**24**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Finite-dimensional subalgebras of $C^\star$-algebras

Let $A$ be a unital $C^\star$-algebra and let $a_1,\dots,a_n$ be a finite list of normal elements in $A$ which (together with their adjoints) generate a norm-dense $\star$-subalgebra $B \subset A$. ...

**18**

votes

**0**answers

736 views

### local equivalence of loop group representations

Let $G$ be a compact, simple, connected, simply connected (cscsc) Lie group, and let its smooth loop group $LG:=C^\infty(S^1,G)$. Given an interval $I\subset S^1$, we have the local loop group
$$
L_IG ...

**17**

votes

**0**answers

537 views

### The Mackey Topology on a Von Neumann Algebra

Every von Neumann algebra $\mathcal M$ is the dual of a unique Banach space $\mathcal M_* $. The Mackey topology on $\mathcal M$ is the topology of uniform convergence on weakly compact subsets of ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

685 views

### Relative commutants of abelian von Neumann algebras

This question arose from the discussion over at the question Centralizers in $C^*$-algebras.
Which von Neumann algebras $N$ satisfy the property that $A' \cap N = B' \cap N \implies A = B$, for all ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

649 views

### Which complete Boolean algebras arise as the algebras of projections of commutative von Neumann algebras?

Projections in an arbitrary commutative von Neumann algebra form a complete Boolean algebra.
Moreover, a morphism of commutative von Neumann algebras induces
a continuous morphism of the corresponding ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

327 views

### Connes' idea to use the hyperfinite $III_1$ factor for the archimedian place of Spec(Z)?

I recently gave a talk, where I talked about the tensor category
of (all, not just finite index) bimodules over the hyperfinite $III_1$ factor.
Vaughan Jones, who was in the audience, later told me ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

695 views

### Must we close weakly to apply the spectral theorem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable complex Hilbert space. All C*-subalgebras of $B(H)$ are assumed to be non-degenerate.
The spectral projections of a self-adjoint element $T$ of $B(H)$ lie ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

269 views

### Are there only finitely many maximal irreducible amenable subfactors at fixed finite index?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $.
Question: Are there only finitely many maximal irreducible amenable subfactors at ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

558 views

### Pimsner-Popa Bases

Let $N\subset M$ be a finite index $II_1$-subfactor. Let $B=\{b_i\}$ be a finite orthonormal (Pimsner-Popa) basis for $M$ over $N$. Let $d=[M\colon N]^{1/2}$. It is well known that $B_1=\{d b_{i_1} ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

287 views

### Canonical Time Evolution for Type $II_{1}$-Factors?

This question was spurred by the answer of Steve Huntsman to the MO question here. The Tomita-Takesaki modular automorphism group gives rise to a canonical time evolution on a type $III$ factor ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

268 views

### Is it known that “hyperfinite length” cannot distinguish free group factors?

Given a type $II_{1}$ factor $M$, Popa and Ge defined the hyperfinite length $l_{h}(M)$ of $M$ to be the minimum natural number $n$ such that there are hyperfinite subalgebras $R_{1}, R_{2},..., ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

237 views

### Is the “Laplacian” a MASA in a Burnside Factor?

It is a basic fact that every type $II_{1}$ factor posesses a maximal abelian $*$-subalgebra (MASA). My question concerns the concrete realization of such subalgebras. For example, in the free group ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

292 views

### Is there a finite-index finite-depth II$_1$ subfactor which is more than $7$-super-transitive?

Background: See Noah and Emily's posts on subfactors and planar algebras on the Secret Blogging Seminar.
There are plenty of examples of $3$-super-transitive (3-ST) subfactors; Haagerup, $S_4 < ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### A non-hyperfinite type III factor from an action of the free group on the circle

We define below a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$ from an action of the free group on the circle, and we prove that $\mathcal{M}$ is a non-hyperfinite type III factor.
Question : Is ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Is it true that there are exactly two conjugacy classes of order two elements in Out(R)?

In the title, $R$ stands for the hyperfinite III1 factor.
An order two element $\alpha\in Out(M)$ ($M$ any factor) has an invariant $c(\alpha)\in H^3(\mathbb Z/2,S^1)=\mathbb Z/2$.
Q: Is $c$ the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

273 views

### Koopman representation, weakly compact action, Ozawa Popa

Given a weakly compact action (Ozawa-Popa) of a discrete group $\Gamma$ on p.m space $X$, consider the Koopman representation $\pi$ on $L^2(X)$. Compose this representation with the Calkin projection. ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Approximation in the tensor square of a weakly exact von Neumann algebra

Background. I think I can prove something about a certain construction definition for Fourier algebras of discrete groups, under the assumption that the group is exact (well, really I use Yu's ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Are the integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors Kac-coideal?

