# All Questions

**1**

vote

**0**answers

30 views

### Does an element in the center of universal enveloping algebra becomes a scalar in irreducible representations?

I'm asking a question about Lie group representation.
Let $G$ be a Lie group, not necessarily connected. Let $\Omega$ be an element in the center of the universal enveloping algebra $U(\mathfrak{g})$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### Pointfree probability theory

I must confess I hardly know anything about probability theory. Still, I'm interested in the following: Much like pointfree topology, where one basically replaces topological spaces by their locales ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### A finite group with O_{p}(G)=1

Let $G$ be a finite group of order $p(p^2-1)/2$, where $p$ is prime number. If $O_{p}(G)=1$, then what is the number of Sylow $p$-subgroups G?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

17 views

### What characteristic of a graph depend on the vertex labeling?

Different labeling on a graph produces class of isomorphic graphs. Two isomorphic graphs possess similar characteristic such as connectivity, degree distribution of vertices, equality of spectrum and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

6 views

### Any polynomial-time algorithm for hypergraph bisection?

I work with hypergraph partitioning. I want to divide a complete weighted hypergraph into 2 parts using cut-net metric, a sum of all edges cut, and connectivity metric. Is there a polynomial-time ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

405 views

### May integration spoil real-analyticity?

Is there an example of a function $f:(a,b)\times(c,d)\to\mathbb{R}$, which is real analytic in its domain, integrable in the second variable, and such that the function
$$ g:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R},\qquad ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

12 views

### Algorithm for 2-coloring classes of 3-uniform hypergraphs

Hi all and thanks in advance for your efforts.
I'm interested in 2-coloring 3-uniform hypergraphs. I know that in general, the problem of deciding if a 3-uniform hypergraph is 2-colorable is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Improper integral $\int_0^1 \frac{\exp(ctx)}{\sqrt{(\exp(bt)-1)(1-\exp(atx))-(1-\exp(at))(\exp(btx)-1)}} dx$ with $-a$ and $b$ positive

Is the following function real analytic in $t>0$:
$$F(t)=\int_0^1\frac{\exp(ctx)}{\sqrt{(\exp(bt)-1)(1-\exp(atx))-(1-\exp(at))(\exp(btx)-1)}} dx,$$
where $-a$ and $b$ are positive, and $c\not=a$?
...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

7 views

### Convolution between two exp RV

I have two exponential random variables,
x~ exp(mu)
y~ exp(lambda)
and I'm looking for the density function of, z=x-y
I'm trying to it by the Convolution form but I'm not sure about the way.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

42 views

### Estimate $\sup_n\left|\int_0^1 \left(1-e^{i\alpha_n x}\right) f(x)d\mu(x)\right|$

Let $\mu$ be a singular Borel probability measure on $[0, 1)$, and $f\in L^2(\mu)$. Estimate
$$\sup_n\left|\int_0^1 \left(1-e^{i\alpha_n x}\right) f(x)d\mu(x)\right|$$
where $\alpha_n\in\mathbb R$ and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### cup product and Steenrod operations in Serre spectral sequence

Let $F\to E\to B$ be a fibration with $B$ simply-connected. Suppose all differentials in the cohomology Serre spectral sequence (corresponding to the above fibration) are zero maps. Then as a graded ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

161 views

### A question on Ramanujan's $1/\pi$ formulas

It is known that Ramanujan discovered a number of formulas fo $1/\pi$. All of these formulas are of the form $$\frac{1}{\pi}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(1/2)_n(s)_n(1-s)_n}{(1)_n^3}(a+bn)z^n,$$where ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

326 views

### Learning the exponents in a sum of two modular roots of unity

$\newcommand{\Z}{\mathbb{Z}}$
Suppose that $n$ is a large and known integer (say, with 100 digits) and that you are given access to a function
$$f(x) = x^a + x^b$$
with unknown exponents $a,b \in ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Prove $R$ is a finite ring [on hold]

Suppose that $R$ is a ring and $D(R)$ is the set of all elements $x\in R$ such that there exist $b,c\neq 0$ with $xb=cx=0$. Prove that if $1<|D(R)|<\infty$ then $|R|<\infty$. ($|S|<\infty$ ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

30 views

### Function that outputs only 1 or 0 depending on sign of variable? [on hold]

Is there a single variable (preferably simple) function which equals 0 for any positive input and 1 for any negative input, or vice versa?

