The von-neumann-algebras tag has no wiki summary.

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### Comparing cardinalities of the spectrum of two masas in $B(H)$

If I imagine that (the self-adjoint part of) a C*-algebra $A$ represents the algebra of observables of some quantum system, then certain perspectives on algebraic quantum theory would ask me to ...

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### Is there an irreducible subfactor with an infinite homogeneous single chain lattice?

We know that we can build an irreducible subfactor realizing a finite single chain lattice containing any finite index irreducible maximal subfactors, by using the free composition (see here).
Is ...

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### Embedding the group von Neumann algebra into an injective von Neumann algebra on the same Hilbert space

Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group, $\newcommand{\VN}{\rm VN}$
and let $\VN(\Gamma)$ denote its von Neumann algebra, regarded as a subalgebra of ${\sf B}(\ell^2(\Gamma))$. It is well known that ...

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### Connes' correspondences of two $L^\infty$-algebras

In his "Noncommutative Geometry" book Connes asserts (on p. 539) that for two standard probability spaces $(X,\mu_X)$, $(Y,\nu_Y)$ an $N$-$M$-bimodule for $M=L^\infty(X,\mu_X)$ and ...

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### Is the center of the automorphism group of a von Neumann algebra M trivial whenever M is a factor?

Question: Is the center of the automorphism group of a von Neumann algebra $\mathscr{M}$ trivial (=$\{\mathrm{id}\}$) whenever $\mathscr{M}$ is a factor (=$\mathscr{M}$ has center $\{\lambda I; ...

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### How the modular theory of von Neumann algebras, deal with generating C*-algebras?

Let $H$ be a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space, $M \subset B(H)$ a von Neumann algebra and $A \subset M$ a separable $C^*$-algebra such that $A''=M$. Suppose the existence of a bicyclic ...

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### Murray–von Neumann equivalence on C$^*$-algebra and von Neumann algebra

Let $H$ be a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space, $M \subset B(H)$ a von Neumann algebra and $A \subset M$ a separable $C^*$-algebra such that $A''=M$.
Let $p,q \in M_{\infty}(A)$ be ...

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### Example of joint cyclic and separating vector

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separate Hilbert space and $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}) \subset
\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}) \otimes M_2(C)$ be a W$^*$-inclusion pairs. It is known that
this pair share a joint cyclic ...

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### Noncommutative version of Littlewood's First Principle

There are definitely noncommutative analogues for Lusin's theorem and Egoroff's theorem (found in Blackadar for example). I'm curious if there is a version of the first principle:
Every Lebesgue
...

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### Mysterious quotes (at least for me)

I heard two quotes, one from Alain Connes and an other one from Orlov.
Alain Connes was talking about noncommutative geometry and he said the following:
" a noncommutative algebra creates its own ...

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### Characterization of hyperfinitness by the Effros-Marechal topology

Let $A$ be a von Neumann algebra and $A_*$ its predual. One can define a topology on the set $vN(A)$of all von Neumann subalgebras of $A$ called the Effros-Marechal topology. It is characterized as ...

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### Is a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor, intermediate of a depth ≤ 3 one?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor.
Main question: Is $(N \subset M)$ the intermediate of a finite index depth $\le 3$ irreducible subfactor?
(In others words, is ...

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### Are the integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors Kac-coideal?

Is it known whether or not the integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors (planar algebra) are Kac-coideal subfactors: $(R^{\mathbb{A}} \subset R^{\mathbb{I}})$, with $\mathbb{A}$ a finite ...

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### What are the first non-maximal non-group-subgroup simple irreducible subfactors?

Definition: For an irreducible (finite index) subfactor $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{M})$, an intermediate $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{P} \subset \mathcal{M})$
is normal if the biprojections ...

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### Uniqueness of the tensor product decomposition of subfactors

A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is indecomposable if (for $N_i \subset M_i)$: $$(N \subset M) = (N_1 \otimes N_2 \subset M_1 \otimes M_2) \Rightarrow \exists i \ N_i = M_i$$
Then, a subfactor $(N ...

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### Hyperfinite type II_1 factor as the Clifford algebra

In Connes' book Noncommutative geometry, there is a presentation of all hyperfinite factors. He reffers to type $II_1$ as the Clifford algebra of infinite dimensional Euclidean space.
This factor can ...

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### Two Definitions of Non-commutative $L^p$ space

Throughout, let $(\mathcal{M},\tau)$ be a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$, acting on a Hilbert space $H$, with normal semifinite faithful trace $\tau$.
In the survey article by Pisier and Xu, the ...

