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3
votes
1answer
66 views

Example of joint cyclic and separating vector

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separate Hilbert space and $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}) \subset \mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}) \otimes M_2(C)$ be a W$^*$-inclusion pairs. It is known that this pair share a joint cyclic ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Noncommutative version of Littlewood's First Principle

There are definitely noncommutative analogues for Lusin's theorem and Egoroff's theorem (found in Blackadar for example). I'm curious if there is a version of the first principle: Every Lebesgue ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Mysterious quotes (at least for me)

I heard two quotes, one from Alain Connes and an other one from Orlov. Alain Connes was talking about noncommutative geometry and he said the following: " a noncommutative algebra creates its own ...
3
votes
2answers
78 views

Characterization of hyperfinitness by the Effros-Marechal topology

Let $A$ be a von Neumann algebra and $A_*$ its predual. One can define a topology on the set $vN(A)$of all von Neumann subalgebras of $A$ called the Effros-Marechal topology. It is characterized as ...
0
votes
0answers
179 views

Is a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor, intermediate of a depth ≤ 3 one?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor. Main question: Is $(N \subset M)$ the intermediate of a finite index depth $\le 3$ irreducible subfactor? (In others words, is ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Are the integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors Kac-coideal?

Is it known whether or not the integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors (planar algebra) are Kac-coideal subfactors: $(R^{\mathbb{A}} \subset R^{\mathbb{I}})$, with $\mathbb{A}$ a finite ...
3
votes
0answers
154 views

What are the first non-maximal non-group-subgroup simple irreducible subfactors?

Definition: For an irreducible (finite index) subfactor $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{M})$, an intermediate $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{P} \subset \mathcal{M})$ is normal if the biprojections ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Uniqueness of the tensor product decomposition of subfactors

A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is indecomposable if (for $N_i \subset M_i)$: $$(N \subset M) = (N_1 \otimes N_2 \subset M_1 \otimes M_2) \Rightarrow \exists i \ N_i = M_i$$ Then, a subfactor $(N ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Hyperfinite type II_1 factor as the Clifford algebra

In Connes' book Noncommutative geometry, there is a presentation of all hyperfinite factors. He reffers to type $II_1$ as the Clifford algebra of infinite dimensional Euclidean space. This factor can ...
2
votes
0answers
167 views

Two Definitions of Non-commutative $L^p$ space

Throughout, let $(\mathcal{M},\tau)$ be a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$, acting on a Hilbert space $H$, with normal semifinite faithful trace $\tau$. In the survey article by Pisier and Xu, the ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Infinite amenable group subfactors

Let amenable groups $\Gamma$ and $\Gamma'$. They act outerly of only one manner on the hyperfinite ${\rm II}_1$-factor $\mathcal{R}$. Question: $(\mathcal{R} \subset \mathcal{R} \rtimes \Gamma) ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = \mathbb{C} \Rightarrow \mathcal{A}' \cap \mathcal{B}'$ hyperfinite?

Let $\mathcal{A} , \mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}', \mathcal{B}' $ are also a ${\rm II}_1$-factors. Question: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = ...
5
votes
0answers
97 views

A conditional form of Holder's Inequality on Type II-1 von Neumann algebras

Suppose $V$ is a von-Neumann algebra with a trace $\tau$ so that $\tau(I) = 1$. Suppose $W$ is a sub-von Neumann algebra of $V$. Then we can define a conditional expection to be a projection ...
2
votes
2answers
227 views

${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant and trivial intersection generate $B(H)$?

Let $H$ be an $\infty$-dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Let $\mathcal{A}$, $\mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}'$, ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Measure Preserving Transformation Induced by a $*$-automorphism on $L^\infty(X,\mu)$

The following excerpt is from Connes' Noncommutative Geometry Let $(X, \mathcal{B}, \mu)$ be a standard Borel space equipped with a probability measure $\mu$, and let $\ T$ be a Borel ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

von Neumann algebras generated by commutators

Let $A$ be a UHF-algebra of type $n^{\infty}$ and denote its unique and faithful trace by $\tau$. Let $L^2(A)$ be the Hilbert space of the GNS-representation associated to $\tau$. We have two ...
14
votes
0answers
289 views

Connes' idea to use the hyperfinite $III_1$ factor for the archimedian place of Spec(Z)?

