The valuation-theory tag has no usage guidance.

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### Structure of valuations on $\mathbb{F}_q(X,Y)$?

I'm looking to construct all valuations on $\mathbb{Q}(X,Y)$ extending the p-adic valuation on $\mathbb{Q}$ and understand their structural properties. In doing this, to obtain 3 dimensional valuation ...

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121 views

### Is every Polish ring topology on $\mathbb{C}$ defined by an absolute value?

There is a unique up to isomorphism algebraically closed field of characteristic 0 and cardinality of the continuum. Let's call it $K$.
We usually call it $\mathbb{C}$, but by this we impose a ...

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51 views

### Relation between ramification index and length of filtration of ramification groups

Given a complete valued field $K$ with a discrete value group $\mathbb{Z}$, consider a totally ramified finite Galois extension $L$ of $K$ with its Galois group $G$. Let $O_L$ be the valuation integer ...

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73 views

### Extension of a valuation on a function field

Let $K$ be a field, and $K(x)$ the field of rational functions over $K$. Consider the degree valuation $v$ on $K(x)$, That is
$v\left(\frac{f(x)}{g(x)}\right)=\deg(g)-\deg(f)$. So for every $f(x)\in ...

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228 views

### Examples of NIP fields of characteristic $p$

Definition. According to Shelah, a field $K$ does not have the independence property (i.e. is NIP) if for every first order formula $\varphi(x, \bar y)$ in the language of fields $(+,\times,0,1)$, the ...

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279 views

### Completion of a finite field extension is also finite?

Let $(L,w)/(K,v)$ be a finite extension of valuation fields, and let $L_w$, $K_v$ be the respective completions of $(L,w)$, $(K,v)$. Is the field extension $L_w/K_v$ finite?
For nonarchimedean ...

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94 views

### Separable extensions of henselian fields

Let $(k,v)$ be a henselian field, with $\mathcal{O}$ and $\bar{k}$ being respectively its valuation ring and its residue field. If $K/k$ a finite separable field extension (on which $v$ thus extends ...

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177 views

### Model over DVR for smooth projective curves

Let $C$ be a smooth, projective, geometrically irreducible curve of genus at least $2$ over a complete discrete valued field $F$ of characteristic zero (not necessarily algebraically closed). Let $R$ ...

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275 views

### Subgroup of Projective general linear group on complete discrete valuation ring

Let $R$ be a complete dvr and $k$ its residue field of positive characteristic.
Let $H$ be a finite subgroup of $PGL_2(k)$ such that the order of $H$ is prime with $char(k)$.
Is there some ...

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195 views

### Completion of discrete valuation ring

Let $R$ be an excellent, Henselian, discrete valuation ring with algebraically closed residue field and $\hat{R}$ be the completion of $R$. If I understand correctly, the residue field of $\hat{R}$ is ...

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187 views

### Extension of a complete discrete valuation ring

My question came when I was reading the famous Tate's paper on $p$-divisible groups. At the beginning of chapter $(2.4)$ he cites this fact as obvious. If you take a complete discrete valuation ring $...

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168 views

### On conductors, levels and traces on quaternion algebras

I am currently working on level issues in the division central simple algebra case, say $D$ over a local non-archimedean field $F$ (e.g. $\mathbf{Q}_p$). Let say that $\mathcal{O}_D$ and $\mathcal{O}...

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262 views

### Is it decidable whether a finite type scheme is proper?

Let $k$ be a field and let $X$ be a finite type scheme over $k$, explicitly given by finitely many affine patches which are $\mathrm{Spec}$ of finitely generated $k$-algebras, glued along other affine ...

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465 views

### How did height in algeb. number theory/elliptic curves started?

Maybe this is obvious but it isn't to me yet. What is the history of heights used in say points of the project plane over a number field or of elliptic curve over a number field? I would guess people ...

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149 views

### Extension of the product formula for valuations to a simultaneous completion

It is well known that $\mathbb{C}$ and $\mathbb{C}_p$ are "algebraically" isomorphic (that is, ignoring the topology), but an isomorphism depends on the axiom of choice and there is no canonical way ...

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418 views

### Finite extension of local fields

Can a (higher) local field have uncountably many finite (seperable) extensions?

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259 views

### Goldbach-type problem: the valuation of irreducible elements of a subgroup of $\mathbb{Q}_{> 0}$

Let $\phi : \mathbb{Q}_{>0} \to \mathbb{Z}$ be the group morphism defined by $\phi(p) = p$ for $p$ a prime number.
It follows that $\phi(\prod_i p_i^{n_i}) = \sum_i n_i p_i$, with $p_i$ a prime ...

