1
vote
0answers
18 views

Natural probability on integers

This is a follow-up to this classical question asked recently here: we now (e.g. using the second Borel-Cantelli Lemma) that no probability measure on $\mathbb{Z}$ has the property that $n\mathbb{Z}$ ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

divisible by all standard prime numbers

This question is about prime numbers in nonstandard models of Peano Arithmetic. Every such model looks like N+AxZ, where A is a dense linear order without end points. There are many nonstandard ...
-1
votes
0answers
18 views

References request: are there some references about simple modules of group algebras?

Are there some references about constructing the simples, determining the dimensions of simple modules and describing decompositions of tensor products of simple modules of group algebras? Thank you ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

The intersection of two $l_1$ balls

Let $B_1$ and $B_2$ be two balls in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with respect to the $l_1$ norm that have different radii and different centers. Is there an upper bound for the number of vertices that $B_1\cap ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Equivariant Harmonic Maps to R-tree and Korevaar-Schoen Convergence

Thank you for spending time on the following question. I am trying to make an explicit example of Korevaar-Schoen convergence. The problem I am facing is that I can not find the limit of the harmonic ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

persistence of regularity for nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation

I have been reading the paper on nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation(NLKG) for initial data in modulation space: For detail please see the paper "Klein-Gordon Equations on Modulation Spaces (2014)" ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Do we know any bound on $lcm(2^1-1, 2^2-1,…,2^n-1)$?

We know that lcm(1,...n) is approximately $e^n$ and and also we know that $gcd(2^a-1, 2^b-1)=2^{gcd(a,b)}-1$. I wonder if there exists an upperbound/lowerbound/approximation for $lcm(2^1-1, ...
-2
votes
1answer
61 views

Which function is $f(x)=x$ when $x>=0$ and $f(x)=0$ when $x=-1$ [on hold]

This is a very simple question that will not be a problem for any mathematician. With enough time I could come up with a non-optimal solution myself, but I know some of you may just provide the ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Carleman Estimates in a Riemannian manifold

Suppose $(\Omega,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold where $\Omega$ is a domain in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with smooth boundary. Furthermore suppose there exists a global coordinate chart $(x_i)$ such that $g= dx_1^2 ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Ness and suff condition for the embedding $A^X\otimes_A A^Y\rightarrow A^{X\times Y}$

This question is related to that one Commutation of tensor products with inverse limits in a specific case where it received a (partial) answer. I can complement a bit: in any case, $A$ is supposed ...
-2
votes
0answers
36 views

Adjoint of Expoenential Map [on hold]

Can the adjoint of the derivative of the exponential map of a lie group, be understood via the ad operator? If so how, explicitly?
0
votes
0answers
25 views

A solvable Lie algebra

Consider the Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ span by $x_1,\ldots,x_n,y_1,\ldots,y_n$ with the commutator $\left[y_i,x_i\right]=y_i, \left[x_i,x_{i+1}\right]=y_i, \left[y_i,x_{i+1}\right]=-y_i,\quad 1\leq ...
-4
votes
0answers
37 views

What are all the factors of n=p^2q^3r? [on hold]

n=p^2q^3r It has a total of 24 factors. I need to show all of the factors.
0
votes
0answers
14 views

$l$-weights and $l$-character of finite-dimensional highest $l$-weight representation of $L\mathfrak{g}$

I am trying to solve the following problem, which is related to relatively recent results, but I am not sure how to do it. Problem In this problem, $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{sl}_{2}$. We study ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Transitive closure of balanced bounded mass transport

Given two $\sigma$-finite measures $\mu$ and $\nu$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$, write $\mu \sim \nu$ iff there exist countable decompositions $\mu = \mu_1 + \mu_2 + \cdots$ and $\nu = \nu_1 + \nu_2 + \cdots$ ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Upper bound involving random orthogonal projection

Let $R$ be an $n\times N$ random matrix with i.i.d. standard Gaussian entries, $n<N$, and let $M:=(RR^T)^{-1/2}R$. Let $u,v\in \mathbb{R}^N$ non-random and s.t. $u^Tv=0$ and $\|u\|>\|v\|$. I ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Writing down gerbes explicitly over the projective line

Let $X = [\mathbb P^1/(\mathbb Z/2\mathbb Z)]$, where we take the trivial action of $\mathbb Z/2\mathbb Z$ on $\mathbb P^1$. Is this DM stack over $\mathbb C$ a gerbe over $\mathbb P^1$? Is it the ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Rationality of intersection of algebraic groups

Suppose that $G$ (defined over $\mathbb{Q}$) and $H$ (defined over $\mathbb{R}$) are two algebraic subgroups of a larger algebraic group defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. Assume that $G(\mathbb{R})$ and ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Rate-Distortion theory: What is the distribution of distortion on an optimal encoder?