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

21 views

### Dimension of the set of the polynomial growth harmonic function on the hyperbolic plane

We consider the hyperbolic plane and the harmonic function there. Pick any point $p$. Let $H_n, n \in\mathbb N$ be the set of the harmonic functions $f$ such that $|f(x)|\leq c(1+ d(x,p))^n$.
What is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### The structure map of topological K-theory

This may be a silly question but I don't know the answer.
I know the construction of (equivariant) K-spectrum $KU_G$ and the periodicity of (equivariant) K-theory. But I don't know its structure maps ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### definition of “immersion” of schemes (without open or closed)

On Prop. 1.7 (a) on page 5 of Milne's Etale Cohomology book states:
Any immersion is quasi-finite.
A google search turned up definitions for "open immersion" and "closed immersion", never just ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Why should we care about “higher infinities” outside of set theory?

Let's say you are a prospective mathematician with some addled ideas about cardinality.
If you assumed that the natural numbers were finite, you'd quickly vanish in a puff of logic. :)
If you ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

100 views

### Automorphism group of the affine groups AGL(n,q), ASL(n,q)

I have a question. The automorphism group of the linear groups $GL(n,q)$, the group of linear transformations of $V = \mathbb{F}_q^n$, and $SL(n,q)$, the subgroup of $GL(n,q)$ consisting of elements ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Does $\mathbb Z \times \mathbb Z$ mod the obvious $\mathbb Z$ action have more structure than just a set?

$\mathbb Z$ acts on the lattice $\mathbb Z \times \mathbb Z$ by adding an element to itself n times.
I am studying some function arising from symplectic geometry which happens in my case to be ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

226 views

### Trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function are simple

The trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function are located on $-2\mathbb N^*$ and they are simple. It is not difficult to see that, but the proof I have in mind is using the fact that ...

**51**

votes

**39**answers

6k views

### Important formulas in Combinatorics

Motivation:
The poster for the conference celebrating Noga Alon's 60th birthday, fifteen formulas describing some of Alon's work are presented. (See this post, for the poster, and cash prizes offered ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

51 views

### Number of linearly bisected subsets in finite vector space $F_2^n$

We consider the $n$-dimenstional finite vector space $\mathbb{F}_2^{n}$ over the finite field of two elements. For a subset $A\subseteq \mathbb{F}_2^{n}$ of even size $|A|=2m$ and a linear form ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

216 views

### For a 3-manifold $Y$, when does $Y\times S^{1}$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?

Let $Y$ be an orientable, smooth 3-manifold and let $X=Y\times S^{1}$. My question is that: when does $X$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?
An obvious case is when $Y$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### $Ext$-algebra generated by $Hom$ and $Ext^1$ as $A_\infty$-algebra?

In [Keller: A-infinity algebras in representation theory, Proposition 1(b)], Keller states that for an associative algebra the $Ext$-algebra of the simples is generated by $Ext^1(S,S)$ as an ...

**26**

votes

**3**answers

529 views

### The coupon collector's earworm

I thank Nicolas Dupont for the following question
(and for permission to disseminate it further):
I have a playlist with, say, $N$ pieces of music.
While using the shuffle option (each such ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

31 views

### Avoiding the range of a bivariate integer function or Diophantine function

I have a bivariate integer function $f(x,y)=5+23x+7y+30xy$ where $x,y \geq 0$ and are integers. The lattice points of this function, or its range contain a large number of values. I'm trying to see if ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

285 views

### Bateman-Horn, continued even further

As before, consider the "singular series", which shows up in the Bateman-Horn conjecture: for an irreducible polynomial $f,$ this is equal to
$$
s(f) = \prod_p \frac{1-\frac{n_f(p)}p}{1-\frac1p},
$$
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### On the search for an explicit form of a particular integral

Let $f$ be integrable over the interval $(0, 1)$, and
$$I_n = \int_0^{1} x^n f(x) \, \mathrm{d}x.$$
Suppose $f(x) = f(1-x)$; we can then show that
$$I_n = \sum_{k=0}^{n} \binom{n}{k} (-1)^k \, ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Is an irreducible ideal in $R$ also irreducible in $R[x]$?

Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian ring and $I\subset R$ an ideal that is irreducible in the sense that if $I = J_1 \cap J_2$, then $I=J_1$ or $I=J_2$. Is (the ideal generated by) $I$ irreducible in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Vanishing natural transformation and strong generator

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety (over the field of complex numbers). Let $T$ be strong generator of $D^b(X)$ : this means that every object in $D^b(X)$ can be obtained in a given finite number ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Non-standard numbers and exponential form of Zeta function

Basic idea
For a long time I was looking for a numerical system that would allow to compare infinite sets. In contrast to Cantor's approach that empathizes the possibility of on-to-one correspondence ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### Properties of Coefficients of Order Polynomials

I am working on a problem involving determining the order polynomial $\Omega_P(k)$ of a partial order $P$, which counts the number of order-preserving transformations/maps from $P$ to the $k$-chain ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Derivatives of theta functions at zero

Let $L$ be a line bundle over complex elliptic curve, $\deg L = k>0$. Theta functions
$$
\theta_s(z;\tau)_k=\sum_{r\in \mathbb{Z}} e^{\pi i [(\frac{s}{k} + r)^2 k \tau + 2kz(\frac{s}{k}+r)]}, ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

337 views

### How big is the lattice of all functions?

Define the lattice $(\mathcal{L},\prec)$ as the set of all function $f:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow\mathbb{N}$ satisfying $f(n)\leq f(n+1)\leq f(n)+1$, where two functions are considered equal if they differ ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Which sequential colimits commute with pullbacks in the category of topological spaces?

