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6
votes
2answers
469 views

Power series expansions of $L$-series

Let $\zeta_K(s)$ be the Dedekind zeta function for a number field $K$. We can understand the first non-vanishing coefficient of its Laurent series via the class number formula. Is anything ...
2
votes
1answer
224 views

Deriving the Riemann non-trivial zeros from $\zeta_{H}(s,a) + \zeta_{H}(s,1-a)$

The Hurwitz zeta function: $$\zeta_{H}(s,a)$$ reduces to $\zeta(s)$ when $a=1$ and to $(2^s-1)\zeta(s)$ when $a=\frac12$. However, I stumbled upon a peculiar third connection: $$\zeta_{H}(s,a) + ...
3
votes
1answer
838 views

What happens when infinite values of $\zeta_{H}(s,z)$ approach $\zeta(s)$ ?

Take the following Hurwitz zeta: $$\zeta_{H}(s,z)$$ with $s=\sigma \pm ti$ and $\displaystyle z=1 \pm \frac{i}{a}$ and $t,a \in \mathbb{R}$. In the critical strip $0 \lt \sigma \lt 1$, this Hurwitz ...
7
votes
0answers
273 views

Multiple zeta values at negative integers

For a tuple of integers $\underline{s}:=(s_1,\dots, s_d)$, the multiple zeta value (MZV) at $\underline{s}$ is defined as: $$ \zeta(s_1,\dots, s_d):= \sum_{n_1>\dots>n_d>0}\frac 1 ...
4
votes
2answers
664 views

why Riemann Hypothesis over curves is easy but 'normal' hypothesis for the Riemann Zeta function $ \zeta (s) $ is hard ,

despite both zetas $ \zeta (s,X) $ and $ \zeta (s)$ have the same functional equation, the same Euler prodcut and the same Riemann-Weil formula why one of them is 'easy' and can be solved but the ...
11
votes
4answers
597 views

non-trivial zeros of partial zeta functions

Let $N,a\in\mathbf{Z}_{\geq 1}$. Define a partial $\zeta$-function as $$ \zeta(s;N,a):=\sum_{\substack{n\geq 1\newline n\equiv a\pmod{N}}} \frac{1}{n^s} $$ where $Re(s)>1$. Let $\omega$ be either ...
5
votes
3answers
561 views

A question about partial Euler products

Let $K/{\mathbb Q}$ be an extension of degree $d$. Let $S$ be the set of primes $p$ which split completely in $K$. What can one say about the analytic properties of $$ \zeta_{K, S}(s) : = \prod_{p ...
6
votes
2answers
828 views

Is there a known formula for fractional derivative of cot x?

I wonder if there any established formula for fractional derivative of a function $\pi \cot (\pi x)$. I derived the following expression: $(\pi \cot (\pi ...
7
votes
2answers
666 views

Analogues of the Riemann-Roch Theorem

In his thesis, Tate derives a Poisson formula on the adeles and a theorem which he calls the "Riemann-Roch Theorem". More specifically, given a continuous, $L^1$ function $f$ on the adeles such that ...
5
votes
1answer
417 views

Is Zeta function discrete-analytic?

Let's define discrete-analytic functions as functions that are equal to their Newton series expansion: $$f(x) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x-a}k \Delta^k f(a)$$ My question is whether $\zeta(s,q)$ ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Riemann zeta at even integers

I am talking about this in a course I am teaching, and hence am wondering: what are the various derivations of the values of Riemann zeta function at even integers? There are two incredibly cool ...
2
votes
0answers
731 views

Proof that derivative of Hurwitz Zeta by the first argument is not expressable in terms of Hurwitz Zeta

The set of elementary functions is defined so that it to be closed against operation of differentiation. It is also evidently close against discrete differentiation. In the discrete calculus there is ...
3
votes
2answers
414 views

Can we decide if an abelian variety is simple by knowing its Zeta function ?

Let $A$ be an Abelian variety defined over the finite field with $q$ elements. Let $P_i(T)$ be the characteristic polynomial of the action of the Frobenius on the $i^{th}$ étale cohomology group. Is ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Dedekind Zeta function: behaviour at 1

Let $\zeta_F$ denote the Dedekind zeta function of a number field $F$. We have $\zeta_F(s) = \frac{\lambda_{-1}}{s-1} + \lambda_0 + \dots$ for $s-1$ small. Class number formula: We have ...
3
votes
0answers
217 views

Alternating sums of powers of the lngamma ($\small f_p(x) = \sum \log(k!)^p x^k $ at $\small x=-1$)

I'm still fiddling with this recent question and come to a detail, whether I can find closed forms for the sums of the $\small lngamma() $ function. Precisely $$ \small f_p(x) = \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} ...
4
votes
1answer
371 views

