0
votes
0answers
138 views

Is a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor, intermediate of a depth ≤ 3 one?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor. Main question: Is $(N \subset M)$ the intermediate of a finite index depth $\le 3$ irreducible subfactor? (In others words, is ...
3
votes
0answers
140 views

What are the first non-maximal non-group-subgroup simple irreducible subfactors?

Definition: For an irreducible (finite index) subfactor $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{M})$, an intermediate $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{P} \subset \mathcal{M})$ is normal if the biprojections ...
2
votes
0answers
147 views

Two Definitions of Non-commutative $L^p$ space

Throughout, let $(\mathcal{M},\tau)$ be a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$, acting on a Hilbert space $H$, with normal semifinite faithful trace $\tau$. In the survey article by Pisier and Xu, the ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = \mathbb{C} \Rightarrow \mathcal{A}' \cap \mathcal{B}'$ hyperfinite?

Let $\mathcal{A} , \mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}', \mathcal{B}' $ are also a ${\rm II}_1$-factors. Question: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = ...
2
votes
2answers
220 views

${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant and trivial intersection generate $B(H)$?

Let $H$ be an $\infty$-dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Let $\mathcal{A}$, $\mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}'$, ...
5
votes
2answers
438 views

When is it $C(X)$?

Suppose that $\tilde{X}$ is a compact space. If $C(\tilde{X})$ is isometrically isomorphic to the second dual of a Banach space, does there exist a locally compact space $X$ such that ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

On the relation between the set of extreme points of the unit ball of $M(X)$ and $M(X)^{**}$

Suppose that $X$ is a locally compact topological space. Let $M(X)$ denote the Banach space of regular Borel measures on $X$. It is known that the bidual of $C_0(X)$ is a commutative $C^*-$algebra. ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Does noncommutative Lp-convergence respect orderings?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra and $\tau$ a faithful (semi-finite?) normal trace on $M$; as is standard, the $L^p$-norm is defined as $||u||_p=\tau(|u|^p)^{1/p}$. Let $\{u_i\}_{i=1}^\infty$ be a ...
0
votes
2answers
188 views

Isomorphism theorem for subfactors?

It's about the existence of a generalization of the first isomorphism theorem for groups, for subfactors : Let $(N \subset M)$ and $(N' \subset M')$ be irreducible inclusions of hyperfinite $II_1$ ...
7
votes
3answers
356 views

Which Sigma-Ideals in a Sigma-Algebra are Ideals of Null Sets?

My question is motivated, to be somewhat vague, by an attempt to see how much a measure space is defined by the set of null sets. In other words, assume we are not given a concrete measure on a space ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Checking complete positivity of maps between C* algebras

Let $\phi$ : $A \rightarrow A$ be a positive map, where $A$ is a (unital) C* algebra. Suppose we are given that $\phi$ is n positive whenever n= $2^k$ for some $k \in \mathbb{N}$. Can we conclude that ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

A Question About Pure States, Support Projections and Central Covers

I am trying to study the paper Consistency of a Counterexample to Naimark’s Problem by Charles Akemann and Nik Weaver, and there is a claim in Lemma 1 of the paper that I am stuck at, which is as ...
2
votes
2answers
184 views

Finding the commutant of a von Neumann algebra

Suppose you have a von Neumann algebra $A$ of operators on $H$ and would like to compute its commutant. You have constructed a collection $B\subset A'$ which you suspect generates it (i.e. you think ...
6
votes
0answers
188 views

A non-hyperfinite type III factor from an action of the free group on the circle

We define below a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$ from an action of the free group on the circle, and we prove that $\mathcal{M}$ is a non-hyperfinite type III factor. Question : Is ...
10
votes
1answer
484 views

Is there a proof that the $C^{*}$-algebras don't see the invariant subspace problem?

