0
votes
0answers
21 views

Actions of the unit circle on complex matrices

Let $M_2(\mathbb{C})$ be the algebra of $2\times 2$ complex matrices and $\mathbb{S}^1$ the unit circle. How many actions of $\mathbb{S}^1$ on $M_2(\mathbb{C})$ exist (up to isomorphism)? And on ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Infinitesimal deformations of a fibration

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of normal projective varieties over an algebraically closed field with connected fibers. Assume that both $Y$ and the general fiber of $f$ admit a non-trivial ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Least prime for which a square-free integer is a non-residue

Suppose $a$ is a square-free integer and $\left(\frac{a}{p}\right)=1$ for the primes $p\leq k$. I'll call $a$ a quasi-square of order $k$. What I am interested in is the maximum value of $k$ in terms ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Enumeration of simple graphs with given degree distribution/sequence

Is there any exact formula for asymptotic/exact enumeration of simple graphs with given degree sequence? I just found some results about it, but the formula is hold on for some conditions, for example ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Operator on a Sobolev space

I'm studying Sobolev spaces using Evans' PDE book. I can't figure out this simple fact. Let $L$ be an operator in this form: $$Lu= \sum{D_i(a_{ij}D_j(u))+\sum{b_iD_i(u)+cu}}.$$ I can't understand why ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Motion tracking formula by tracking information [on hold]

I have tracking information of a short clip that demonstrates a first person view flight. The red dot is a x,y tracking information of a specific point in the clip. Additionally, we have the angle, ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

What does the Plancherel theorem say about positive-definite distributions?

I'm trying to understand the answer to this MO question: Bochner's theorem for measures of positive type, which suggests a relationship between Bochner's theorem and the Plancherel theorem. The ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Diagonalizing against a non stationary set of functions

Suppose $\kappa$ is regular uncountable (assume $2^{< \kappa} = \kappa$ and $\kappa$ is weakly Mahlo if needed). Is the following true? For every sequence $\langle f_i: i \to 2 \mid i \in A ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Representations of $\mathbb{H}^{\times}$ and $\mathbb{H}^{\times}/\mathbb{R}^{\times}$

In an attempt to recapture Eichler's theta correspondence I have hit a stumbling block. Let $D$ be a quaternion algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$, ramified at $p,\infty$. Also let $V_j = ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Distortion of the Hausdorff dimension of sums of Cantor sets under local scaling

The following question deals with possible distortion of the Hausdorff dimension of sums of Cantor sets as one "zooms in" on the sum around any given point. Let us assume that $C_1$ and $C_2$ are two ...
2
votes
0answers
11 views

Is there a perfect integral fusion category with PFdim = 2 mod 4?

A finite group $G$ is perfect if $G = G^{(1)} := \langle [G,G] \rangle$. Proposition: A finite group $G$ is perfect iff any $1$-dimensional complex representation of $G$ is trivial. proof: First if ...
-1
votes
0answers
34 views

examples of manifolds having two ends with $Ric \geqslant -(n-1)$ but not split

Let $M$ be an $n$-dim complete, non-compact Riemannian manifold with two ends. Then we can construct a line on $M$. If we assume that $Ric \geqslant 0$, by Cheeger-Gromoll's splitting theorem, the ...
-1
votes
0answers
19 views

Solve Higher ODE with boundary condition at infinity [on hold]

Given below is a second-order linear differential, $y''+Ay'+By=0$ The boundary conditions are: (a) $y(t=0)=1+H\frac{dy}{dt}$ (b) $y(t=\inf)=0$ Does a solution exist for this problem?
6
votes
2answers
83 views

Moments of a random variable and of its conditional expectation

Let $X$ be a bounded random variable with $\mathbb{E}X=0$. Since $X$ is bounded, all its moments exist. Let $\mathcal{G}$ be any $\sigma$-field and let $Y:=\mathbb{E}[X|\mathcal{G}].$ I am interested ...
8
votes
1answer
150 views

Is an explicit $c$ known to lead to a noncomputable Julia set?

Braverman & Yampolsky have shown that there exist noncomputable Julia sets, i.e., there exist $c \in \mathbb{C}$ such that the Julia set of $f(z) = c + z^2$ is not computable. "A set is ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

An algebraics Hamiltonian vector field with a finite number of periodic orbits(2)

Is there a polynomial Hamiltonian $H:\mathbb{R}^{4}\to \mathbb{R}$ such that the number of nontrivial periodic orbits of the corresponding Hamiltonian vector field $X_{H}$ is finite but different ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Intersections of ideals and nilpotence

Let $R$ be a polynomial ring over a field $k$, $R = k[x_1, \dots, x_n]$. Suppose $R'$ is an associative $R$-algebra and it has the property that there exists a degree $m<n$ monomial in the $x_i$'s ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Infinite-dimensional admissible representations of SL(2,C)

I'm working in my research with the infinite dimensional (admissible) irreducible representations of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$ introduced by Harish-Chandra in his paper "Infinite Irreducible ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Reduced products of (abelian and triangulated) categories: references?

