# All Questions

**1**

vote

**1**answer

23 views

### Splitting subspaces and finite fields

Hellow. I'm sure that the following is truth, but I can't prove it.
Let $R<S<K, R=\mathrm{GF}(q),\ S= \mathrm{GF}(q^n), \ K= \mathrm{GF}(q^{mn})$ be a chain of finite fields and
$A = ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

21 views

### The eigenvalue of operator $-\Delta$

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ be open bounded, smooth boundary. We know the eigenfunction of Laplacian operator $-\Delta$ is an orthonormal basis of $L^2$. Let $\{\omega_n\}$ denote the ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

46 views

### Four Sphere Fibrations

Does there exist a manifold $M$ and a compact Lie group $H$ such that we have a fibration $H \to S^4 \to M$, where $S^4$ is the four sphere?

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

10 views

### 3-dimensional vectors satisfying certain equalities

Question: Are there 5 distinct vectors $u,v,w,x,y \in \mathbb{R}^3$, all on the unit sphere (i.e. $||u||=||v||=||w||=||x||=||y||=1$), such that:
$||u+v+x||=||u+v+y||=||u+w+x||=||u+w+y||=1$
?
Also, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

3 views

### Find the number of connected components in pseudospectra

Suppose:
$B_i \in \mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$, $0<w_i\in \mathbb{R}$ $(i = 0,1,2,\ldots,m)$
${\rm P}(x) ={\rm{B}_m} x ^m + \cdots + B_1 x + B_0$ is a matrix polynomial, and $x $ is a complex ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

10 views

### Best algorithm to compute the first eigenvector of symmetric matrix [migrated]

Assume that we have a real symmetric matrix $\mathbf{A}\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ obtained as following :
$$\mathbf{A}=\mathbf{N}-\mathbf{P},$$
with $\mathbf{N}\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

21 views

### When is a map from a logarithmic tangent bundle to a normal bundle surjective?

Suppose that $X$ is a smooth algebraic variety with free divisor $D$ so that the logarithmic tangent bundle $\mathcal{T}_X(-\log D)$ is locally free. Suppose moreover that $\iota\colon Y\to X$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

50 views

### First proof of the integral representation of the hypergeometric function $F(a,b,c;\cdot)$

Assuming $\lvert x\lvert<1$ and $0<a<c$, the following formula holds true
$$F(a,b,c;x)=\sum_{n=0}^{+\infty} \frac{(a)_n(b)_n}{(c)_n(1)_n} x^n=\frac{\Gamma ( c ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Does this numerical series have any special name?

I don't have enough background to find the answer for this on my own, so I am posting it here with the hope to get some pointers.
Assume a descending sequence of K numbers $\{n_1, ..., n_K\}$ where ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### 2nd order partial differential equation with non-constant coefficients

During my research I came across the following differential equation:
$$f(x,y) = \left(y^2 \partial_{x}^{2} + x^2 \partial_{y}^{2} \right)f(x,y)$$
Any ideas how to solve it without using series ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

30 views

### Sets of matrices which are irreducible but not strongly irreducible

A set of $d \times d$ real or complex matrices is commonly called irreducible if those matrices do not jointly preserve a linear subspace with dimension strictly between zero and $d$. A stronger ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Does every ultrafilter contain sets of sup-measure $0$?

Let $\mathbb{N}$ be the set of positive integers and for $A\subseteq {\mathbb{N}}$ set $$m(A) = \text{lim sup}_{n\to\infty}\frac{|A\cap\{1,\ldots,n\}|}{n}.$$
Does every ultrafilter ${\cal U}$ on ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Up to $2000$, $A145722(n-1) \equiv \sigma(4n-3) \pmod{5}$

A145722 is
Expansion of f(q) * f(q^5) / phi(-q^2)^2 in powers of q where f(), phi() are Ramanujan theta functions.
Using the pari program and offset 0, up to ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### One-dimension Algebraic groups

I am searching for a possible analogue of a result in algebraic groups in a non-commutative setting, so I am looking for different proofs of the following :
Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field. ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

100 views

### Uniform bounds on the number of integer points on a family of elliptic curves

Let $P(x,y)$ be a binary cubic polynomial with integer coefficient. Let $n$ be an integer. Suppose the (complex) curve $P(x,y)=n$ is nonsingular, so is an elliptic curve. Is there any bound on the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### Extension of a valuation on a function field

Let $K$ be a field, and $K(x)$ the field of rational functions over $K$. Consider the degree valuation $v$ on $K(x)$, That is
$v\left(\frac{f(x)}{g(x)}\right)=\deg(g)-\deg(f)$. So for every $f(x)\in ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

