The zeta-functions tag has no wiki summary.

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### The origin of the root number $w(C/ℚ)=±1$ (the sign of the functional equation)

The motivation for this question is the same as in my previous question in MO: http://mathoverflow.net/questions/115179/real-root-1-of-the-hasse-weil-l-function-of-c-over
I am just curious to know ...

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### Hadamard's product formula for the derivative

Let $f$ be an entire function of order $ρ<\infty$. Assume that $f$ does not vanish identically on $\mathbb{C}$. Then, we know that $f$ has a Hadamard's product formula
$$ f(s) =e^{g(s)}s^{r}\prod ...

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### Question about the function $\zeta(s) \pm \dfrac{1}{\zeta(1-s)}$

It is easy to see that the function:
$$\zeta(s) \pm \dfrac{1}{\zeta(1-s)}$$
has a pole at each non-trivial zero $s=\rho_n$.
However, after some experiments with this function, I would like to ...

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### Riemann Siegel function and gamma function

I ask about an idea to prove this formula:
$Γ(1/2-iβ)=((\sqrt{π})/(\sqrt{\coshπβ}))\exp(-i(2ϑ(β)+βln2π+\arctan(\tanh(1/2)πβ)))$
where $ϑ(β)$ is the Riemann Siegel function.

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### Cycling through the Zeta Garden: Zeta functions for graphs, cycle index polynomials, and determinants

Zeta functions abound in mathematics. Audrey Terras describes in Zeta Functions and Chaos three zeta functions--the zeta fct. of a projective non-singular algebraic variety; the Artin-Mazur zeta ...

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### Sets with zeta functions that are not the primes

Does there exist a set $S \subset \mathbb N$ such that the Dirchlet density of $S$ is well-defined and positive, the Dirchlet density of $S \cap \operatorname{PRIMES}$ is well-defined and zero, and:
...

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### Functional equation and constant functions

I ask about this claim:
let $f$ be an entire function satisfying $f(s)=u(s)f(a-s)$. Assume that $s$ and $a-s$ are not zeroes of $f$ and $f (bar)(a-s)=f(s)$ in a region $D$ ($f(bar)$ is the conjugate ...

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### Does there exist a Weierstrass/Hadamard factorization for $\chi(s)-1$ ?

Would like to build once more on this question.
Take $s=\sigma + ti, s \in \mathbb{C}, 0<\Re(\sigma)<1$.
Let's assume it is proven that:
$$\zeta(1-s) - \zeta(s)$$
has all its zeros on the ...

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### Functional equation of the alternating zeta function

Can one let me know about the functional equation of the alternating zeta function similar to the well known for the rieman function.

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### Power series expansions of $L$-series

Let $\zeta_K(s)$ be the Dedekind zeta function for a number field $K$. We can understand the first non-vanishing coefficient of its Laurent series via the class number formula. Is anything ...

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### Deriving the Riemann non-trivial zeros from $\zeta_{H}(s,a) + \zeta_{H}(s,1-a)$

The Hurwitz zeta function:
$$\zeta_{H}(s,a)$$
reduces to $\zeta(s)$ when $a=1$ and to $(2^s-1)\zeta(s)$ when $a=\frac12$.
However, I stumbled upon a peculiar third connection:
$$\zeta_{H}(s,a) + ...

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### What happens when infinite values of $\zeta_{H}(s,z)$ approach $\zeta(s)$ ?

Take the following Hurwitz zeta:
$$\zeta_{H}(s,z)$$
with $s=\sigma \pm ti$ and $\displaystyle z=1 \pm \frac{i}{a}$ and $t,a \in \mathbb{R}$.
In the critical strip $0 \lt \sigma \lt 1$, this Hurwitz ...

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### Multiple zeta values at negative integers

For a tuple of integers $\underline{s}:=(s_1,\dots, s_d)$, the multiple zeta value (MZV) at $\underline{s}$ is defined as:
$$ \zeta(s_1,\dots, s_d):= \sum_{n_1>\dots>n_d>0}\frac 1 ...

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### why Riemann Hypothesis over curves is easy but 'normal' hypothesis for the Riemann Zeta function $ \zeta (s) $ is hard ,

despite both zetas $ \zeta (s,X) $ and $ \zeta (s)$ have the same functional equation, the same Euler prodcut and the same Riemann-Weil formula
why one of them is 'easy' and can be solved but the ...

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### non-trivial zeros of partial zeta functions

Let $N,a\in\mathbf{Z}_{\geq 1}$. Define a partial $\zeta$-function as
$$
\zeta(s;N,a):=\sum_{\substack{n\geq 1\newline n\equiv a\pmod{N}}} \frac{1}{n^s}
$$
where $Re(s)>1$. Let $\omega$ be either ...

