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3
votes
2answers
136 views

Linearly independent family of sequences of rationals with a cardinal equal to the continuum

I'm coming back to this question. Is it possible to have "an explicit" linearly independent family of sequences of rationals with a cardinal equal to the continuum? PS: sorry for the duplicate on the ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

The space of sequences of rationals and its dimension [duplicate]

In the following page, I give an example of a vector space not isomorphic to its double dual. I use the space $E$ of sequences of reals. Its dimension (over the field of the reals) is the one of the ...
34
votes
33answers
4k views

Results true in a dimension and false for higher dimensions

Some theorems are true in vector spaces for a given dimension $n$ but become false in higher dimensions. Here are two examples: A positive polynomial not reaching its minimum. Impossible in ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

angle inequality in n-dimensional vector space [closed]

Does anyone has answer for the following doc product problem? Let A,B,C be three vectors of magnitude of 1. Let A*B = Cos(x) ( * means dot product) B*C = Cos(y) ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Linear map with two “incompatible” representations

Let $K$ be a field and let $V$ be the set of sequences $\{v_1,v_2,\dots\}$ of elements of $K$. If $A=\{a_1,a_2,\dots\}$ is also a sequence of elements of $K$, then it defines an endomorphism of $V$ ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Space of matrices B for which there is a solution to Bx=c for a given c

Let $F$ be a field, $k$ and $m$ natural numbers with $k \leq m$, and $c \in F^m$. Is there some name for the set $\mathcal{B}_c = \{ B \in F^{m \times k}\, | \,\, \exists x \in F^k $s.t. $ Bx = c\}$ ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Speed of convergence of vector expansions in non orthogonal basis

Suppose we have a finite-norm vector $X$ in a Hilbert space, and we want to construct its expansion in a certain (infinite) basis $V_k$, $X=\sum_k a_k V_k$. If the basis is orthonormal, then we know ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Is an integral against a probability measure in the convex hull of the range?

This may be really obvious but I don't see it. Let $f:\Omega \to \mathbb R^n$ be integrable with respect to a probability measure $\mu$. Does it follow that $\int_\Omega f \, d\mu$ is in the convex ...
6
votes
1answer
217 views

Sets of cardinalities of bases without choice

For a vector space $V$, let $BS(V)$ be the set of cardinalities (not necessarily $\aleph$s) of bases of $V$. Of course, in ZFC each $BS(V)$ is a singleton, but supposing the axiom of choice fails, it ...
4
votes
2answers
369 views

Properties of vector spaces without AC

With AC, it is easy to see that any vector space is injective, and free, therefore alse flat and projective. Without AC, vector spaces can be not free. Are they must be projective modules? Flat ...
12
votes
2answers
263 views

Subset of vectors whose sum has a large norm

In Rudin - Real & Complex Analysis we have the following Lemma 6.3. If $z_1, \ldots, z_n \in \mathbb{C}$ then there is a subset $S \subseteq \{1,\ldots,n\}$ for which $$\left|\sum_{k \in S} ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Finite generation of vector identities

This question is partially motivated by Looking for a comprehensive referece for vector identities, although that question may not be appropriate for MO. Consider the set $\mathcal{E}$ of all valid ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

Grassmannian frames in the Grassmannian

I am new to the Grassmannian. I have read about Grassmannian frames in $\mathbb R^n$. My question is can we define Grassmannian frames in a Grassmannian space $Gr(k,n)$ just like in $\mathbb R^n$? ...
1
vote
3answers
194 views

Formalism for moving from a metric space into a vector space for mathematical/statistical modeling given a data

I have a metric space $(X,d)$. I have a physical situation (data) where each physical entity corresponds to an $x \in X$. I want to do some mathematical/statistical modeling of this data, but the ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Is there a known generalization of the Schmidt decomposition based on a maximal set of “locally orthogonal” vectors?

I came across the following unusual generalization of the Schmidt decomposition in my work, which I describe below. I would like to know if this structure has been studied before so I can read more ...
5
votes
1answer
195 views

Is Taylor expansion related to Helmholtz decomposition?

The Taylor expansion of a vector field $f(x)$ to the order of one is $$f(x)=f(x_0)+Jf(x_0)\cdot\Delta x+o(\Delta x)$$ where $Jf$ is Jacobian of the vector field and $\Delta x=x-x_0$. Suppose we ...
3
votes
1answer
333 views

What is the significance of matrix ordered algebras?

