The von-neumann-algebras tag has no wiki summary.

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### Can we recover a von Neumann algebra from its predual?

By definition, a von Neumann algebra is a C*‑algebra A
that admits a predual, i.e., a Banach space Z such that
Z* is isomorphic to the underlying Banach space of A.
(We require that isomorphisms in ...

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### Decomposition of an abelian von Neumann algebra

Hi, I came across the statement below and I couldn't figure out why it is true. I was hoping someone could explain it or give me a good reference. Thank you in advance.
"Let $\pi$ be a non-degenerate ...

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### When can the group von Neumann algebra of a one-relator group be isomorphic to a free group factor?

Let $G=\langle a,b | R \rangle$ be a one-relator group. When can the left group von Neumann algebra $LG$ be isomorphic to a free group factor? Jesse and Andreas have "trapped the lion" pretty well ...

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### Weakly solid factors?

A type $II_{1}$ factor $\mathcal{M}$ is solid if for every diffuse von Neumann subalgebra $\mathcal{A}$ of $\mathcal{M}$, the relative commutant $\mathcal{A}'\cap \mathcal{M}$ is injective. (See ...

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### Endomorphism of type III factor: can it satisfy $\phi\circ\phi = \phi\oplus\phi$?

I'm still trying to get some feeling about this question...
Given Jesse Peterson's answer to this question (he showed that $\phi\circ\phi\sim\phi$ is impossible), I suspect that the following is also ...

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### Is it known that “hyperfinite length” cannot distinguish free group factors?

Given a type $II_{1}$ factor $M$, Popa and Ge defined the hyperfinite length $l_{h}(M)$ of $M$ to be the minimum natural number $n$ such that there are hyperfinite subalgebras $R_{1}, R_{2},..., ...

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### Subfactor theory and Hilbert von Neumann Algebras

There seem to be intimate connections between the different definitions of von Neumann module. The two that I'm aware of are Hilbert von Neumann modules and correspondences (in the sense of Connes). I ...

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### endomorphism of factor: can it be idempotent up to congugacy?

Let $M$ be a factor, and let $\phi:M\to M$ be an irreducible endomorphism
("irreducible" means that the relative commutant of $\phi(M)$ in $M$ is trivial).
Let's also assume that $\phi$ is not ...

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### Why is every factor a tensor product of a $\sigma$-finite factor and a factor of type I?

Here I am not assuming the factor is represented on a separable Hilbert space. This is quoted on page 370 of Takesaki II, then a bit later on page 381, and I haven't been able to find a proof prior to ...

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### Would a supersymmetric theory of von Neumann algebras be useful?

While looking over the first chapter of
1) Quantum Fields and Strings: A Course For Mathematicians (P. Deligne, P. Etingof, D.S. Freed, L. Jeffrey, D. Kazhdan, J. Morgan, D.R. Morrison and E. Witten, ...

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### Transfinite induction, a theorem of Pedersen, and chains of subalgebras of $B(H)$

This post is closely related to this one. (In fact I copied some of its content.)
Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable complex Hilbert space. All $C^{\star}$-subalgebras of $B(H)$ are assumed ...

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### subfactor of finite rank but infinite index: is this possible?

A subfactor $N\subset M$ is essentially the same thing as an $N$-$M$-bimodule.
I'll recall the basic definitions in the language of bimodules, and I hope that subfactor people will excuse me.
...

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### “Averaging” in von Neumann algebras

I've been reading recently about various "averaging" tricks in von Neumann algebras. For example, Christensen and Sinclair, in "On von Neumann algebras which are complemented subspaces of $B(H)$." J. ...

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### Can the minimal index of a subfactor take all values in {4cos^2(pi/n);n=3,4,5,…} u [4,infinity]?

Given a subfactor $N\to M$ and a conditional expectation $E:M\to N$,
there is a numerical invariant $Ind(E)$ associated to to this situation, called the index of $E$.
The possible values of $Ind(E)$ ...

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### Are the compact and Haagerup approximation properties equivalent?

The following essentially implies the equivalence of Anantharaman-Delaroche's compact approximation property (page 337 of ...

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### Is the “Laplacian” a MASA in a Burnside Factor?

It is a basic fact that every type $II_{1}$ factor posesses a maximal abelian $*$-subalgebra (MASA). My question concerns the concrete realization of such subalgebras. For example, in the free group ...