I recently gave a talk, where I talked about the tensor category of (all, not just finite index) bimodules over the hyperfinite $III_1$ factor. Vaughan Jones, who was in the audience, later told me ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

References for von Neumann Algebras

I have some -possibly- simple but broad questions: Where to begin the study of von Neumann Algebras? Which are the important questions in the field that guide current research? I'm interested in ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

A section from subfactors to transitive groups

A finite group-subgroup subfactor is a subfactor $(N \subset M)$ isomorphic to $(R^G \subset R^H)$ with $(H \subset G)$ an inclusion of finite groups acting as outer automorphism on the hyperfinite ...
5
votes
2answers
450 views

When is it $C(X)$?

Suppose that $\tilde{X}$ is a compact space. If $C(\tilde{X})$ is isometrically isomorphic to the second dual of a Banach space, does there exist a locally compact space $X$ such that ...
1
vote
1answer
187 views

On the relation between the set of extreme points of the unit ball of $M(X)$ and $M(X)^{**}$

Suppose that $X$ is a locally compact topological space. Let $M(X)$ denote the Banach space of regular Borel measures on $X$. It is known that the bidual of $C_0(X)$ is a commutative $C^*-$algebra. ...
5
votes
2answers
132 views

Extension of $C^*$ isomorphism to $W^*$ isomorphism

Let $\mathfrak{A}$ be $C^*$algebra, and $\pi$ its faithful representation on Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Bicommutant $\mathfrak{B}=\pi(\mathfrak{A})''$ is the von Neumann algebra generated by ...
4
votes
1answer
130 views

Does noncommutative Lp-convergence respect orderings?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra and $\tau$ a faithful (semi-finite?) normal trace on $M$; as is standard, the $L^p$-norm is defined as $||u||_p=\tau(|u|^p)^{1/p}$. Let $\{u_i\}_{i=1}^\infty$ be a ...
2
votes
1answer
423 views

Abelian subfactors, a relevant concept?

Through the questions below, this post asks whether the concept of abelian subfactor is relevant. Remark : here abelian qualifies an inclusion of II$_1$ factors $(N \subset M)$, $N$ is not an abelian ...
4
votes
3answers
427 views

Jordan-Hölder theorem for subfactors?

All the subfactors $(N\subset M)$ are irreducible and finite index inclusions of II$_1$ factors. First recall that in this paper, D. Bisch characterizes the Jones projections $e_K$ of the ...
4
votes
2answers
462 views

The category of subfactors extending the category of groups?

This post was inspired by this answer of Dave Penneys. In the category of (irreducible hyperfinite II$_1$) subfactors, the morphisms of $(N \subset M)$ to $(N' \subset M')$ are usually defined as ...
0
votes
2answers
191 views

Isomorphism theorem for subfactors?

It's about the existence of a generalization of the first isomorphism theorem for groups, for subfactors : Let $(N \subset M)$ and $(N' \subset M')$ be irreducible inclusions of hyperfinite $II_1$ ...
7
votes
3answers
422 views

Which Sigma-Ideals in a Sigma-Algebra are Ideals of Null Sets?

My question is motivated, to be somewhat vague, by an attempt to see how much a measure space is defined by the set of null sets. In other words, assume we are not given a concrete measure on a space ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

Checking complete positivity of maps between C* algebras

Let $\phi$ : $A \rightarrow A$ be a positive map, where $A$ is a (unital) C* algebra. Suppose we are given that $\phi$ is n positive whenever n= $2^k$ for some $k \in \mathbb{N}$. Can we conclude that ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Semifinite Trace on Jones' Basic Construction

Let $M$ be a finite von Neumann algebra with $\tau$ a finite faithful trace. Let $N$ be a von Neumann subalgebra of $M$ with trace $\tau|_N$, obtained by restricting $\tau$ to $N$. If $e_N$ denotes ...
3
votes
2answers
236 views

Type III factor representation

Does there exist any theorem which permits, under suitable hypotheses, to represent a particular complete orthomodular lattice as the projection lattice of a Type III von Neumann factor?
1
vote
0answers
84 views

two concepts of positivity for elements of $C(X)$ when $X$ is hyper-stonean

Suppose that $X$ is a compact space. Let $M(X)=C(X)^*$ denote the Banach space of regular measures. Is the following statement true: $F:M(X)\to\mathbb{C}$ is a positive functional if and only if the ...
6
votes
5answers
407 views

If two projections are close, then they are unitarily equivalent

Given two projections $p,q\in B(H)$, it is well-known that if $\|p-q\|<1$, then there exists a unitary $u\in B(H)$ with $q=upu^*$. The proof that immediately occurs to me uses comparison of ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