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### Infinite amenable group subfactors

Let amenable groups $\Gamma$ and $\Gamma'$. They act outerly of only one manner on the hyperfinite ${\rm II}_1$-factor $\mathcal{R}$.
Question: $(\mathcal{R} \subset \mathcal{R} \rtimes \Gamma) ...

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### ${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = \mathbb{C} \Rightarrow \mathcal{A}' \cap \mathcal{B}'$ hyperfinite?

Let $\mathcal{A} , \mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}', \mathcal{B}' $ are also a ${\rm II}_1$-factors.
Question: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = ...

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### A conditional form of Holder's Inequality on Type II-1 von Neumann algebras

Suppose $V$ is a von-Neumann algebra with a trace $\tau$ so that $\tau(I) = 1$. Suppose $W$ is a sub-von Neumann algebra of $V$. Then we can define a conditional expection to be a projection ...

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### ${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant and trivial intersection generate $B(H)$?

Let $H$ be an $\infty$-dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Let $\mathcal{A}$, $\mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}'$, ...

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### Measure Preserving Transformation Induced by a $*$-automorphism on $L^\infty(X,\mu)$

The following excerpt is from Connes' Noncommutative Geometry
Let $(X, \mathcal{B}, \mu)$ be a standard Borel space equipped with a probability measure $\mu$, and let $\ T$ be a Borel ...

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### von Neumann algebras generated by commutators

Let $A$ be a UHF-algebra of type $n^{\infty}$ and denote its unique and faithful trace by $\tau$. Let $L^2(A)$ be the Hilbert space of the GNS-representation associated to $\tau$. We have two ...

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### Connes' idea to use the hyperfinite $III_1$ factor for the archimedian place of Spec(Z)?

I recently gave a talk, where I talked about the tensor category
of (all, not just finite index) bimodules over the hyperfinite $III_1$ factor.
Vaughan Jones, who was in the audience, later told me ...

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### References for von Neumann Algebras

I have some -possibly- simple but broad questions: Where to begin the study of von Neumann Algebras? Which are the important questions in the field that guide current research? I'm interested in ...

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### A section from subfactors to transitive groups

A finite group-subgroup subfactor is a subfactor $(N \subset M)$ isomorphic to $(R^G \subset R^H)$ with $(H \subset G)$ an inclusion of finite groups acting as outer automorphism on the hyperfinite ...

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### When is it $C(X)$?

Suppose that $\tilde{X}$ is a compact space. If $C(\tilde{X})$ is isometrically isomorphic to the second dual of a Banach space, does there exist a locally compact space $X$ such that ...

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### On the relation between the set of extreme points of the unit ball of $M(X)$ and $M(X)^{**}$

Suppose that $X$ is a locally compact topological space. Let $M(X)$ denote the Banach space of regular Borel measures on $X$. It is known that the bidual of $C_0(X)$ is a commutative $C^*-$algebra. ...

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### Extension of $C^*$ isomorphism to $W^*$ isomorphism

Let $\mathfrak{A}$ be $C^*$algebra, and $\pi$ its faithful representation on Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Bicommutant $\mathfrak{B}=\pi(\mathfrak{A})''$ is the von Neumann algebra generated by ...

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### Does noncommutative Lp-convergence respect orderings?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra and $\tau$ a faithful (semi-finite?) normal trace on $M$; as is standard, the $L^p$-norm is defined as $||u||_p=\tau(|u|^p)^{1/p}$. Let $\{u_i\}_{i=1}^\infty$ be a ...

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### Abelian subfactors, a relevant concept?

Through the questions below, this post asks whether the concept of abelian subfactor is relevant.
Remark : here abelian qualifies an inclusion of II$_1$ factors $(N \subset M)$, $N$ is not an abelian ...

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### Jordan-Hölder theorem for subfactors?

All the subfactors $(N\subset M)$ are irreducible and finite index inclusions of II$_1$ factors.
First recall that in this paper, D. Bisch characterizes the Jones projections $e_K$ of the ...

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### The category of subfactors extending the category of groups?

This post was inspired by this answer of Dave Penneys.
In the category of (irreducible hyperfinite II$_1$) subfactors, the morphisms of $(N \subset M)$ to $(N' \subset M')$ are usually defined as ...

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### Isomorphism theorem for subfactors?

