**6**

votes

**2**answers

342 views

### In what sense are operads “better” than PROPs?

I'm a newcomer to operads so apologies if this is a naive question.
The standard picture of an operad is of a collection of $n$-ary operations, thought of as objects with $n$ upward-pointing legs (...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

270 views

### About a construction of Borel $\sigma$-algebra associated to a lattice

Let $(\mathcal{A}, \cup, \cap)$ a lattice (with minimum and maximum elements $\bot$ and $\top$).
Let $X\subset \mathcal{A}$ a generator set (a set of minimal cardinality that generate $\mathcal{A}$ i....

**5**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### Hemi-Semi Direct Product

In the category of racks (similarly quandles), instead of well-known semi direct product, we have hemi-semi direct product construction as seen on Wagemann & Crans.
As far as I know, semi direct ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### Is the variety of algebras $(A,*,+)$ that satisfy $(x*y)+(y*z)=(x+y)*(y+z)$ generated by its finite algebras?

The finite algebras $(A,*,+)$ that satisfy the identity $(x*y)+(y*z)=(x+y)*(y+z)$ are precisely the algebras such that the one-dimensional cellular automata produced by $*$ and $+$ are commutative ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### What is known about semigroups that are generated by (cyclic) subgroups?

A semigroup $(A,\cdot)$ that is idempotent (i.e. $a^2=a$ for every element $a\in A$) is naturally generated by its subgroups (every element on itself constitutes a trivial group). I would like to know ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Is every $n$-ary semigroup a subalgebra of an algebra derived from a binary semigroup?

Let $(A,f)$ be an $n$-ary semigroup ($n \ge 2$). Then there exists a ($2$-ary) semigroup $(\overline A,*)$ with an inclusion homomorphism $A \hookrightarrow \overline A$ such that that the restriction ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Poincaré-Birkhoff-Witt theorem for Leibniz algebras

Leibniz algebras can be seen as a non-skew-symmetric generalization of Lie algebras. I have already taken a look at some papers related to Leibniz algebras and extending main results of Lie algebras ...

**31**

votes

**1**answer

560 views

### Identities of commutators

Let $G$ be a group and set $[x,y]:= x^{-1}y^{-1}xy$ as usual and consider it as a binary operation.
Question: Is there a description of the identities that the operation $[.,.]$ satisfies for all ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### Is the class of Heyting algebras originating from directed graphs a variety?

The category RefGph of reflexive directed graphs
is the functor category $\hat{∆}_1=\mbox{Fun}(∆^◦_1,$Set), where $∆_1$ is
the simplex category truncated at level 1.
Hence the poset Sub(X) of ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

348 views

### Terminology: Name for a homomorphism from the free object?

Is there a standard name for taking a homomorphism from the free object over an algebraic structure? Roughly speaking, this should amount to evaluation of any element of the free object under the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Monomorphisms in operad algebras

Setup: Let $\mathcal{O}$ be an operad in the category of sets, and let $\mathcal{O}\text{-Alg}$ denote the category of algebras on it (i.e., operad functors $\mathcal{O}\to\mathbf{Set}$. This category ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

449 views

### Representation theorem for modular lattices?

Birkhoff's representation theorem implies that every distributive lattice embeds into the lattice of subsets of a set. Is there also some representation theorem for modular lattices?
For example, I ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Heyting algebras originating from directed graphs

The category RefGph of reflexive directed graphs is the functor
category $\hat{∆}_1=\mbox{Fun}(∆^◦_1,$Set), where $∆_1$ is
the simplex category truncated at level 1.
Hence the poset Sub(X) of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

314 views

### A morphism-revealing category? [closed]

The constructs can be considered as subcategories of Set but when considered as subcategories of the category SubSet, of pairs of sets with pairs $(X,S)$, $S\subseteq X$, as objects and functions $f:X\...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

329 views

### What is an ideal-supporting algebra?

I'm sorry if this question is too elementary, but I asked it at MathStackExchange and it received no responses.
On the Wikipedia page for congruence relation it mentions how for groups and rings, ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Is the word problem decidable for free finitely generated self-square groups?

