't think taking the coarse moduli space will make much of a difference here). If we decompose $g = 1 + ...
10
votes
1answer
197 views

On the global structure of the Gromov-Hausdorff metric space

This is a purely idle question, which emerged during a conversation with a friend about what is (not) known about the space of compact metric spaces. I originally asked this question at ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

binomial coefficients and irrationals

The following, probably either currently impossible to deal with, or having a negative solution, arose from an ergodic theory question, presumably itself currently intractible. I am not a number ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

Probability of correlated residues

Given $N,c\in\Bbb N$, where $c\ll(\log N)^{1/b}$ for any $b>1$ is fixed, what is the probability that given $A_1,A_2,A_3\in\Bbb N$ with ...
17
votes
1answer
449 views

Is there a generalization of homotopy groups to fractional dimensions

Does there exist a reasonable candidate for such an object as $\pi_{\frac12}(X)$?

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