0
votes
0answers
6 views

convergence of $e^{it\Delta}f$

I heard of a conjecture that $e^{it\Delta}f\rightarrow f$ a.e. as $t\rightarrow 0$ for $f\in H^{1/4+\epsilon}$ but couldn't find a proper reference.
1
vote
0answers
9 views

Function Related to Jordan Curves

I am looking for a solution to the following problem: given a Jordan curve $c(s) = (x(s),y(s))$ with $\dot x(s)^2+\dot y(s)^2 = 1$ and $c(s+L)=c(s)\,$ an integrable function $g(s): c(s)\mapsto ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Proving that the eigenvalues of a certain matrix product are positive

Let $A$ be an $m \times n$ matrix, and define: \begin{align*} U &= {\rm diag} \{ \frac{1}{\beta_j} \}, \beta_j = \sum_{k=1}^m |a_{kj}|, j = 1 \dots n \\ V &= {\rm diag} \{ \frac{1}{\alpha_i} ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

When will the mirror of a K3 surface be an elliptic K3?

Let $f:Y\rightarrow\mathbb{P}^1$ be an elliptic $K3$ surface, then the holomorphic 2-form $\Omega_Y$ vanishes when restricted to an elliptic fiber $f^{-1}(b)$ with $b\in\mathbb{P}^1$. After a ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Interpolation between L^1 and Sobolev Space

Suppose $D^\alpha$ is fractional differentiation of order $\alpha$ on the real line. Is it true that $||D^\alpha f||_{L^\frac{2 \beta}{2 \beta - \alpha}({\mathbb R})} \leq C_{\alpha,\beta} ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory?

Theorem (Øystein Ore, 1938): A finite group $G$ is cyclic iff its lattice of subgroups $\mathcal{L}(G)$ is distributive. Proof: see below. Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups and ...
-4
votes
0answers
42 views

Paritial order help? [on hold]

Let (A,≼A) and (B,≼B) be partially ordered sets. Define C = A×B and define the relation ≼' on C by (a,b)≼'(a′,b′) ⇐⇒ (a≼A a′)∧(b≼B b′). (a) Prove that ≼' is a partial order on C. $[(a,b) ...
1
vote
2answers
137 views

Are linear algebraic groups rigid?

The underlying variety of a linear elgebraic group (say, over an algebraically closed field) is affine, so doesn't have nontrivial (infinitesimal) deformations. I'm curious to know whether it's ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

irreducible etale cover of a blowup

Let $X\rightarrow Y$ be a smooth morphism of schemes and consider the blowup of the fiber product along the diagonal, $W:=Bl_{\Delta}X\times_Y X$. Do there exist smooth morphisms of schemes ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

second smallest eigenvalue Laplacian - submodular set function

Let $G$ be a connected unweighted undirected graph. In addition, let $\lambda_2(L(G))$ be the second smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of graph $G$. Is $\lambda_2(L(G))$ is a submodular set ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

Symmetry on a sphere

Let $u$ be a smooth function on the sphere $S^2$. Suppose there exists $C>0$ such that for all $R \in SO(3)$, the area of every nonempty connected component of $\{x\in S^2: u(x)> u(Rx)\}$ is at ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Is a inverse limit of indecomposable again indecomposable?

In truth, I do not need in the general case. Let $R$ be a ring (associative, with unit element) and let $\mathrm{Comp}(R)$ the category of complexes over $\mathrm{Mod}\ R$. If $\mathbb{N}$ is the ...
-3
votes
0answers
50 views

Euclidean geometry problems for thirs year students [on hold]

Can you suggest some books with exercises related to Euclid's Elements, or to Euclidean Geometry, as an aid to an undergraduate course on Euclidean Geometry and its history? I need exercises that ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Simple monotone differential operators

Where one may find any reference to lemmas the following kind: If x(t) is C1 in [0,T], x(0)>0, dx/dt + c(t)x(t) >0 in [0,T] then x(t) > 0 in [0,T]. There is a version with weak inequalities. This ...
2
votes
2answers
141 views

Reference for Skinner-Urban on the Iwasawa main conjecture for $GL_2$

Does anyone know the existence of an expository paper or a report discussing the work of Skinner-Urban "The Iwasawa main conjecture for $GL_2$"? I am interested in partucular in the case of elliptic ...
-4
votes
0answers
41 views

How to compute difference between two mathematical forms? [on hold]

Please notice that this question focuses on the form, eg. 3SinX and 4SinX are the identical forms.
0
votes
0answers
113 views