If we wish to encode a gaussian source, $X\sim\mathcal{N}(0,\sigma^2)$ at rate $R$, rate-distortion theory tells us that the lowest mean-squared-error we can achieve from encoding is $\sigma^2 ...
-4
votes
0answers
38 views

how can i calculate the 2x2x2 (doublet tensorproduct) [on hold]

help me the simple question how can I calculate the doublet@doublet@doublet @ : tensor product please teach me
14
votes
3answers
766 views

Should one post a paper on the arXiv if it is not intended to be published?

A brief description: I have written a paper which contains a new result which I believe is somewhat important but not vital to the field. It is a generalization of an existing proof to get ...
-2
votes
0answers
58 views

Can $SL(d, \mathbb{R})$ be embedded in $sp(n, \mathbb{R})$ for n large enough? [on hold]

my question is that can $SL(d, \mathbb{R})$ be embedded in $sp(n, \mathbb{R})$ for n large enough? And i also ask similar question for the Lie algebra.
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Moment problem for discrete distributions

Let $x_1, \dots, x_N \in \mathbb R$ and consider the discrete distribution $\mu := \frac{1}{N} \sum_{i=1}^N \delta_{x_i}$, where $\delta_x$ denotes the Dirac measure, i.e. for any measurable set $B ...
19
votes
8answers
613 views

Historical (personal) examples of teaching-based research

The phrase "teaching-based research" brings to mind research about teaching, though important, it is not what I mean. Unfortunately, I couldn't come up with a better phrase, thus please bear with me ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

G-delta sets and Lebesgue measure [on hold]

The set S of all subsets in R^n which are of the form G\N, where G is a G-delta set and N a null-set (=outer Lebesgue measure zero) coincides with the set of all Lebesgue measurable sets. How could ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Question on homogeneous measures

Let $\mu$ be a strictly positive measure ($m(a)=0$ iff $a=0$) on a Boolean algebra $B$. $\mu$ is called homogeneous if it have the same Maharam type on every $b\in B$. By additive measure algebra I ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Largest ball with fixed center in a a convex region

Let $x_0$ be a point contained inside a compact, convex set $C\subset\mathbb{R}^d$, which is of the form $C=\{x:f(x)\leq0\}$ for some explicit convex function $f$. Is there a computationally ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

monotonicity alike functions

assuming we have two smooth function ${f_1},{f_2}:{R^N} \to R$, under what condition, we have ${f_1}\left( {{{\bf{x}}_1}} \right) \ge {f_1}\left( {{{\bf{x}}_2}} \right) \leftrightarrow ...
10
votes
1answer
199 views

Existence of a “quasi-uniform” probablility distribution on $\mathbb{Z}$

Does there exist a probability distribution on $\mathbb{Z}$ such that for every integer $n\geq 1$, the probability that a random integer $x$ is divisible by $n$ equals $1/n$? Henry Cohn has an ...
7
votes
0answers
74 views

Between Tietze's and Dugundji's Extension Theorems

The celebrated Tietze Extension Theorem asserts that any continuous real-valued function defined on a closed subset of a normal space, can be extended to a continuous function on the whole space. Seen ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

What is $T>0$ large enough such that $\mu\left(B\right)<\varepsilon$?

Let $\left(M,\sigma,\mu\right)$ where $\sigma$ is a Borell $\sigma$-algebra and $\mu$ is a probability $f$-invariant. Let $x\in M$, $E\subset M$ measurable and $f:M\rightarrow M$ a measurable ...
-2
votes
0answers
21 views

$\mu$ is a $f$-invariant measure [on hold]

Let $\left(M,\sigma\left(\tau\right),\mu\right)$ a measure space where $\mu$ is a measure finite, $\tau$ is a topology in $M$, i, e, $\sigma\left(\tau\right)$ is a Borel $\sigma-$algebra. Let ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Local Uniform Convergence

Suppose $f(x)$ is a positive continuous function on $[0,\infty)$ and that $f(x+u)-f(x)\to 0$ as $x\to\infty$ for every given $u\in[0,\infty)$. Prove that, given any $a>0$, $f(x+u)-f(x)\to 0$, as ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Character table of $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z})$

