0
votes
0answers
1 views

Population and date values

Use the population data values below. North= 18,200 South=12,900 East=17,600 West=13,300 If there are 26 representatives for all districts how many ...
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

Combinatorical meaning of such expression

Any combinatorical meaning or interpretation of $$1^{\alpha_1}2^{\alpha_2}3^{\alpha_3}...s^{\alpha_s}\alpha_1!\alpha_2!...\alpha_s!$$ for partition ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Completeness of a set of propositional formulas

A set $\sum$ of formulas in propositional logic is complete if for each propositional formula $\phi$ either $\sum \vdash \phi$ or $\sum \vdash \neg \phi$. Clearly every inconsistent set of formulas ...
2
votes
0answers
14 views

Classification of ergodic measures for circle expanding maps

Let us consider the classical self-covering of the circle $S^1=\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$ given by $$\times_d(x) = dx \mod 1$$ where the degree $d$ is any integer greater than $1$. There are a wealth of ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Reference for Arakelov's theorem: $K^2_f=0$ iff $f$ is locally trivial

Let $f:X\longrightarrow B$ be a family of curves, with $f$ relatively minimal, over a fixed curve $B$ ($B$ is projective, irreducible and smooth). The fibration $f$ is said locally trivial if all ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Characterizing matrices based on ranks

Given matrix $A\in\Bbb R_{\geq0}^{n\times r}$,$B\in\Bbb R_{\geq0}^{r\times n}$ where $AB\in\Bbb Z_{\geq0,\leq b}^{n\times n}$ with $r$ being minimal possible, denote $$\mathscr{N}[AB]=\{Q\in\Bbb ...
5
votes
0answers
47 views

A jump operator for Borel equivalence relations

It is well-known that with respect to Borel reducibility the class of Borel equivalence relations on a standard Borel space does not admit a maximal element. We can use the well-known Friedman-Staley ...
8
votes
1answer
121 views

Translates of meager sets

Does there exist a meager set of reals M such that every meager set can be covered by countably many translates of M? This is the category analogue of the following.
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Name and theorems of transitive/Galois groups of quadratic (even) and cubic power polynomials: cyclic group extensions

What is the transitive group details of a polynomial where only the third power terms occur? That is ${x}^{3n}+{a}_{n−1}{x}^{3(n−1)}+\cdots+{a}_{1}{x}^{3}+{a}_{0}$. I need the basic theorems that ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

boundary homomorphism in the homotopy exact seqeunce of principal $SO(9)$ bundle over $S^8$

Consider principal $SO(9)$ bundles over $S^8$.They are in 1-1 correspondence with $$[S^8,BSO(9)]\cong \pi_7(SO(9))\cong \mathbb{Z}$$ Now pick up one such bundle $\xi$,we have the long exact sequence ...
-1
votes
0answers
35 views

Orthogonal vector to arbitrary vector in R3 [on hold]

I got a vector $(0, 0, 0)^T \neq v \in R^3$. Now I want a closed formula for some orthogonal vector to $w$ (I don't care which). My problem is that if I, for instance, fix $w_1$ and $w_2$ then $w_3 = ...
-4
votes
0answers
54 views

Prove an equation is always false [on hold]

How can I prove an equation is always false? For example: b = b + 1 is false for all values of b. Very simple to see. Now given a more complicated equation, such as: b = sin(sin(b) - .56)) ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

How to minimize this sparse quadratic function?

There is a problem when I'm reading a paper. Equation: $min_p|p-p^*|^2+\alpha |R(p)|^2 + \beta |D(p)-\delta|^2$, where $p, p^*, R(p), D(p), \delta$ are all $M\times N$ matrices, and $p^*, R(), D(), ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Symmetry type of non-cohomological automorphic forms

By Katz-Sarnak philosophy a family of $L$-functions would have a symmetry type which would reflect the statistics of $L$-functions, such as low lying zeros and moments. Shin-Templier's paper on ...
15
votes
4answers
376 views

On an example of an eventually oscillating function

For $x\in(0,1)$, put $$f(x):=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}(-1)^{n}x^{2^{n}}.$$ This function possesses interesting properties. It grows monotonically from $0$ up to certain point. Then it starts to oscillate ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Inductive/Projective Limits of Topological Algebras

It is common to form inductive/projective limits of Banach/Frechet spaces in order to come up with natural topologies for common vector spaces. For instance, For $k \ge 0$ and $K_n$ compact ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

When does a perverse sheaf occur in the decomposition theorem?

