**9**

votes

**4**answers

584 views

### Complete Boolean algebra not isomorphic to a $\sigma$-algebra

Does there exist a complete Boolean algebra that is not isomorphic to any $\sigma$-algebra? If so, what is an easy or canonical example or construction?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### The Universal Algebra of a sigma-Algebra

I am searching for the 'dual' algebraic structure of a Sigma Algebra. The notion of duallity is like on the case of the Boolean Algebra and Set Algera.
If X is a set, the complement and intersection ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

42 views

### Product of two algebras with maximum condition

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are two algebras of the same signature, both having maximum condition on sub-algebras. Is it true that $A\times B$ has the same property?

**18**

votes

**4**answers

783 views

### Varieties where every algebra is free

I'd like to know more about varieties (in the sense of universal algebra) where every algebra is free. Another way to state the condition is that the comparison functor from the Kleisli category to ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

276 views

### Does every commutative variety of algebras have a cogenerator?

By a commutative variety $\mathcal{V}$ I mean a classical variety of algebras for some $(\Sigma,E)$, such that each pair of operations in $\Sigma$ commutes.
Equivalently (i) every interpretation of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

188 views

### Universal constructions that factor through endomorphisms

If $\cal A$ is a variety of algebras (e.g., all groups) and $\cal B$ is a subvariety defined by some set of identities $X$ (e.g., abelian groups with $X = \{xy \simeq yx\}$), then there is a functor ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

329 views

### Are algebraic structures uniquely identifed by their free objects?

It might be a naive question, as I am not a specialist in this field.
This is a follow-up to this question.
I want to study varieties of objects generalizing ordered monoids, in particular using an ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### Algebras admitting quantifier elimination

I apologize if this question is meaningless or trivial:
What are examples of Algebras admitting quantifier elimination? Especially are there Groups admitting quantifier elimination?
I need to say ...

**25**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### A preprint of Sela concerning the work of Kharlampovich-Miyasnikov

Yesterday, Z. Sela published a preprint in arXiv which claims that the solution of Olga Kharlampovich and Alexi Miyasnikov for the Tarski problem on decidablity of the first order theories of free ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Why the axiomatic rank of the variety of groups is equal to three?

I am thankful of Anton Klyachko who introduced axiomatic rank to me: the axiomatic rank of a variety is the minimum number of variables which we need to define that variety by identities.
It seems ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Non finitely based varieties of groups defined by finitely many variables

A set $\Sigma$ of group identities is called bounded if there is $n\geq 1$ such that for any $(w\approx 1)\in \Sigma$, we have $w\in F(x_1, \ldots, x_n)$. A variety $\mathbf{V}$ is called bounded ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

203 views

### Varieties generated by a two element algebra

I have two questions regarding universal algebra, and also its ordered version.
If a variety $\mathcal{V}$ is generated by a specific two element algebra $2 = \{0,1\}$, then is that the only ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

269 views

### Example of a non-finitely based variety with explicit set of defining identities

There are many examples of non-finitely based varieties. In a finite signature, is there an example of such variety with a known explicit set of identities?

**2**

votes

**4**answers

693 views

### Examples of algebras satisfying (a+b)(c+d)=ac+bd

Is there a known example of an algebra $(A, +, \cdot)$ with two binary commutative (see P.S below) and idempotent operations $+$ and $\cdot$ satisfying the identity $(a+b)(c+d)=ac+bd$?
Actually I ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

171 views

### A variety of algebras satisfying some dual conditions

I would like prove that, under the conditions described below, no non-trivial variety exists.
Let $\mathcal{V}$ be a variety of algebras e.g. rings, semigroups, semilattices.
Further suppose ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

146 views

### Negated varieties and their relatively free algebras

During the past days, I asked some questions in order to gain a clear understanding of the notion of "free algebras". I suppose that the question below is the most clear image of the concept I have ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

268 views

### The existence of an algebra whose set of identities and first order theory are equivalent

Is there an algebra $A$ (for example a group) such that $Th(A)$ is logically equivalent to $id(A)$? In other words, is there an algebra $A$ such that
$$
Mod(Th(A))=Var(A)?
$$
Clearly finite algebras ...