17 views

### 2D convolution property [on hold]

If I have three square matrices a,b, and c of equal size. say each of them are 3x3 matrices. then practically it is possible that
d = (a.b) * c .....(1)
= a * (b.c) .....(2)
that is 2D convolution ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

23 views

### Isomorphisms of well ordered sets [migrated]

Let $A$, $B$ be well ordered sets. If there exist order-preserving functions $f : A \to B$ and $g : B \to A$ (do not need to preserve initial segments), are $A$ and $B$ isomorphic? I know this is not ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### Holonomic splitting

I am reading the book "Introduction to the h-Principle" by Eliashberg and Mishachev. At the moment I try to understand the Section 1.7 Holonomic splitting on page 12 but without success. I do not ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

161 views

### Lefschetz on étale fundamental group for quasi-projective varieties

If $X$ is a smooth projective variety of dimension at least $3$ over $\mathbb{C}$, Lefschetz's Hyperplane theorem says that for every hyperplane section $H$
$$\pi^1(H)\to\pi^1(X)$$
is an isomorphism, ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### The non-abelian Gauss-Manin connection; non-abelian M_dR; a Grothendieck lemma for cyrstals

I'm interested in understanding the non-abelian Gauss-Manin connection on Carlos Simpson's relative de Rham Moduli space $M_{dR}(X/S,n)$ for a smooth projective morphism of schemes $X/S$. The scheme ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Has anyone seen these binary trees (Catalan-type related to the Gegenbauer polynomials and Motzkin paths)?

The OEIS entry A121448 enumerates binary trees with $n$ edges and $k$ vertices with outdegree 1.
Has anyone seen these trees?
The o.g.f. for this entry, $G(x,t)$, is essentially a discriminant ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Counting isomorphism classes in open subsets of Bun_G

Let $G$ be a split semisimple algebraic group and let $C$ be a curve of genus $g$ over $\mathbb F_q$. Assume $g \geq 2$.
The number of $\mathbb F_q$-points of $\# \operatorname{Bun}_G(C)$, where each ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Local product structure of determinantal variety

The variety $X_n$ of singular $n\times n$ real matrices is stratified by smooth strata $X_{n,k}$ where $k$ is the rank. Choose a rank $k$ matrix $A\in X_{n,k}$. Is there a local diffeomorphism sending ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### Uniform convergence of long geodesic to Liouville measure

Here is the set up : let $(S,g)$ an hyperbolic surface and $L_g$ the associated volume measure. By the shadowing lemma there exist sequences of long closed geodesics, $\gamma_n$ which approximate the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

9 views

### What is the 4D axis of rotation for Necker cube inversion? [migrated]

See the figure on top of page 47 of Rudy Rucker's book. ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Primary structures in $\mathbb Q$

I'll formulate a topic restricted here to the positive rational
numbers $\ \mathbb Q_{_{>0}},\ $, then will pose a question (Q.2) plus some related, to which I don't know the answers nor reference. ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

17 views

### Generalized Lax-Milgram for Weak Formulation of 1D Linear Schrodinger

I am interested in the variational formulation of the 1D Schrodinger equation:
$i u_t- \beta u_{xx} = 0 $ and $u(x,0)=u_0(x)$ which upon integration by parts yields:
$i(u_t,v) + \beta (u_x,v_x) = 0$ ...

**20**

votes

**10**answers

695 views

### What (fun) results in graph theory should undergraduates learn?

I have the task of creating a 3rd year undergraduate course in graph theory (in the UK). Essentially the students will have seen minimal discrete math/combinatorics before this course. Since graph ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Additional condition to the Bollobas theorem in extremal set theory

The Bollobas'1965 theorem is the following:
If $A_1,...,A_n$ and $B_1,...,B_n$ are two sequences of subsets of $X=\{1,...,r\}$ such that $A_i\cap B_j = \emptyset$ if and only if $i=j$, then
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

37 views

### Boundary of pseudospectra

Suppose:
$B_i \in \mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$, $0<w_i\in \mathbb{R}$ $(i = 0,1,2,\ldots,m)$
${\rm P}(x) ={\rm{B}_m} x ^m + \cdots + B_1 x + B_0$ is a matrix polynomial, and $x $ is a complex ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### Example to $2^\kappa\nrightarrow (3)^2_\kappa$, plus closed walks of odd length?

Let $\kappa$ be an infinite cardinal. Consider the following example to $2^\kappa\nrightarrow (3)^2_\kappa$.
$V$ is a set of vertices, each of which is an element of $2^\kappa$. Color the edge ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Can we do better than zero padding of FFT?