It's about the existence of a generalization of the first isomorphism theorem for groups, for subfactors :
Let $(N \subset M)$ and $(N' \subset M')$ be irreducible inclusions of hyperfinite $II_1$ ...

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### Which Sigma-Ideals in a Sigma-Algebra are Ideals of Null Sets?

My question is motivated, to be somewhat vague, by an attempt to see how much a measure space is defined by the set of null sets. In other words, assume we are not given a concrete measure on a space ...

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### Checking complete positivity of maps between C* algebras

Let $\phi$ : $A \rightarrow A$ be a positive map, where $A$ is a (unital) C* algebra. Suppose we are given that $\phi$ is n positive whenever n= $2^k$ for some $k \in \mathbb{N}$. Can we conclude that ...

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### Semifinite Trace on Jones' Basic Construction

Let $M$ be a finite von Neumann algebra with $\tau$ a finite faithful trace. Let $N$ be a von Neumann subalgebra of $M$ with trace $\tau|_N$, obtained by restricting $\tau$ to $N$. If $e_N$ denotes ...

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### Type III factor representation

Does there exist any theorem which permits, under suitable hypotheses, to represent a particular complete orthomodular lattice as the projection lattice of a Type III von Neumann factor?

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### two concepts of positivity for elements of $C(X)$ when $X$ is hyper-stonean

Suppose that $X$ is a compact space. Let $M(X)=C(X)^*$ denote the Banach space of regular measures. Is the following statement true:
$F:M(X)\to\mathbb{C}$ is a positive functional if and only if the ...

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### If two projections are close, then they are unitarily equivalent

Given two projections $p,q\in B(H)$, it is well-known that if $\|p-q\|<1$, then there exists a unitary $u\in B(H)$ with $q=upu^*$.
The proof that immediately occurs to me uses comparison of ...

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### Planar algebraic translation of a subfactor property

Let $N \subset M$ be an irreducible finite depth and finite index subfactor.
$M$ is a completely reducible (algebraic) $N$-$N$ bimodule, it decomposes into irreducibles as follows :
...

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### A Question About Pure States, Support Projections and Central Covers

I am trying to study the paper Consistency of a Counterexample to Naimark’s Problem by Charles Akemann and Nik Weaver, and there is a claim in Lemma 1 of the paper that I am stuck at, which is as ...

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### Finding the commutant of a von Neumann algebra

Suppose you have a von Neumann algebra $A$ of operators on $H$ and would like to compute its commutant. You have constructed a collection $B\subset A'$ which you suspect generates it (i.e. you think ...

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### Are all the R-R-bimodules completely reducible?

Let $R$ be the hyperfinite $II_1$ factor and let $X$ be any $R$-$R$-bimodule.
Question: Is $X$ completely reducible (i.e. a direct integral of irreducible $R$-$R$-bimodules)?
Example: If $(N ...

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### Are the finite dimensional von Neumann algebras, singly generated?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a finite dimensional von Neumann algebra, then :
$$\mathcal{M} \simeq \bigoplus_i M_{n_i}(\mathbb{C})$$
Question : Is it singly generated (as von Neumann algebra)? how ?
...

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### Are the reduced group Von Neumann algebra/ Group $C^{\ast}$ algebra functorial in the case of LCH groups

Let $G$ be a LCH group and $\mu$ be its left Haar measure. Call $\lambda_G : G \to U(L_2(G,\mu))$ the left regular representation. We can define the reduced $C^{\ast}$ algebra and reduced Von Neumann ...

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### ITPFI factors with restricted growth

You will have to excuse my lack of understanding of von Neumann algebras. I do not know if my question is trivial or nonsensical.
There are ITPFI factors of bounded type, and ITPFI factors of ...

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### The groupoid VN algebra of the transversal to a uniquely ergodic action

I have a uniquely ergodic dynamical system preserving a finite ergodic measure (specifically, I have a nice aperiodic tiling space with an action of $\mathbb{R}^d$). Thus the transformation group von ...

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### Question on structure of von Neumann algebras, clarification in Conway's “A course in operator theory”

I was reading the section on the structure of type I von Neumann algebras in John B. Conway's "A course in operator theory" and a few questions about certain definitions and references arose, I was ...

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### Reference request for a type III action of a group on a manifold

Let an action of a group $\Gamma$ on a manifold $M$ such that $L^{∞}(M)⋊Γ$ is a type $III$ factor.
André Henriques posted here the following comment :
I don't know the literature, so I can't ...