A self-square group is a group with extra structure, which encodes the fact that the group is isomorphic to its own direct square.
To be exact, the group $G$ has a special element $1$, a unary ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### General approaches to extension theorems as Caratheodory

I would like to know if there are some general studies about extension-like theorem, in the sense which i'm going to describe. This paragraph is not rigorous; I just would like the idea to be clear.
I ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Finitely presented algebras with isomorphic semilattices of congruences

Let $\mathbb{T}$ be a finitary algebraic theory. For each $\mathbb{T}$-algebra $A$, let $Q (A)$ be the join semilattice of finitely generated congruences on $A$. There is an evident pushforward ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

454 views

### Contexts and notations for composing asymmetric simplices

Imagine the elements of a group-like structure as puzzle pieces with essential two sides, an IN-side and an OUT-side.
You can compose two such pieces in two obvious ways:
Now consider triangular ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### When are the categories of algebras over props (co)complete?

Suppose P is a (colored) prop in a closed symmetric monoidal locally presentable category C. Is the category Alg_P of algebras over P in C locally presentable?
It seems that one can relatively easy ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

489 views

### Is the Amitsur-Levitzki identity essentially unique?

Let us consider the matrix algebra. $Mat_n(\mathbb{C})$. The Amitsur-Levitzki identity states that for any matrices $X_1, X_2, ..., X_{2n} \in Mat_n(\mathbb{C})$ the sum $\Sigma_{\sigma \in S_{2n}} ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

292 views

### Equational theories determined by “identities without variables”

How to characterize equational theories $T$ which have the following property: for any two terms $t(x_1,...,x_n)$ and $t'(x_1,...,x_n)$ in the signature of $T$, if for any closed terms (i. e. terms ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Fuzzy logic of Godel

In Gödel logic, is conjunction definable from implication, negation , and disjunction?
We know that conjunction in that logic is not definable from negation and implication.

**2**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### Can such categorical notion of action be formalized?

I'm wondering if it's possible to find an universal construction for a general concept of action for (single-sorted?) finite product sketches, such that one of those is "acting" on the second in the ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

220 views

### Algebras with finite essential arity

We are talking about algebras in the universal algebraic sense, that is, a set that $A$ is equipped with a set $F$ of finitary operations on $A$.
Definition: An algebra $(A,F)$ is said to have ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

801 views

### Varieties where every algebra is free

I'd like to know more about varieties (in the sense of universal algebra) where every algebra is free. Another way to state the condition is that the comparison functor from the Kleisli category to ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Generalizing disjointness

The following definition generalizes set-theoretic disjointess:
Definition 0. (Autonomy). Given a Lawvere theory $\mathsf{T}$, a $\mathsf{T}$-algebra $X$, and an indexed family $S$ of subalgebras ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Universal constructions that factor through endomorphisms

If $\cal A$ is a variety of algebras (e.g., all groups) and $\cal B$ is a subvariety defined by some set of identities $X$ (e.g., abelian groups with $X = \{xy \simeq yx\}$), then there is a functor $...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### How distributive are the bad Laver tables?

Suppose that $n\in\omega\setminus\{0\}$. Then define $(S_{n},*)$ to be the algebra where $S_{n}=\{1,...,n\}$ and $*$ is the unique operation on $S_{n}$ where
$n*x=x$
$x*1=x+1\,\text{mod}\, n$ and
if ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### Does every Lawvere theory arise in this way?

By a Lawvere theory, I mean a finite-product category $\mathsf{T}$ equipped with a distinguished object, such that every object of $\mathsf{T}$ can be expressed as a finite product of the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

164 views

### “Generalized theory of polynomials” for a given commutative Lawvere Theory

I am trying to understand
Nikolai Durov's "New Approach to Arakelov Geometry" right now and it got me thinking about a particular thing.
Let $R$ be a commutative, associative ring with unit. We can ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Ultraproducts and subobjects of projectives

Usually the question whether the class of projective algebras in a given variety is closed under taking subalgebras seems to be quite hard. In varieties with well understood dual geometry (e. g. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

110 views

### When does a cogenerator determine a variety?

Two varieties of universal algebras are categorically equivalent iff their respective full subcategories of finitely generated free algebras are equivalent. Roughly speaking, this follows because they ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Algebras admitting quantifier elimination

