# Tagged Questions

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Calculate the parametric equations of the xz plane parallel to the surface tangent. z = x ^ 2 + y ^ 2-4x-6y +13 in (3,3,1)
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### Geometric derivation of the Einstein’s field equation from the Hilbert action.

It is well-known that the equation for stationary solutions of the Einstein-Hilbert functional is given by the Einstein field equation (for a statement, see previous question). The standard derivation ...
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Already done this problem in class but I was absent. I cannot figure out the problem. Could someone please do it out in detail so I can see how this problem is done? We would like to prove that for ...
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### Choquet theory and Hilbert's fourth problem

The following text is an attempt to see Hilbert's fourth problem in a new light. Definition. A pseudometric $d$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is called projective if whenever a point $z$ belongs to a line ...
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### Equal maximum and minimum in a large-scale linear programming

For a linear optimization of an integral (with integral constraints), I perform a linear programming for the equivalent series. Maximum and minimum of the LP problem tend to be equal as I increase the ...
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### Deriving Helfrich's shape equation for closed membranes

I have a bunch of papers that claim that, from the equation for shape energy: $$F = \frac{1}{2}k_c \int (c_1+c_2-c_0)^2 dA + \Delta p \int dV + \lambda \int dA$$ one can use "methods of variational ...
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### Variational Problem v.s. Initial Value Problem

Is there a way to relate the variational problem where one specifies $x$ initially and finally to the initial value (Cauchy) problem where one specifies both $x$ and $p$ initially? As an example, ...
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### The Isoperimetric problem for domains constrained to lie between two parallel planes

It is well known that for a given volume $V$, a sphere is the shape that minimizes the surface area. I am interested in the same problem under the constraint that the shape must lie between the planes ...
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### A riemannian manifold with finitely many closed contractible geodesics

By a closed geodesic, I mean a smooth periodic geodesic $\mathbb{R} \rightarrow (M,g)$. I will consider them up to geometric distinction. This means that any two closed geodesics are equivalent if ...
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### Extending the variational bicomplex to Hamiltion or Hamiltion-Jacobi formalism

The variational bicomplex seams to provide a modern formulation of the variational problem in terms of modern differential geometry. In particular the bigraded complex of differential forms ...
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### coordinate free Euler-Lagrange

The variational approach is to seek critical points in terms the Euler-Lagrange variational derivatives $E_a(S_0)$ of a local function $S_0.$ The zero locus does not depend on coordinates. Where is ...
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### Invariance of the l.h.s. of Euler-Lagrange equation

Let $M^n$ be a smooth manifold equipped with a nondegenerate Lagrangian $L:TM\to\mathbb R$, $L=L(x,y)$, $x\in M$, $y\in T_xM$. The stationary points of the corresponding integral functional on curves ...
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### Reversibility vs geodesic reversibility for Finsler metrics on the two-sphere

Problem. To give a concrete example of a geodesically reversible Finsler metric on the two-sphere that is not just the sum of a reversible Finsler metric and an exact $1$-form. Some background may be ...
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### Is still it weakly continuous ？

If $\{u_n\}$ is bounded in $H$（real Hilbert space）with inner product such that $(\cdot,\cdot)$, then ${\|u_n\|^2u_n}$ is bounded also. Passing a subsequence, one has that $\{\|u_n\|^2u_n\}$ converges ...
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### Approximating solutions to minima of the discrete Lagrangian

I have been stuck on this problem for a week and I'm not sure whether or not it is hard or I'm just missing something obvious. General gist of the problem I have a variational problem on a ...
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### Boundary Problem with an Area Constraint

Consider a boundary given by vertices (0,a), (0,0) and (1,0) (an 'L' shaped boundary). The problem is to find the equation that passes between the endpoints (0,a) (1,0) of minimum length that ...
I am looking for (the name of) a class of functions from $\mathbf{R}^2$ $(\mathbf{R}^n)$ to {0, 1} that are integrable. Let $f$ be in this class and $E$ be the set of all points where $f$ is equal to ...