Is every integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors planar algebra, the intermediate of an irreducible finite index depth $2$ subfactors planar algebra?
In other words, of the following form ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

138 views

### A conditional form of Holder's Inequality on Type II-1 von Neumann algebras

Suppose $V$ is a von-Neumann algebra with a trace $\tau$ so that $\tau(I) = 1$. Suppose $W$ is a sub-von Neumann algebra of $V$. Then we can define a conditional expection to be a projection ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

225 views

### Find a lower bound for a pre-invariant $Fol(L(F_m), X_m)$

In the paper of Bannon and Ravichandran, A Folner invariant for type $\rm{II}_1$ factors, they defined an invariant $Fol(M)$ for a separable type $\rm{II}_1$ factor $M$, especially for the free group ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

203 views

### When can't spaces of correspondences distinguish type $II_{1}$ factors?

If $M$ is a type $II_{1}$ factor with trace $\tau$, let $Corr(M)$ denote the space of unitary equivalence classes of $M-M$ correspondences (binormal $M-M$ bimodules) equipped with Popa's analogue of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Submodules of a Hilbert space with finite Jones index with respect to a von Neumann algebra

While studying some basic theory of Cartan subalgebras of von Neumann algebras I found the following fact that I couldn't prove:
Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, $A$ and $B$ trace von Neumann subalgebras ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### The groupoid VN algebra of the transversal to a uniquely ergodic action

I have a uniquely ergodic dynamical system preserving a finite ergodic measure (specifically, I have a nice aperiodic tiling space with an action of $\mathbb{R}^d$). Thus the transformation group von ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

206 views

### An embedding theorem for a fusion ring planar algebra?

We first recall the embedding theorem for finite depth subfactor planar algebras:
The planar algebra generated by a (finite depth) subfactor, is embeddable into the planar algebra generated by its ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

448 views

### About generator and isomorphism problems for free groups operator algebras

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space.
The $C^{*}$-algebras and von Neumann here unital and subalgebras of $B(H)$.
Definition : Let $\mathcal{A}$ be $C^{*}$-algebra (resp. a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Is there a maximal finite depth infinite index irreducible subfactor?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is irreducible if $N' \cap M = \mathbb{C} $.
It's maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $.
It's cyclic if its lattice of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

227 views

### Extensions of completely positive mappings

I would like to ask the following two questions.
Let $1_{\mathcal{H}}\in \mathcal{A}\subset\mathcal{B}\subset\overline{\mathcal{A}}^{SOT}\subset\mathbb{B}(\mathcal{H})$ be a sequence of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

351 views

### Connes fusion and the composition of completely positive maps

Let $N$ be a type $II_{1}$-factor with trace $\tau$.
An $N-N$ correspondence is a Hilbert $N$-bimodule $H$ where the left and right actions are both ultraweakly continuous. Equivalently, a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### How the modular theory of von Neumann algebras, deal with generating C*-algebras?

Let $H$ be a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space, $M \subset B(H)$ a von Neumann algebra and $A \subset M$ a separable $C^*$-algebra such that $A''=M$. Suppose the existence of a bicyclic ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### What are the first non-maximal non-group-subgroup simple irreducible subfactors?

Definition: For an irreducible (finite index) subfactor $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{M})$, an intermediate $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{P} \subset \mathcal{M})$
is normal if the biprojections ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Is the fundamental group of a maximal subfactor always $\mathbb{R}_{+}^{*}$?

The fundamental group $\mathcal{F}(N \subset M)$ of an inclusion of $II_{1}$ factors $N \subset M$ is defined as : $\mathcal{F}(N \subset M) =\{t >0 \ | \ (N \subset M)^{t} \simeq (N \subset M) ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

388 views

### Morphism of von Neumann Algebras

Hello,
Is there a counterexample to the following statement:
let $A,B$ two von Neumann algebras, every morphism $A \rightarrow B$ of $C^* $-algebras is a $W^*$-homomorphism ?
( a $W^* ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### Infinite number of non-isomorphic von Neumann algebras with property Gamma?