Planar algebraic translation of a subfactor property

Let $N \subset M$ be an irreducible finite depth and finite index subfactor. $M$ is a completely reducible (algebraic) $N$-$N$ bimodule, it decomposes into irreducibles as follows : ...
5
votes
1answer
191 views

A Question About Pure States, Support Projections and Central Covers

I am trying to study the paper Consistency of a Counterexample to Naimark’s Problem by Charles Akemann and Nik Weaver, and there is a claim in Lemma 1 of the paper that I am stuck at, which is as ...
2
votes
2answers
198 views

Finding the commutant of a von Neumann algebra

Suppose you have a von Neumann algebra $A$ of operators on $H$ and would like to compute its commutant. You have constructed a collection $B\subset A'$ which you suspect generates it (i.e. you think ...
3
votes
1answer
312 views

Are all the R-R-bimodules completely reducible?

Let $R$ be the hyperfinite $II_1$ factor and let $X$ be any $R$-$R$-bimodule. Question: Is $X$ completely reducible (i.e. a direct integral of irreducible $R$-$R$-bimodules)? Example: If $(N ...
2
votes
2answers
240 views

Are the finite dimensional von Neumann algebras, singly generated?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a finite dimensional von Neumann algebra, then : $$\mathcal{M} \simeq \bigoplus_i M_{n_i}(\mathbb{C})$$ Question : Is it singly generated (as von Neumann algebra)? how ? ...
6
votes
2answers
269 views

Are the reduced group Von Neumann algebra/ Group $C^{\ast}$ algebra functorial in the case of LCH groups

Let $G$ be a LCH group and $\mu$ be its left Haar measure. Call $\lambda_G : G \to U(L_2(G,\mu))$ the left regular representation. We can define the reduced $C^{\ast}$ algebra and reduced Von Neumann ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

ITPFI factors with restricted growth

You will have to excuse my lack of understanding of von Neumann algebras. I do not know if my question is trivial or nonsensical. There are ITPFI factors of bounded type, and ITPFI factors of ...
4
votes
0answers
158 views

The groupoid VN algebra of the transversal to a uniquely ergodic action

I have a uniquely ergodic dynamical system preserving a finite ergodic measure (specifically, I have a nice aperiodic tiling space with an action of $\mathbb{R}^d$). Thus the transformation group von ...
2
votes
1answer
264 views

Question on structure of von Neumann algebras, clarification in Conway's “A course in operator theory”

I was reading the section on the structure of type I von Neumann algebras in John B. Conway's "A course in operator theory" and a few questions about certain definitions and references arose, I was ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Reference request for a type III action of a group on a manifold

Let an action of a group $\Gamma$ on a manifold $M$ such that $L^{∞}(M)⋊Γ$ is a type $III$ factor. André Henriques posted here the following comment : I don't know the literature, so I can't ...
7
votes
1answer
264 views

is this von Neumann algebra a tensor product?

Let $H_1$ and $H_2$ be Hilbert spaces. Let $A\subset B(H_1)$ be a factor and $A'$ its commutant. If a von Neumann algebra $M\subset B(H_1\otimes H_2)$ contains $A\otimes 1$ and commutes with ...
4
votes
0answers
167 views

An embedding theorem for a fusion ring planar algebra?

We first recall the embedding theorem for finite depth subfactor planar algebras: The planar algebra generated by a (finite depth) subfactor, is embeddable into the planar algebra generated by its ...
8
votes
3answers
317 views

reference request : constructive measure theory

As the title said, I would like to know if constructive measure theory has been developed somewhere ? I am more precisely interested in the (constructive) theory of completely continuous valuation on ...
6
votes
0answers
195 views

A non-hyperfinite type III factor from an action of the free group on the circle

We define below a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$ from an action of the free group on the circle, and we prove that $\mathcal{M}$ is a non-hyperfinite type III factor. Question : Is ...
2
votes
0answers
207 views

Versions of the spectral theorem

Since any $C^*$-algebra can be represented as an algebra of bounded operators $\mathcal{B(H)}$ on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, the spectral theorem applies to all $C^*$-algebras: ($*$) ...
1
vote
1answer
259 views

Folium in GNS construction and von Neumann algebras

The GNS construction allows one to represent a $C^*$-algebra as the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space when a state is fixed, this state being represented as a vector on the Hilbert ...
5
votes
2answers
392 views

C*-algebras and quantum fields

One can represent a quantum system by the Weyl algebra (which is a C*-algebra). For instance, a 1 degree of freedom system can be represented by the algebra generated by $e^{\imath t Q}, e^{\imath s ...