The tag has no wiki summary.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
306 views

Commutant of a von Neumann algebra as the linear span of unitaries.

I'm reading chapter 4 of Gerard Murphy's C*-algebras book and am confused by a statement in his proof of theorem 4.1.10. In his proof, he says, "$A'$ is the linear span of its unitaries" (where $A'$ ...
4
votes
2answers
315 views

Limits of von Neumann algebras

Consider (abstract) von Neumann algebras topologised by their weak*-topology arising from the unique predual. In the theory of topological vector spaces, there is a natural notion of an inductive ...
0
votes
2answers
582 views

Finite projection in Von Neumann algebra

I had the following question when I am learning von Neumann algebras: Let p be a finite projection in a finite von Neumann algebra $M$, let $p>p_1>p_2>\cdots$ be a decreasing sequence of ...
11
votes
3answers
547 views

Von Neumann algebra associated to the infinite Cuntz algebra

The Cuntz algebra $\mathcal{O}_{\infty}$ is the universal $C^*$-algebra generated by countably infinitely many isometries $s_i$ satisfying the relations $s_i^*s_j = \delta_{ij}$ (there is no condition ...
10
votes
1answer
254 views

Which W*-algebras are the duals of C*-coalgebras?

A Banach algebra (assumed associative and unital) is precisely a monoid object in the monoidal category of Banach spaces, short linear maps, and the projective tensor product. A Banach coalgebra is ...
4
votes
0answers
224 views

Extensions of completely positive mappings

I would like to ask the following two questions. Let $1_{\mathcal{H}}\in \mathcal{A}\subset\mathcal{B}\subset\overline{\mathcal{A}}^{SOT}\subset\mathbb{B}(\mathcal{H})$ be a sequence of ...
6
votes
0answers
127 views

Is it true that there are exactly two conjugacy classes of order two elements in Out(R)?

In the title, $R$ stands for the hyperfinite III1 factor. An order two element $\alpha\in Out(M)$ ($M$ any factor) has an invariant $c(\alpha)\in H^3(\mathbb Z/2,S^1)=\mathbb Z/2$. Q: Is $c$ the ...
5
votes
1answer
232 views

How well do we know relative commutants in $L(\mathbb{F}_\infty)$?

Let $H=K_1\oplus K_2$ be infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces. Voiculescu's free Gaussian functor gives us free group factors $L(H)$, $L(K_1)$, $L(K_2)$ acting on the full Fock space $\Gamma(H)$ and, ...
6
votes
2answers
539 views

The monotone closure of a $C^*$-algebra

Related to Jon's question, I have two questions. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a concrete $C^*$-algebra on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. For any selfadjoint subset $S$ of $\mathbb{B}(\mathcal{H})$, let $S^m$ ...
6
votes
1answer
291 views

von Neumann automorphisms: does convergence on a dense algebra imply $u$-convergence?

Let $M$ be a separable von Neumann algebra and let $A$ be a (von Neumann-)dense *-subalgebra. Suppose that $\alpha,\alpha_1,\alpha_2,\dots$ are automorphisms of $M$, such that for every $a \in A$, $$ ...
15
votes
1answer
376 views

Denseness of inner automorphisms inside automorphisms of hyperfinite type III_1 factor

Let $R$ be the hyperfinite type $III_1$ factor, and let $Aut(R)$ be its group of automorphisms, equipped with the $u$-topology (topology of pointwise convergence on the predual). An automorphism ...
3
votes
1answer
339 views

Injective von Neumann algebra

Let $G$ be a non-amenable countable discrete group. How can I show that the group von Neumann algebra $L(G)$ has no injective direct summand?
1
vote
0answers
121 views

Number of projections in a von Neumann algebra

Suppose that a von Neumann algebra $A$ acts on $\ell_2(I)$ and $I$ has the minimal cardinality for which it holds. Can we caluclate (or at least give a reasonable lower bound) for the cardinality of ...
4
votes
1answer
226 views

Intersections of maximal abelian von Neumann algebras

Let $H$ be separable Hilbert space. Let $A$ be a maximal abelian von Neumann subalgebra of $B(H)$, and $B$ an abelian von Neumann algebra with $A\cap B={\mathbb C}I$, where $I$ is the indentity ...
2
votes
1answer
285 views

Idempotent homomorphisms of von Neumann algebras

Is there any description of unital idempotent ($F^2(x)=F(x)$) morphisms of a von Neumann algebra into itself? Or, equivalently, of weakly closed subalgebras which are retracts as von Neumann algebras? ...
11
votes
1answer
562 views

Do Baumslag-Solitar Group von Neumann algebras have Property $\Gamma$?

