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3
votes
1answer
358 views

The category of subfactors extending the category of groups?

This post was inspired by this answer of Dave Penneys. In the category of (irreducible hyperfinite II$_1$) subfactors, the morphisms of $(N \subset M)$ to $(N' \subset M')$ are usually defined as ...
3
votes
1answer
261 views

What's the natural equivalence of subfactors in general?

Let $A$ be a factor and $\mathcal{C}_{A}$ be the category of all the subfactors $(M \subset N)$ such that $M$ and $N$ are isomorphic to $A$. The most famous of them is perhaps $\mathcal{C}_{R}$ with ...
20
votes
0answers
1k views

Finite-dimensional subalgebras of $C^\star$-algebras

Let $A$ be a unital $C^\star$-algebra and let $a_1,\dots,a_n$ be a finite list of normal elements in $A$ which (together with their adjoints) generate a norm-dense $\star$-subalgebra $B \subset A$. ...
18
votes
0answers
657 views

local equivalence of loop group representations

Let $G$ be a compact, simple, connected, simply connected (cscsc) Lie group, and let its smooth loop group $LG:=C^\infty(S^1,G)$. Given an interval $I\subset S^1$, we have the local loop group $$ L_IG ...
16
votes
0answers
562 views

Relative commutants of abelian von Neumann algebras

This question arose from the discussion over at the question Centralizers in $C^*$-algebras. Which von Neumann algebras $N$ satisfy the property that $A' \cap N = B' \cap N \implies A = B$, for all ...
15
votes
0answers
497 views

The Mackey Topology on a Von Neumann Algebra

Every von Neumann algebra $\mathcal M$ is the dual of a unique Banach space $\mathcal M_* $. The Mackey topology on $\mathcal M$ is the topology of uniform convergence on weakly compact subsets of ...
14
votes
0answers
265 views

Connes' idea to use the hyperfinite $III_1$ factor for the archimedian place of Spec(Z)?

I recently gave a talk, where I talked about the tensor category of (all, not just finite index) bimodules over the hyperfinite $III_1$ factor. Vaughan Jones, who was in the audience, later told me ...
13
votes
0answers
506 views

Which complete Boolean algebras arise as the algebras of projections of commutative von Neumann algebras?

Projections in an arbitrary commutative von Neumann algebra form a complete Boolean algebra. Moreover, a morphism of commutative von Neumann algebras induces a continuous morphism of the corresponding ...
12
votes
0answers
665 views

Must we close weakly to apply the spectral theorem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable complex Hilbert space. All C*-subalgebras of $B(H)$ are assumed to be non-degenerate. The spectral projections of a self-adjoint element $T$ of $B(H)$ lie ...
8
votes
0answers
235 views

Are there only finitely many maximal subfactors of a fixed finite index ?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $. Question: are there only finitely many maximal subfactors of a fixed finite ...
8
votes
0answers
488 views

Pimsner-Popa Bases

Let $N\subset M$ be a finite index $II_1$-subfactor. Let $B=\{b_i\}$ be a finite orthonormal (Pimsner-Popa) basis for $M$ over $N$. Let $d=[M\colon N]^{1/2}$. It is well known that $B_1=\{d b_{i_1} ...
7
votes
0answers
273 views

Canonical Time Evolution for Type $II_{1}$-Factors?

This question was spurred by the answer of Steve Huntsman to the MO question here. The Tomita-Takesaki modular automorphism group gives rise to a canonical time evolution on a type $III$ factor ...
7
votes
0answers
256 views

Is it known that “hyperfinite length” cannot distinguish free group factors?

Given a type $II_{1}$ factor $M$, Popa and Ge defined the hyperfinite length $l_{h}(M)$ of $M$ to be the minimum natural number $n$ such that there are hyperfinite subalgebras $R_{1}, R_{2},..., ...
7
votes
0answers
210 views

Is the “Laplacian” a MASA in a Burnside Factor?

It is a basic fact that every type $II_{1}$ factor posesses a maximal abelian $*$-subalgebra (MASA). My question concerns the concrete realization of such subalgebras. For example, in the free group ...
7
votes
0answers
279 views

Is there a finite-index finite-depth II$_1$ subfactor which is more than $7$-super-transitive?