Prime order elements in $GL(n,\mathbb{Z})$

What is known about the elements of prime order $p$ in $GL(n,\mathbb{Z})$? All I know at this point is that $GL(n,\mathbb{Z})$ has an element of prime order $p$ iff $p-1\leq n$ and that there are only ...
-1
votes
2answers
98 views

Is real analytic function good enough (see problem)? [on hold]

Let $f \colon \mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ be real analytic and let $A\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ be such that the set $A'$ of all accomulation points od $A$ is not empty. If $f(a)=0$ for all $a \in A$ is then ...
-4
votes
0answers
67 views

Theorem related to Goldbach's Conjecture [on hold]

Theorem. Let $x > 4$ be an even number. Let $P_x$ be the set of primes less than $\sqrt{x}$. Let $p$ be a prime less than $x$. Therefore, if $p \not\equiv x \pmod{q}$ for every $q \in P_x$, then ...
-1
votes
0answers
84 views

Translation of the paper titled “ Quelques remarques sur les groupes de Lie algebriques reels” [on hold]

Is there any English translation of the following paper which is written in French. http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.jmsj/1260975679
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Quadratic Gauss sums: Explicit determinations?

Can anyone please tell me (give me a reference, preferably) if there is any explicit determination of sums of the form $g(n,\chi):=\sum_{r=1}^{q}\chi(r)e(\frac{rn+r^2}{q})$ where $\chi$ is a Dirichlet ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Applications of infinite permutations [on hold]

I was looking at approximation in the forlmula of Products of necklaces: $n \to \infty$ we have $\prod_{p=1}^n N(p,a) \approx \frac {a^n} {n!}$ $\prod_{p=1}^n \frac {1-a^p} {1-a}$. (The number of ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Cubic Cayley (undirected) graphs

The generators of a cubic Cayley graph always include at least one involution, since 3 is odd. There are then two possibilties for the other two generators: either (A) they are also (distinct) ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Invariant definition of the space of symbols on a vector bundle

Normally a symbol on a vector bundle $E$ is defined as a smooth function on $E$ which in each trivializing chart fulfills the usual symbol estimates \begin{equation} \sup_{x \in U, \xi \in ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

On the uncountability of a subset of U-numbers of type $\leq m$

We say that $\xi\in \mathbb{R}$ is an $m$-ultra number if there exists a sequence $(\alpha_n)_n$ of $m$-degree real algebraic numbers, such that $$ |\xi-\alpha_n|<(\exp^{[3]}(H(\alpha_n)))^{-n},\ ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Existence of real modular function with specific behavior as $q\to 0$

I am looking for a real modular function $F(q,\bar{q})$ such that in the limit of small $q,\bar{q}$ it behaves as: $F(q,\bar{q})=(a_0 + a_1 (q + \bar q)+...)\log q \bar q+ (b_0 + b_1 (q + \bar ...
4
votes
0answers
141 views

Counterexamples to Elkik's theorem in the non-Noetherian case

Elkik in Solutions d'equations a coefficients dans un anneu Henselian, Theorem 7 proves that: Let $A$ be a Noetherian ring that is Henselian with respect to a principal ideal $(a)$. That is, if ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

“Direct” proof (without hypercontractivity) of equivalence of moments?

Let $(x_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}}$ be a family of independent $\pm 1$ centered Bernoulli random variables, and let $p, q > 1$. There exists a constant C such that for every (finite) linear combination ...
-1
votes
2answers
75 views

Blow up solution for a Riccati's equation

I apologize for the problem too simple, but I'm not able at solving it. Consider the Cauchy problem $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{l} \dot x=x(t)^2+t\\ x(0)=0 \end{array} \right. $$ Show that its solution ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

Is it possible to sum the divergent series with prime coefficients?

It is known that the series $$ P := \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} p_{n} \qquad \text{where } p_{n} \text{ is the n'th prime} $$ cannot be summed by means of (prime) zeta function regularization. (The result was ...
3
votes
2answers
236 views

Is a Morse function always the height function of some embedding? [on hold]

Pictures in introductory texts to Morse theory are often drawn as to interpret a Morse function as a height function. Typically, an embedding of a torus into $\mathbb{R}^3$ is drawn, and the Morse ...
0
votes
1answer
186 views

A Problem Concerning Odd Perfect Number

Briefly, prove that every odd number having only three distinct prime factors cannot be a perfect number. I know there are results much stronger than the one above, but I am looking for an answer ...
-2
votes
0answers
63 views

A Iterated Function Problem, f(f(x))=x^2+x [duplicate]

Suppose f(x) is a function defined on complex plane, satisfying f(f(x))=x^2+x, does it admit a solution? And what if f(x) is defined on R?
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Is polynomial chaos expansion interesting to surrogate surface?