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### A question about partial Euler products

Let $K/{\mathbb Q}$ be an extension of degree $d$. Let $S$ be the set of primes $p$ which split completely in $K$. What can one say about the analytic properties of
$$
\zeta_{K, S}(s) : = \prod_{p ...

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### Is there a known formula for fractional derivative of cot x?

I wonder if there any established formula for fractional derivative of a function $\pi \cot (\pi x)$.
I derived the following expression:
$(\pi \cot (\pi ...

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### Analogues of the Riemann-Roch Theorem

In his thesis, Tate derives a Poisson formula on the adeles and a theorem which he calls the "Riemann-Roch Theorem". More specifically, given a continuous, $L^1$ function $f$ on the adeles such that ...

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### Is Zeta function discrete-analytic?

Let's define discrete-analytic functions as functions that are equal to their Newton series expansion:
$$f(x) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x-a}k \Delta^k f(a)$$
My question is whether $\zeta(s,q)$ ...

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### Riemann zeta at even integers

I am talking about this in a course I am teaching, and hence am wondering: what are the various derivations of the values of Riemann zeta function at even integers? There are two incredibly cool ...

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### Proof that derivative of Hurwitz Zeta by the first argument is not expressable in terms of Hurwitz Zeta

The set of elementary functions is defined so that it to be closed against operation of differentiation. It is also evidently close against discrete differentiation.
In the discrete calculus there is ...

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### Can we decide if an abelian variety is simple by knowing its Zeta function ?

Let $A$ be an Abelian variety defined over the finite field with $q$ elements. Let $P_i(T)$ be the characteristic polynomial of the action of the Frobenius on the $i^{th}$ étale cohomology group.
Is ...

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### Dedekind Zeta function: behaviour at 1

Let $\zeta_F$ denote the Dedekind zeta function of a number field $F$.
We have $\zeta_F(s) = \frac{\lambda_{-1}}{s-1} + \lambda_0 + \dots$ for $s-1$ small.
Class number formula: We have ...

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### Alternating sums of powers of the lngamma ($\small f_p(x) = \sum \log(k!)^p x^k $ at $\small x=-1$)

I'm still fiddling with this recent question and come to a detail, whether I can find closed forms for the sums of the $\small lngamma() $ function. Precisely
$$ \small f_p(x) = \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} ...

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### Persistent homology of Markovian dynamical systems

Consider a dynamical system $(T,X)$ that admits a Markov partition $\mathcal{M}$ (e.g., an Anosov map), and consider the corresponding 0-1 transition matrix $A$. It is commonplace to study information ...

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### Convergence of the summation 1/p^(1+iy) (over all primes p with y a nonzero real number)

For $z\in\mathbb{C}$ with real part greater than $1$ the sum $$\sum_{p}{\frac{1}{p^z}},$$ where the sum is taken over all primes $p$, converges absolutely. It is also well known that the same sum with ...

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### Ihara zeta function

Is there a natural connection between the Ihara zeta function of a graph,
and (for instance) the Riemann zeta function of certain varieties over finite fields ?
Thanks.

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### What is Ricardo Pérez-Marco's eñe product? Does it explain his statistical results on differences of zeta zeros?

The number theory community here at University of Michigan is abuzz with talk of this paper recently posted to the arxiv. If you haven't seen it already, the punch line is that the global differences ...

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### reference-request for connection between numerator of zeta-function and characteristic polynomial of Frobenius on hyperelliptic curves over finite fields

Let $H$ be a hyperellipitic curve of genus $g$ defined over
$\mathbb{F}_q$. The Frobenius endomorphism operates on the divisor class
group of $H$ and satisfies a characteristic polynomial ...

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### How do Brauer groups relate to zeta functions?

There are two approaches to class field theory that I was taught. The first, is the theory of $L$-functions, Dirichlet characters and so forth (which I described succintly in the question What are the ...

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### Negative values of Riemann zeta function on the critical line.

From parametric plots of $\zeta \left( \frac{1}{2} + it \right)$ it seems to be the case that:
(1) except for $\zeta(\frac{1}{2})$ the Riemann zeta function does not attain any negative real value on ...

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### Inverse of the Riemann zeta function

I'm wondering if there is any information on the inverse of the Riemann zeta function (not it's reciprocal, but its functional inverse). This would obviously be a multi-valued function.

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### Is there a notion of a zeta function of a morphism?

The Hasse-Weil zeta function is defined only for arithmetic schemes. By an arithmetic scheme I will mean a scheme $X$ together with a morphism of finite type $X\rightarrow S$, where $S$ is an affine ...

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### (why) Are the following two constructions of zeta functions equal?