Background: See Noah and Emily's posts on subfactors and planar algebras on the Secret Blogging Seminar. There are plenty of examples of $3$-super-transitive (3-ST) subfactors; Haagerup, $S_4 < ...
6
votes
0answers
187 views

A non-hyperfinite type III factor from an action of the free group on the circle

We define below a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$ from an action of the free group on the circle, and we prove that $\mathcal{M}$ is a non-hyperfinite type III factor. Question : Is ...
6
votes
0answers
124 views

Is it true that there are exactly two conjugacy classes of order two elements in Out(R)?

In the title, $R$ stands for the hyperfinite III1 factor. An order two element $\alpha\in Out(M)$ ($M$ any factor) has an invariant $c(\alpha)\in H^3(\mathbb Z/2,S^1)=\mathbb Z/2$. Q: Is $c$ the ...
5
votes
0answers
92 views

A conditional form of Holder's Inequality on Type II-1 von Neumann algebras

Suppose $V$ is a von-Neumann algebra with a trace $\tau$ so that $\tau(I) = 1$. Suppose $W$ is a sub-von Neumann algebra of $V$. Then we can define a conditional expection to be a projection ...
5
votes
0answers
213 views

Find a lower bound for a pre-invariant $Fol(L(F_m), X_m)$

In the paper of Bannon and Ravichandran, A Folner invariant for type $\rm{II}_1$ factors, they defined an invariant $Fol(M)$ for a separable type $\rm{II}_1$ factor $M$, especially for the free group ...
5
votes
0answers
201 views

When can't spaces of correspondences distinguish type $II_{1}$ factors?

If $M$ is a type $II_{1}$ factor with trace $\tau$, let $Corr(M)$ denote the space of unitary equivalence classes of $M-M$ correspondences (binormal $M-M$ bimodules) equipped with Popa's analogue of ...
4
votes
0answers
152 views

The groupoid VN algebra of the transversal to a uniquely ergodic action

I have a uniquely ergodic dynamical system preserving a finite ergodic measure (specifically, I have a nice aperiodic tiling space with an action of $\mathbb{R}^d$). Thus the transformation group von ...
4
votes
0answers
161 views

An embedding theorem for a fusion ring planar algebra?

We first recall the embedding theorem for finite depth subfactor planar algebras: The planar algebra generated by a (finite depth) subfactor, is embeddable into the planar algebra generated by its ...
4
votes
0answers
103 views

Is there a maximal finite depth infinite index irreducible subfactor?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is irreducible if $N' \cap M = \mathbb{C} $. It's maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $. It's cyclic if its lattice of ...
4
votes
0answers
214 views

Extensions of completely positive mappings

I would like to ask the following two questions. Let $1_{\mathcal{H}}\in \mathcal{A}\subset\mathcal{B}\subset\overline{\mathcal{A}}^{SOT}\subset\mathbb{B}(\mathcal{H})$ be a sequence of ...
3
votes
0answers
140 views

What are the first non-maximal non-group-subgroup simple irreducible subfactors?

Definition: For an irreducible (finite index) subfactor $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{M})$, an intermediate $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{P} \subset \mathcal{M})$ is normal if the biprojections ...
3
votes
0answers
339 views

About generator and isomorphism problems for free groups operator algebras

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space. The $C^{*}$-algebras and von Neumann here unital and subalgebras of $B(H)$. Definition : Let $\mathcal{A}$ be $C^{*}$-algebra (resp. a ...
3
votes
0answers
170 views

Is the fundamental group of a maximal subfactor always $\mathbb{R}_{+}^{*}$?

The fundamental group $\mathcal{F}(N \subset M)$ of an inclusion of $II_{1}$ factors $N \subset M$ is defined as : $\mathcal{F}(N \subset M) =\{t >0 \ | \ (N \subset M)^{t} \simeq (N \subset M) ...
3
votes
0answers
363 views

Morphism of von Neumann Algebras

Hello, Is there a counterexample to the following statement: let $A,B$ two von Neumann algebras, every morphism $A \rightarrow B$ of $C^* $-algebras is a $W^*$-homomorphism ? ( a $W^* ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Uniqueness of the tensor product decomposition of subfactors