This question was asked on math.stackexchange.com without a reaction.
Given diagrams of topological spaces
$$X_0\rightarrow X_1\rightarrow\ldots$$
$$Y_0\rightarrow Y_1\rightarrow\ldots$$
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

270 views

### Riemannian metrics preserved by diffeomorphisms

Let $f \neq Id$ be a diffeomorphism (of a smooth manifold $M$) which admits some Riemannain metric on $M$ making it an isometry. How many different metrics are preserved by $f$?
Note that ...

**36**

votes

**3**answers

961 views

### Why does $d^n \exp(-x-x^{-1})/(dx)^n$ only have $n$ positive real zeroes?

Set $f(x) = \exp(-x-x^{-1})$. An easy induction shows that
$$\frac{d^n}{(dx)^n} f(x) = \phi_n(x^{-1}) f(x)$$
for $\phi_n$ a polynomial of degree $2n$. Clearly, the roots of $\phi_n(x^{-1})$ are the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### object in D^bCoh(P^2) with prescribed RHom's

Let $\mathbb{C}P^2$ denote the projective plane.
From reading the section of http://homepages.math.uic.edu/~coskun/gokova.pdf
which surveys Gieseker stable sheaves, I have understood that there are ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

474 views

### Matrix equation $XAXBXC=I$

Let $A,B,C$ be unitary matrices. Does there always exist a unitary matrix $X$ such that $$(XA)(XB)(XC)=I,$$ where $I$ is the identity matrix? The quadratic equation $(XA)(XB)=I$ has the solution ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

77 views

### “GraphI Individualization” referece request [on hold]

Context: I am studying Weisfeiler Lehman method(WL method) and have clear idea about 1 and 2 dimensional WL method. I was wondering about the individualization process described below-
Defined ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

193 views

### A generalization of Chebyshev polynomials

What is the monic polynomial $p(x)$ of degree $n$ which minimizes $\max_{x \in [-1,1]} |p(x)|$? The answer is the Chebyshev polynomial, and its largest value on $[-1,1]$ is $1/2^{n-1}$.
Now suppose ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

273 views

### Quadratic Diophantine equation in $\mathbb Z[T]$

I am trying to solve the following quadratic diophantine equation in $\mathbb Z[T]$:
$$((T+1)X+TY-1-Z)((T+1)X+TY-1+Z)=24XY$$
One has the following trivial solutions:
$(X,Y,Z)=(0,Y,\pm(1-TY))$, ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### A finite field $0$-free restrictive sumset problem

Fix $m\in\Bbb N$.
Let $\Bbb F_2^{\big\lceil\log^d m\big\rceil}$ be $\Big\lceil\log^dm\Big\rceil$-dimensional vector space over $\Bbb F_2$.
What is minimum $d$ (if it exists - need sufficient ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Is there a non-smooth algebraic group scheme in char $p$, all of whose defining relations have degree less than $p$?

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$.
All the examples of non-smooth algebraic group schemes over $k$ that
I have seen (apart from "artificial" examples; see below) have ...

**488**

votes

**199**answers

124k views

### Examples of common false beliefs in mathematics

The first thing to say is that this is not the same as the question about interesting mathematical mistakes. I am interested about the type of false beliefs that many intelligent people have while ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### coproduct of the homology of iterated loop space on spheres

Let $\Omega^{n+1}S^{n+1}$ be the base-pointed $(n+1)$-iterated loop space on the $(n+1)$-sphere. In the paper The homology of $\mathcal{C}_{n+1}$-spaces, $n\geq 0$, F. Cohen, Lecture notes in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Paper of Boutot-Carayol in `Courbes modulaires et courbes de Shimura'

I am trying to obtain a copy of the following
J.-F. Boutot and H. Carayol, Uniformisation p-adique des courbes de Shimura: les
théorèmes de Čerednik et de Drinfel'd , Astérisque No. 196-197 ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Why do the model structures on dg-algebras and on dg-categories are not compatible?

First we talk about dg-algebras. According to this n-lab page, we write $dgAlg$ for the category of cochain dg-algebras in non-negative degree over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$. Write ...