For a filter $U$ on a set $X$ and for a family of categories $C_x$ indexed by $X$ I would like to consider the (corresponding categorical version of) reduced product of $C_x$ (for $x\in X$) with ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Embedding finite lattices into the lattice of partitions of a finite set

For any set $X$ we denote by $\text{Part}(X)$ the set of all partitions of $X$, ordered by the refinement ordering. It is well known that this is a complete lattice for all sets $X$. Let $L$ be a ...
2
votes
1answer
325 views

Is a non-trivial finite perfect group of order 4n?

A finite group $G$ is perfect if $G = G^{(1)} := \langle [G,G] \rangle$, or equivalently, if any $1$-dimensional complex representation is trivial. Question: Is a non-trivial finite perfect group of ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Relations between modular functions of certain $q$-continued fractions

Given the j-function $j:=j(\tau)$, and $q=e^{2\pi i\tau} = \exp(2\pi i\tau)$ where, for convenience, we set $\tau=\sqrt{-n}$. I. $\frac{A_2(q)}{A_1(q)} = \text{q-cfrac}:\;$ Icosahedral group ...
5
votes
2answers
66 views

Differential operators between modules, $\mathcal{D}_A(M, M)$ necessarily a filtered, almost commutative ring?

See here. Does it follow immediately that $\mathcal{D}_A(M, M)$ as defined in the link is a filtered, almost commutative ring? How can I visualize this geometrically?
7
votes
2answers
379 views

What is descent data (of higher categories), conceptually?

First consider a scheme $X$ with an open cover $\mathcal{U}=\{U_i\}$. An object with descent data on $\mathcal{U}$ is a collection $(\mathcal{E}_i,\phi_{ij})$ where $\mathcal{E}_i$ is a ...
12
votes
1answer
295 views

What technical and/or theoretical challenges are involved in automatically extracting proofs from books and papers into Coq code?

Over the years, advances in machine learning has allowed us to communicate and interact, using the same natural language, more and more semantically with computers, e.g. Google, Siri, Watson, etc. On ...
-4
votes
0answers
30 views

profit and loss related aptitude qustion? [on hold]

A sold a watch to B at a gain of 5% and B sold it to C at a gain of 4%. If C paid Rs. 1902 for it, the price paid by A is?
14
votes
2answers
307 views

Equivalence of “Weyl Algebra” and “Crystalline” definitions of rings of differential operators between modules?

Let $B$ be a commutative $A$-algebra, and let $M$, $N$ be two $B$-modules. We can talk about the set of $A$-linear module homomorphisms $M \to N$, i.e. the set $\text{Hom}_A(M, N)$. Differential ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

Stochastic integration with respect to Fractional Brownian Motion

I would like to know what can be said about integral process $X_t = \int_0^t e^{-sr} dB_s^H,t\in[0,\infty)$, where $B^H_t$ is Fractional Brownian Motion with Hurst parameter $H>\frac{1}{2}$, ...
13
votes
2answers
592 views

Counterexamples for strengthening Whitehead's theorem?

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a pointed map of pointed connected $n$-dimensional CW complexes. Whitehead's theorem says that if $f_*:\pi_qX\to \pi_qY$ is an isomorphism for $q\le n$ and a surjection for $q=n+1$, ...
-4
votes
0answers
65 views

Is Zsigmondy's Theorem utilized in Sociology to the extent that a lay person might be familiar with its use? [on hold]

Is Zsigmondy's theorem somehow useful in sociological studies? Has it in some way been co-opted as a sociological term with a corresponding sociological theory, no matter how far off base from the ...
2
votes
2answers
606 views

About Abhyankar's conjecture

I just came to this conjecture (proved by M.Raynaud and D.Harbater in 1994) last weekend, in Fresnel and v.d.Put's book Rigid Geometry and Its Applications. It claims that all quasi $p$-group $G$ ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Proving inequation with ceilings in Finite Field of characteristic $p$

Take $ui = pt_i +j_i$ where $p$ is a prime number and $u(p-r) \equiv 1 $ $(\mbox{mod p})$ for positive integers $1 \le i, r, j_i\le p-1$ and $t_i \ge 0$. How can I prove that: \begin{equation} ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Expected absolute value of the determinant of an $n$ by $n$ Toeplitz $(0,1)$ matrix

If $A$ is chosen uniformly over all $n$ by $n$ $(0,1)$-Toeplitz matrices, what is the expected absolute value of the determinant? Alternatively, what if anything is known about the determinant of ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