**33**

votes

**16**answers

3k views

### Counterexamples in universal algebra

Universal algebra - roughly - is the study, construed broadly, of classes of algebraic structures (in a given language) defined by equations. Of course, it is really much more than that, but that's ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

174 views

### relatively free groups in $Var(S_3)$

Suppose $S_3$ is the symmetric group of order 6. Which elements of the variety $Var(S_3)$ are relatively free?
This question is related to my previous question
Relatively free algebras in a variety ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

211 views

### Relatively free algebras in a variety generated by a single algebra

Suppose $A$ is an algebra of signature $\mathcal{L}$ and $V=Var(A)$ is the variety generated by $A$. I want to know is it possible to classify relatively free elements of $V$? As a special case, for a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

310 views

### Generalizations of Birkhoff's HSP Theorem

Let $\mathbf{C}$ be the class of algebraic structures of some fixed type satisfying some sentence $\phi$. Birkhoff's HSP theorem says that $\mathbf{C}$ is closed under homomorphisms, subalgebras and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### A fixed point problem in infinite dimensions for monotonic algebras

Let $A$ be an algebra over $[0,1]$, whose operations are all unary monotone (increasing or decreasing) bijections, except that $A$ also includes the infimum operation over finite or countably many ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### What is the status of (universal) algebra in type theory?

With the recent interest in homotopy type theory as a foundation for mathematics, it seems natural to develop algebra within the framework of type theory. So far, I can't find much literature ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Varieties of rational languages and (pseudo-)varieties of finite monoids, question regarding closure property

Let $\mathcal Rat(A)$ denote the class of rational (or regular) languages over the alphabet $A$, a subset $\mathcal V(A) \subseteq \mathcal Rat(A)$ is called a variety of (rational) languages iff
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

428 views

### What are the essential properties of algebraic closure on an arbitrary structure?

Define the "model theoretic" notion of a closure function as follows:
Definition (1): Let $D$ be a non-empty set. A function $cl:P(D)\longrightarrow P(D)$ called a closure function iff it has the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### A generalization of quasi-identities

In universal algebra, a variety is axiomatized by identities $t \approx s$ between terms $t$ and $s$. More general are quasi-varieties that are axiomatized by quasi-identities of the form $$u_1 ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

412 views

### Generalizing detropicalization

Given an identity in max,plus arithmetic, are there ways to turn it into an ordinary algebraic identity it other than by replacing addition by multiplication and replacing max by series-plus or by ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

759 views

### Commutative associative rational binary operations

What are all the nondegenerate rational binary operations that are commutative and associative? (Examples: $(x,y) \mapsto x+y$, $xy+x+y$, $xy/(x+y)$.)
Feel free to re-tag if you can think of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

207 views

### Bodnarchuk, Kaluzhnin, Kotov, Romov’s Theorem on inclusion of Polymorphism ($Pol \rho \subseteq Pol \sigma$)

Bodnarchuk, Kaluzhnin, Kotov, Romov’s paper [1] is well-known. Anne Fearnley [2] infered from it the following theroem and used it to prove the inclusion of polymorphisms.
Theorem (Bodnarchuk, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### How to prove that a binary relation is a strongly rigid relation? i.e. Polρ only contains projections

I first quote a definition from Clone theory in Universal Algebra: A binary relation $\rho$ on a set U is strongly rigid if every universal algebra on U such that $\rho$ is a subuniverse of its square ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

260 views

### Coequalizers in an Eilenberg-Moore category

Last month I proved that some category $\mathbf C$ that I happen to care about is isomorphic to the Eilenberg-Moore category for a monad on the category of bounded posets $\mathbf{BPos}$.
I know from ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

541 views

### Suggestions on the best introductory Model Theory texts [closed]

Any recommendations on the best texts for introducing Model Theory?

