# Tagged Questions

The Riemann zeta function is defined as the analytic continuation of the function defined for σ > 1 by the sum of the preceding series.

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### Negative values of Riemann zeta function on the critical line.

From parametric plots of $\zeta \left( \frac{1}{2} + it \right)$ it seems to be the case that: (1) except for $\zeta(\frac{1}{2})$ the Riemann zeta function does not attain any negative real value on ...
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### Inverse of the Riemann zeta function

I'm wondering if there is any information on the inverse of the Riemann zeta function (not it's reciprocal, but its functional inverse). This would obviously be a multi-valued function.
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### Is there a notion of a zeta function of a morphism?

The Hasse-Weil zeta function is defined only for arithmetic schemes. By an arithmetic scheme I will mean a scheme $X$ together with a morphism of finite type $X\rightarrow S$, where $S$ is an affine ...
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### (why) Are the following two constructions of zeta functions equal?

Let $X$ be a variety defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. One has the usual Hasse-Weil zeta function. Now, let's do a different construction. Base change $X$ to $\mathbb{C}$: $X_{\mathbb{C}}$. Now look at its ...
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### Is there a “Basic Number Theory” for elliptic curves?

Tate's thesis showed how to profitably analyze $\zeta$ functions of number fields in terms of adelic points on the multiplicative group. In particular, combining Fourier analysis and topology, Tate ...
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### Is $\zeta(3)/pi^3$ rational?

Apery proved in 1976 that $\zeta(3)$ is irrational, and we know that for all integers $n$, $\zeta(2n)=\alpha \pi^{2n}$ for some $\alpha\in \mathbb{Q}$. Given ...
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### How was the importance of the zeta function discovered?

This question is similar to Why do zeta functions contain so much information? , but is distinct. If the answers to that question answer this one also, I don't understand why. The question is this: ...
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### How does one motivate the analytic continuation of the Riemann zeta function?

I saw the functional equation and its proof for the Riemann zeta function many times, but ususally the books start with, e.g. tricky change of variable of Gamma function or other seemly unmotivated ...
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### Does this sum equal zeta(3)?

Does: $$\sum_{1 \leq i<j} \frac{1}{i j^2} = \sum_{1 \leq k} \frac{1}{k^3}?$$ Motivation: Call the above sum $S$, and let $$T := \sum_{ GCD(i,j)=1} \frac{1}{\max(i,j) i j}.$$ The sum $T$ came up ...
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### Degree of Transcendentality and Feynman Diagrams

Physicists computing multiloop Feynman diagrams have introduced various techniques and conjectures that involve the notion of Degree of Transcendentality (DoT). From what I understand one defines 1) ...
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### A puzzling remark of Manin (ICM 1978)

Manin ends his 1978 ICM talk with this remark: I would also like to mention I. M. Gel'fand's suggestion that the $\zeta$-functions of certain special differential operators should have an arithmetic ...
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### The Hardy Z-function and failure of the Riemann hypothesis

David Feldman asked whether it would be reasonable for the Riemann hypothesis to be false, but for the Riemann zeta function to only have finitely many zeros off the critical line. I very rashly ...
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### Brownian bridge interpreted as Brownian motion on the circle

Is it reasonable to view the Brownian bridge as a kind of Brownian motion indexed by points on the circle? The Brownian bridge has some strange connections with the Riemann zeta function (see Williams'...
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### Wick rotation and the Riemann zeta function

The goal of this question is to conceptualize in some way the fact that the Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$, and other zeta functions like it, have analytic continuations. Background I have by now ...
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### Is there a “quantum” Riemann zeta function?

Occasionally I find myself in a situation where a naive, non-rigorous computation leads me to a divergent sum, like $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n$. In times like these, a standard approach is to guess the ...
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### Characteristic Complexes in Iwasawa theory

For all that follows, $p$ is a fixed odd prime. In the formulation of the Noncommutative Main Conjecture of Iwasawa theory one uses étale cohomology to define an algebraic object analogous to Iwasawas ...
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### Non-vanishing of zeta(s), Re(s)=1, without complex analysis?