A quasicompact space with a net that contains no convergent strict subnet

If $x:\Lambda \rightarrow X$ is a net in a topological space $X$ and $\Lambda '\subseteq \Lambda$ is a cofinal subset of the directed set $\Lambda$, then $x|_{\Lambda '}$ is a subnet of $x$. We call ...
-3
votes
0answers
74 views

Non-flat $R \subseteq S$, which is integral, separable, $R$ is a noetherian (not integrally closed) integral domain

On ramification theory in noetherian rings, of Auslander and Buchsbaum say: "Chapter 4 is devoted to showing that under various conditions if $S$ is unramified over $R$, then $S$ is $R$-projective. ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Commutative von Neumann algebras and localizable measure spaces

This is not my subject so I apologize if my question is too obvious or understood from other pages. I read some pages such as Reference for the Gelfand-Neumark theorem for commutative von Neumann ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Are these two $q$-continued fractions equivalent?

In this MSE post, Nicco Mnisi defined a particular $q$-continued fraction of order $12$. More generally, define the cfrac found in Ramanujan's Notebooks, Vol III, Chap. 16, page 24, $$U(q) = ...
8
votes
2answers
162 views

Coarsest admissible topology on $\text{Cont}(X,Y)$

Let $X, Y$ be topological spaces and let $\text{Cont}(X,Y)$ be the collection of continuous functions $f:X\to Y$. We say that a topology $\tau$ on $\text{Cont}(X,Y)$ is admissible if the evaluation ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Thom Class of tensor bundles

Suppose $\xi$ and $\eta$ are oriented vector bundles over a CW-complex $B$. Is it possible to express the Thom class (with ${\mathbb Z}$ coefficients) of $\xi\otimes \eta$ or even ${\rm Sym}^2(\xi)$ ...
14
votes
1answer
312 views

Minimum value of $|p(1)|^2+|p(2)|^2 +…+ |p(n+3)|^2$ over all monic polynomials $p$

Let $n$ be a positive integer. Determine the smallest possible value of $|p(1)|^2+|p(2)|^2 +...+ |p(n+3)|^2$ over all monic polynomials $p$ of degree $n$. This question was proposed (problem ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

higher direct images of relative canonical sheaf plus a fractional divisor

For a map $f: Y \rightarrow X$ branched over simple normal crossing divisor $B=\sum_iB_i$, do we know of similar local freeness property for higher direct image of relative canonical sheaf plus a ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

What is the significance of the eigendecomposition of a Cayley table? [on hold]

Treating the Cayley table of a group $G$ as a matrix $M_g$, one notices interesting things about its eigendecomposition. For instance, for the symmetric groups $\{S_n\}$, the rank of the Cayley table ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

Distribution of infinity-norm over the unit sphere

I need to compute probabilities of the form $P( \Vert X \Vert_\infty < r ),$ where $X$ is a random variable of dimension $n$, drawn with a uniform distribution on the unit sphere ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

Worst case difference in rank by column-row swapping

Given a matrix $m\in\{-1,+1\}^{n\times n}$. Consider $m^\sigma$ to be collection of all matrices obtained from $m$ by permuting rows and columns. Consider $\mathscr{M}[m^\sigma]$ to be collection of ...
10
votes
1answer
452 views

A question of Erdos on entire functions

At the end of the following paper, Erdos asked if there is a family $F$ of entire functions of size continuum such that for every $z \in \mathbb{C}$, $\{f(z) : f \in F\}$ has size less than continuum. ...
3
votes
4answers
151 views

Integrals involving the Tricomi hypergeometric function

I am looking for a reference for the two following equalities involving the Tricomi function $U$ and the Meijer function $G$. I have found these formulas on the website http://functions.wolfram.com/, ...
12
votes
2answers
520 views

Stability of the Solar System

My question is simple: Is the Solar System stable? You can see this Wikipedia page. In May 2015 i was in the conference of Cedric Villani at Sharif university in Iran with this title: "Of ...
5
votes
3answers
206 views

Probability a random matrix contains a short integer vector in its kernel

Consider a random $m$ by $n$ matrix $M$ with $m \leq n$, chosen uniformly over all those whose elements are in $\{0,1\}$ (or $\{-1,1\}$ if it is any easier). Is there any mathematical theory that ...
7
votes
2answers
313 views
+50

Upper bound for number of prime numbers in a range

Theorem 3.2 in http://arxiv.org/pdf/1405.2593.pdf shows that for any $x$ there are $\gg x\exp(-\sqrt{\log x})$ integers $x_0 \in [x; 2x]$ such that $\pi(x_0 + \log x) - \pi(x_0) \gg \log\log x$. Is ...
11
votes
0answers
227 views

Geometric generic fibre

This is a pretty elementary question about schemes, but it came up in the course of research, so let's try it here rather than MSE. Question 1: Are the fibres of a family of complex varieties ...

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