Persistent homology of Markovian dynamical systems

Consider a dynamical system $(T,X)$ that admits a Markov partition $\mathcal{M}$ (e.g., an Anosov map), and consider the corresponding 0-1 transition matrix $A$. It is commonplace to study information ...
4
votes
1answer
250 views

Convergence of the summation 1/p^(1+iy) (over all primes p with y a nonzero real number)

For $z\in\mathbb{C}$ with real part greater than $1$ the sum $$\sum_{p}{\frac{1}{p^z}},$$ where the sum is taken over all primes $p$, converges absolutely. It is also well known that the same sum with ...
5
votes
1answer
431 views

Ihara zeta function

Is there a natural connection between the Ihara zeta function of a graph, and (for instance) the Riemann zeta function of certain varieties over finite fields ? Thanks.
27
votes
4answers
3k views

What is Ricardo Pérez-Marco's eñe product? Does it explain his statistical results on differences of zeta zeros?

The number theory community here at University of Michigan is abuzz with talk of this paper recently posted to the arxiv. If you haven't seen it already, the punch line is that the global differences ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

reference-request for connection between numerator of zeta-function and characteristic polynomial of Frobenius on hyperelliptic curves over finite fields

Let $H$ be a hyperellipitic curve of genus $g$ defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$. The Frobenius endomorphism operates on the divisor class group of $H$ and satisfies a characteristic polynomial ...
4
votes
2answers
458 views

How do Brauer groups relate to zeta functions?

There are two approaches to class field theory that I was taught. The first, is the theory of $L$-functions, Dirichlet characters and so forth (which I described succintly in the question What are the ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

Negative values of Riemann zeta function on the critical line.

From parametric plots of $\zeta \left( \frac{1}{2} + it \right)$ it seems to be the case that: (1) except for $\zeta(\frac{1}{2})$ the Riemann zeta function does not attain any negative real value on ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Inverse of the Riemann zeta function

I'm wondering if there is any information on the inverse of the Riemann zeta function (not it's reciprocal, but its functional inverse). This would obviously be a multi-valued function.
3
votes
0answers
290 views

Is there a notion of a zeta function of a morphism?

The Hasse-Weil zeta function is defined only for arithmetic schemes. By an arithmetic scheme I will mean a scheme $X$ together with a morphism of finite type $X\rightarrow S$, where $S$ is an affine ...
1
vote
0answers
224 views

(why) Are the following two constructions of zeta functions equal?

Let $X$ be a variety defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. One has the usual Hasse-Weil zeta function. Now, let's do a different construction. Base change $X$ to $\mathbb{C}$: $X_{\mathbb{C}}$. Now look at its ...
47
votes
3answers
4k views

Is there a “Basic Number Theory” for elliptic curves?

Tate's thesis showed how to profitably analyze $\zeta$ functions of number fields in terms of adelic points on the multiplicative group. In particular, combining Fourier analysis and topology, Tate ...
27
votes
3answers
2k views

From Zeta Functions to Curves

Let $C$ be a nonsingular projective curve of genus $g \geq 0$ over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ with $q$ elements. From this curve, we define the zeta function $$Z_{C/{\mathbb{F}}_q}(u) = ...
9
votes
1answer
523 views

Euler product over primes congruent to 3 mod 4

I'm a string theorist and I have come across the following expression in a computation I'm doing (involving a sum over inequivalent Lens spaces): $$\widehat{\zeta}(s)=\prod_{\mathrm{primes}\ p\equiv ...
14
votes
2answers
905 views

Evaluating the integral $\int_{1}^{\infty}\frac{\{u\}}{u^{2}}\left(\log u\right)^{k}du.$

I am trying to find a formula for the following integral for non-negative integer $k$: $$\int_1^{\infty}\frac{\{u\}}{u^{2}}\left(\log u\right)^{k}du.$$ My first thought was to use the formula ...
4
votes
2answers
817 views

Evaluating the integral $\int_0^\infty \frac{\psi(x)-x}{x^2}dx.$

Let $\psi(x)=\sum_{n\leq x} \Lambda(n)$ be the weighted prime counting function. I am trying to evaluate the integral $$\kappa:=\int_{1}^{\infty}\frac{\psi(x)-x}{x^{2}}dx$$ in several different ways. ...
13
votes
1answer
751 views

Is there an elegant algebraic proof of this formula for quadratic field discriminants?

Consider the Dirichlet series counting discriminants of real quadratic fields. Quadratic field discriminants are "basically" squarefree integers, so the associated Dirichlet series $\sum D^{-s}$ is ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

Computing (on a computer) the first few (non-trivial) zeros of the zeta function of a number field.

Let $M$ be the splitting field of x^8 + 3*x^7 + 13*x^6 + 17*x^5 + 45*x^4 + 37*x^3 + 11*x^2 + 112*x + 108 over the rationals. If I've understood some tables ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

A question on K_1 of an elliptic curve

Consider an elliptic curve $E/ \mathbb{Q}$, with a regular model $\mathcal{E} / \mathbb{Z}$. We have (Beilinson regulator) maps $$ K_1(\mathcal{E})^{(2)} \to K_1(E)^{(2)} \to H_D^3(E_{/ \mathbb{R}} , ...
14
votes
5answers
3k views

Is $\zeta(3)/pi^3$ rational?