A II$_1$ factor $\mathcal M$ with trace $\tau$ has property Gamma if for every $\epsilon > 0$ and finite set $\{x_1,\cdots, x_n\} \subset \mathcal M$ there exists a trace 0 unitary element ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Rank–nullity theorem for finite von Neumann algebras

The rank-nullity theorem states that for $U, V$ finite dimensional vector spaces and $T:U \to V$ a linear map $$\dim(U) = \dim(im(T)) + \dim(ker(T)) $$
Let $M \subset B(H) $ be a finite von Neumann ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Arveson spectrum for a unitary representation of a group on a Hilbert space

Although this is not research, I think the question is a little bit too specific for math.stackexchange
Let $G = \mathbb{R}$. By Stone's theorem, $U(t)\in\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ is generated by a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Uniqueness of the tensor product decomposition of subfactors

A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is indecomposable if (for $N_i \subset M_i)$: $$(N \subset M) = (N_1 \otimes N_2 \subset M_1 \otimes M_2) \Rightarrow \exists i \ N_i = M_i$$
Then, a subfactor $(N ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

189 views

### Two Definitions of Non-commutative $L^p$ space

Throughout, let $(\mathcal{M},\tau)$ be a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$, acting on a Hilbert space $H$, with normal semifinite faithful trace $\tau$.
In the survey article by Pisier and Xu, the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### A section from subfactors to transitive groups

A finite group-subgroup subfactor is a subfactor $(N \subset M)$ isomorphic to $(R^G \subset R^H)$ with $(H \subset G)$ an inclusion of finite groups acting as outer automorphism on the hyperfinite ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### Planar algebraic translation of a subfactor property

Let $N \subset M$ be an irreducible finite depth and finite index subfactor.
$M$ is a completely reducible (algebraic) $N$-$N$ bimodule, it decomposes into irreducibles as follows :
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

243 views

### Versions of the spectral theorem

Since any $C^*$-algebra can be represented as an algebra of bounded operators $\mathcal{B(H)}$ on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, the spectral theorem applies to all $C^*$-algebras:
($*$) ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### About the classification of infinite depth irreducible finite index maximal subfactors

The Temperley Lieb subfactors $A_{\infty}$ are the first examples of infinite depth irreducible finite index maximal subfactors. We can see these subfactors as coming from the simple Lie group ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

310 views

### Does this inequality of negative relative entropy and quantum relative entropy hold?

Hello, everyone!
Question
I have a question about the relationship between general relative entropy and general quantum relative entropy: Given a unit vector $|i\rangle$ and two Hermitian matrices ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

229 views

### If the flip automorphism of a finite factor can be connected to the identity is it approximately inner?

This intriguing question is due to Sorin Popa, so I'm marking it community wiki. I'd like to know the status of the question, and if it is still open, perhaps gather some new ideas for attacking it.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

37 views

### Support vectors and relative modular operator

I'm studying the relative modular operator and I'm looking for o good text to do it. Until now I'm using Araki's papers but I don't know how to deal with the support of a vector, $s^M(\xi)$, which is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### Examples of non-extremal subfactors

Every subfactor $(N \subset M)$ in this post are supposed to be finite index inclusion of ${\rm II}_1$ factors.
Definition (here p64): Such a subfactor is called extremal if $tr_{N'} = tr_M$ on ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### Why does one only consider one-parameter groups in Borchers-Arveson theorem?

(question from math.stackexchange)
The theorem (Operator algebras and Quantum statistical mechanics vol. 1, Bratteli, Robinson, Thm. 3.2.46 p.261) roughly says that if one has a one parameter ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### Are there infinitely many amenable Hadamard-Petrescu subfactors?

The complex Hadamard matrices of dimension $n$ are used to build index $n$ subfactors through the commuting square construction. For more details, see the paper Subfactors and Hadamard Matrices by ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

219 views

### Is a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor, intermediate of a depth ≤ 3 one?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor.
Main question: Is $(N \subset M)$ the intermediate of a finite index depth $\le 3$ irreducible subfactor?
(In others words, is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

91 views

### two concepts of positivity for elements of $C(X)$ when $X$ is hyper-stonean

Suppose that $X$ is a compact space. Let $M(X)=C(X)^*$ denote the Banach space of regular measures. Is the following statement true:
$F:M(X)\to\mathbb{C}$ is a positive functional if and only if the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

124 views

### Number of projections in a von Neumann algebra

Suppose that a von Neumann algebra $A$ acts on $\ell_2(I)$ and $I$ has the minimal cardinality for which it holds. Can we caluclate (or at least give a reasonable lower bound) for the cardinality of ...