A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is indecomposable if (for $N_i \subset M_i)$: $$(N \subset M) = (N_1 \otimes N_2 \subset M_1 \otimes M_2) \Rightarrow \exists i \ N_i = M_i$$ Then, a subfactor $(N ...
2
votes
0answers
146 views

Two Definitions of Non-commutative $L^p$ space

Throughout, let $(\mathcal{M},\tau)$ be a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$, acting on a Hilbert space $H$, with normal semifinite faithful trace $\tau$. In the survey article by Pisier and Xu, the ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

A section from subfactors to transitive groups

A finite group-subgroup subfactor is a subfactor $(N \subset M)$ isomorphic to $(R^G \subset R^H)$ with $(H \subset G)$ an inclusion of finite groups acting as outer automorphism on the hyperfinite ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Planar algebraic translation of a subfactor property

Let $N \subset M$ be an irreducible finite depth and finite index subfactor. $M$ is a completely reducible (algebraic) $N$-$N$ bimodule, it decomposes into irreducibles as follows : ...
2
votes
0answers
198 views

Versions of the spectral theorem

Since any $C^*$-algebra can be represented as an algebra of bounded operators $\mathcal{B(H)}$ on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, the spectral theorem applies to all $C^*$-algebras: ($*$) ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

About the classification of infinite depth irreducible finite index maximal subfactors

The Temperley Lieb subfactors $A_{\infty}$ are the first examples of infinite depth irreducible finite index maximal subfactors. We can see these subfactors as coming from the simple Lie group ...
2
votes
0answers
281 views

Does this inequality of negative relative entropy and quantum relative entropy hold?

Hello, everyone! Question I have a question about the relationship between general relative entropy and general quantum relative entropy: Given a unit vector $|i\rangle$ and two Hermitian matrices ...
2
votes
0answers
319 views

Connes fusion and the composition of completely positive maps

Let $N$ be a type $II_{1}$-factor with trace $\tau$. An $N-N$ correspondence is a Hilbert $N$-bimodule $H$ where the left and right actions are both ultraweakly continuous. Equivalently, a ...
2
votes
0answers
218 views

If the flip automorphism of a finite factor can be connected to the identity is it approximately inner?

This intriguing question is due to Sorin Popa, so I'm marking it community wiki. I'd like to know the status of the question, and if it is still open, perhaps gather some new ideas for attacking it. ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Are the integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors Kac-coideal?

Is it known whether or not the integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors (planar algebra) are Kac-coideal subfactors: $(R^{\mathbb{A}} \subset R^{\mathbb{I}})$, with $\mathbb{A}$ a finite ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

two concepts of positivity for elements of $C(X)$ when $X$ is hyper-stonean

Suppose that $X$ is a compact space. Let $M(X)=C(X)^*$ denote the Banach space of regular measures. Is the following statement true: $F:M(X)\to\mathbb{C}$ is a positive functional if and only if the ...
1
vote
0answers
121 views

Number of projections in a von Neumann algebra

Suppose that a von Neumann algebra $A$ acts on $\ell_2(I)$ and $I$ has the minimal cardinality for which it holds. Can we caluclate (or at least give a reasonable lower bound) for the cardinality of ...
0
votes
0answers
134 views

Is a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor, intermediate of a depth ≤ 3 one?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor. Main question: Is $(N \subset M)$ the intermediate of a finite index depth $\le 3$ irreducible subfactor? (In others words, is ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Hyperfinite type II_1 factor as the Clifford algebra

In Connes' book Noncommutative geometry, there is a presentation of all hyperfinite factors. He reffers to type $II_1$ as the Clifford algebra of infinite dimensional Euclidean space. This factor can ...
0
votes
0answers
181 views

Weights on Von Neuman factors

Let A be a type $I$ factor on a Hilbert space H. Let $\varphi$ be a semi-finite normal weight on $A^{+}$ is it possible to say that then there exist Hilbert spaces $H_2 \subset H_1$ and an isomorphism ...
0
votes
0answers
138 views

For a separable v-N algebra M, how to see $M \rtimes \mathbb{R}$ as a subalgebra of $M \otimes B(L^2)$?

For a v-N algebra $M$ acting as bounded operators on a separable Hilbert space $H$, how to see $M \rtimes \mathbb{R}$ as a subalgebra of $M \otimes B(L^2(\mathbb{R})$? Why I am confused is because ...