Let $X$ be a variety defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. One has the usual Hasse-Weil zeta function.
Now, let's do a different construction. Base change $X$ to $\mathbb{C}$: $X_{\mathbb{C}}$. Now look at its ...

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### Is there a “Basic Number Theory” for elliptic curves?

Tate's thesis showed how to profitably analyze $\zeta$ functions of number fields in terms of adelic points on the multiplicative group. In particular, combining Fourier analysis and topology, Tate ...

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### From Zeta Functions to Curves

Let $C$ be a nonsingular projective curve of genus $g \geq 0$ over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ with $q$ elements. From this curve, we define the zeta function
$$Z_{C/{\mathbb{F}}_q}(u) = ...

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### Euler product over primes congruent to 3 mod 4

I'm a string theorist and I have come across the following expression in a computation I'm doing (involving a sum over inequivalent Lens spaces):
$$\widehat{\zeta}(s)=\prod_{\mathrm{primes}\ p\equiv ...

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### Evaluating the integral $\int_{1}^{\infty}\frac{\{u\}}{u^{2}}\left(\log u\right)^{k}du.$

I am trying to find a formula for the following integral for non-negative integer $k$:
$$\int_1^{\infty}\frac{\{u\}}{u^{2}}\left(\log u\right)^{k}du.$$
My first thought was to use the formula ...

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### Evaluating the integral $\int_0^\infty \frac{\psi(x)-x}{x^2}dx.$

Let $\psi(x)=\sum_{n\leq x} \Lambda(n)$ be the weighted prime counting function. I am trying to evaluate the integral $$\kappa:=\int_{1}^{\infty}\frac{\psi(x)-x}{x^{2}}dx$$ in several different ways. ...

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### Is there an elegant algebraic proof of this formula for quadratic field discriminants?

Consider the Dirichlet series counting discriminants of real quadratic fields. Quadratic field discriminants are "basically" squarefree integers, so the associated Dirichlet series $\sum D^{-s}$ is ...

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### Computing (on a computer) the first few (non-trivial) zeros of the zeta function of a number field.

Let $M$ be the splitting field of
x^8 + 3*x^7 + 13*x^6 + 17*x^5 + 45*x^4 + 37*x^3 + 11*x^2 + 112*x + 108
over the rationals. If I've understood some tables ...

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### A question on K_1 of an elliptic curve

Consider an elliptic curve $E/ \mathbb{Q}$, with a regular model $\mathcal{E} / \mathbb{Z}$. We have (Beilinson regulator) maps
$$ K_1(\mathcal{E})^{(2)} \to K_1(E)^{(2)} \to H_D^3(E_{/ \mathbb{R}} , ...

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### Is $\zeta(3)/pi^3$ rational?

Apery proved in 1976 that $\zeta(3)$ is irrational, and we know that for all integers $n$,
\[\zeta(2n)=\alpha \pi^{2n}\]
for some $\alpha\in \mathbb{Q}$. Given ...

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### How was the importance of the zeta function discovered?

This question is similar to Why do zeta functions contain so much information? , but is distinct. If the answers to that question answer this one also, I don't understand why.
The question is this: ...

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### How does one motivate the analytic continuation of the Riemann zeta function?

I saw the functional equation and its proof for the Riemann zeta function many times, but ususally the books start with, e.g. tricky change of variable of Gamma function or other seemly unmotivated ...

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### Does this sum equal zeta(3)?

Does:
$$\sum_{1 \leq i<j} \frac{1}{i j^2} = \sum_{1 \leq k} \frac{1}{k^3}?$$
Motivation: Call the above sum $S$, and let
$$T := \sum_{ GCD(i,j)=1} \frac{1}{\max(i,j) i j}.$$
The sum $T$ came up ...

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### Degree of Transcendentality and Feynman Diagrams

Physicists computing multiloop Feynman diagrams have introduced various
techniques and conjectures that involve the notion of Degree of Transcendentality (DoT). From what I understand one defines
1) ...

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### A puzzling remark of Manin (ICM 1978)

Manin ends his 1978 ICM talk with this remark:
I would also like to mention I. M. Gel'fand's suggestion that the $\zeta$-functions of certain special differential operators should have an arithmetic ...

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### The Hardy Z-function and failure of the Riemann hypothesis

David Feldman asked whether it would be reasonable for the Riemann hypothesis to be false, but for the Riemann zeta function to only have finitely many zeros off the critical line. I very rashly ...

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### Brownian bridge interpreted as Brownian motion on the circle

Is it reasonable to view the Brownian bridge as a kind of Brownian motion indexed by points on the circle?
The Brownian bridge has some strange connections with the Riemann zeta function (see ...