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### Do Burnside Group Factors have Gamma?

The Free Burnside group $G=B(2,665)=\langle a,b|g^{665} \rangle$ is infinite, by the work of Adyan and Novikov. Furthermore, the centralizer of any nonidentity element in $G$ is finite cyclic, and so ...

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### Relative Bicommutant

If $A \subseteq \mathcal B(\mathcal H)$ is an algebra of operators that is closed under adjoint, then its bicommutant $A''$ is a von Neumann algebra, and is the ultraweak closure of $A$; this is one ...

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### range projection of an unbounded idempotent affiliated to a finite von Neumann algebra

To be slightly more precise: let $M\subset B(H)$ be a finite von Neumann algebra equipped with a faithful normal trace $\tau$, and let $L^0(M,\tau)$ be the completion of $M$ in the measure topology; ...

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### Finite dimensionality of certain $C^{\star}$-algebras

In the discussion about the question Finite-dimensional subalgebras of $C^{\star}$-algebras the following separate question came up:
Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $a_1, \dots, a_n \in B(H)$ be ...

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### Ideal of “Compact Operators” in a W*-algebra which gives the sigma-strong-* topology.

In the case of bounded operators on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, $L(\mathcal{H})$, there are multiple descriptions of the $\sigma$-strong-* topology, namely:
1) As given by seminorms ...

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### Finite-dimensional subalgebras of $C^\star$-algebras

Let $A$ be a unital $C^\star$-algebra and let $a_1,\dots,a_n$ be a finite list of normal elements in $A$ which (together with their adjoints) generate a norm-dense $\star$-subalgebra $B \subset A$. ...

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### Proof of PCT theorem for Haag-Kastler nets in QFT

This question is about a theorem in the Haag-Kastler axiomatic approach to quantum field theory (QFT), also known as axiomatic or algebraic or local QFT.
PCT stands for parity, charge and time, a ...

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### Must we close weakly to apply the spectral theorem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable complex Hilbert space. All C*-subalgebras of $B(H)$ are assumed to be non-degenerate.
The spectral projections of a self-adjoint element $T$ of $B(H)$ lie ...

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### Reference for von Neumann algebras coming from a group algebra twisted by a 2-cocycle?

I am looking at a von Neumann algebra constructed from a discrete group and a 2-cocylce.
Does someone know some good references (article, book)? It would be very helpful for me.
To be more precise, ...

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### Universal characterization and explicit description of elements of the group von Neumann algebra and the crossed product

Group von Neumann algebras and crossed products for a locally compact group G
can be constructed in many different ways.
For example, one can take the von Neumann algebra generated
by certain ...

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### Lifting surjective von Neumann algebra homomorphisms

Is the following true? What's a nice proof?
Let $M$ and $N$ be von Neumann algebras, and let $\phi:M\rightarrow N$ be a normal, surjective, *-homomorphism. Is there a normal *-homomorphism ...

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### Monoidal structures on von Neumann algebras

My question is based on the following vague belief, shared by many people: It should be possible to use von Neumann algebras in order to define the cohomology theory TMF (topological modular forms) in ...

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### Reference for the Gelfand-Neumark theorem for commutative von Neumann algebras

The Gelfand-Neumark theorem for commutative von Neumann algebras states that the following three categories are equivalent:
(1) The opposite category of the category of commutative von Neumann ...

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### A non-commutative Radon-Nikodym derivative.

In this classic paper, Sakai proves the following Radon-Nikodym theorem:
Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra, and let $\phi$ and $\psi$ be two normal positive linear functionals on $M$. If $\psi \leq ...

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### normalizer of algebras and groups

Hi,
I am looking at inclusion of discrete groups $H\subset G$ such that $H$ is abelian and $(hgh^{-1},h\in H)$ is infinite if $g\in G-H$. If you have this, $LH\subset LG$ is a maximal abelian ...

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### Kernel projections in the universal representation.

Let $A \subseteq \mathcal B(\mathcal H)$ be a unital C*-algebra in its universal representation. The GNS representation $\pi_\mu\colon A \rightarrow \mathcal B(\mathcal H_\mu)$ with base state $\mu$ ...

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### Murray-von Neumann classification of local algebras in Haag-Kastler QFT

The Haag-Kastler approach to quantum field theory (QFT) is one of the oldest approaches to rigorously define what a QFT is, it deals with nets of operator algebras: You start with a spacetime and ...