A type $II_{1}$ factor $M$ with trace $\tau$ has Property $\Gamma$ if for every finite subset $\{ x_{1}, x_{2},..., x_{n} \} \subseteq M$ and each $\epsilon >0$, there is a unitary element $u$ in ...
3
votes
1answer
317 views

When an AW*-algebra is a W*-algebra

In a very old book of Kaplansky "Rings of operators", on p. 123 one can find the following sentence: It is a standing conjecture that an AW${}^\ast$-algebra is W${}^\ast$ if its center is W${}^\ast$. ...
3
votes
2answers
447 views

Polar decomposition in C*-algebras

A very nice feature of W*-algebras is the following: once you have an element $a$ of a W*-algebra $M$, and $a=u|a|$ (the polar decomposition), then $u\in M$. It seems that it carries over to ...
2
votes
0answers
303 views

Does this inequality of negative relative entropy and quantum relative entropy hold?

Hello, everyone! Question I have a question about the relationship between general relative entropy and general quantum relative entropy: Given a unit vector $|i\rangle$ and two Hermitian matrices ...
3
votes
1answer
295 views

Topology of the “normal spectrum” of a commutative von Neumann algebra

Kadison and Ringrose define normal states $\omega$ of a von Neumann algebra $A$ as such that $\omega(H_\alpha)\to \omega(H)$ for each monotone increasing net of operators $H_\alpha$ with least upper ...
4
votes
1answer
242 views

Abelian sub-W*-algebras

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra which acts faithfully on a Hilbert space of density character $\kappa$ but does not on a Hilbert space of density character $\lambda<\kappa$ (that is, the density ...
10
votes
1answer
679 views

Does the hyperfinite II_1 factor admit two irreducible representations that are not unitarily equivalent?

Regarding the hyperfinite $II_{1}$ factor $R$ as $C^{*}$-algebra, is it known whether any two irreducible representations of $R$ are unitarily equivalent? If it is known that there exists a pair of ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Endomorphism of a type $III_1$ factor

Is a unital, injective, ultraweakly continuous $*$-endomorphism $f:M\rightarrow M$ of a $III_1$ factor $M$ inner? I.e. is there a unitary $U\in M:$ $f(-)=U(-)U^*$?
6
votes
2answers
423 views

Normalizer of a von Neumann algebra

Let $(A,H)$ be a von Neumann algebra in standard form (which means that $H=L^2A$), and recall that the automorphism group $Aut(A)$ acts on both $A$ and $H$. Let $$N:=\{u\in U(H): uAu^*=A\}$$ be the ...
1
vote
1answer
247 views

Continuity of a weight on its definition domain in a von Neumann algebra

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra and $\varphi$ be a normal weight on it, and let $A$ be its definition subalgebra. We still denote $\varphi$ the extension to $A$ as a linear positive functional. It ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

About the category of von neumann algebras

I am looking for one (or more) reference about properties of the category of von Neumann algebra. More precisely, in an answer of a previous question, Dmitri Pavlov mentions that the $W^*$ category ...
5
votes
1answer
320 views

Reference for embedding an infinite direct product of matrix algebras into the hyperfinite $II_1$ factor

In some calculations I am writing up, $\newcommand{\cR}{{\mathcal R}}$ I want to add - as a fairly throwaway remark - that any countable product (= $\ell^\infty$-direct sum) of matrix algebras can be ...
6
votes
2answers
426 views

Is there an inclusion of $L_\infty(G)$ into $C_0(G)^{**}$?

This is probably a silly question with which I am stuck however. Let $G$ be a locally compact group. It seems to me that there is a canonical map of $L_\infty(G)$ into $M=C_0(G)^{**}$ (the latter is ...
3
votes
2answers
319 views

ED compact $K$ such that $C(K)$ is not a dual Banach space

Almost every mathematician working in von Neumann algebras says that there are certainly extremely disconnected compact spaces $K$ such that $C(K)$ is not a dual space (they are not hyperstonean). ...
16
votes
0answers
664 views

Relative commutants of abelian von Neumann algebras

This question arose from the discussion over at the question Centralizers in $C^*$-algebras. Which von Neumann algebras $N$ satisfy the property that $A' \cap N = B' \cap N \implies A = B$, for all ...
2
votes
1answer
659 views

Centralizers in C*-algebra

Let $a,b\in A$ be self-adjoint elements in $C^*$-algebra $A$ with equal centralizers, $\{x\in A; [a,x]=0\}=\{x\in A; [b,x]=0\}$. Can we say anything about the correspondence between $a$ and $b$? For ...
11
votes
1answer
499 views

A left inverse for the comultiplication on a Hopf von Neumann algebra

Edit: incorrect claim at end of earlier version; thanks to Matthew Daws for pointing this out in comments. $\newcommand{\cM}{{\mathcal M}}\newcommand{\stp}{{\overline{\otimes}}}$The following ...
1
vote
1answer
233 views

Disintegration of von Neumann algebra

Let $B=\int_{Y}^{\oplus}B_yd_y$ be the direct integral decomposition of vNa $B$ into factors and if $P=\int_{Y}^{\oplus} p_ydy$ is a projection in $B$ and $p_y$ is equivalent to a projection $q_y$ in ...
3
votes
0answers
378 views