My background is in signal processing, and never took any course related to functional analysis or even advanced algebra. But I have a strong conviction (may be wrong) that we may be do better then ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### $K$ theory and singular cohomology

For cell complexes${}^1$ $X$ we have an isomorphism
$$
K^*(X)\otimes \mathbb{Q}\cong H^{*}(X;\mathbb{Q}),
$$
which is induced by the Chern character.
What is the analogous statement for $KO(X)$?
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### Metric equivalence

Suppose we have two different metrics $g$ and $g'$ describing manifolds with the same dimension and isometry group. How can one determine if there is a such coordinate transformation $g\rightarrow ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### Convergence of a triple sum involving the imaginary part of the Riemann zeta function's non trivial zeros

Let $N>0$ an integer, $k>0$ a real parameter and let $\rho = \beta +i \gamma$ a non trivial zero of the Riemann zeta function. For a work I need to find the best possible $k$ such that ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### A solution for this equation with a certain condition

Let $(S^n(1),g)$ be the round sphere and $J_{\delta , \beta}$ be an almost complex structure on $TS^n(1)$ with the definition
\begin{equation}
J_{\delta , \beta}(X^h)=\beta X^h + \alpha X^v,\\
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

58 views

### Sum of subsequence, over index set of non-zero density, of monotone divergent sum also divergent?

For a subset $S$ of the natural numbers $N$ and $n\in N$ let $|S\cap n|$ be the number of members of $S$ that are less than $n$. Suppose $S$ does not have upper asymptotic density $0$. That is, ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

207 views

### Random links and $3$-manifolds

In Jeffrey Weeks book "The Shape of Space" he explaines at the end of Chapter 18 (on page 255) the following about the geometrization conjecture:
A non-trivial connected sum $M_1\# M_2$ admits a ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

30 views

### Global dimension of matrix algebra [on hold]

Let $k$ be a field, and $A=T_{n}(k)$.
$gldim(A) = 1$, and if
$B = A/rad(A)^{2}$, then $gldim(B) = n+1$.
Some indication!!
How can I prove that $gldim(A) = 1$, and $gldim(B) = n+1$ ?
Thank you!

**6**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### The unique positive real root of summation function

update: add one condition according to answer below.
I post this question in MSE a week ago. I thought this should be an easy freshman exercise, but it turns out not easy...
The original question ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Numerical and topological density

Let $\mathbb{N}$ denote the set of positive integers, and let's say that $A\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ is numerically dense if $$\text{lim inf}_{n\to\infty}\frac{|A\cap\{1,\ldots,n\}|}{n} = 1.$$
Is there a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Groups with isomorphic quotients [on hold]

Assume we have a finitely presented group $G$ and a non-trivial normal subgroup N. How can one decide that $G/N$ is isomorphic to $G$ or not? $G$ is given as a presentation and $N$ as a set of words.

**34**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### The sequence $a_{n+1}=\left\lceil \frac{-1+\sqrt{5}}{2}a_{n}-a_{n-1} \right\rceil$ is periodic

Let $(a_{n})_{n \ge 1}$ be a sequence of integers such that for all $n \ge 2$:
$0\le a_{n-1}+\frac{1-\sqrt{5}}{2}a_{n}+a_{n+1} <1$.
Prove that the sequence $(a_{n})$ is periodic.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Moduli space of log Calabi-Yau varieties exists?

Let $\mathcal M$ be a moduli space of pair varieties $(X,D)$ which $K_X+D$ is trivial and $D$ is a divisor on Kahler variety $X$. I am looking for a proof that such moduli space exists?
The log ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

314 views

### How big are the prime factors of $2^kp - 1$?

I have already asked this question here. No answers despite the bounty (which has now ended)
Let $p$ be a prime number, $p > 3$.
Does there always exist $k \in \mathbb N_{\ge 1}$ such that the ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### A seemingly simple combinatorial object that must have an easy generating function

One more question related to my earlier "Special" meanders.
I am trying to isolate simplest problems related to it. Here is one.
For a composition (i. e. a tuple of natural numbers) ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### Flat + locally of finite presentation + monomorphism = open immersion

It is known that the following are equivalent for an epimorphism $A \to B$ in $\mathbf{CRing}$:
Let $S$ be the set of elements $a \in A$ such that $A [a^{-1}] \to B [a^{-1}]$ is an isomorphism. Then ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

257 views

### Symplectic orthogonality and projective duality: how do they work together?

Let $(V,\omega)$ be a $2n$-dimensional linear symplectic space, and $(\mathbb{P}V,\theta_\omega)$ the corresponding $(2n-1)$-dimensional contact manifold.
Given a smooth $(n-1)$-dimensional smooth ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

137 views

### No normal coordinates on general Finsler manifolds

I recently read a footnote in Chern's article stating that a non-Riemmanian Finsler manifold does not possess normal coordinates.
As I'm still new to non-Riemmanian Finsler geometry I don't see why ...