1
vote
1answer
100 views

Universal constructions that factor through endomorphisms

If $\cal A$ is a variety of algebras (e.g., all groups) and $\cal B$ is a subvariety defined by some set of identities $X$ (e.g., abelian groups with $X = \{xy \simeq yx\}$), then there is a functor ...
3
votes
2answers
278 views

Are algebraic structures uniquely identifed by their free objects?

It might be a naive question, as I am not a specialist in this field. This is a follow-up to this question. I want to study varieties of objects generalizing ordered monoids, in particular using an ...
8
votes
1answer
326 views

Generalizing detropicalization

Given an identity in max,plus arithmetic, are there ways to turn it into an ordinary algebraic identity it other than by replacing addition by multiplication and replacing max by series-plus or by ...
2
votes
1answer
420 views

Commutative associative rational binary operations

What are all the nondegenerate rational binary operations that are commutative and associative? (Examples: $(x,y) \mapsto x+y$, $xy+x+y$, $xy/(x+y)$.) Feel free to re-tag if you can think of ...
3
votes
2answers
456 views

Shape of axioms in abstract algebra

When defining abstract algebraic structures (like monoids, groups, etc...), are there some constraints on the shape of the axioms, for the structure to have good properties that we implicitly use in ...
6
votes
3answers
420 views

IBN for algebraic theories

Let us say that a finitary algebraic theory $\tau$ has IBN (invariant basis number) if the free functor $F : \mathsf{Set} \to \mathsf{Mod}(\tau)$ reflects the isomorphism relation: If $S,T$ are sets ...
4
votes
4answers
274 views

What is an ideal-supporting algebra?

I'm sorry if this question is too elementary, but I asked it at MathStackExchange and it received no responses. On the Wikipedia page for congruence relation it mentions how for groups and rings, ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

Cyclic Distribution on the reals?

Do there exist binary operators *, **, and *** on the real numbers, such that ...
8
votes
3answers
561 views

What is the smallest variety of algebras containing all fields?

A field is a ring whose nonzero elements form a commutative group under multiplication. A field is also a commutative inverse semigroup with respect to multiplication. The unique multiplicative ...
2
votes
0answers
228 views

Algebras with supremum-founded subalgebra lattice

I am interested in algebras whose subalgebra lattice is supremum-founded. Let us call those algebras small. A complete lattice $(L, \leq)$ is called supremum-founded, if for any two elements $x < ...
9
votes
3answers
595 views

Algebraic axiomatization for AB+BA^T operation on matrices

Let us consider a matrix algebra $Mat_{n\times n}(K)$, where $K$ is a field, $char K \neq 2.$ It is well-known that the axiomatization of commutator operation $[A,B]=AB-BA$ on matrix algebra leads us ...
6
votes
3answers
830 views

Does “finitely presented” mean “always finitely presented”, considered in general

I'm wondering about the question, "If we have a finitely presented __, is it necessarily finitely presented with respect to any finite generating set for it?" I know this is true for groups and for ...
4
votes
2answers
549 views

Is there a notion of congruence relation for essentially algebraic structures?

In universal algebra there is the notion of congruence relation: Consider a (1-sorted) algebraic structure, i.e. a set $A$ with a bunch of finitary operations $f_i$ satisfying equations. A congruence ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

Equational definition of Residuated Lattices

The usual axiomatization of residuated lattices involve using ≤. I know I can expand away the use of ≤ using a definition such as (x ≤ y) := (x ∧ y = x), but I fear I will get a set of messy axioms. ...
7
votes
1answer
482 views

Does ⋄ generate all De Morgan algebras?

(Asked by Nathaniel Hellerstein on the Q&A board at JMM) This question is about De Morgan algebras (see also Wikipedia), which are something like Boolean algebras, but with a different weaker ...