I apologize if this question is meaningless or trivial:
What are examples of Algebras admitting quantifier elimination? Especially are there Groups admitting quantifier elimination?
I need to say ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

89 views

### Minimal generating sets of free algebras of varieties

Let $V$ be a variety and $F$ be a relatively free algebra in $V$. Suppose $X$ is a minimal generating set for $F$. Under what conditions we can deduce that $X$ is a free basis of $F$?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### Dualities between varieties and quasivarieties at the finite level

Suppose one has two locally finite quasivarieties $\mathcal{V}$ and $\mathcal{W}$.
Further suppose that:
$\mathcal{V}$ is a variety.
The finite algebras $\mathcal{V}_f$ are dually equivalent to $\...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

282 views

### Does every commutative variety of algebras have a cogenerator?

By a commutative variety $\mathcal{V}$ I mean a classical variety of algebras for some $(\Sigma,E)$, such that each pair of operations in $\Sigma$ commutes.
Equivalently (i) every interpretation of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### Is the following a sufficient condition for being a primal algebra?

I have a question regarding universal algebra and, in particular, primal algebras:
Suppose that A is a finite simple algebra with no proper subalgebra, no automorphism except the identity map, with a ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

538 views

### Why is every variety of bands determined by a single identity?

A band is a semigroup where every element is idempotent: $a a = a$. A collection of bands is a variety if it is closed under taking subobjects (subsemigroups), quotient objects (images of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

206 views

### Universal anti-Horn classes?

Is there published work about universal anti-Horn classes?
Anti-Horn formulas are also sometimes known as dual Horn.
See also related question Is there any research of universal algebras axiomatized ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### A decision problem for clones

E. Post proved that there are only countably many clones on a two-element set (classes of operations closed under superposition and containing all projections). All these clones are finitely ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

645 views

### Primitive Recursive Arithmetic via Universal Algebra

From the wikipedia article on Primitive Recursive Arithmetic (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primitive_recursive_arithmetic):
"Primitive recursive arithmetic, or PRA, is a quantifier-free ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Mal'cev “rational equivalence” and model theory

In Universal Algebra, it is possible to say that two presentations denote the "same" kind of algebraic structures, if the two corresponding varieties are "rationally equivalent" (Mal'cev 1958).
In ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

191 views

### What algebraic identities does the iteration of forcing operation satisfy?

Let $G$ be the set of all formulas $\phi(x)$ in the language of such that $ZFC\vdash\exists x\phi(x)$ exists, $ZFC\vdash\phi(x)\rightarrow``x\,\textrm{is a complete Boolean algebra}"$, $ZFC\vdash``\...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

583 views

### The groupoid of algebraic expressions and proofs

Fix a set of variables $V$, and suppose we're given a presentation of a monosorted algebraic theory, with variable symbols taken from $V$. For the sake of example, suppose the presentation consists of ...

**33**

votes

**16**answers

3k views

### Counterexamples in universal algebra

Universal algebra - roughly - is the study, construed broadly, of classes of algebraic structures (in a given language) defined by equations. Of course, it is really much more than that, but that's ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Is the equational theory of commutative vN regular rings decidable?

I wanted to check whether $A(x,y):=\frac{xy}{x+y}$ is an associative operation in every commutative vN regular ring. Now $A(-1,A(1,1))=A(-1,\frac{1}{2})=1\neq 0 =A(0,1)=A(A(-1,1),1)$. On the other ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

277 views

### Example of a non-finitely based variety with explicit set of defining identities

There are many examples of non-finitely based varieties. In a finite signature, is there an example of such variety with a known explicit set of identities?

**2**

votes

**4**answers

733 views

### Examples of algebras satisfying (a+b)(c+d)=ac+bd

Is there a known example of an algebra $(A, +, \cdot)$ with two binary commutative (see P.S below) and idempotent operations $+$ and $\cdot$ satisfying the identity $(a+b)(c+d)=ac+bd$?
Actually I ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

629 views

### Natural associative law for a ternary “group”?

Suppose one were to define a group-like structure based on a set $G$
with a ternary (rather than binary) operator $g( a, b, c ) = \left< a, b, c \right>$.
One possible definition for the ...