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126 views

### seek another proof of a result in Fourier analysis

It was proved on page 26 of this note the following result:
Let $\xi$ be an algebraic number that is not a root of unity, then there exists an $n_0\geq 0$ with the property that $$\beta=\sum_{j=-n^2}^...

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262 views

### Maximal unramified extension and inertia group for separable closure

I have a problem in understanding the inertia group of an infinite extension. I am studying it in this context.
Let $K$ be a field, $v$ a discrete valuation on $K$, and $\mathcal{O}_v$ the discrete ...

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130 views

### Jacobian Conjecture, Cubic-Keller maps

I have recently read an interesting article about the Jacobian Conjecture, in particular the reduction to the case $f(x) = x + A(x)^3$.
I was wondering about codimension one divisors on $Y = A^n$. ...

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48 views

### Saturation of a subalgebra over the Tate-algebra inside the power series ring

Let $A$ be a discrete valuation ring and $\pi$ a uniformizer.
Over $A$ we consider the Tate-algebra
$$A\langle t \rangle =\{ f=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nt^n \mid a_n\in A, \lim_{n\to \infty} \lvert a_n\...

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145 views

### Valuations given by flags on a variety and valuations of maximal rational rank

I am interested in valuations on a function field $K=k(X)$ of some say smooth, projective $k$-variety $X$ of dimension $n$, where $k$ is some (algebraically closed) field (that implies trdeg$(K/k) = n$...

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353 views

### Analogy between Lagrange's Theorem and Rank-Nullity Theorem?

One can view view Lagrange's Theorem $$|G/H|=|G|/|H|$$ and the Rank-Nullity Theorem $$\dim(V/U)=\dim(V)-\dim(U)$$ as directly analogous. Does anyone know a high-level explanation of this analogy? I ...

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169 views

### Reference for “approximately henselian” valued fields

I need some valuation theory in a paper I’m working on. This is not quite within my area of expertise, and I’d like to make the terminology right.
A valued field $(K,v)$ with value group $\Gamma$, ...

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218 views

### Discrete valuations for which Abhyankar inequality is strict

The background to my question, in a nutshell, is: If $k$ is a field and $X$ a $k$-variety, i.e. an integral, separated, finite type $k$-scheme, which discrete rank $1$ valuations on $k(X)$ come from ...

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107 views

### Complete D.V.R's That have different characteristic than the residue field

I'm working through Local Fields by Serre and am stumped by something that he thinks should be obvious.
Let $A$ Be a complete D.V.R with uniformizer $\pi$ and $\overline{K}$ be it's residue field. $...

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220 views

### Reference for Ostrowski's 1916 Theorem?

I am looking for the original reference for Ostrowski's theorem of 1916 that the only valuations on the rational numbers are the trivial, Archimedean, and p-adic valuations.
...

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204 views

### Asymptotics vs Puiseux series

Define asymptotic as a class of sequences {$ x_i$},$_{i\in\mathbb N}$ modulo equivalence {$x_i$}={$y_i$} if $\lim_{i\to\infty} (x_i/y_i)=c\in\mathbb R,c\ne 0$.
More, we define $X= \{x_i\} \lt Y= \{ ...

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138 views

### Finite extensions of residue fields of Henselian DVRs

Let $K$ be an Henselian discrete valuation field such that its completion is separable over $K$. Let $F$ be its infinite residue field. Is it true that a finite extension of $F$ is a simple extension ...

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157 views

### Finite extension of valuation

This is a similar question from the book "Valued Fields by Antonio J. Engler and Alexander Prestel, Springer, 2005 " page 82, Exercise 3.5.4.(b).
Let $(K_{1}, V_{1})\subseteq (K_{2}, V_{2})$ be ...

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212 views

### Pseudo-cauchy sequence and valuation

Let $k$ be a field and $x$ is transcendental over $k$. Can we construct a pseudo-cauchy sequence $(a_{i})$ convergent to $x$ with each $a_{i}$ is algebraic over $k$ and $k(a_{i})\subseteq k(a_{i + 1})$...

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122 views

### Henselization of valued field

Let $(K, \nu)$ be a valued field and $x$ is transcendental over $K$. Is there exist a henselian extension of $(K, \nu)$ in between $(K, \nu)$ and $(K(x), \nu^{'})$ where $\nu^{'}$ is an extension (...