Morphism of von Neumann Algebras

Hello, Is there a counterexample to the following statement: let $A,B$ two von Neumann algebras, every morphism $A \rightarrow B$ of $C^* $-algebras is a $W^*$-homomorphism ? ( a $W^* ...
12
votes
1answer
726 views

W*-completion of a C*-algebra?

tl;dr: Is there such a thing as a W*-completion of a C*-algebra, and if so, where can I read about it? I'm wondering about the relationship between (abstract) C*-algebras and W*-algebras. On the one ...
17
votes
0answers
522 views

The Mackey Topology on a Von Neumann Algebra

Every von Neumann algebra $\mathcal M$ is the dual of a unique Banach space $\mathcal M_* $. The Mackey topology on $\mathcal M$ is the topology of uniform convergence on weakly compact subsets of ...
15
votes
0answers
609 views

Which complete Boolean algebras arise as the algebras of projections of commutative von Neumann algebras?

Projections in an arbitrary commutative von Neumann algebra form a complete Boolean algebra. Moreover, a morphism of commutative von Neumann algebras induces a continuous morphism of the corresponding ...
7
votes
1answer
443 views

How does the right regular of GL(n, R) and GL(n,Qp) decompose?

The question is contained in the title. I would guess that this question is already answered in the literature. Given the reductive group $GL(n)$ over a complete local field, how does the right ...
8
votes
1answer
445 views

Lifting of a ucp map with values in a von Neumann algebra ultraproduct of matrix algebras

Let $u:A \to \prod_{\mathcal U} M_n$ be a unital completely positive map (ucp) from a unital separable $C^*$algebra into the von Neumann algebra ultraprodut $\prod_{\mathcal U} M_n$. Here $\mathcal ...
13
votes
4answers
914 views

Are almost commuting hermitian matrices close to commuting matrices (in the 2-norm)?

I consider on $M_n(\mathbb C)$ the normalized $2$-norm, i.e. the norm given by $\|A\|_2 = \sqrt{Tr(A^* A)/n}$. My question is whether a $k$-uple of hermitian matrices that are almost commuting (with ...
24
votes
1answer
1k views

Tomita-Takesaki versus Frobenius: where is the similarity?

I've often heard Alain Connes say that the modular flow of Tomita-Takesaki theory should be thought of as a characteristic zero analog of the Frobenius endomorphism. ... can anyone justify this ...
5
votes
1answer
293 views

representing tensor-C*-categories in BIM

Given a factor M (=von Neumann alg. with center ℂ), let us write BIM for the ⊗-C*-category of M-M-bimodules. Which ⊗-C*-categories can one faithfully embed into BIM? ⓵ Are ...
18
votes
0answers
703 views

local equivalence of loop group representations

Let $G$ be a compact, simple, connected, simply connected (cscsc) Lie group, and let its smooth loop group $LG:=C^\infty(S^1,G)$. Given an interval $I\subset S^1$, we have the local loop group $$ L_IG ...
4
votes
1answer
465 views

topologies on U(H)

There are many topologies on the algebra $B(H)$ of bounded operators on Hilbert space: the weak, strong, ultraweak (also called σ-weak), ultrastrong (also called σ-strong), and some ...
0
votes
0answers
139 views

For a separable v-N algebra M, how to see $M \rtimes \mathbb{R}$ as a subalgebra of $M \otimes B(L^2)$?

For a v-N algebra $M$ acting as bounded operators on a separable Hilbert space $H$, how to see $M \rtimes \mathbb{R}$ as a subalgebra of $M \otimes B(L^2(\mathbb{R})$? Why I am confused is because ...
2
votes
2answers
402 views

Spatial isomorphisms of tensor product of factors

Suppose $N \subset M$ are two factors, neither of them Type I, acting on a separable Hilbert space $H$. Let $\pi_1$ be a faithful normal representation of $N$ and $\pi_2$ a faithful normal ...
5
votes
3answers
937 views

What is the difference between a primary representation and a irreducible representation?

I am currently reading some of Mackey's work on unitary representation. Given a locally compact group $G$ and a unitary representation $\pi : G\rightarrow U(H)$. As far as I understood it, the ...
1
vote
1answer
210 views

when is an element of $M_n(M)$ $\ast$-free from $M_n(\mathbb{C})$ for a $\ast$-non-commutative probability space $M$.

From "Lectures on the combinatorics of free probability" by Nica and Speicher we have a necessary sufficient criteria for an element of $M_n(M)$ being free from $M_n(\mathbb{C})$ for a non-commutative ...
4
votes
2answers
290 views

v-Na generated by

Given two free semicirculars X_1 and X_2 and a projection h in the von-Neumann algebra generated by X_1, how does one show that the von-Neumann algebra generated by {X_1, hX_2(1-h)} is a factor? It is ...
5
votes
2answers
527 views

Presenting the Hyperfinite II_1 Factor

It's well known that all hyperfinite $\mathrm{II}_1$ factors are isomorphic. I risk the wrath of MathOverflow elders to ask if a particular isomorph is easier than others to handle. In particular, is ...