This post is an appendix of this one. Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is ...
3
votes
0answers
340 views

About generator and isomorphism problems for free groups operator algebras

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space. The $C^{*}$-algebras and von Neumann here unital and subalgebras of $B(H)$. Definition : Let $\mathcal{A}$ be $C^{*}$-algebra (resp. a ...
2
votes
1answer
319 views

Is there an operator algebraic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...
5
votes
1answer
271 views

Is the fundamental group of $II_{1}$ factors invariant under a relation?

This issue is in continuation of an answer I gave here about noncommutative sets. In order to define the equivalence relation, let's first recall the Tomita-Takesaki modular theory and ...
5
votes
1answer
324 views

Is there an irreducible, noncompact commuting, nonnormal operator, with spectrum strictly continuous?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space. Definition: The commutant $\mathcal{S}'$ of a subset $\mathcal{S} \subset B(H)$ is $ \{A \in B(H) : AB=BA \ , \ \forall B \in \mathcal{S} ...
3
votes
0answers
170 views

Is the fundamental group of a maximal subfactor always $\mathbb{R}_{+}^{*}$?

The fundamental group $\mathcal{F}(N \subset M)$ of an inclusion of $II_{1}$ factors $N \subset M$ is defined as : $\mathcal{F}(N \subset M) =\{t >0 \ | \ (N \subset M)^{t} \simeq (N \subset M) ...
17
votes
1answer
474 views

On complemented von Neumann algebras

Edit: according to Narutaka Ozawa, question 3) is still open in the type $\mathrm{II}_1$ case. In other terms, it is not known whether every topologically complemented type $\mathrm{II}_1$ factor in ...
2
votes
1answer
385 views

When does a $W^*$-algebra have a standard Borel spectrum?

EDIT: André Henriques has commented below that the correct separability condition is not weak-* separability as I have written below, but separability of the predual. This post came out a bit long, ...
5
votes
0answers
213 views

Find a lower bound for a pre-invariant $Fol(L(F_m), X_m)$

In the paper of Bannon and Ravichandran, A Folner invariant for type $\rm{II}_1$ factors, they defined an invariant $Fol(M)$ for a separable type $\rm{II}_1$ factor $M$, especially for the free group ...
5
votes
1answer
257 views

Number of II${}_1$ factors

McDuff proved that there exist continuum many non-isomorphic (separable) II${}_1$ factors. I would like to politely ask whether it is known/open if one can find $2^{\mathfrak{c}}$ (or at least ...
5
votes
1answer
254 views

Strong convergence of projections in $B(H)$

(I asked this question at math stackexchange 4 months ago, but received no answers) Let $\{e_{kj}\}$ be the canonical matrix units in $B(H)$, with $H$ separable. Define projections $q_k$ by $$ ...
4
votes
2answers
294 views

Limits of von Neumann algebras

Consider (abstract) von Neumann algebras topologised by their weak*-topology arising from the unique predual. In the theory of topological vector spaces, there is a natural notion of an inductive ...
10
votes
1answer
239 views

Which W*-algebras are the duals of C*-coalgebras?

A Banach algebra (assumed associative and unital) is precisely a monoid object in the monoidal category of Banach spaces, short linear maps, and the projective tensor product. A Banach coalgebra is ...
6
votes
1answer
278 views

von Neumann automorphisms: does convergence on a dense algebra imply $u$-convergence?

Let $M$ be a separable von Neumann algebra and let $A$ be a (von Neumann-)dense *-subalgebra. Suppose that $\alpha,\alpha_1,\alpha_2,\dots$ are automorphisms of $M$, such that for every $a \in A$, $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
302 views

When an AW*-algebra is a W*-algebra

In a very old book of Kaplansky "Rings of operators", on p. 123 one can find the following sentence: It is a standing conjecture that an AW${}^\ast$-algebra is W${}^\ast$ if its center is W${}^\ast$. ...
3
votes
2answers
351 views