**4**

votes

**2**answers

559 views

### Shape of axioms in abstract algebra

When defining abstract algebraic structures (like monoids, groups, etc...), are there some constraints on the shape of the axioms, for the structure to have good properties that we implicitly use in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Iterating Monad-Comonads structures

Let $(T, \mu , \eta )$ a monad on the category $\mathscr{C}$ , with the usual EM (Eilenberg-Moore) adjunction $\langle F_T, U_T, \eta_Y, \epsilon_T \rangle: \mathscr{C}^T \to \mathscr{C}$ where ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

362 views

### Is there a general theory of “representation theorems”?

Let $V$ and $W$ be classes of algebraic structures, and suppose we have some canonical way of constructing objects of $W$ from objects of $V$. Let's call this construction $C$, so that for all $A\in ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

413 views

### Which categories are the categories of models of a Lawvere theory?

Background: a Lawvere theory $T$ is a category with finite products such that each object is a power of a fixed object $x$. Given a Lawvere theory $T$, the category $\text{Mod}_T$ of models of $T$ is ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

727 views

### Why did Bourbaki not use universal algebra?

I have seen a discussion about Bourbaki’s usage of categories before. So let me ask a different question: why did he not use universal algebra?
Well, universal algebra is not much older than category ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

191 views

### Binary Operation on a Cubic Surface

If $P$ and $Q$ are two sufficiently general points on a cubic surface, the line between them intersects the cubic surface at a unique third point, $f(P,Q)$. This gives a binary operation on (generic) ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

217 views

### Algebras with finite essential arity

We are talking about algebras in the universal algebraic sense, that is, a set that $A$ is equipped with a set $F$ of finitary operations on $A$.
Definition: An algebra $(A,F)$ is said to have ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

648 views

### What are the invariant Pseudo-differential operators on a Lie group?

It is well-known that (left) $G$-invariant differential operators on a Lie group $G$, has an algebraic description, i.e. universal enveloping algebra of the Lie algebra of the group.
On the other ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

408 views

### Do all subtraction-free identities tropicalize?

If you take a subtraction-free rational identity like $(xxx+yyy)/(x+y)+xy=xx+yy$ and replace $\times$,$/$,$+$,$1$ by $+$,$-$,min,$0$, do you always get a valid min,plus,minus identity like ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

461 views

### IBN for algebraic theories

Let us say that a finitary algebraic theory $\tau$ has IBN (invariant basis number) if the free functor $F : \mathsf{Set} \to \mathsf{Mod}(\tau)$ reflects the isomorphism relation: If $S,T$ are sets ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### Methods to tell if a magma has idempotents

(Disclaimer: below, when I say "compact" I mean "compact Hausdorff.")
I asked a version of this question on math stackexchange ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

325 views

### What is an ideal-supporting algebra?

I'm sorry if this question is too elementary, but I asked it at MathStackExchange and it received no responses.
On the Wikipedia page for congruence relation it mentions how for groups and rings, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### Looking for a uniform explanation of algebras with canonical generators.

Let $\mathcal{V}$ be a finitary variety i.e. the algebras for a signature whose operations have finite arity and for some arbitrary set of equations. Then any algebra $A \in \mathcal{V}$ has a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Distributive lattice embedding into a finite lattice.

Suppose one has an inclusion $\iota : D \hookrightarrow S$ where $D$ is a finite distributive lattice and $S$ is a finite join-semilattice.
If $\iota$ preserves all meets and joins one can show that ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

870 views

### What are the relations between conjugates and commutators?

The following algebraic structure came up when I was thinking about invariants of coloured knots. The elements are all elements of a noncommutative free group $F$, and the operations are:
$a^b= ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### Classification of plethories over $\mathbb{Q}$

Let $k$ be a commutative ring. For every cocommutative bialgebra $A$ over $k$ the symmetric algebra of the underlying $k$-module $S(A)$ carries the structure of a $k$-plethory (Borger, Wieland, 2.5). ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

395 views

### Two questions about commutative theories

Let $\mathcal{T}$ be a commutative algebraic theory (for example sets, abelian groups, commutative monoids, but not groups etc.). References include the nlab and Borceux' Handbook of Categorical ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

777 views

### Survey of finite axiomatizability for relational theories?

An $L$-theory $T$ is finitely axiomatizable if there is a finite set $A$ of $L$-sentences with the same consequences as $T$, i.e. such that $M \models T$ iff $M \models A$ for every $L$-structure $M$. ...