The von-neumann-algebras tag has no usage guidance.

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### Commutant of a von Neumann algebra as the linear span of unitaries.

I'm reading chapter 4 of Gerard Murphy's C*-algebras book and am confused by a statement in his proof of theorem 4.1.10. In his proof, he says, "$A'$ is the linear span of its unitaries" (where $A'$ ...

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### Limits of von Neumann algebras

Consider (abstract) von Neumann algebras topologised by their weak*-topology arising from the unique predual.
In the theory of topological vector spaces, there is a natural notion of an inductive ...

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### Finite projection in Von Neumann algebra

I had the following question when I am learning von Neumann algebras:
Let p be a finite projection in a finite von Neumann algebra $M$, let $p>p_1>p_2>\cdots$ be a decreasing sequence of ...

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### Von Neumann algebra associated to the infinite Cuntz algebra

The Cuntz algebra $\mathcal{O}_{\infty}$ is the universal $C^*$-algebra generated by countably infinitely many isometries $s_i$ satisfying the relations $s_i^*s_j = \delta_{ij}$ (there is no condition ...

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### Which W*-algebras are the duals of C*-coalgebras?

A Banach algebra (assumed associative and unital) is precisely a monoid object in the monoidal category of Banach spaces, short linear maps, and the projective tensor product. A Banach coalgebra is ...

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### Extensions of completely positive mappings

I would like to ask the following two questions.
Let $1_{\mathcal{H}}\in \mathcal{A}\subset\mathcal{B}\subset\overline{\mathcal{A}}^{SOT}\subset\mathbb{B}(\mathcal{H})$ be a sequence of ...

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### Is it true that there are exactly two conjugacy classes of order two elements in Out(R)?

In the title, $R$ stands for the hyperfinite III1 factor.
An order two element $\alpha\in Out(M)$ ($M$ any factor) has an invariant $c(\alpha)\in H^3(\mathbb Z/2,S^1)=\mathbb Z/2$.
Q: Is $c$ the ...

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### How well do we know relative commutants in $L(\mathbb{F}_\infty)$?

Let $H=K_1\oplus K_2$ be infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces. Voiculescu's free Gaussian functor gives us free group factors $L(H)$, $L(K_1)$, $L(K_2)$ acting on the full Fock space $\Gamma(H)$ and, ...

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### The monotone closure of a $C^*$-algebra

Related to Jon's question, I have two questions. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a concrete $C^*$-algebra on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. For any selfadjoint subset $S$ of $\mathbb{B}(\mathcal{H})$, let $S^m$ ...

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### von Neumann automorphisms: does convergence on a dense algebra imply $u$-convergence?

Let $M$ be a separable von Neumann algebra and let $A$ be a (von Neumann-)dense *-subalgebra.
Suppose that $\alpha,\alpha_1,\alpha_2,\dots$ are automorphisms of $M$, such that for every $a \in A$,
$$ ...

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### Denseness of inner automorphisms inside automorphisms of hyperfinite type III_1 factor

Let $R$ be the hyperfinite type $III_1$ factor,
and let $Aut(R)$ be its group of automorphisms, equipped with the $u$-topology
(topology of pointwise convergence on the predual).
An automorphism ...

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### Injective von Neumann algebra

Let $G$ be a non-amenable countable discrete group. How can I show that the group von Neumann algebra $L(G)$ has no injective direct summand?

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### Number of projections in a von Neumann algebra

Suppose that a von Neumann algebra $A$ acts on $\ell_2(I)$ and $I$ has the minimal cardinality for which it holds. Can we caluclate (or at least give a reasonable lower bound) for the cardinality of ...

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### Intersections of maximal abelian von Neumann algebras

Let $H$ be separable Hilbert space. Let $A$ be a maximal abelian von Neumann subalgebra of $B(H)$, and $B$ an abelian von Neumann algebra with $A\cap B={\mathbb C}I$, where $I$ is the indentity ...

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### Idempotent homomorphisms of von Neumann algebras

Is there any description of unital idempotent ($F^2(x)=F(x)$) morphisms of a von Neumann algebra into itself? Or, equivalently, of weakly closed subalgebras which are retracts as von Neumann algebras?
...

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### Do Baumslag-Solitar Group von Neumann algebras have Property $\Gamma$?

A type $II_{1}$ factor $M$ with trace $\tau$ has Property $\Gamma$ if for every finite subset $\{ x_{1}, x_{2},..., x_{n} \} \subseteq M$ and each $\epsilon >0$, there is a unitary element $u$ in ...