Say you are allowed to use Fourier analysis, complex variables, Euler-Maclaurin, etc., but no complex analysis - no holomorphic continuations, no definition of analytic function, and, in particular, ...
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### Values of zeta at odd positive integers and Borel's computations

Someone recently quoted to me this recent article that claims to prove that $\zeta(2n+1) \notin (2\pi )^{2n+1} \mathbb{Q}$. I always assumed this was well known. More precisely I thought this result ...
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### Dirichlet's regulator vs Beilinson's regulator

Consider a number field $F$ with ring of integers $O_F$. The Beilinson regulator can in this particular setting be viewed as a map from $K_n(O_F)$ to a suitable real vector space. Here $n$ is any ...
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### Establishing zeta(3) as a definite integral and its computation.

I am a 19 yr old student new to all these ideas. I made the transformation $X(z)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty z^n/n^2$. Therefore $X(1)=\pi^2/6$ as we all know (it is $\zeta(2)$). To calculate $X(1)$, I ...
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### On partial sums of the zeta function, or $1/1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + … + 1/n$

When I was taking a shower this problem came into my mind... Let $f(n, s) = 1^{-s} + 2^{-s} + 3^{-s} + \cdots + n^{-s}$ be the partial sum of the $\zeta$ function. In the cases where $s$ is a ...
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### Residues of $1/\zeta$

Are there any bounds on residues of $1/\zeta$ in roots of $\zeta$ in critical strip, which may use RH, but do not use the conjecture on simplicity of roots or something similar? I did not find such ...
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### How looks the “land of Tamagawa numbers”?

Jonah Sinick's question here, other interesting ideas he mentioned, and Franz Lemmermeyer's remark make one think at Bloch and Kato's drawing + question. What's known or guessed about that "land" by ...
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### Lower bounds on zeta(s+it) for fixed s

This is most probably widely known and discussed here many times, so I am preliminay sorry. Does Riemann conjecture imply some lower estimates on values, say $|\zeta(3/4+it)|$ for real $t$, when $|t|$...
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### 2d Weil conjecture

Does there exist a two variable analogue of the Weil conjecture? What I mean is that the usual Weil involves a one-variable zeta-function which you get by using numbers $V_n = V ( GF(p^n))$ of points ...
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Matthew Emerton mentioned recently the relevance of Dwork's "p-adic cycles". As I wonder if I should read that, reviews of it are ambiguous, I'd be happy on remarks and possible further bibl. hints. ...
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### Dwork's use of p-adic analysis in algebraic geometry

Using p-adic analysis, Dwork was the first to prove the rationality of the zeta function of a variety over a finite field. From what I have seen, in algebraic geometry, this method is not used much ...
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### Has the Weierstass transform been used to give Hermite series representations of the Riemann zeta function?

The inverse of the Weierstrass transform expands a function as a series of Hermite polynomials $H_{n}$. There are several ways to invert the Weierstrass transform which led me to the following ...
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### Periods and L-values

A famous theorem of Euler is that Zeta(2n) is a rational number times pi^(2n). Work of Kummer, Herbrand, Ribet and others shows that the rational multiplier has number theoretic significance. For ...
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### The work of E. Artin and F. K. Schmidt on (what are now called) the Weil conjectures.

I was reading Dieudonne's "On the history of the Weil conjectures" and found two things that surprised me. Dieudonne makes some assertions about the work of Artin and Schmidt which are no doubt ...
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### Can the failure of the multiplicativity of Euler factors at bad primes be corrected?

Warning: This one of those does-anyone-know-how-to-fix-this-vague-problem questions, and not an actual mathematics question at all. If $X$ is a scheme of finite type over a finite field, then the ...
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### PNT for general zeta functions, Applications of.

When I read it for the first time, I found the whole slog towards proving the Prime Number Theorem and the final success to be magnificent. So I am curious about more general results. We talk of ...
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### Why does the Riemann zeta function have non-trivial zeros?

This is a very basic question of course, and exposes my serious ignorance of analytic number theory, but what I am looking for is a good intuitive explanation rather than a formal proof (though a ...
Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety. If I've understood correctly, the Weil conjectures imply that it is possible to compute the Betti numbers of $X(\mathbb{C})$ by computing the local zeta ...