Polar decomposition in C*-algebras

A very nice feature of W*-algebras is the following: once you have an element $a$ of a W*-algebra $M$, and $a=u|a|$ (the polar decomposition), then $u\in M$. It seems that it carries over to ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

Abelian sub-W*-algebras

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra which acts faithfully on a Hilbert space of density character $\kappa$ but does not on a Hilbert space of density character $\lambda<\kappa$ (that is, the density ...
1
vote
1answer
241 views

Continuity of a weight on its definition domain in a von Neumann algebra

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra and $\varphi$ be a normal weight on it, and let $A$ be its definition subalgebra. We still denote $\varphi$ the extension to $A$ as a linear positive functional. It ...
14
votes
2answers
968 views

About the category of von neumann algebras

I am looking for one (or more) reference about properties of the category of von Neumann algebra. More precisely, in an answer of a previous question, Dmitri Pavlov mentions that the $W^*$ category ...
2
votes
1answer
645 views

Centralizers in C*-algebra

Let $a,b\in A$ be self-adjoint elements in $C^*$-algebra $A$ with equal centralizers, $\{x\in A; [a,x]=0\}=\{x\in A; [b,x]=0\}$. Can we say anything about the correspondence between $a$ and $b$? For ...
3
votes
0answers
363 views

Morphism of von Neumann Algebras

Hello, Is there a counterexample to the following statement: let $A,B$ two von Neumann algebras, every morphism $A \rightarrow B$ of $C^* $-algebras is a $W^*$-homomorphism ? ( a $W^* ...
15
votes
0answers
497 views

The Mackey Topology on a Von Neumann Algebra

Every von Neumann algebra $\mathcal M$ is the dual of a unique Banach space $\mathcal M_* $. The Mackey topology on $\mathcal M$ is the topology of uniform convergence on weakly compact subsets of ...
4
votes
1answer
461 views

topologies on U(H)

There are many topologies on the algebra $B(H)$ of bounded operators on Hilbert space: the weak, strong, ultraweak (also called σ-weak), ultrastrong (also called σ-strong), and some ...
18
votes
3answers
1k views

Can we recover a von Neumann algebra from its predual?

By definition, a von Neumann algebra is a C*‑algebra A that admits a predual, i.e., a Banach space Z such that Z* is isomorphic to the underlying Banach space of A. (We require that isomorphisms in ...
1
vote
2answers
524 views

Decomposition of an abelian von Neumann algebra

Hi, I came across the statement below and I couldn't figure out why it is true. I was hoping someone could explain it or give me a good reference. Thank you in advance. "Let $\pi$ be a non-degenerate ...
7
votes
1answer
428 views

Are the compact and Haagerup approximation properties equivalent?

The following essentially implies the equivalence of Anantharaman-Delaroche's compact approximation property (page 337 of ...
3
votes
1answer
636 views

When can a partial isometry $u$ in $\mathcal B(H \otimes K)$ be extended to a unitary in $1 \otimes \mathcal B(K)$?

Let $H$ and $K$ be Hilbert spaces, and let $u$ be a partial isometry in $\mathcal{B}(H \otimes K)$ between projections $p_0 = u^\ast u$ and $p_1 = u u^\ast$ such that $p_0, p_1 \leq 1 \otimes (1-q)$ ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Definition of a von Neumann algebra

Is there a way to equip every C*-algebra A with a functorial topology such that the canonical map A→A** is an isomorphism if and only if A is a von Neumann algebra? Here A** denotes the dual of A* in ...
12
votes
1answer
651 views

Is Dependent Choice all we really need?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axiom_of_dependent_choice Is DC sufficient for the understanding of objects that are countable in some suitable sense? For example, is DC sufficient for the full ...
8
votes
1answer
268 views

Is there a coalgebraic characterisation of the hyperfinite II_1 factor?

Peter Freyd showed that the real interval [0, 1] is a final coalgebra for a functor on sets equipped with two points, which sends such a set to the 'wedge' of two copies of itself, identifying the ...