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### When does a conditional expectation preserve some trace?

In developing a theory of index for inclusions of finite von Neumann algebras, several authors ([Kosaki, 1986], [Fidaleo & Isola,1996], etc.) define the index of a conditional expectation of a von ...

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### When can a partial isometry $u$ in $\mathcal B(H \otimes K)$ be extended to a unitary in $1 \otimes \mathcal B(K)$?

Let $H$ and $K$ be Hilbert spaces, and let $u$ be a partial isometry in $\mathcal{B}(H \otimes K)$ between projections $p_0 = u^\ast u$ and $p_1 = u u^\ast$ such that $p_0, p_1 \leq 1 \otimes (1-q)$ ...

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### Is the group von Neumann algebra construction functorial?

Let $G$ be a group and $CG$ the complex group algebra over the field $C$ of complex number. The group von Neumann algebra $NG$ is the completion of $CG$ wrt weak operator norm in $B(l^2(G))$, the set ...

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### Definition of a von Neumann algebra

Is there a way to equip every C*-algebra A with a functorial topology such that
the canonical map A→A** is an isomorphism if and only if A is a von Neumann algebra?
Here A** denotes the dual of A* in ...

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### Is Dependent Choice all we really need?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axiom_of_dependent_choice
Is DC sufficient for the understanding of objects that are countable in some suitable sense?
For example, is DC sufficient for the full ...

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### Do subgroups have “two sided bases”?

Let $H\leq G$ be an inclusion of finite groups. Define a map $E\colon \mathbb{C}[G]\to \mathbb{C}[H]$ to be the $\mathbb{C}$-linear extension of
$$
E(g)=\begin{cases}
g &\text{if } g\in H\\\
0 ...

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### Does such a subgroup exist?

I am looking for a certain masa in a $II_1$ factor which is singular and has nontrivial Takesaki invariant.
For this I am looking for an example of an inclusion of groups $H\subset G$ such that:
$G$ ...

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### Measurable functions and unbounded operators in von Neumann algebras

How do you define unbounded measurable functions for a general von Neumann algebra?
For the commutative algebra $L^\infty(X,\mu)$, we can consider the space of all measurable functions that are ...

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### A coalgebraic description of the hyperfinite II_1 revisited

Back here I was asking for a coalgebraic characterisation of the hyperfinite $II_1$ factor. Recall the latter's construction by forming the inductive limit of a chain of matrix algebras $R \to M_2(R) ...

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### What is the relationship between algebraic geometry and quantum mechanics?

The basic relationship in algebraic geometry is between a variety and its ring of functions. Arguably a similarly basic relationship in quantum mechanics is between a state space and its algebra of ...

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### One-parameter semigroups of bimodules

Suppose M is a von Neumann algebra.
Consider a monoidal category of bimodules over M.
Here a bimodule is a Hilbert space with two normal representations of M.
The monoidal structure is given by ...

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### Do torsion-free groups give projectionless group ($C^\ast$) algebras?

One of the reasons I study von Neumann algebras is that they always have plenty of projections. There are many projectionless $C^\ast$-algebras ($0$ and possibly $1$ are the only projections), but the ...

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### Non-commutative geometry from von Neumann algebras?

The Gelfand transform gives an equivalence of categories from the category of unital, commutative $C^*$-algebras with unital $*$-homomorphisms to the category of compact Hausdorff spaces with ...

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### Is there a coalgebraic characterisation of the hyperfinite II_1 factor?

Peter Freyd showed that the real interval [0, 1] is a final coalgebra for a functor on sets equipped with two points, which sends such a set to the 'wedge' of two copies of itself, identifying the ...

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### Maximal localizations of von Neumann algebras

Suppose M is a von Neumann algebra.
Denote by L its maximal noncommutative localization,
i.e., the Ore localization with respect to the set of all left and right regular elements,
i.e., elements whose ...

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### Categorifying the Reals via von Neumann Algebras?

So one way to categorify the natural numbers is to replace them with vector spaces. Then the dimension of the vector space reproduces the natural number. More generally you can categorify integers to ...

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### Operator Valued Weights

One of the basic tools in subfactors is the conditional expectation. If $N\subset M$ is a $II_1$-subfactor (or an inclusion of finite factors), then there is a unique trace-preserving conditional ...