Suppose I am in the setting of the decomposition theorem, i.e., we have the decomposition of the direct image $f_*\mathbb Q_\ell$, where $f:X\to Y$ is proper. Then the direct image decomposes into a ...
-1
votes
0answers
9 views

How to test the significance of covariance [on hold]

I'm using the Mutual Informacion covariance in RNA sequences and I want to know if there exits a way to test if some covariance is significant, let's say, an associated p-value. Thanks to all for ...
-1
votes
0answers
13 views

Combining the output of two functions smoothly for a droplet effect [on hold]

I'm trying to write a function which generates this droplet effect implicitly. I've got a function which generates both of the shapes and I'm looking for a way to somehow combine these two in such a ...
-2
votes
1answer
112 views

Degree of a rational function [on hold]

I would like to have the (simplest) proofs for the following theorem (there may be more than one interesting approach): Let $f=\frac{p}{q}:\mathbb{C}\longrightarrow\mathbb{C}$ be a quotient of ...
4
votes
2answers
327 views

How close to an integer can a polynomial root be?

Suppose I have a polynomial $p(x) = a_n x^n + ... + a_0$ where $a_n, \dots, a_0$ are integers. I would like to show that any root of this polynomial is either an integer or is far from an integer. ...
-5
votes
0answers
33 views

Complex Financial Formula [on hold]

questions are just questions if answers are unknown
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Maximizing Frobenius Norm of Commutator (an opposite Procrustes problem)

I was wondering if anybody has any suggestions on the following problem: Let $S$ be an $n\times n$ positive definite symmetric matrix. I wish to find an $n\times n$ orthogonal matrix $R$ which ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Why can we not always take a Kähler class to be in rational cohomology?

Given a Kähler manifold $(X,\omega)$ we know that its Kähler class lies in an open cone of $H^{1,1}(X) \cap H^2 (X,\mathbb{R})$. Since $\mathbb{Q}$ is dense in $\mathbb{R}$ we should be able to find a ...
-4
votes
0answers
32 views

Partially ordered set [on hold]

Show that a subset $C$ of a preordered space $(X, ≤)$ is a chain if and only if $C × C ⊂ A ∪ A^{−1}$, where $A := \{(x, y) : x ≤ y\}$, $A^{−1} := \{(x, y) : (y, x) ∈ A\}$.
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Upper and Down Bound,directed,cofinal [on hold]

I'm learning a partially ordered set.Can you give me some example of each these definition: 1.Upper and Down Bound : ...
-6
votes
0answers
66 views

Can you give me some example of each these definition [on hold]

I'm learning a partially ordered set.Can you give me some example of each these definition: 1.Upper and Down Bound : ...
-4
votes
0answers
67 views

every(ultra)filter on set I is principle if and only if I is finite [on hold]

1)the filter generated by{a,b} is not ultra filter? 2)the filters generated by singleton are precisely the principle ultrafilters. 3)every(ultra)filter on set I is principle if and only if I is ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Base of a cone in a vector space: can one always choose a convex base?

Let $C$ be a pointed convex cone in a vector space $V$. This means that $C$ satisfies the three following axioms: $C + C \subset C$, $\mathbb{R}_+ \cdot C \subset C$, and $C \cap (-C) = \{ 0 \}$. ...
-4
votes
0answers
46 views

izomorphism of finite abelian group [on hold]

Please help me with rezolving this problem from Romanian "Gazeta Matematica" : "an finite abelian group G have |End G | and |Aut G | coprime numbers. Show that |G| is square free. Thank you!
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Decomposition of semi simple local systems

I found A question similar to this, but the answer wasn't clear to me and I'm not supposed to ask for further clarification in the answer section. Let $L$ a semi simple local system defined over an ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Optimal covering

Let consider a problem of optimal covering of Hamming space. So we have Hamming space $\{0,1\}^n$ and some integer $r$. We want to find a set $A \subseteq \{0,1\}^n$ such that any point from ...
-6
votes
0answers
30 views

Summation of Geometric Series [on hold]

Im really desperate please help!!! how can you show that a. the sum oscillates between the two values a and b for the summation of geometric series {a*r^(n-1)}` provided that this is divergent? ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Finiteness properties for graph of groups decompositions

My curiosity was raised by the following question and the huge variety of comments and suggestions it attracted. I wondered if a converse statement might be equally interesting. Let $G$ be a finitely ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Interchange summation and differentiation [migrated]