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259 views

### Henselization of valued field

What is the importance of henselization in valuation theory, when the rank of valuation is bigger than one? Thanks

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248 views

### Algebraic maximal extension and algebraic closure

Let $K$ be a valued field. We say that $K$ is algebraic maximal if any algebraic extension of $K$ has either a bigger value group or a bigger residue field.
Under which condition is an algebraic ...

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127 views

### when is the property “being algebraically maximal” a first order property ?

A valued field is said to be algebraic maximal if all its algebraic extension have either a bigger value group or a bigger residue field.
Do you know for which field this is a first order property ?
...

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423 views

### Valuations on tensor products

Let $A$ be a commutative ring, $B$ (resp. $C$) be a commutative $A$-algebra endowed with a valuation $v$ (resp. $w$), not necessarily of rank 1. Assume that $v$ and $w$ induce equivalent valuations on ...

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165 views

### Extending commuting endomorphims of a complete discrete valued field to the algebraic closure?

Is it true that any two commuting endomorphisms of a complete discrete valued field extend to commuting automorphisms of the algebraic closure?

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228 views

### When is a valued field second-countable?

Let $R$ be a valuation ring, with fraction field $K$ and residue field $k$. Denote by $\Gamma=K^{\times}/R^{\times}$ the valuation group (assumed nontrivial).
The valuation $v:K^{\times}\to\Gamma$ ...

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185 views

### uniqueness of a limit of a pseudo convergent set

Is there an example of valued field in which any pseudo convergent set has a limit and such that this limit is unique?

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297 views

### Quotient field extension for an incomplete DVR

Let $R$ be a DVR with maximal ideal $xR$, and assume that $R$ is not complete in the $xR$-adic topology. Let $\hat{R}$ be the completion of $R$ in the $xR$-adic topology. Set $K=Q(R)$, the fraction ...

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### Produce an irreducible polynomial that can't be proved irreducible by using Eisenstein [closed]

give An example of an irreducible polynomial that cannot prove it by using the Eisenstein criterion even with the use of all linear change variable($x-c=y$).

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801 views

### The space of valuations of a function field

Hello, I'm looking for someone who can help me to understand Zariski's theory of valuations.
First I outline the theory: we take a field $K$ which is a finitely generated transcendent extension of ...

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482 views

### If the discriminant of a binary quadratic form has high valuation, is the form “almost a square”.

For a binary quadratic form $ax^2+bxy+cy^2$ over a field (characteristic not 2), the discriminant $b^2-4ac$ is 0 if and only if that form is the square of a linear form. I am curious about an ...

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365 views

### Relating $p$-adic Valuations of Elements in $\mathbb{C}$ and $\mathbb{C}_p$

Let $K = \mathbb{Q}(\theta)$, where $\theta$ is a root of an irreducible polynomial $g \in \mathbb{Z}[t]$. Fix a rational prime $p$. Let $\theta^{(1)}, \ldots, \theta^{(n)}$ be the roots of $g$ in $\...

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839 views

### Does totally ramified extension really exist?

The answer is certainly "Yes", but this is the problem I met in Algebraic Number Theory by Neukirch. I guess that I must be doing something wrong, since otherwise I will get the statement "There are ...

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328 views

### Sheaf Cohomology on Zariski-Riemann Spaces

Can sheaf cohomology on the Zariski-Riemann spaces give some sort of classification for field extensions (even just for function fields)? If not, are there any significant or useful results (e.g. for ...

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749 views

### Chevalley's valuation extension theorem and the axiom of choice

Hello,
Do we know if the axiom of choice is needed for Chevalley's valuation/place extension theorem (i.e. the theorem that states that for every valued field and a field extension, one can extend ...

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497 views

### Tropical Properties From Algebraic Geometry

What properties of tropical geometry (Starting from a valued Field) can be proven to be true using their analogue in algebraic geometry? For example, using the valuation on the Puiseux series $\mathbb{...

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492 views

### Completeness of Algebraically Closed Valued Fields(ACVF) Theory

One can prove Elimination of Quantifiers of ACVF finding an extension of any partial embedding of a model $K$ into a $|K|^+$ Saturated one using the language $\mathcal{L} = ( 0,1,+,*, U, \mid )$. In ...

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529 views

### Riemann-Roch for ARBITRARY Function Fields

I know that on an algebraic function field in one variable over any base field, there is a good divisor theory for it and a Riemann-Roch Theorem; in particular, there is a 'good' notion of 'genus'. (...