I'm currently studying polynomial chaos. I want to use it for approximate surfaces but i'm not sure it's possible ? My surface is recursively defined like this : $$ F(x,t) = \underset y \sum ...
8
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the maximal number of distinct values of the product of n permuted ordinals

Because addition and multiplication of two order types are non-commutative operations, we have that for every integer n, given n ordinals, there are at most n! distinct possible values for the sum (or ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

A question on $p$-approximation property

We say that a subset $K$ of a Banach space $X$ is relatively $p$-compact($1\leq p<\infty$)if there exists a $p$-summable sequence $(x_{n})_{n=1}^{\infty}$ in $X$ such that $K$ is contained in ...
8
votes
4answers
401 views

A metric space of geometric shapes

My research involves geometric shapes in $R^2$, and I need a metric with several properties such as: Families of similar shapes, such as squares, are closed in this metric. Also more general ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Complementary integrable vector fields

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Assume that $X$ is a non vanishing vector field tangent to $M$.(Or assume that we have a one dimensional foliation of $M$). Under what geometric ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

signed area between a curve and a straight line $x_1$=$x_2$ [on hold]

Prove $\int_0^1$($x_1$ d$x_2$-$x_2$d$x_1$)=$\int_0^1\int_0^1$ d$x_1$ d$x_2$. Using the rules of differential form we can get d($x_1$ d$x_2$-$x_2$_d$x_1$)=2 d$x_1$ d$x_2$ and thus the Question. How ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

What is the relation between the length of period of simple continued fraction expansion of quadratic algebraic numbers $\sqrt{A}$ and the integer $A$

What is the relation between the length of period of simple continued fraction expansion of quadratic algebraic numbers and the integer As we know,$\sqrt{2} = [1;2,2,2,2,…]$; while $\sqrt{14}= ...
1
vote
2answers
273 views

Exponential Sum Bound

In http://131.220.77.52/files/preprints/diophantine/bruedern/wpminicubefinal.pdf, Bruedern and Wooley mention the following fact on the bottom of page 6: Let ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Estimating the volume of a union of balls

Let $\{ B_i \}_{i=1}^n$ be a set of $n$ ball in the unit cube $C$ of dimension $d$. If I want to estimate $$ \frac{ \lambda \left( \cup B_i \right) }{\lambda\left( C \right) }, \tag{1} $$ where ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Dynamics in the integers - Floor function

Let $\alpha$ be an irrational with $0<\alpha<1$. Consider the function given by \begin{align*} f: &\mathbb{N}\longrightarrow \mathbb{N}\\ &x\longmapsto [ \alpha\cdot x]\end{align*} where ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Weighted Kaplan-Meier estimator

Let two samples $(T_1, \ldots ,T_n)\sim F$ and $(C_1, \ldots ,C_n)\sim G$ are given, but not observed. Instead we observe $\tilde T_i = \min (T_i, C_i)$ and $\Delta _i = \mathbf{1}(T_i \leq C_i)$, ...
0
votes
0answers
189 views

What does a Turing machine compute? [on hold]

I suspect that it might be necessary to define for a Turing machine how its inputs and outputs are to be interpreted in order to be able to say e.g. that a Turing machine $T$ computes an arithmetical ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Focal points for the exponential map and Jacobi fields

It is known that in a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, if there is a closed geodesic and a non-zero, periodic, non-constant Jacobi field along it, then M has a focal point. Is the converse true? That is ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Affine hulls and base change

Let $S$ be a scheme. We consider the functor, called affine hull, from the category of quasicompact and quasiseparated $S$-schemes to the category of affine $S$-schemes, defined as a left adjoint to ...
-3
votes
0answers
209 views

PhD, vector calculus [on hold]

Are there published papers showing symmetric versions of the gradient and the Laplacian on the surface of a sphere? Let X, Y and Z be mutually perpendicular unit vectors in three space. A sphere of ...
8
votes
0answers
184 views

An angle-doubling trick of Kirillov and Berenstein

Kirillov and Berenstein, in their article "Groups generated by involutions, Gelfand-Tsetlin patterns and combinatorics of Young tableaux" (available at math.uoregon.edu/~arkadiy/bk1.pdf), present a ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

Probability of matching under cyclic permutations

In A conjecture about the entropy of matrix vector products I asked a conjecture relating to the entropy of a matrix-vector product. This conjecture is as yet unproven. domotorp then made another ...

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