I am trying to grok matrix ordered operator algebras, but I am having a hard time understanding their significance from the definition. Here is the definition (or at least, one way of stating it): ...
2
votes
0answers
318 views

A conjecture about vector space (repost from math.SE)

This post is copied from math.SE in the following link: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/456398/a-conjecture-about-vector-space I have posted the question two days ago, but receive no answer ...
0
votes
0answers
213 views

Finding the effective maximum number of subspaces in a finite dimensional vector space

Hi mathoverflow community, may be some one may give me a hint on the following problem before I spend much time on brute force search. For $q$ a prime number and $n=6$, let $\mathbb {F}_{q}^{n}$ be ...
0
votes
0answers
129 views

Lattice basis reductions and finding minimal values

While reading several articles about lattice basis reduction I am left with a few questions. For one, I came across this piece of text Let $\alpha$ and $\beta \in \mathbb{R}$. Also let $X>0$ and ...
7
votes
1answer
343 views

Visual pictures of rotation and torsion

In vector analysis / differential geometry we have rotation and torsion. The formalisms are certainly well known. But how could I best explain the geometric pictures and their difference (as a coach ...
4
votes
1answer
223 views

Historical precursor for Peano's axioms of a linear space?

Peano is typically credited with giving the first abstract definition of a vector space (1888): http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/HistTopics/Abstract_linear_spaces.html Apparently, Peano credits ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

Is there a wedge which operates on multiple vector spaces?

Let's say I have two vector spaces $V,W$ , and we have the graded algebras $\Lambda(V),\Lambda(W)$, each with an operation $\wedge$. I'd like to know if there are "many" $\wedge$ operators, or if ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Minimal generating sets of monoids acting on finite vector spaces.

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{Z}_2$ with a linear map $f_i : V \to V$ for each $i$ in some finite index set $I$. Then one can always find some subset $G \subseteq V$ of ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

Endomomorphisms of Chain Complexes of vector spaces and determinants

Let $C_{\ast} : \cdots \to A_{2} \to A_{1} \to A_{0} \to 0$ be a chain complex of finite dimensional vector spaces over a field $K$. And let $f_{\ast} : C_{\ast} \to C_{\ast}$ and $g_{\ast} : ...
2
votes
0answers
273 views

Morphisms of Spectral Sequences and alternating products

Let $E_{a,b}^{r}, F_{a,b}^{r}$ be two (co)homologica first quadrant spectral sequences of vector spaces over a field $K$, and $f : E \to F$ be a morphism of spectral sequences. Assume that morphisms ...
3
votes
1answer
298 views

Intersection of vector spaces

Let $\{v_{1,j},\ldots, v_{n,j}\}$ be a basis of the $n$-dimensional vector space $V$ for $j=1\ldots k$ (and assume $2k\leq n$). Let $V_i$ be the subspace spanned by $v_{i,1},\ldots, v_{i,k}$ for ...
1
vote
2answers
282 views

Ultrafilters over vector spaces

Perhaps my question is naive, but let me try. Take a (real or complex) vector space $V$ and consider an ideal $\mathcal{I}$ of subsets of $V$ with the following property (call it (*)): for each ...
8
votes
1answer
633 views

Who first proved that the dimension of a vector space is unique?

every vector space is known to have a basis (assuming the axiom of choice). This is attributed to Georg Hamel (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georg_Hamel). Moreover, any two bases have the same ...
0
votes
1answer
445 views

Fuzzy vector similarity

Hi all, I have two multi-dimensional vectors representing documents $\vec{a}$ and $\vec{b}$. Considering cases where there is no overlap between $a$ and $b$ ($a \cap b = \emptyset $), traditional ...
3
votes
2answers
720 views

How to prove the Hahn-Banach constructively

I am just wondering, how to prove the Hahn-Banach theorem constructively for a finite dimensional normed vector space. Thanks in advance for any helpful answers.
2
votes
1answer
642 views

When do 0-preserving isometries have to be linear?

Let $\langle \mathbf{V},+,\cdot,||.|| \rangle$ be a normed vector space over $\mathbb{R}$. Let $f : \mathbf{V} \to \mathbf{V}$ be an isometry that satisfies $f(\mathbf{0}) = \mathbf{0}$ . What ...
3
votes
1answer
690 views

Inequalities and bounds for relating p-norms (Reference request)

Hello all, I'm trying to find a good resource for a discussion on the relation between say, the p-norm of a vector (from a finite dimensional vector space) and its Euclidean norm. In my search on the ...