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### When an AW*-algebra is a W*-algebra

In a very old book of Kaplansky "Rings of operators", on p. 123 one can find the following sentence:
It is a standing conjecture that an AW${}^\ast$-algebra is W${}^\ast$ if its center is W${}^\ast$.
...

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### Polar decomposition in C*-algebras

A very nice feature of W*-algebras is the following:
once you have an element $a$ of a W*-algebra $M$, and $a=u|a|$ (the polar decomposition), then $u\in M$.
It seems that it carries over to ...

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### Does this inequality of negative relative entropy and quantum relative entropy hold?

Hello, everyone!
Question
I have a question about the relationship between general relative entropy and general quantum relative entropy: Given a unit vector $|i\rangle$ and two Hermitian matrices ...

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### Topology of the “normal spectrum” of a commutative von Neumann algebra

Kadison and Ringrose define normal states $\omega$ of a von Neumann algebra $A$ as such that $\omega(H_\alpha)\to \omega(H)$ for each monotone increasing net of operators $H_\alpha$ with least upper ...

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### Abelian sub-W*-algebras

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra which acts faithfully on a Hilbert space of density character $\kappa$ but does not on a Hilbert space of density character $\lambda<\kappa$ (that is, the density ...

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### Does the hyperfinite II_1 factor admit two irreducible representations that are not unitarily equivalent?

Regarding the hyperfinite $II_{1}$ factor $R$ as $C^{*}$-algebra, is it known whether any two irreducible representations of $R$ are unitarily equivalent? If it is known that there exists a pair of ...

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### Endomorphism of a type $III_1$ factor

Is a unital, injective, ultraweakly continuous $*$-endomorphism $f:M\rightarrow M$ of a $III_1$ factor $M$ inner? I.e. is there a unitary $U\in M:$ $f(-)=U(-)U^*$?

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### Normalizer of a von Neumann algebra

Let $(A,H)$ be a von Neumann algebra in standard form (which means that $H=L^2A$), and
recall that the automorphism group $Aut(A)$ acts on both $A$ and $H$.
Let
$$N:=\{u\in U(H): uAu^*=A\}$$
be the ...

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### Continuity of a weight on its definition domain in a von Neumann algebra

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra and $\varphi$ be a normal weight on it,
and let $A$ be its definition subalgebra. We still denote $\varphi$
the extension to $A$ as a linear positive functional.
It ...

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### About the category of von neumann algebras

I am looking for one (or more) reference about properties of the category of von Neumann algebra.
More precisely, in an answer of a previous question, Dmitri Pavlov mentions
that the $W^*$ category ...

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### Reference for embedding an infinite direct product of matrix algebras into the hyperfinite $II_1$ factor

In some calculations I am writing up,
$\newcommand{\cR}{{\mathcal R}}$
I want to add - as a fairly throwaway remark - that any countable product (= $\ell^\infty$-direct sum) of matrix algebras can be ...

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### Is there an inclusion of $L_\infty(G)$ into $C_0(G)^{**}$?

This is probably a silly question with which I am stuck however. Let $G$ be a locally compact group. It seems to me that there is a canonical map of $L_\infty(G)$ into $M=C_0(G)^{**}$ (the latter is ...

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### ED compact $K$ such that $C(K)$ is not a dual Banach space

Almost every mathematician working in von Neumann algebras says that there are certainly extremely disconnected compact spaces $K$ such that $C(K)$ is not a dual space (they are not hyperstonean). ...

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### Relative commutants of abelian von Neumann algebras

This question arose from the discussion over at the question Centralizers in $C^*$-algebras.
Which von Neumann algebras $N$ satisfy the property that $A' \cap N = B' \cap N \implies A = B$, for all ...

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### Centralizers in C*-algebra

Let $a,b\in A$ be self-adjoint elements in $C^*$-algebra $A$ with equal centralizers, $\{x\in A; [a,x]=0\}=\{x\in A; [b,x]=0\}$. Can we say anything about the correspondence between $a$ and $b$?
For ...

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### A left inverse for the comultiplication on a Hopf von Neumann algebra

Edit: incorrect claim at end of earlier version; thanks to Matthew Daws for pointing this out in comments.
$\newcommand{\cM}{{\mathcal M}}\newcommand{\stp}{{\overline{\otimes}}}$The following ...

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### Disintegration of von Neumann algebra

Let $B=\int_{Y}^{\oplus}B_yd_y$ be the direct integral decomposition of vNa $B$ into factors and if $P=\int_{Y}^{\oplus} p_ydy$ is a projection in $B$ and $p_y$ is equivalent to a projection $q_y$ in ...