Is there any reference where I can find the character table of $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z})$? A simple search in google gave me this paper of Philip C. Kutzko on "The characters of the ...
-1
votes
0answers
48 views

Is Ш a good parameter for the failure of Global-Local principle for abelian varieties? [on hold]

Comparing to class group cases : we have an isomorphism $Cl(K)\rightarrow \prod \left(K^\times \backslash K_p^\times /O_p^\times \right)$ for a number field $K$. Similarly, for an elliptic curve ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Existence of $\kappa$-Suslin trees above a measurable cardinal

We have learned from Joel David Hamkins and Monroe Eskew that: Answers: Having a measurable cardinal $\delta$ we can force a $\kappa$-Suslin tree for many $\kappa$'s above $\delta$. But is the ...
3
votes
2answers
413 views

What's the name of this geometric mathematical modeling problem?

There is a right angle corner with width 1 in both directions. One wants to find the largest area shape which can pass through this corner. I know that this is a famous problem, but what is it called? ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Equivalence of Lie subalgebras, within a (irreducible) representation

Lie subalgebras inside simple Lie algebras (of type ABCDEFG) have been classified up to equivalence, and linear equivalence (by Dynkin et al). How does one classify embeddings of a Lie algebra h ...
2
votes
3answers
212 views

Is every algebraic $K3$ surface a quartic surface? [on hold]

Algebraic $K3$ surface means the $K3$ surface admits an ample line bundle. So the question is equivalent to asking whether every algebraic $K3$ surface can be embedded in $\mathbb{P}^3$.
0
votes
1answer
26 views

A short problem with minimal projections and biprojections

Let $(N \subset M)$ be a finite index irreducible subfactor, $P=P(N \subset M)$ its planar algebra. Notation: For $a,b \in P_{2,+}$ positive operators, then $\langle a,b \rangle$ is the biprojection ...
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Decay of solutions to Schrodinger equation with local minimum in potential

Consider the one-dimensional Schrodinger operator on the real line $\mathbb{R}$ given by $$ L = - \partial_x^2 + V $$ where $V$ is a potential with the following properties: $V$ is non-negative, ...
4
votes
0answers
212 views

Why does this fundamental group not have elements of finite order? [duplicate]

Let $X$ be a subset of $\mathbb R^3$ with its induced topology and let $a\in X$ be a point. Then the fundamental group $\pi_1(X,a)$ seems not to have elements of finite order (except the identity of ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

How large can a set of nearly equidistant points be?

Suppose that $D$ is a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^{k}$ such that all pairwise distances between them belong to $[1,1+\epsilon]$. It seems that such a set cannot be very large and that its ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Representability of deformation functors via SGA

I'm trying to understand Böckle's proof of Theorem 2.1.1 in his notes on deformation theory. Let's start with some motivation. Let $\Gamma$ be a profinite group (I'm thinking of an absolute Galois ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

Is $[0,1]^\kappa$ an affine complete lattice?

A $k$-ary function $f$ on a bounded distributive lattice $L$ is called compatible if for any congruence relation $\theta$ on $L$ and $(a_i, b_i)\in \theta$ for $i=1,\ldots,k$ we always have ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Ehresmann fibration theorem for manifolds with boundary

All manifolds in consideration may have nonempty boundary and may be disconnected. Let me fix a definition first. A map between smooth manifolds $M\rightarrow N$ is a fiber bundle, iff it's locally ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Existence of a projection operator onto subspace of Hilbert space

Let $V \subset H$ be Hilbert spaces with a continuous, compact and dense imbedding. Let $\{w_j\}_j \subset V$ be a basis of $V$ and of $H$ (so finite linear combinitions are dense) which is not ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Embedding of classical into intuitionistic linear logic

Following on from this recent question, there is another construction that is well-known, but I don’t know a good primary source for: the Kolmogorov-style double-negation embedding of classical into ...
-1
votes
1answer
85 views

If $(X_n+Y_n)$ has bounded variance, is the same true for $(X_n)$ and $(Y_n)$? [on hold]

let $(X_n)$ and $(Y_n)$ be two sequences of random variables defined on the same probability space such that the variance of all components $X_n$, $Y_n$ is finite and the sequence of variances of ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

When does the integral of a Dolbeault-exact form vanish?

What conditions (if any) can be imposed on a Kahler manifold $M$ so that we get a Dolbeault analogue of Stokes' theorem on a closed manifold, i.e. $\int_M \partial ( ... ) =0$ The trivial solution ...

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