Apery proved in 1976 that $\zeta(3)$ is irrational, and we know that for all integers $n$, \[\zeta(2n)=\alpha \pi^{2n}\] for some $\alpha\in \mathbb{Q}$. Given ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

How was the importance of the zeta function discovered?

This question is similar to Why do zeta functions contain so much information? , but is distinct. If the answers to that question answer this one also, I don't understand why. The question is this: ...
15
votes
5answers
3k views

How does one motivate the analytic continuation of the Riemann zeta function?

I saw the functional equation and its proof for the Riemann zeta function many times, but ususally the books start with, e.g. tricky change of variable of Gamma function or other seemly unmotivated ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Does this sum equal zeta(3)?

Does: $$\sum_{1 \leq i<j} \frac{1}{i j^2} = \sum_{1 \leq k} \frac{1}{k^3}?$$ Motivation: Call the above sum $S$, and let $$T := \sum_{ GCD(i,j)=1} \frac{1}{\max(i,j) i j}.$$ The sum $T$ came up ...
10
votes
1answer
801 views

Degree of Transcendentality and Feynman Diagrams

Physicists computing multiloop Feynman diagrams have introduced various techniques and conjectures that involve the notion of Degree of Transcendentality (DoT). From what I understand one defines 1) ...
26
votes
1answer
2k views

A puzzling remark of Manin (ICM 1978)

Manin ends his 1978 ICM talk with this remark: I would also like to mention I. M. Gel'fand's suggestion that the $\zeta$-functions of certain special differential operators should have an arithmetic ...
27
votes
3answers
3k views

The Hardy Z-function and failure of the Riemann hypothesis

David Feldman asked whether it would be reasonable for the Riemann hypothesis to be false, but for the Riemann zeta function to only have finitely many zeros off the critical line. I very rashly ...
12
votes
8answers
2k views

Brownian bridge interpreted as Brownian motion on the circle

Is it reasonable to view the Brownian bridge as a kind of Brownian motion indexed by points on the circle? The Brownian bridge has some strange connections with the Riemann zeta function (see ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Wick rotation and the Riemann zeta function

The goal of this question is to conceptualize in some way the fact that the Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$, and other zeta functions like it, have analytic continuations. Background I have by now ...
24
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a “quantum” Riemann zeta function?

Occasionally I find myself in a situation where a naive, non-rigorous computation leads me to a divergent sum, like $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n$. In times like these, a standard approach is to guess the ...
2
votes
1answer
985 views

Function zeros in strip 0 < Re < 1 [closed]

Hi everyone. Could you plz tell me where the zeros of $f(s)$ in the strip $\{0 < \Re s < 1 \}$ are ? Do they all have $\Re s= 1/2$ ? $$f(s) = 1 - 2^{-s} - 3^{-s} + 4^{-s} - 5^{-s} + ...$$ ...
4
votes
1answer
242 views

Calculate the zeta function of a scheme by from its étale covers?

The title says it all. Given a (proper smooth) scheme $X$ over Spec$\mathbb{F}_q$, is it possible to calculate the zeta function of $X$ by from its étale covers? Like for $\mathbb{P}^n$ you can ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Refinements of the Riemann hypothesis

I have often read that the Riemann hypothesis is somewhat a statement like: The primes are as regularly distributed as we can hope for. For example $\pi(x) = Li(x)+ O(x^{\sigma+\epsilon})$ for ...
2
votes
1answer
555 views

Connection between Bernoulli polynomials and polygamma function

There is an intricate connection between Hurwitz Zeta and the (traditional) polygamma function: $$\psi_n(z)=(-1)^{n+1}n!\zeta(n+1,z)$$ If to use a generalization for Bernoulli numbers, this can be ...
6
votes
2answers
498 views

Poles of Kloosterman Zeta Function

I am a string theorist who has encountered the following number theory problem in my research. Consider the sums $$Z_+(s) = \sum_{p=1}^\infty p^{-s} S(1,1; p)$$ and $$Z_-(s) = \sum_{p=1}^\infty ...
4
votes
1answer
470 views

Characteristic Complexes in Iwasawa theory

For all that follows, $p$ is a fixed odd prime. In the formulation of the Noncommutative Main Conjecture of Iwasawa theory one uses étale cohomology to define an algebraic object analogous to Iwasawas ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Non-vanishing of zeta(s), Re(s)=1, without complex analysis?

Say you are allowed to use Fourier analysis, complex variables, Euler-Maclaurin, etc., but no complex analysis - no holomorphic continuations, no definition of analytic function, and, in particular, ...