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### Morphism of von Neumann Algebras

Hello,
Is there a counterexample to the following statement:
let $A,B$ two von Neumann algebras, every morphism $A \rightarrow B$ of $C^* $-algebras is a $W^*$-homomorphism ?
( a $W^* ...

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### W*-completion of a C*-algebra?

tl;dr: Is there such a thing as a W*-completion of a C*-algebra, and if so, where can I read about it?
I'm wondering about the relationship between (abstract) C*-algebras and W*-algebras. On the one ...

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### The Mackey Topology on a Von Neumann Algebra

Every von Neumann algebra $\mathcal M$ is the dual of a unique Banach space $\mathcal M_* $. The Mackey topology on $\mathcal M$ is the topology of uniform convergence on weakly compact subsets of ...

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### Which complete Boolean algebras arise as the algebras of projections of commutative von Neumann algebras?

Projections in an arbitrary commutative von Neumann algebra form a complete Boolean algebra.
Moreover, a morphism of commutative von Neumann algebras induces
a continuous morphism of the corresponding ...

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### How does the right regular of GL(n, R) and GL(n,Qp) decompose?

The question is contained in the title. I would guess that this question is already answered in the literature.
Given the reductive group $GL(n)$ over a complete local field, how does the right ...

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### Lifting of a ucp map with values in a von Neumann algebra ultraproduct of matrix algebras

Let $u:A \to \prod_{\mathcal U} M_n$ be a unital completely positive map (ucp) from a unital separable $C^*$algebra into the von Neumann algebra ultraprodut $\prod_{\mathcal U} M_n$.
Here $\mathcal ...

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### Are almost commuting hermitian matrices close to commuting matrices (in the 2-norm)?

I consider on $M_n(\mathbb C)$ the normalized $2$-norm, i.e. the norm given by $\|A\|_2 = \sqrt{Tr(A^* A)/n}$.
My question is whether a $k$-uple of hermitian matrices that are almost commuting (with ...

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### Tomita-Takesaki versus Frobenius: where is the similarity?

I've often heard Alain Connes say that the modular flow of Tomita-Takesaki theory should be thought of as a characteristic zero analog of the Frobenius endomorphism. ... can anyone justify this ...

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### representing tensor-C*-categories in BIM

Given a factor M (=von Neumann alg. with center ℂ), let us write BIM for the ⊗-C*-category of M-M-bimodules.
Which ⊗-C*-categories can one faithfully embed into BIM?
⓵ Are ...

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### local equivalence of loop group representations

Let $G$ be a compact, simple, connected, simply connected (cscsc) Lie group, and let its smooth loop group $LG:=C^\infty(S^1,G)$. Given an interval $I\subset S^1$, we have the local loop group
$$
L_IG ...

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### topologies on U(H)

There are many topologies on the algebra $B(H)$ of bounded operators on Hilbert space:
the weak, strong, ultraweak (also called σ-weak), ultrastrong (also called σ-strong), and some ...

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### For a separable v-N algebra M, how to see $M \rtimes \mathbb{R}$ as a subalgebra of $M \otimes B(L^2)$?

For a v-N algebra $M$ acting as bounded operators on a separable Hilbert space $H$, how to see $M \rtimes \mathbb{R}$ as a subalgebra of $M \otimes B(L^2(\mathbb{R})$?
Why I am confused is because ...

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### Spatial isomorphisms of tensor product of factors

Suppose $N \subset M$ are two factors, neither of them Type I, acting on a separable Hilbert space $H$. Let $\pi_1$ be a faithful normal representation of $N$ and $\pi_2$ a faithful normal ...

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### What is the difference between a primary representation and a irreducible representation?

I am currently reading some of Mackey's work on unitary representation.
Given a locally compact group $G$ and a unitary representation $\pi : G\rightarrow U(H)$. As far as I understood it, the ...

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### when is an element of $M_n(M)$ $\ast$-free from $M_n(\mathbb{C})$ for a $\ast$-non-commutative probability space $M$.

From "Lectures on the combinatorics of free probability" by Nica and Speicher we have a necessary sufficient criteria for an element of $M_n(M)$ being free from $M_n(\mathbb{C})$ for a non-commutative ...

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### v-Na generated by

Given two free semicirculars X_1 and X_2 and a projection h in the von-Neumann algebra generated by X_1, how does one show that the von-Neumann algebra generated by {X_1, hX_2(1-h)} is a factor? It is ...

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### Presenting the Hyperfinite II_1 Factor

It's well known that all hyperfinite $\mathrm{II}_1$ factors are isomorphic. I risk the wrath of MathOverflow elders to ask if a particular isomorph is easier than others to handle. In particular, is ...