I asked this question already on math.stackexchange, but did not receive any answers see here Let $f = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n e_n $ where $e_n$ are an ONB of $L^2[0,1].$ Now assume we have that ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Covering finite groups by kernels

Let $G$ be a finite group. When does there exist a finite group $H$ such that every $h\in H$ is in the kernel of some epimorphism $H\to G$? This is well-known to be true for $G$ abelian, for example ...
-5
votes
0answers
40 views

Summation of geometric series divergence [on hold]

The summation of some geometric series a*r^(n-1) is divergent. But what i don't understand is this: If the summation of a geometric series is divergent, then one of its sum is: a. the sum oscillates ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Octonions product: inversion in the right and identity in the left

Once octonions product is studied, together with the relations with $Spin(8)$ and $SO(8)$ geometry (see for instance Robert Bryant's notes), one realises that the key fact bringing all the phenomena ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Asymptotic expansion square root matrix

I am looking for an asymptotic expansion for $\underline\gamma$ which is the "square root" matrix of a symmetric $p\times p$ matrix $\gamma$. Here $\underline\gamma$ is assumed to be symmetric, e.g. ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Regular embeddings of reductive groups

A regular embedding of a connected reductive linear algebraic group $G$ defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$ is a morphism $\varphi : G \rightarrow G'$ of algebraic groups which is a closed immersion where ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Is anything like $\phi(n)>\dfrac n{e^\gamma\log\log n},\ \sigma(n)<e^\gamma n\log\log n$ known/conjectured for the generalizations of these functions?

Is anything like $\dfrac n{\phi(n)}<\dfrac{\sigma(n)}n<e^\gamma\log\log n$ known/conjectured for the generalizations of these functions? Let $n=p_1^{a_1}\cdots p_t^{a_t}$ be the canonical prime ...
3
votes
2answers
129 views

Complete sets of incompatible totally ordered down-set in a partially ordered set

Let $(P,\leq)$ be a partially ordered set. A down-set is a set $d\subseteq P$ such that $x\in d$ and $x'\in P, x\leq x$ imply $x'\in d$. If the down-set is totally ordered, we say it is a totally ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Calculate the intersection numbers by a plane section [on hold]

This question is from the chapter A of Reid's note: Chapters on algebraic surfaces Let X = X$_d$ $\subset$ P$^3$ be a nonsingular surface of degree d and suppose that X has a plane section P ...
6
votes
0answers
182 views

A matrix trace inequality

The well-known Powers-Stormer inequality says the following: for positive semidefinite operators $A, B$, we have that $\mathrm{Tr}((A - B)(A - B)^\dagger) \leq \| A^2 - B^2 \|_1$, where $\| \cdot ...
6
votes
1answer
226 views

Flooding a cycle digraph via chip-firing: $n^{k-1} + n^{k-2} + \cdots + 1$ bound (a Norway 1998-99 problem generalized)

Let $k > 1$ and $n$ be positive integers. Let $\mathbb{N} = \left\{0,1,2,\ldots\right\}$. Let $D$ be a digraph which has exactly $k$ vertices $v_0$, $v_1$, ..., $v_{k-1}$ and exactly $k$ arcs $v_0 ...
-1
votes
0answers
14 views

probability distribution [on hold]

X is a continous random variable of normal distribution for the length of the rulers produced in a factory. Given X has mode of 15 cm and standard deviation of 1 cm. A ruler is randomly selected from ...
-1
votes
0answers
34 views

How to show Well Founded Induction false? [on hold]

The abstract reduction system ({a,b,c,d},→) where the → is defined as: http://i.stack.imgur.com/TS0Ud.png Let Q be a monadic predicate on {a,b,c,d} such that Q(a) = Q(b) = false and Q(c) = Q(d) = ...
3
votes
2answers
203 views

If d(“G/H”) < d(G) = 2, must H contain a primitive element?

Let $G$ be a finite group that can be generated by $2$ elements, and let $H \leq G$ be a (not necessarily normal) subgroup for which there exists some $g \in G$ such that $H \langle g\rangle = G$. ...
-2
votes
0answers
30 views

Underlying Set in Model Theory [migrated]

In model theory a structure has an underlying set. In addition to the interpreted relations, are there (implicit) assumptions made about possible operations on this set? For example, is it assumed to ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Blowig-up a point in the singular locus

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a variety singular along a smooth subvariety $Z\subset X$ of positive dimension. Let us assume that $X$ has ordinary singularities along $Z$. Now, let $\pi:Y\rightarrow ...

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